European Union: Leading the Fight Against Climate Change

European Union, as one of the global powers, plays an important role in leading the fight against climate change in the global arena.

Change is one of the crucial issues facing the world today. Its impact has been felt in various countries. Facing this threat requires collective and structured efforts from various parties. The European Union, as one of the global powers, plays an important role in leading the fight against climate change in the global arena. The European Union (EU) has emerged as a global leader in the struggle to address it. Through its foreign policy and external relations, the EU seeks to foster collective action, build resilience and promote the transition to a low-carbon economy around the world. The EU has set ambitious targets to reduce its domestic greenhouse gas emissions. The groundbreaking “European Green Deal” package aims to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. This sends a strong signal to other countries about the EU’s commitment to sustainability and encourages them to raise their own climate targets.

International Relations Concept: National Interest (Analysis)

Liberal realism views that states have national interests, but they are also bound by international norms and institutions. In the context of climate change, EU countries have national interests to protect their environment and improve the welfare of their people. However, they also realize that climate change is a global problem that cannot be solved by one country alone. Therefore, they work together within the EU framework to develop effective policies and actions to combat climate change.

EU Commitment to Climate Change

The European Union has shown a strong commitment in dealing with climate change. In COP26, the EU not only delivered its own commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, but also played an important role in drafting a joint agreement with other countries. With effective coordination between members and a united approach, the EU demonstrated that as a supranational institution, it can be a powerful driver of change in tackling global issues together.

The role of the European Union

The European Union plays an important role in international negotiations on climate change. As one of the architects of the 2015 Paris Agreement, the EU continues to encourage other countries to comply with the agreement. The EU is also active in other multilateral forums such as the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Mechanism for Technology Partnership (MTP). The EU recognizes that climate ochange requires a global solution. Here are some of the EU’s roles in the Global Arena to lead the fight against climate change:

1. Ratifying the Paris Agreement: The EU was one of the first supranational organizations to encourage member states to ratify the Paris Agreement, an international treaty that aims to limit global warming. The EU committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 45% below 1990 levels by 2030 and achieving carbon neutrality by 2050.

2. Setting ambitious targets for emissions reductions: The EU set an ambitious target for greenhouse gas emission reductions, namely 55% below 1990 levels by 2030 and achieving carbon neutrality by 2050. These targets are more ambitious than those set by many other countries.

3. Providing financial assistance to developing countries: The EU provides financial assistance to developing countries to help them in their efforts to combat climate change. This aid is used for various purposes, such as renewable energy development, energy efficiency, and adaptation to climate change.

4. Promoting green technology: The EU promotes the development and use of green technologies, such as renewable energy and energy efficiency. The EU has invested billions of euros in research and development of green technologies. The EU has also set strict standards for the energy efficiency of products and buildings.

5. Diplomacy with other countries: The EU diplomats with other countries to encourage them to take more ambitious action to combat climate change. The EU has played a key role in negotiating international agreements on climate change, such as the Paris Agreement. The EU is also working with other countries to enhance cooperation on green technologies and adaptation to climate change.

The European Union’s leadership in combating climate change has been recognized globally. In 2019, the EU was named a “global climate leader” by Climate Action Tracker, an independent organization that tracks countries’ progress in combating climate change.

Climate Diplomacy Week 2022

Climate Diplomacy Week 2022 is part of a global campaign initiated by the European Union to increase collaborative action on climate change. The policy package will reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the EU by 55% and increase energy efficiency targets to 32.5% by 2022.

Climate Change Adaptation Strategy

The European Commission has adopted a new EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change, which sets out ways to prepare for the inevitable impacts of climate change. The strategy aims to move from understanding the problem to developing solutions, and from planning to implementation. Economic losses due to more frequent extreme weather events are increasing, and the EU has set an energy efficiency target of up to 32.5% by 2022.

The EU recognizes the importance of innovation and technology transfer to achieve the clean energy transition. It also seeks to direct public and private investment to green infrastructure projects and low-carbon economic activities. Ensuring climate policy alignment across EU member states can also be challenging. However, the opportunities for collective action remain great. The EU can continue to be a global leader on climate change by:

1.            Strengthening dialog and cooperation with partner countries around the world.

2.            Encouraging increased ambition of international climate targets.

3.            Play an active role in multilateral negotiations on climate policy.

4.            Support the development and transfer of innovative climate technologies.

5.            Motivate the private sector to invest in climate solutions.

By continuing its leadership and commitment, the EU can be a unifying force in the global fight against climate change, ensuring a more sustainable future for generations to come.


In its efforts to deal with climate change, the European Union has shown a strong and sustained commitment. With effective cooperation with other countries, such as Indonesia, the EU can be a strong driver of change in addressing global issues together. The climate change adaptation strategy and climate diplomacy week 2022 also show the EU’s seriousness in facing this challenge. As such, the EU can lead the fight against climate change in the global arena with a focus on national interests. The EU has been a leading actor in the fight against climate change in the global arena. In an effort to improve environmental quality, health protection, and wise use of natural resources, the EU has developed various regulations and action programs. The main objective of the EU’s environmental policy is to promote the tackling of environmental problems at both regional and global levels.

Putri Wahyu Ningsih
Putri Wahyu Ningsih
Third-year student in the Department of International Relations at Andalas University, Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia.