Connect with us

Southeast Asia

Indonesia Local Election in the middle of a Pandemic

Ari Wirya Dinata

Published

on

Image source: Wikimedia Commons

Amid the unfinished war on the COVID-19, the Government of Indonesia shouted for making peace with this situation and launched a new chapter called “new normal”, likewise, with the celebration of local democracy, which will continue to be held at the end of this year despite the uncertainty of the last pandemic.

The abudance of reaction and rejection come toward Indonesia concurrent local elections in 270 regions. Various speculations also emerged, ranging from the ineffectiveness of the concurrent local elections, the threat of taking many victims due to contagion, which might be caused by crowds during the campaign and election day, and the budget issue swell because they had to adjust to health protocols. Whereas at present, the Indonesian economy is experiencing a deep contraction evidenced by the economic growth that has fallen slightly from quarter to quarter until 2020.

Suffrage rights vs. Health rights

As known, Indonesia is the forth largest population, which also practice democracy. Indonesia is also prominent as one of country in the globe which quite success in combining democracy values vis a vis islamic values harmoniously. Since reformation 1998, Indonesia administration changed from dictatorship era into democracy.  The rights of the people to distribute their voting rights are stipulated in the Indonesia constitution, the 1945 Constitution, along with various legal instruments derived from them, as well as the guarantee of health rights. Voting rights consist of the right to vote and the right to be a candidate. These two rights are like two sides of a coin in a democratic ceremony and are crucial political civil rights in a democratic state. Nevertheless, this fight between suffrage versus health rights is won by suffrage. Cannot be denied the right to vote is a right that is no less important especially for a state that claims to be a state based on the sovereignty of the people (Article 1 paragraph (2) of the 1945 Constitution) but is confronted, vis a vis, with the right to health which is intertwined with the right to life. So, of course, the right to life must come first, there is no democracy without the right to live at the beginning. It is known that the right to life is categorized as non-derogable rights as stated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights junto explicitly stated  in Article 28 A, Article 28 H paragraph (1), and Article 28 I paragraph (1) of the 1945 Indonesia  Constitution.

Therefore, whether suffrage becomes relevant is discussed in the world conditions facing a pandemic issue. Which rights should be prioritized. A postulate mentions “Salus Populi Lex Suprema.” The highest law is the voice of the people above the people’s current interests of the people is, of course, it is to maintain their health and safety (Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto).

Election Justice amid Pandemic

When the number of positive cases of COVID-19 continues to extremly climb after the government of Indonesia annouced the new normal, even Indonesia is recorded as the country with the highest number of fatalities in Southeast Asia, 76.981 cases and 3.656 death case(data: 13/7/2020), should we  think about the succession of regional power. Of course, this discussion becomes less relevant and does not become the central axis at this time. In Maximin’s theory of justice introduced by renowned philosopher John Rawls, a good policy can be analyzed with the theory of maximum minimorum (read: Maximin). That is, when faced with unfavorable conditions, the ideal and most wise policy is to choose the best from the worst choices that exist and will occur. There are some impacts will be happened if government still keep their idea going on. 

For instance: Many people will likely be infected, oversight processes that will be difficult because there are still many regional restrictions, the lack of public focus on the elections due to their economic conditions will have an impact on declining participation rates, and also regarding the amount of the budget to be allocated despite the necessities of life and people’s health is far more critical. That way, during a pandemic, reducing the risk of damage and fatality by delaying the elections is definitely a true step.

Imagined, how complicated as well as ineffective the concurrent regional election. Moreover, the risks faced by the organizers of the elections and the people if they continue to force the implementation of the elections amid a pandemic. Meanwhile, there is no necessity to hold a regional election other than the annual cycle that is supposed to be. Unless there are such emergency reasons such as the absence of leaders. Meanwhile, we know that the leadership still exists and is run by the government, which today holds office, only that there is an extension of the service period for those who are in office.

The issue has been resolved with the release of Article 201A in Government Regulation in Lieu of Law (Perppu) No. 2 of 2020 about the postponement of the elections and the extension of the term of office for a while. Precisely the holding of the elections simultaneously in the midst of a pandemic made incumbent candidates who advanced for the second period not focus on devoting themselves to the interest of the people. Because the incumbent must be preoccupied with the campaign to be reelected, this crisis period should be a time to test the seriousness of the regional officials who lead today to prove their sincerity and service for the public interest.

Continue Reading
Comments

Southeast Asia

Community Empowerment During Covid-19 Pandemic

Viggo Pratama Putra

Published

on

During the covid-19 pandemic has resulted in the economic condition of the world community becoming destroyed, social empowerment of the community is said to be the right improvement step for now. And the most basic way and form of concretization is to build human capital as an initial means of empowering human capital (Social Capital) so as to establish the status of empowerment of a quality society and able to reap the results in a transitional era. But in the process of implementation and regulatory certainty about it has not gotten a fresh wind so the government is forced to turn the brain to analyze the problem again, one of which is by means of optimizing communication and policy advocacy, especially in the midst of a pandemic.

Community empowerment itself is a strategy in national development oriented towards giving opportunities to every member of the community to be able to participate in the development process by getting the same opportunities and can enjoy the results of development proportionately, concerning all aspects of life both in the economic, socio-cultural and political fields. As a strategy that is considered important for the progress of the wider community, human capital development in Indonesia is considered not maximal or even stunting in its development. The authors argue that the direction or controlling of human resources capabilities has not been well directed and the container for human capital development in Indonesia itself is still minimal with awareness of the advocacy of the capabilities of the community.

One of the indications of the unrealized consequences of the design or concept of community empowerment through Human Capital is the problem of development (facilities and infrastructure) through the uneven dissemination of expert human resources and accompanied by the unresponsiveness of the government reading the needs of the community so that most policies issued by the government have not been able to realize the durability in the community. For example, social assistance in the form of BLT kepad community affected by covid-19 is uneven and even many reports mention the number of people who have not received any assistance at all. This kind of unresponsiveness causes problems in the community such as prolonged economic inequality, especially the psbb policy that restricts the movement of the community.

Poverty and economic inequality that we see a lot in the wider community can be seen from several factors, such as the fulfillment of needs that have not been adequate or still lack like the quality of life of the people. Retardation, such as low productivity, weak and unformidable human resources facing changes for change, limited access to land even though dependence on the agricultural sector is still very strong, weakening local markets and MSMEs because it tends to be used to supply international trade needs. Our country has long interpreted itself as a country of considerable exporters of raw goods in the world, this if seen from another point of view proves that our country is still less innovating in utilizing raw goods that can be much utilized higher selling value to then be distributed or supplied again to local markets and even global markets. But again the quality of human resources that have not been qualified to achieve such access makes Indonesia can not take advantage of the existing transition era by utilizing the sophistication of artificial intelligence and qualified HR qualifications.

In fact, the state is obliged to empower people through concrete measures that have a direct effect on society. The purpose of community empowerment itself is to enable and established society, especially from poverty and retardation, inequality to helplessness in society. In principle, community empowerment requires community participation by proof of inclusion or even implemented by the directly targeted community. Community empowerment must also have a targeted purpose and real awareness that is actually intended only for the benefit of the community. Enabling people in self-reliance (Human Capital) as well as forms of self-help by utilizing all forms of potential that exist will foster fertile return to the power of society in the face of every change that occurs. Towards the government’s policy that will target directly to the community, the public should also be given the opportunity to be able to know all kinds of information about planning (input), implementation (procces), as well as supervision (output) such as supervision of the proper management of state finances on the objectives and indicators of the main welfare of the community so as to produce the results that the country needs in the era of development as it is today.

An author of Sukarno’s Book of Economic Didikari, Amiruddin Al-Rahab once suggested that jargon or the idea of self-reliance in the economy had been called even made into a political orientation in development. Sukarno’s version of the economic idea is actually ideal if aligned with the current state of the Indonesian nation, unfortunately Sukarno was deposed before having time to implement the whole idea of his brilliance. His desire for the Indonesian nation to be able to stand on its own feet and regardless of foreign intervention of the country’s major capitals is a proclamation that no longer exists for the current government because most socioeconomic circumstances are now inherited from the former colonial economy which has been renewed a little more elite. An elite style that is still suffocating if it continues to be left without any buzz that can paddle the competition of today’s industrial revolution era.

A little wasting feels if all policy inputs are then processed or implemented if only using conditional standardization with the subject matter. The government’s indisciplined public policy design is seen as a result of accountability or accountability that tends to indicate uncertainty about regulation. This is certainly due to several factors and mainly perhaps the authors analyze according to the current condition is the result of diseases that come from the bureaucracy so as to cause a lack of education towards the community of positive progressivity that should be able to be built independently through the government of the people, the government that has the full support for the participation of its people.

Through proactive participatory and comprehensive support from the community towards programs that empower the community is expected to support the community to be more prosperous in the face of the covid-19 pandemic. Self-processing will rebuild the resilience of a society that is able to compete and create new development innovations relevant to the changing times. The nation’s vibrant societal social climate should not be a barrier to the country’s progress, but instead enrich the culture and circumference that blends with indicators of a country’s progress. In terms of the economy, an independent economy supported by the principle of flexibility will also support a conducive economy that is resilient to all forms of change. From the beginning, the state and citizens are a unit that is inseparable from the index of optimization of the welfare of the nation and the state, so that the future principles of the government through human capital development programs can be directed to maximize empowerment programs for the lower middle class so that the future of the economy that is sluggish due to the covid-19 pandemic period is immediately normal.

Continue Reading

Southeast Asia

Reflection of Indonesia’s National Farmer’s Day

Viggo Pratama Putra

Published

on

September has been a memorable and recorded month in the nation’s development process. One important event that should not be underestimated, that is the momentum of National Farmers Day. Indonesia’s fertile country has become both a flattering and a slap in the face to the current state of national agriculture. Various problems unravel clearly and painfully if we match the title of agrarian country in Indonesia

Referencing data from The Economist Intelligence Unit, from year to year Indonesia’s position has never shifted far from positions 4 and 5 in ASEAN sphere in terms of food security. While in the world, in the Global Food Security Index (GFSI) Indonesia ranks 61st out of a total of 113 countries. This shows how weak Indonesia’s bargaining position is in terms of agricultural management that leads to food security.

If you take the example of the above data, it can be seen clearly that over the past few years until now there has been a stagnation in terms of agriculture in Indonesia. Political economist Ichsanudin Noorsy in some of his discussions said that Indonesia never really thought of building social relations in structurally dismantling the agricultural and livestock problems that have occurred so far, ranging from upstream to downstream. All flows from resources, production, distribution to retribution and regulation.

As a result of the unpacking of social relations structurally, many farmers are even dependent on the third person, although actually there is now Internet Communication and Technology (ICT). That means Indonesian farmers do not have a good life expectancy in that case, this is similar to Clifford Geertz’s thesis that says society cannot rely on the agricultural sector due to poor food security problems. If looking back at resources and production sectors that are inputs from agriculture is problematic, that means food security or automatic food security will also be problematic.

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) itself says there are 4 indicators that affect food security, namely food availability adequacy, food availability stability, accessibility and quality/food safety. Of these four factors, it can be compared that Indonesia now faces problems ranging from the conversion of agricultural land, irrigation, the availability of seeds/seeds and fertilizers, as well as guaranteed life expectancy in farmers. On land issues, Indonesia is still not able to equally national agricultural development to the regions.

It is difficult to talk about land problems, meaning there must be an even distribution of the population to spread a more adequate map of farmland in each area. In the field of irrigation, there are still many agricultural waterways in remote areas that are inadequate. While subsudi seeds, seeds and fertilizers are even stripped one by one, not even a few are manipulated procurement. This led to the absence of guarantees and life expectancy in the majority of smallholders, so the agricultural sector tended to be controlled by large companies.

If we haven’t spread the population evenly, it means that we’re still failing to see the resources that indicate that we’re still failing in production (input). It was this failure in the production sector that led to Indonesia still relying heavily on foreign parties. This dependency interferes with the available aspects or availability of domestic food which also results in our country needing dollars (world currency) in holding imports, this is what ultimately affects the growth of further inflation.

The problems that the authors describe indicate that Indonesia is currently facing “Structural Problematic” syndrome in the national agricultural sector. In the past Suharto once said that “a strong economy is supported by strong industry and agriculture”. But when viewed again, the agricultural sector is even left behind, and besides that the manufacturing sector is also falling apart. Whereas during this time the government has always been a fanfare saying agriculture is soko guruh national development, but the reality is even inversely proportional. This is what the author refers to as a kind of ambitious attitude in the author’s writing entitled ambitiousness in state governance.

Sukarno used to be fiery in his oration and gave up a spirit that mentioned “do not let us become a nation of kuli or kuli among other nations”. The simple logic that will be created if Indonesia continues to depend on foreign investment is a sign that Indonesia is also ready to become a kuli because it reduces production factors or upstream from food security itself. How can Indonesia talk about food sovereignty if food is just a matter of position.

Especially in the days of the Covid-19 pandemic now that has a huge impact on national food security such as the disruption of production factors due to restrictions on the movement of labor, distribution that has also been hampered some time ago, as well as the purchasing power of the people that is decreasing. Looking back from data from the Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) which released the national economic growth position in the second quarter of 2020 decreased to 4.19%, while agricultural GDP grew 16.24% and became the highest contributor to national economic growth. This data shows how important the agricultural sector is as the key to increasing the weighting of national economic growth.

Referring to systematic problems in the agricultural sector in Indonesia should make us all have to be careful, because it becomes possible if not immediately addressed, it could be that for many years the agricultural sector in Indonesia can no longer meet the food needs for all Indonesians that will cause a prolonged food crisis. This bad shadow will certainly make Indonesia more dependent on foreign imports. In the absence of systemic fix on agriculture, then the success as an agrarian state that was once often hailed only as a name.

Let us reflect again on the momentum of September 24 as the anniversary of this national farmer’s day. The extent to which we contribute and position ourselves as indonesians, whether we will truly optimize the role according to our respective professions in improving the agricultural sector or simply hide behind dependency and become a nation that is always dictated by big global players. The determination of national farming day based on President Sukarno’s decision on August 26, 1963 No.169/1963 signifies the importance of the role and position of farmers as a nation entity that must be maintained and expanded.

Let’s celebrate the agrarian day of the Indonesian nation by showing the best ideas for the future of national agriculture, thinking critically and building and taking a position as an agent of change of every problem that is gnawing at agriculture today. Reinvent agriculture that is dischared over resources from upstream to distribution as a downstream of food security factors. Avoid bad stereotypes of farmers, because in Europe and America though, farmers are very sovereign and even have important positions in their professions. Special for young Indonesians, let’s reclaim the long-awaited agricultural success of the nation, once again happy national farmer’s day.

Continue Reading

Southeast Asia

Being an idiot student is an option

Kevin Fallo

Published

on

“Long live student!” The loud shouts that we always hear when students give speeches in order to convey the aspirations they have accommodated. Students are very synonymous with the terms agent of change, social control, iron stock, moral force or other audible terms intelligent other. Even long before Indonesia’s independence and when Indonesia was still struggling to fight for independence, students were already seen intelligent be it in discussion, mindset, politics, dynamics and so on.

Students also got cooler to hear when the 1998 reforms flared up, one by one the figures or more warmly known as “activists 98” got a proper place in government or in other warm places after entering the reform era. Previously, these 98 activists became heroes in order to uphold justice and voice the real aspirations of the people so that some of them became anti-heroes who broke justice itself after occupying and enjoying the warm seat of government.

Ideally, the role of students is to become a liaison between the community and the government, help translate every government policy to the community, accommodate people’s aspirations to be conveyed to the government, decide untrue news circulating in the community, and help maintain social stability in society. When the role of a student is carried out properly, today’s students can become intelligent.

Know that now students are not all intelligent, even stupid students are born and just die. Even in some big universities, the domination of stupid students is now getting crazy. Students who are not aware of its function, students who are not aware of what it is students and students who only dream of having a GPA that can be sold in the industrial market so they can live safely are symptoms of an idiot student.

These stupid students are not born just like that, some of them even wish they could become good students intelligent but when they saw the situation and condition of the campus that were not like they imagined a feeling of disappointment was born. This disappointment will have an impact on the loss of enthusiasm to become a student intelligent. So that sooner or later they will become completely stupid students.

Everything needs a process

Everything has a process, even instant noodles need to be heated in boiling water and then poured in new spices to be enjoyed. When we don’t see the situation we hope for, please be disappointed, don’t break up there then think about it and start creating the situation we hope for itself. Don’t just be disappointed and keep silent, or waste time waiting for the situation we hope for, because life is also an allowance, don’t waste time, don’t be silent when you lose and don’t be careless when you win, keep going because life needs a continuous process.

Students who took to the streets and gave speeches shouting loudly “Long live students!” It can also be stupid when they go down the road just to be seen, students who are active in organizations can also become stupid when the academic organization on campus is unbalanced. Students who have extraordinary ideas can also become dumb when they are quiet. On the other hand, students can become intelligent when not littering, students can become intelligent when deciding on hoaxes in circulation, students can become intelligent when the organization and campus academic life can run in balance.

The activists nowadays who are busy in politics are already visible intelligent it can also be very silly when people’s interests, justice and truth which have always been upheld are replaced by self-interest and a thirst for power. These are the vices of Satan that we have adopted, namely greed, greed, ungratefulness and treachery. Even though there are still good qualities of Satan that we can imitate, namely the unyielding nature (Satan is known to not give up tempting Adam’s grandchildren to the end of the world) and persistence (Satan is also known to be steadfast in his stance and does not want to submit to Prophet Adam).

To be intelligent doesn’t have to be in politics

The definition is too narrow intelligent if we only link students and politics, students can too intelligent by working according to their respective interests, for example, Turah Parthayana, a student from Bali who is now studying in Russia, has successfully become a YouTuber with content exposing his life as an Indonesian citizen living in Russia, there is also a YouTuber with the same content from Gita Savitri Devi who lives in Germany. , and also with Raditya Dika who exposes life as a student in Australia into novels with comedy spices even though he is no longer a student and focuses on YouTube content with ghost coins in his house, and there are many other examples both as YouTubers, artists, programmers, gamers and so on.

To become a student intelligent it is not difficult nor does it need to start from big things, start from small things that are also able to have an impact and change even though indirectly, start to respect differences, start to be sensitive to social issues and not be very ignorant, start working, start to rise from disappointment and most importantly, never be afraid to start it all, if we don’t dare to start then we will never know how it will turn out.

Return the trust and hope of society to students, return to our functions and roles as students, let’s work and innovate according to our respective interests, be proud of Indonesia in the way we like, don’t waste the sacrifices of fighters who have given up wealth and even family to seize the freedom that we feel today, submit to the truth and fight all injustices in this country. Prove that students are still there, not just a political tool tricked by certain elites. Long live student! Long live Indonesian democracy! Long live the Indonesian people! Long live Indonesian women !.

Continue Reading

Publications

Latest

EU Politics1 hour ago

Commission sets new plan to support green and digital transition and EU recovery

Today, the European Commission adopted a Communication on a new European Research Area for Research and Innovation. Based on excellence,...

International Law3 hours ago

Act realistically in the age of realism

To understand the geo-politics of the world in a simpler or lucid way, there is a law, not in Political...

Eastern Europe5 hours ago

Nagorno-Karabakh: Finding the path to peace

The clashes on Sunday, 27 September 2020, in the Nagorno-Karabakh region resulted in the largest number of reported casualties between...

Defense7 hours ago

India’s Test of Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle and Implications for South Asia

In September this year, India claimed to have successfully tested scramjet engine technology. This has been indigenously developed for its...

Economy9 hours ago

Belt and Road in Central and East Europe: Roads of opportunities

The second decade of the 21st century put the geoeconomic emphasis and cooperation within the framework of China’s “One Belt,...

Environment11 hours ago

Bernice Notenboom calls for action to tackle “the biggest threat we face – climate change”

“The pandemic gives us some hope because we have proven that we can all join together. But, why do we...

Eastern Europe13 hours ago

Turkey crossed the red line with Armenia

The red line has been crossed. Turkish Air Force F-16s were deployed against Armenia and shot down an Armenian military...

Trending