If you are into graphic design, you know that this job comes with a cost. One needs proper equipment, hardware, and software, as well as gadgets. Luckily, you do not have to buy everything right away. It is quite possible to start with some of the basics and grow your arsenal as you go.
After all, the most important part of it is your creativity and motivation. At essaywritingservice we like to say ‘with great effort, come great results’. If you want to start your career in graphic design, here are the tools you are going to need.
It might seem obvious but a sketchbook or notebook is essential to any creator. If you see something you’d like to turn into a design or art, you can sketch it quickly. It is also great to practice your drawing skills in your spare time. You can also translate ideas onto paper and intuitively create design layouts. And you don’t have to invest much in it, paper and a pen usually are quite affordable.
This is essential equipment every designer should have. The graphic tablet allows sketching something digitally, creating art or complex collages. Overall, it is quite enough for beginners to start working on their skills. It is common knowledge that the majority of professionals prefer Wacom tablets and gadgets. They are known for their excellent quality and, most importantly, precision.
Less advanced tablets do not cost too much. But they are to be used with a laptop or PC. And it is better to have a great monitor with a good resolution. If you cannot invest in all of that now, there is another option.
iPad can be a good choice for beginners. First of all, it allows working just with the tablet. There is software usually to help to learn drawing and sketching. And it is more flexible – you can work anywhere.
Tablets are good for digital art, drawing, and sketching. But you’ll need a computer to create truly complex and unique pieces.
- Stylus and a glove
Of course, when working with a graphic tablet, you’ll need a good stylus. It should be responsive and precise to show the smallest details. The majority of tablets go with one or have recommended styluses listed. If you use Wacom, choose their stylus, if you use an iPad – do accordingly.
Another great addition to the equipment is an anti-fouling glove for digital artists. The main idea of it is to prevent any smudging or unnecessary friction when you are working with a tablet. With such a glove, the only friction comes from the stylus but not other digits.
You can choose a laptop or PC, depending on your budget and needs. But there is no way around it – complex software and design can be used only on something more powerful than a tablet. There is no way one can run Photoshop or Adobe CC on a graphic tablet. Many professionals choose iMac Pro mainly because it is the first operating system that allowed digital typography.
But nowadays, there is no need to actually choose a specific brand, you can buy an excellent laptop or PC from any other brand, as long as they have good specifications and are powerful.
The next step in one’s equipment list should be a high-definition monitor. If you have chosen a PC over a laptop, you can select a proper monitor on the previous stage. What is important to look for? Well, good definition, proper width, and, of course, resolution. It is best to choose something along the lines of UHD (3840X2160 pixels) or a QHD resolution. The size is a personal preference.
Another factor to consider is the way the monitor transfers colors. It might not be the first thing a beginner will buy, but when you work on your skills and want to get better at it, this is a necessity. Having a perfect monitor can drastically improve your designs.
- Hard Drive
This might not seem obvious, but an external hard drive is what you need. First of all, it will extend your computer’s memory. In case if your laptop is not very powerful, it will help. Secondly, it is a perfect backup tool that can save a lot of files from disappearing. Digital art depends on many variables like external software and files; that’s why it is crucial to back everything up. And it is portable, so you can take it anywhere and make sure that none of your projects go missing.
- Cloud Storage
It can be an alternative to the previous one. Cloud storage is another safe and sound way to protect files and extend your laptop’s memory volume. The best thing is that it doesn’t really cost much often, and the subscription can be scalable. It means that the more storage you use, the more you pay. But if you use a little storage, it is going to cost less. And one can access cloud storage from any place and any device at any time. It is a flexible solution when it comes to protecting your work and saving it all properly.
- Monitor Calibrator
In some time of working on clients’ orders, you’ll need this tool. It is a great way to ensure correct monitor calibration. In this process, you adjust the monitor’s colors to appear the same way as they will appear on the print (according to the standard RGB color scheme). It is essential to make sure that in the end, your design looks exactly as you’ve planned and executed. This tool also helps to prevent any errors and overall helps to be better at color coordination. When you see the colors as they are, it is easier to work with them.
- Good Chair
You are going to spend a lot of time in this chair, so it is better to be comfortable and ergonomic. It means proper back support, adjustability, and your personal preference. There is nothing worse than back pain from sitting for too long in an uncomfortable chair. And you might think that as a beginner it is not something you should worry about. But trust us – this is one of the most vital pieces of equipment in your studio.
As a beginner, you do not need to buy the best tools if you don’t have a budget for them. There are many good laptops, tablets, and gadgets that are both affordable and functional. What you need is a proper computer, digital drawing tool, storage space, and a good chair.
How shipping can contribute to a more sustainable future
This year’s theme – ‘New technologies for greener shipping’ – promotes innovation and solutions that support a transition in the sector. Maritime transport represents more than 80 per cent of global trade, UN Secretary-General António Guterres said in his message for the Day.
Meanwhile, the war in Ukraine –and the Black Sea Grain Initiative – have highlighted the vital role shipping plays in feeding the world.
Curb shipping emissions
“As shipping continues to connect humanity, it must play an essential part in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and building a fair and prosperous future for people and planet,” he said.
The UN chief stressed that the maritime sector “must accelerate its voyage to decarbonization.” Emissions from shipping are projected to grow considerably unless there is concerted global action, he warned.
“Governments and private companies need to work together to harness innovative technologies such as digitalization and automation and foster a just transition that includes developing countries and promotes renewable energy and alternative fuels,” he said.
“The vessels to be deployed in this decade will determine whether the shipping sector achieves net zero emissions by 2050. Smarter and greener zero emission ships must become the default choice and commercially available for all by 2030.”
Concern for seafarers
The celebrations on World Maritime Day provide a platform to showcase inclusive maritime innovation, research and development, and the demonstration and deployment of new technologies.
This year’s theme opens up a larger conversation about where shipping is headed, and how digitalization and automation can support the sector, said Kitack Lim, Secretary-General of the International Maritime Organization (IMO).
“But technological solutions for cleaner, safer and more sustainable shipping must also benefit people,” he stressed. “In this regard, the impact on seafarers and other marine personnel, including the need for training, must be considered.”
The theme also entails support for developing nations, particularly small island developing states (SIDS) and least developed countries (LDCs).
Saving lives at sea
In related developments, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is using the Day to underscore the importance of marine meteorology to ensure safety at sea.
WMO has released a new publication and video showcasing how it works with partners, including national meteorological services and IMO, in providing forecasts and early warnings to save lives.
The growing impacts of climate change and more extreme weather are making marine meteorological services more critical than ever before, according to the UN agency.
“This has been underlined yet again by a recent succession of tropical cyclones in the Atlantic and Northwest Pacific, which have led to hazardous shipping conditions. Forecasts and warnings are essential to protect vessels, their cargo and sailors,” it said.
WMO is committed to the International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea, known as the SOLAS convention, through the broadcast of meteorological maritime safety information as part of the IMO Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS).
The SOLAS convention is generally regarded as the most important of all international treaties concerning the safety of merchant ships.
It was first adopted in 1914, in response to the Titanic disaster.
Battery-free smart devices to harvest ambient energy for IoT
By MICHAEL ALLEN
Tiny internet-connected electronic devices are becoming ubiquitous. The so-called Internet of Things (IoT) allows our smart gadgets in the home and wearable technologies like our smart watches to communicate and operate together. IoT devices are increasingly used across all sorts of industries to drive interconnectivity and smart automation as part of the ‘fourth industrial revolution’.
The fourth industrial revolution builds on already widespread digital technology such as connected devices, artificial intelligence, robotics and 3D printing. It is expected to be a significant factor in revolutionising society, the economy and culture.
These small, autonomous, interconnected and often wireless devices are already playing a key role in our everyday lives by helping to make us more resource and energy-efficient, organised, safe, secure and healthy.
There is a key challenge, however – how to power these tiny devices. The obvious answer is “batteries”. But it is not quite that simple.
Many of these devices are too small to use a long-life battery and they are located in remote or hard-to-access locations – for instance in the middle of the ocean tracking a shipping container or at the top of a grain silo, monitoring levels of cereal. These types of locations make servicing some IoT devices extremely challenging and commercially and logistically infeasible.
Mike Hayes, head of ICT for energy efficiency at the Tyndall National Institute in Ireland, summarises the marketplace. ‘It’s projected that we are going to have one trillion sensors in the world by 2025,’ he said, ‘That is one thousand billion sensors.’
That number is not as crazy as it first seems, according to Hayes, who is the coordinator of the Horizon-funded EnABLES project (European Infrastructure Powering the Internet of Things).
If you think about the sensors in the technology someone might carry on their person or have in their car, home, office plus the sensors embedded in the infrastructure around them such as roads and railways, you can see where that number comes from, he explained.
‘In the trillion IoT sensor world predicted for 2025, we are going to be throwing over 100 million batteries everyday into landfills unless we significantly extend battery life,’ Hayes said.
Landfill is not the only environmental concern. We also need to consider where all the material to make the batteries is going to come from. The EnABLES project is calling on the EU and industry leaders to think about battery life from the outset when designing IoT devices to ensure that batteries are not limiting the lifespan of devices.
‘We don’t need the device to last forever,’ said Hayes. ‘The trick is that you need to outlive the application that you’re serving. For example, if you want to monitor a piece of industrial equipment, you probably want it to last for five to 10 years. And in some cases, if you do a regular service every three years anyway, once the battery lasts more than three or four years that’s probably good enough.’
Although many devices have an operational life of more than 10 years, the battery life of wireless sensors is typically only one to two years.
The first step to longer battery life is increasing the energy supplied by batteries. Also, reducing the power consumption of devices will prolong the battery. But EnABLES is going even further.
The project brings together 11 leading European research institutes. With other stakeholders, EnABLES is working to develop innovative ways to harvest tiny ambient energies such as light, heat and vibration.
Harvesting such energies will further extend battery life. The goal is to create self-charging batteries that last longer or ultimately run autonomously.
Ambient energy harvesters, such as a small vibrational harvester or indoor solar panel, that produce low amounts of power (in the milliwatt range) could significantly extend the battery life of many devices, according to Hayes. These include everyday items like watches, radio frequency identification (RFID) tags, hearing aids, carbon dioxide detectors, and temperature, light and humidity sensors.
EnABLES is also designing the other key technologies needed for tiny IoT devices. Not content with improving energy efficiency, the project is also trying to develop a framework and standardised and interoperable technologies for these devices.
One of the key challenges with autonomously powered IoT tools is power management. The energy source may be intermittent and at very low levels (microwatts), and different methods of harvesting supply different forms of power that require different techniques to convert to electricity.
Huw Davies, is chief executive officer of Trameto, a company which is developing power management for piezo electric applications. He points out that energy from photovoltaic devices tends to come in a steady trickle, while that from piezoelectric devices, which convert ambient energy from movements (vibrations) into electrical energy, generally comes in bursts.
‘You need a way of storing that energy locally in a store before it is delivered into a load, so you need to have ways of managing that,’ Davies said.
He is the project coordinator of the Horizon-funded HarvestAll project, which has developed an energy management system for ambient energy dubbed OptiJoule.
OptiJoule works with piezoelectric materials, photovoltaics and thermal electric generators. It can function with any of these sources on their own, or with multiple energy harvesting sources at the same time.
The goal is to enable autonomous sensors to be self-sustaining. In principle, it’s quite simple. ‘What we are talking about is ultra-low powered sensors taking some digital measurement,’ said Davies. ‘Temperature, humidity, pressure, whatever it is, with the data from that being delivered into the internet.’
The HarvestAll energy management integrated circuit device adjusts to match the different energy harvesters. It takes the different and intermittent energy created by these harvesters and stores it, for instance in a battery or capacitor, and then manages the delivery of a steady output of energy to the sensor.
Similarly to the EnABLES project, the idea is to create standardised technology that will enable the rapid development of long battery life/autonomous IoT devices in Europe and the world.
Davies said that the energy management circuit works completely autonomously and automatically. It is designed so that it can just be plugged into an energy harvester, or combination of harvesters, and a sensor. As a replacement for the battery it has a significant advantage, according to Davies, because ‘It will just work.’
The research in this article was funded by the EU. This article was originally published in Horizon, the EU Research and Innovation Magazine.
Crypto Sustainability Coalition to Investigate Potential of Web3 Technologies in Fighting Climate Change
The World Economic Forum launched the Crypto Sustainability Coalition, which will investigate how web3 and blockchain tools can be leveraged to achieve positive climate action.
Web3, which includes technologies like blockchains, cryptocurrencies, and NFTs, has become a catch-all term for the vision of a new, better internet. Members of the coalition will explore the potential positive impacts these technologies can bring to environmental and social agendas.
The coalition launch is timely as there is an urgent need to support the decarbonization of cryptocurrency and ensuring the industry is part of the climate solution. Furthermore, there needs to be regulatory clarity that promotes web3 innovation, protects consumers, and improves financial inclusion.
“I am excited about the work we are expecting from the Crypto Sustainability Coalition. An important and unique aspect of web3 is that it uses technology to support and reward direct community engagement and action. This means we can coordinate the work of many individuals directly with one another, enabling collective action without centralized control – a powerful accelerator for grass roots action,” said Brynly Llyr, Head of Blockchain and Digital Assets, World Economic Forum.
The Crypto Sustainability Coalition is a public-private initiative hosted by the World Economic Forum and comprises 30 partners. It is convening working groups to tackle three specific issues:
- Energy usage – this working group will analyse the crypto industry’s consumption of energy and materials to build a clearer picture of its impacts on climate and nature.
- Web3’s potential for climate action – this working group will investigate ways in which web3 innovations could tackle challenges facing the low-carbon transition at the pace required to hit the Paris Agreement’s targets. For example, the decentralized nature of crypto-mining and its ability to operate at off-peak times may provide a new business model for utilities and investors looking to develop renewable energy microgrids.
- “On-chain” carbon credits – members of the coalition believe blockchain-based carbon credits could address current flaws in global carbon markets, including: the lack of transparency around carbon offsets for either providers or buyers; the failure of markets to remove carbon emissions at the scale and pace required; and the inability of millions of the world’s smallholder farmers, forest stewards and Indigenous communities to participate in or benefit from carbon credit markets.
The Crypto Sustainability Coalition will investigate, collate and highlight industry standards, best practices and examples of tangible action that attest to how web3 technologies can support communities most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The coalition’s wider aim is to foster a broad education campaign on what web3’s potential and capacity look like, to better inform governments on how they regulate these technologies and incentivize investment and research into their development.
The coalition’s partners include Accenture, Avalanche, Avatree, CC Token, Circle, Climate Collective, Crypto Council for Innovation, Emerge, Energy Web Foundation, eToro, EY, Flowcarbon, Heifer International, KlimaDAO, Lukka, NEAR Foundation, Nori, PlanetWatch, Plastiks, Rainforest Partnership, Recykal, ReSeed, Ripple, Solana, Stellar Development Foundation, STEWARD, Sustainable Bitcoin Standard, The Global Brain, Toucan Protocol, University of Lisbon, and Zero Labs.
The new coalition is part of the Crypto Impact and Sustainability Accelerator (CISA), a grant-funded initiative launched by the Forum in January 2022 with a mission to encourage a greater understanding of the environmental, social and governance (ESG) impacts of crypto technologies.
Fight against human trafficking must be strengthened in Ethiopia
Throughout Ethiopia’s Tigray, Afar and Amhar regions, women and girls are becoming increasingly vulnerable to abduction and sex trafficking as...
Natural gas markets expected to remain tight into 2023 as Russia further reduces supplies to Europe
Russia’s continued curtailment of natural gas flows to Europe has pushed international prices to painful new highs, disrupted trade flows...
Mozambique Readies For Developing Mphanda Nkuwa Hydroelectric Project
Mozambique is ramping up efforts toward establishing a sustainable energy supply to drive its economy especially the industrialization programme. As...
A Matter of Ethics: Should Artificial Intelligence be Deployed in Warfare?
The thriving technological advancements have driven the Fourth Industrial Revolution nowadays. Indeed, the rapid growth of big data, quantum computing,...
HL7 FHIR, the Future of Health Information Exchange?
Health Level 7 International is an association that calls itself a non profit organization, ANSI-accredited standards developing organization devoted to...
Women’s Plight During Natural Calamities: A Case Study of Recent Floods in Pakistan
Recently, at the United Nations general assembly, the Prime minister of Pakistan’s speech started with the challenge of climate change,...
Between the Greater Russia and the MAD
With ‘The Greater Historical Russia’, the impossible that the dream appears to be, and the Russian defeat at Liman and...
International Law4 days ago
Do we still live in a multipolar world?
Americas3 days ago
The latest Kissinger: Leadership and the eavesdropping on history
Eastern Europe4 days ago
Latvia is inundated with NATO
Russia4 days ago
Russia’s Great Game: Donetsk, Lugansk, Zaporozhye and Kherson are now Part of the Russian Federation
Intelligence3 days ago
Ethnic War a Newfangled Pakistani Forward-policy for Afghanistan
South Asia3 days ago
The South Asian Triangle
Defense3 days ago
Urgency of Reviewing India-Pakistan’s CBMs & Risk Reduction Measures
Economy3 days ago
China-ASEAN Comprehensive Strategic Partnership: A Shared Future for Pursuing Regional Economy Integration