Building a Resilient Planet: Islamic Values, Technological Advancements, and Climate Action

The issuance of Fatwa No. 86 of 2023 by the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) on the Law of Controlling Global Climate Change marks a significant step for Indonesia.

The issuance of Fatwa No. 86 of 2023 by the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) on the Law of Controlling Global Climate Change marks a significant step for Indonesia, a country where Muslims make up 87% of the population. Grounded in Islamic values, this fatwa aims to raise awareness and mobilize the Muslim community towards environmental preservation and climate change mitigation.

Historically, MUI fatwas have played a significant role in influencing behavior and policy changes in Indonesia. For example, the MUI fatwa on the prohibition of usury (riba) in 1990 spurred conventional banks to shift towards Sharia-compliant systems, evidenced by the rapid growth of Islamic banking in Indonesia. The 2009 fatwa on the prohibition of smoking raised public awareness about the dangers of smoking and encouraged smokers to quit, as indicated by a decline in smoking prevalence. Additionally, the 2021 fatwa declaring COVID-19 vaccines as halal and safe helped increase vaccination rates, with 86.8% of the target population fully vaccinated by November 2023.

The Climate Change Control Fatwa is expected to reinforce the message that environmental stewardship is a religious duty, potentially boosting public trust and participation in environmental conservation efforts, encouraging lifestyle changes for sustainability, fostering collaborations, and strengthening Indonesia’s stance in international climate forums.

The potential of this fatwa to drive positive change in addressing the climate crisis in Indonesia is significant. Effective education, socialization, and collaboration with various stakeholders are essential to maximize its impact. While not a standalone solution, its implementation, alongside effective education and socialization efforts and stakeholder collaboration, can be a crucial step for Indonesia in tackling the climate crisis. In this context, new technologies can play a vital role in enhancing the advocacy of this fatwa, especially towards end consumers.

New Technologies to Boost Consumer Awareness

The Climate Change Control Fatwa represents a crucial effort in Indonesia’s fight against the climate crisis. Emerging technologies like blockchain, artificial intelligence (AI), and augmented/virtual reality (AR/VR) can enhance the impact of this fatwa by raising awareness, encouraging behavioral change, and pressing industries and governments.

Blockchain technology can track carbon footprints and improve supply chain transparency, aiding consumers in making responsible choices and encouraging industries to be more accountable for their environmental impacts. AI can help consumers understand the consequences of their habits and offer practical solutions, while AR/VR can transport them to the frontlines of the climate crisis, illustrating its impact on various communities.

Religious scholars and preachers play a critical role in promoting the use of new technologies to support the MUI Fatwa. They can incorporate information about technology and climate change into sermons, lectures, and other religious activities. Collaboration between new technologies, religious scholars, and preachers can pave the way for a more sustainable future.

Leveraging new technologies and the influence of religious leaders and preachers forms a powerful combination to drive widespread implementation of the MUI Fatwa and foster an environmentally friendly culture within society.Top of Form

Leveraging New Technologies to Drive Behavioral Change

The challenge of climate change represents a significant hurdle for humanity. The Indonesian Ulema Council’s (MUI) Fatwa on Climate Change Control is a crucial step in Indonesia’s efforts to combat this crisis. Now, with the aid of new technologies and gamification, the reach and impact of the MUI Fatwa can be significantly enhanced, engaging a broader segment of the community.

Blockchain technology can be employed to create a “carbon point” system. Consumers would earn these points by engaging in environmentally friendly actions, such as using public transport, purchasing eco-friendly products, or saving energy. These points could then be exchanged for various attractive incentives, such as shopping vouchers, access to lectures by renowned religious scholars, or even free Umrah (minor pilgrimage) programs.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) can also play a crucial role in these efforts by providing personalized recommendations to consumers on how to reduce their carbon emissions. These recommendations could range from energy-saving tips and suggestions for eco-friendly products to invitations to participate in climate change education programs.

Augmented Reality (Virtual Reality) (AR/VR) can assist consumers in understanding the impact of their choices on the environment. Simulations created with these technologies can illustrate how everyday actions contribute to climate change, encouraging individuals to make more responsible choices.

Gamification and incentives can serve as effective tools to spark interest and motivate the community to support the MUI Fatwa. The combination of new technologies, creativity, and educational and religious outreach efforts can help us achieve our collective goal in fighting climate change and building a more sustainable future.

Utilizing Advanced Technologies to Shape Industry and Policy Decisions

In Indonesia, MUI Fatwa on Climate Change Control has become a significant milestone in the fight against the environmental crisis. This fatwa not only serves as a moral compass for Muslims but also opens new avenues for driving positive change through new technologies. Technologies such as blockchain, AI, and AR/VR can amplify the impact of the MUI Fatwa and empower Indonesian consumers to press industries and the government for greater accountability. Consumers will have more transparent access to information about product origins, corporate practices, and the environmental impact of their choices.

Blockchain, with its ability to trace product sources, enables consumers to choose environmentally friendly products and boycott companies that are irresponsible. AI aids consumers in identifying companies with the best and worst practices in terms of sustainability. AI chatbots can provide this information, allowing consumers to support companies committed to environmental stewardship.

AR/VR offers immersive visual experiences, helping consumers understand the impact of their choices and encouraging industries to be responsible. AR/VR tours of endangered forests and VR simulations of pollution impacts can increase awareness and prompt real action.

The MUI Fatwa, with its broad reach and significant influence, has the potential to inspire other Muslim countries to take similar steps. It demonstrates how religious values can be integrated with innovative solutions to address a global crisis. The integration of the MUI Fatwa with new technologies serves as a model worth emulating worldwide. Collaboration between religion, technology, and consumers could be key to building a greener and more sustainable future for all.

Tuhu Nugraha
Tuhu Nugraha
Digital Business & Metaverse Expert Principal of Indonesia Applied Economy & Regulatory Network (IADERN)