The role of Artificial Intelligence in Modern Warfare: Case of Southern Asia

A significant transformation in the form of Artificial Intelligence has changed realm of modern strategies and tactics of warfare.

With the advancement in land warfare and geopolitical complexities, a significant transformation in the form of Artificial Intelligence has changed realm of modern strategies and tactics of warfare. This transformation in contemporary era is associated with profound ramifications on nation states in conventional to unconventional means. Surprisingly, integration of Artificial Intelligence into operational and tactical battleground would threaten the world peace and stability of international system. It is believed that unlimited application of Artificial Intelligence has genuinely revolutionized strategic and security power dynamics between South Asia states including India and China.

Similarly, with this transformation, Republic of India changed its pursuit of fighting tactically to strategically apart from the border side. Certain ground-based weapons which can be launched through air can have feasible advantage on Indian side. This is evident from Unmanned Aerial Vehicles controlled and maintained with AI algorithms. These weapons were purchased from Israel to have strategic balance in Southern Asia in opposition from China and Pakistan. Furthermore, in anarchic world, the application of AI in military affairs can induce the security dilemma between states including those which are historically indulged in proximities of conflicts.

On the flip side, military technologies are providing the upper hand to nations with interference and learning algorithms to have more objectives achievable in battle ground. In Southern Asia, we can have glimpses from the advancement of People’s Liberation Army (PLA). Its advancement in surveillance and reconnaissance has surprised the great powers of world system. This significant step is authorized by AI-enabled drones which undoubtedly emerged as the assets for monitoring and capturing high resolution imagery in modern warfare. AI provides a critical advantage to the military commanders in their speed and precisions.

Furthermore, Artificial Intelligence with the geopolitical landscape has nourished Southern Asian states to have better say in decision making with taking into consideration, the ethical concerns. Seemingly, this is better to establish the political objectives and have influences on battle field. Apart from this, there are numerous virtual battle fields where this modern warfare can be fought to extend to achieve said objectives through means and methods. Cyber warfare can be included into the contemporary warfare of virtual means which can substantially play pivotal role in stimulating the ends by one state over other. In the digital age, cyber weapons are merged with the conventional weapons which definitely generate the offensive capabilities. These are considered as the game changer in domains of cyber warfare. AI can generate such unprecedented tools of warfare which will have negative implications on the opponent state. For instance, AI-driven cyber-attacks can damage the network centric matrix of countries and this can be done through malware, and indulgence of hacking tools. Undoubtedly, there various vulnerabilities residing from networks and relevant anomalies linked with cyber security which is damageable with the enhancing approach of sensitive information. Moreover, some people believe that AI in cyber warfare can also undergo with the influence of defensive mechanism while maintaining the balance of power against any other state. This balance of power is creating security dilemma as cyber weapons are increasing day by day with security dynamics of the states. Moreover, the significant role of AI with these AI driven weapons would create the certainty of fog of warfare.

Moreover, with the phenomenon of Supply Chain Management and the logistics, AI is very efficient in military operations in current times. This field of streamlines AI creates the important routes to be optimized, inventory can be managed, and it can predict the need of an army to have upper hand on the opponent as well. This significantly will ensure that the critical resources can attain the required location and supply can be promptly in advanced. This state of affairs would lean a genuine military effectiveness on states. Similarly, AI in the counter terrorism operations is also playing surmounting role in those areas where the menace of terrorism is prevailing in modern times. This is evident as the NATO operations in South Asian region has contributed to limiting the terrorism against non-state actors of the current era. This is revolutionized support system of nations against the will of evil nature states.

With the prospects, integration of AI in modern warfare will have continued growth. This technology of immense potential can go to miles if balanced with efforts and system. This new technology will haunt many if not treated accordingly. Future seems bleak if actors are not managing this mew advanced technology, it will impact every sector including battle ground. In Southern Asian states, many weapons such as autonomous weapons system can be influence by these AI driven algorithms which can drastically be used to diminish the existence of opponent state. India for the matter is developing such weapons from sea to territory. These weapons will dramatically disturb essence of peace and stability in mean time.

In a nutshell, it is fair to analyze that AI has revolutionized the nation’s states with its advancement in modern warfare. This is evident in the form of military weapons including Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Autonomous Weapons. These weapons are harmful for the state to disturb the balance of power in transformative way with the indulgence of predictive analysis and fighting tactics. These weapons need policy making in proper way with careful consideration. In this way the peace and stability of world can be maintained in a proper healthy way.

Behram Roshan
Behram Roshan
BS Honours International Relations from University of Swabi.