Accelerating Renewable Energy Development in Indonesia

The process of accelerating the energy transition carried out by Indonesia has basically been maximized through several initial level initiatives.

Climate change is growing and developing into a very important problem faced globally today, because the impacts are so large and sustainable and global in nature, meaning that they can be felt by all people of the world so that anyone cannot escape being affected by climate change problems. The role of human activity is very large in driving climate change, especially dominated by the activity of burning fossil fuels dominated by coal, oil and gas. Carbon emission is one part that plays an important role in causing climate change. In simple terms, the scheme is that human activities such as burning fossil fuels have led to an increase in the concentration of carbon emissions in the atmosphere, making it stronger and causing climate change to occur. 

Accelerating renewable energy development in Indonesia is one of the steps and actions that are in the nature of Indonesia’s initiative to seek acceleration in the framework of developing new renewable energy in Indonesia. As stated in the National Energy General Plan (REUN) scheme, which is a strategic plan in Indonesia’s national energy development, the government has set a renewable energy mix target of 23% by 2025 and a target amount of 31% to be achieved by 2050. All of this is a form of commitment to the environment and efforts to make a sustainable energy transition with the main reference being the big goal of realizing Net Zero Emissions (NZE) by 2060. A milestone of concern for the survival of future humanity through a commitment to the environment and sustainable energy.

The process of accelerating the energy transition carried out by Indonesia has basically been maximized through several initial level initiatives as a trigger mechanism for the next stages or strategic steps, these initiatives, among others, begin with:●  Efforts to create and establish regulations intended to support the overall mechanism of new renewable energy developers.●  In the development scheme, new renewable energy is given incentives that are intended to carry out the entire development process.●  Human resources (HR) have a very strategic role in this transition scheme, hence the initiative to carry out massive capacity building and HR competencies in supporting fields of new renewable energy (GGGI, 2021).Furthermore, as a form of commitment and strategic steps to achieve the renewable energy mix, actual steps are needed in the development of new renewable energy. Renewable energy sources can actually be generated from Geothermal, Sunlight, Movement and temperature differences of the ocean layer, Bioenergy (Biomass, biogas), Wind, and Water flow and fall. The steps to develop new renewable energy can basically be done with several strategic actions such as by building and developing Solar Power Plants (PLTS), Wind Power Plants (PLTA), and Geothermal Power Plants (PLTP) (Finaka, 2019).

Cirata Floating Solar Power Plant (PLTS) is a national strategic project that is one of the concrete steps in Indonesia’s efforts to transition energy and achieve a new renewable energy mix. Built on the water surface of the Cirata reservoir with a total area of 200 hectares and claimed to be able to generate and produce green energy with a capacity of at least 192 Megawatt Peak (MWp). This concrete step is one of the driving forces behind Indonesia’s commitment to accelerate the energy transition, and is expected to be one of the drivers of the achievement of the new renewable energy mix targeted by the Government of Indonesia (Arif, 2023).

Through the emphasis on energy transition, it is very important for Indonesia, especially the overall strategic rarity that is intended to maintain the momentum of rapid development, encourage accelerated growth, maximize national capacity building, pay special attention to the creation of livelihood support such as employment, and at the same time protect the environment are positive schemes that continue to be developed through the entire complex mechanism of energy transition.Indonesia’s commitment to the seriousness of accelerating Renewable Energy does not seem to be just a narrative. This can be seen by how the occurrence of a one-track development mechanism and related to energy transition efforts to be achieved, through energy transition acceleration programs and also on increasing the mix of new renewable energy and implemented in the development of national strategic projects with the common thread of achieving a new renewable energy transition is truly maximized by Indonesia. Of course this must continue to be strived for and strive to continue to develop until the overall target that has been made is truly achieved, and the great ideals of realizing Net Zero Emissions (NEZ) become an ideal that is realized for the sustainability of life, especially for future generations.

Iqbal Tawakal
Iqbal Tawakal
M.Iqbal Tawakal Al Akbar, Postgraduate Student in the Master Of International Relations program, University of Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.