Huawei: Accomplishment of Innovation and Globalization

Huawei's evolution from a regional player to a global technology giant is noteworthy. The company diversified its product and service portfolio.

Huawei was founded in 1987 by Ren Zhengfei in Shenzhen, China, with a meager investment of US Dollars 5 thousands approximately, with an initial focus on manufacturing phone switches. The company’s commitment to innovation and quality laid the foundation for its rapid growth.

Development and Globalization:

Huawei’s evolution from a regional player to a global technology giant is noteworthy. The company diversified its product and service portfolio, becoming a leader in telecommunications equipment, smartphones, and enterprise solutions. A key factor in Huawei’s global success has been its sustainable international operation strategy, entering diverse markets and establishing a strong presence.

It first overseas office was established in Pakistan and till date it is an important base for the company. It has been assisting Pakistan in developing and promoting modern technology in Pakistan as well as in the entire region and also globally.

I attributes it rapid growth to its organization structure and management approach. Its employees are the shareholders, and act as employees as well as owners. This is the way how their loyalty is ensured. They get regular salary, and annual performance bonus, in addition to share from company’s profit. It encourages them to work hard and dedications. It is key to its success.

Strategy for Rapid Developments:

Investment in Research and Development (R&D): Huawei has consistently invested a significant portion of its revenue in R&D, fostering innovation and technological advancements. In recent years, Huawei’s R&D expenditure has been among the highest in the industry. Last year, in 2022, its R&D expenditures were 25% of the total budget, which is not precedence anywhere else in the entire world. R&D is the backbone of company and significant reason for its success.

Global Collaboration and Partnerships: Huawei has formed strategic alliances with various global partners, creating a collaborative ecosystem. This has facilitated the exchange of expertise, resources, and technologies, contributing to the company’s rapid development. In Pakistan, they are partnered with many leading Universities and Research organizations.

Focus on 5G Technology: Huawei has been at the forefront of 5G technology development and deployment, positioning itself as a key player in the global 5G landscape. This focus has contributed to the company’s competitive advantage in the telecommunications sector. %G is its indigenous developments, where as in 3 G and 4G it was partner or follower only. It has already entered into 5.5G technology. It has emerged a global leader already.

However, its focus on basic subjects that is Mathematics, Chemistry, Biology, Physics, Algorithms, etc. is still on priority. The success of applied research is based basic subject of natural sciences. It also opts for the latest management, marketing, and business techniques.

Challenges Overcome:

Security Concerns: Huawei has faced challenges related to security concerns raised by various countries. Despite these challenges, Huawei has demonstrated a commitment to addressing security issues through increased transparency, independent audits, and collaboration with international stakeholders. Cyber threat is more of political in nature, otherwise, the local operators have access to all data (Operators are the local company of the host country)

Trade Restrictions: The Company has navigated through trade restrictions imposed by certain countries, adapting its strategies to ensure business continuity and minimize the impact on its operations.


Huawei’s prospects remain promising, with several factors contributing to its continued success:

Diversification: The Company’s diversified portfolio across telecommunications, consumer devices, and enterprise solutions positions it well for sustained growth.

Emerging Technologies: Huawei’s investments in emerging technologies, such as artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things, offer significant growth opportunities in the coming years.

Global Connectivity: As 5G networks continue to roll out globally, Huawei is poised to play a crucial role in shaping the future of connectivity and communication.

The Way Forward:

Innovation and Sustainability: Huawei’s commitment to innovation and sustainability will be pivotal for its future success. Continued investment in R&D, green technologies, and sustainable practices will enhance the company’s global standing.

Global Collaboration: Strengthening global collaboration and partnerships will be essential to overcome geopolitical challenges and foster a positive global business environment.

Customer-Centric Approach: Maintaining a customer-centric approach, understanding market needs, and delivering high-quality products and services will be crucial for Huawei to retain and expand its customer base.

Huawei’s journey from a small start-up to a global technology giant is a testament to its resilience, innovation, and strategic foresight. While challenges exist, the company’s positive trajectory, commitment to excellence, and global contributions in the technology landscape position it for continued success in the future. As Huawei continues to evolve, embracing new technologies and fostering global collaboration, its impact on the world of telecommunications and technology is likely to endure and thrive. It has surpassed a stage, where it can be pressurized or coerced. Keeping away the politics, it should be treated on merit and benefits of entire humankind in the aspect of a technology company. The way forward is only collaboration and move forward.

Prof. Engr. Zamir Ahmed Awan
Prof. Engr. Zamir Ahmed Awan
Prof. Engr. Zamir Ahmed Awan, Sinologist (ex-Diplomat), Non-Resident Fellow of CCG (Center for China and Globalization), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Islamabad, Pakistan.