While the defeat of Hamas could theoretically remove most security threats for Israel, its national security will still be at stake, especially if Israeli decision-makers do not address it strategically. Thus, the downfall of Hamas will never guarantee Israeli national security unless well-thought-out security strategic plans exist. Hence, Arguably, Israel will need to cope with various threats that may be more serious than those posed by Hamas and other terror groups.
Management of the Refugee Crisis:
Israel would face a substantial challenge in managing the repatriation of displaced Palestinians who fled from the North to the South following the conflict that occurred after October 7th. Additionally, explaining the Israeli presence, especially to Palestinians who lost relatives due to Israeli airstrikes on their towns, would be difficult. Therefore, Israel needs to address the challenges associated with a potential influx of refugees, ensuring a coordinated and humane approach to refugee crisis management.
Addressing Power Vacuums:
Looking back at history, power vacuums have significantly led to the rise of new factions and extremist groups. A prominent example of this is the power vacuums in Gaza following the withdrawal of Israeli forces in 2005, allowing various factions, including Hamas, to increase their influence. This contributed to the complex political landscape and ongoing conflicts in Gaza. Therefore, Tel Aviv would need to collaborate closely with international partners to ensure stability in the aftermath and prevent the resurgence of those armed factions in Gaza.
Managing Regional Dynamics:
Israel’s national security is intricately tied to the dynamics of the Middle East. Thus, Undoubtedly, the nation would encounter a myriad of complexities with its neighbors, especially considering potential reactions to the power shift. Therefore, it is imperative to effectively harness all diplomatic and political capabilities to attract international support and gain the endorsement of regional countries to achieve further accomplishments that bolster its strategic security.
Despite Israel possessing immense technological prowess, national security transcends physical borders into the realm of cyberspace. Therefore, Israel must heighten its vigilance against potential cyber threats that may emerge in the wake of geopolitical changes, compounded by technological advancements observed in Iran—Israel’s archenemy in the region. Consequently, bolstering cybersecurity measures for Israel has become of paramount importance, particularly in the aftermath of the events of October 7th.
Crafting a Durable Peace Process:
Despite the challenges Israel would face, there will also be opportunities to turn the tables in its favor, especially concerning the peace process. The fall of Hamas and the declaration of Israeli victory will be considered as a golden opportunity for Israelis to initiate constructive dialogues with moderate Palestinian factions, fostering a more resilient and enduring peace. Striking a balance between security measures and diplomatic initiatives is crucial for ensuring long-term stability.
Israel and the International Order
It is not hidden that Israel urgently needs to reassess and strengthen its relations with the international community. This can only happen by adhering to the rules and regulations imposed by the international system. Therefore, Israel should actively engage in the international community, enhancing alliances and participating in multilateral initiatives to secure its political, security, and economic future.
While the defeat of Hamas holds potential for enhancing Israel’s national security, it simultaneously introduces a complex array of challenges. Successfully navigating the aftermath necessitates a comprehensive approach that integrates military vigilance and diplomatic finesse. By addressing the power vacuum, shaping a sustainable peace process, mitigating cybersecurity risks, and promoting international cooperation, Israel can actively work towards achieving a more secure and stable future in the post-Hamas era.