Balochistan Needs Peace

Since the forceful redistribution of power is being witnessed again in Federal, Islamabad, where major political parties are attempting to stay in power for as long as possible. These power struggles resulted in political instability and major disruptions to Pakistan’s economy and security. Recently, Pakistan was on the verge of default but escaped. Who is to blame, political parties, or cross-border inclusion? However, Pakistan was saved from default, but it is still suffering from massive political instability and security issues across the country, inflation rates are consistently rising, and terrorism has once again escalated in developing parts of Pakistan.

Taking into consideration the challenges, Balochistan, Pakistan’s largest federating unit, has been facing the aforementioned challenges for years; governments have come and gone, but the grievances and living standards of the people of Balochistan have deteriorated. These repeated failures of different administrations could not de-escalate the rate of poverty and illiteracy, as well as the tensions between Balochistan insurgents and the federal government, which in this case also failed to end the growing tensions among the masses.

Most recently, law enforcing agencies initiated an operation clandestinely against one of the “hard core militant, named as Ghulam Imran Ilias” worked for the “Baloch National Army” who is also described as a “high-value target” with suspected links to hostile intelligence agencies involved against the peace of Pakistan.

The information of the detainee surfaced by Pakistan military media wing “inter services public relations” that operation against a captured militant had been planned months ago and successfully accomplished.

However, it is not the very first case that insurgents and hard-core militants comes in the custody of the law enforcing agencies. Critically, several concerns arise here, why militants are born? Who assist them? What they want? Clearly, militancy and insurgency are the product of misunderstanding between the institutions of Pakistan and militant organizations or sub-nationalists’ groups.

In addition, Baloch insurgents are supposed to understand certain facts that state is not the enemy of dissidents “Baloch sub-nationalists”. Certainly, negligence of the “centre” to the hard core issue is burning the peace of Balochistan that directly and severely affects the peace and security of Pakistan. Besides, certain radical activities not only affect the life of commoners but also the ethnic groups that affects the state of mind of its people. Resultantly, the execution of militants in different parts of Pakistan on one side fuels the fire among the radicals and ultimately it bounces back in more radical way against state security protocols. This should not have been the only solution from Baloch insurgent groups nor a manner of negligence from centre is acceptable, a massive sense of understanding required from both the militants and institution. 

Furthermore, beside highest inflation rate and employment rate in Balochistan, the sense of deprivation even furthered among several particular separatist movements those exist in Balochistan. It is indeed not a good sign under the strong political instability in the country, on the other hand the escalation of anti-state sentiments goes higher. Calculating certain observation under these critical situations where Pakistan’s own political destiny is not yet decided, that is severally affecting the peace of Balochistan politically, with continuous rising grievances.

Failure to bring peace to Balochistan is not only an administrative failure, but the role of the centre and other law enforcement agencies in certain issues should be condemned. However, when it comes to the Baloch insurgency, this is the fifth wave of nationalist insurgency in Balochistan. Given the historical precedents of negotiations between the state and Baloch insurgents, it can be assumed that such matters are decided by the security establishment as well as the political leadership. Since the federal government made the announcement, it is clear that the military has given the go-ahead to try to negotiate. The history of such interactions is also unfavorable. Previous efforts left a legacy of broken promises and mistreatment, leading to a high level of distrust between the two parties.

Certain political neglecting facts over the protection of its people have brought justice of no use, commoners have been bullied, students leaving academics due to unaffordability of high academic charges, no social protection yet given to the students of Balochistan. Why such approaches exist under the charter of human rights who to ask this question? Ultimately, this will result in the rebellion mind set, which once harvested could be very difficult to take off its roots.

Unfortunately, in this very unrest federating unit of Pakistan, such bad lucks have been associated with cross-border radical approaches towards insurgents of Balochistan and elsewhere in Pakistan, particularly from India. Indian agencies continuous support to the certain separatist movements of Pakistan have been continuously funded and logistically assisted to resist Pakistan law enforcing agencies.

To summarise, peace is the ultimate goal for a better and more prosperous Balochistan and Pakistan. All eyes are on Pakistan’s Balochistan to use the soil for Pakistan’s unrest. Such lethal issues must be taken seriously, and growing militancy in the modern world is a serious threat to any state’s security; unfortunately, Pakistan has long been a victim of insurgency. Pakistan’s stable political order would be put to the test by peaceful Balochistan. Baloch dissidents and other militant organisations should surrender and come to negotiate peace with the ruling regime for the sake of future generations.

Sheraz Wahid
Sheraz Wahid
Sheraz Wahid is currently doing his MS-International Relations from International Islamic University Islamabad (IIUI). The author area of interest covers International Politics of South Asia and Strategic affairs.