Cultural lag: A depressed society

Culture- a word that implies a specific society’s normative beliefs, customs, values, disciplinary chains, way of conduct, and behavior pattern also. In the simplest word, Culture is what we are. Before having a grave air in this discussion, let’s have a break by taking a deep breath into the fresh air.

The doctrine of Cultural Lag was first introduced in 1922 by the mighty Sociologist W.F. Ogburn through his book “Social Change” where he asserted that, in a constructive culture, there are two sections to describe any. Material Culture refers to physical objects like infrastructure, equipment, technology, and many things which have concrete value. Another is Non-Material Culture which indicates the abstract form of culture as norms, moral values, ethics, religion, discipline, and also things related to institutions. Here, the question of cultural lag comes as there have some contradictions related to societal upgradation.

Moreover, cultural lag is a concept that defines the relationship between both material and non-material objects. Sociologist W. F.  Ogburn asserted that when material culture tends to improve at a faster rate than non-material objects then a societal disparity among the advancements and people’s eager acceptance occurs. In this stage, some people resist change at first, and, the rest take it simply. People who resist change for the first time, some days later get used to the new one to cope with the trend. But, the consequences of positivism get the reluctance there. The negative consequences get spread deliberately in that way. We experienced this earlier through social media applications.

In the purpose of culture, we live in a society where we nurture different types of culture as political culture, administrative culture, and societal culture. It’s obvious that the accumulation of different aspects communally refers to the culture and it’s a fact that a single chaos of a specific object can occur the butterfly effect on our daily life. So, we need to be perfect in every sector of our societal chain to move further direction. If we notice two decades earlier we will be able to suspect several outbreaks which directly rely upon those mentioned already. Ministries, secretariat, and also public corporations have been furnished with enhancing technological change but the question of red-tapism, accountability, responsibility,  and citizen orientation is in question till now. In the 4th industrial revolution, Bangladesh is playing a very effective role in showing pathways to world communities. Our economic growth is rapidly growing compared to other South Asian countries. Constructive developments are visible now everywhere in this country but regret to depict that our mindfulness in philosophical acceptance, positivism, and co-existence with a different innovation is so far impossible to accomplish together.

Provided, through noticing the Need Hierarchy by Maslow, Another scholar named Douglas McGregor put a theory related to human motivation in their workplace where he has shown that there have two types of people one of whom eagerly wants to accomplish work on their own and another assumes the opposite motivation where they are needed to be pushed to have any outcomes. So, in both employees, the need hierarchy and responsibilities are the same but one refuses it and another takes it in his prime duty. For both of them, the state or organization assures furnished development to ensure a stake-friendly environment in both organization and country system but the willing acceptance related to motivation is different playing to them which in turn make contradiction among the stakeholders as their motivational prospects are not same. At this point, chaos arrives repeatedly which affects social life impeccably where improper judgment, deviation, and faulty usage of applications are common to see everywhere.

In the middle of this discussion, the considering types of culture have been mentioned which are interrelated with one another in that every structured policy process and its effective outcomes depend upon them if there has any eager willingness to ensure sustainable development. To assure a better, healthy, and livable society, such a disparity between ideology and materialism must be reduced in such a way by enhancing educational movement thus the depression remaining in society about expectancies will soon be fulfilled through the accomplishment of all social classes with the commitment to be grown together.

Maruf Ahmed
Maruf Ahmed
Post-Grad student, Department of Public Administration University of Barishal