Balancing Power in the Global Tech Industry: China and Taiwan’s Battle for Semiconductor Dominance

In recent years, tensions between China and Taiwan have escalated to new heights, with both sides vying for dominance in key industries such as technology and semiconductor manufacturing. China, as the world’s largest market for semiconductor products, has long relied on Taiwan for a steady supply of high-quality chips, but the Taiwanese government is now pushing back against China’s attempts to exert greater control over its semiconductor industry.


Taiwan is home to some of the world’s leading semiconductor manufacturers, including Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC), which is the world’s largest semiconductor foundry. TSMC is responsible for producing chips for many of the world’s leading tech companies, including Apple, AMD, and Qualcomm. However, China has long sought to gain greater control over Taiwan’s semiconductor industry, seeing it as a strategic asset that could help it to become a leader in the global tech industry.

The tensions between China and Taiwan have been growing in recent years, with China increasingly flexing its economic and military muscles in the region. China has sought to lure Taiwanese businesses to the mainland with incentives such as tax breaks and subsidies, while also investing heavily in its own semiconductor industry. In 2019, the Chinese government launched the “Made in China 2025” initiative, which aims to make China a global leader in high-tech industries such as semiconductor manufacturing.

The Taiwan government has responded to these moves by seeking to increase its own control over the semiconductor industry. In 2020, Taiwan’s parliament passed a law prohibiting Chinese investors from taking majority stakes in Taiwanese chipmakers, citing concerns about national security. This move was seen as a direct challenge to China’s efforts to gain greater control over Taiwan’s semiconductor industry.


The China-Taiwan semiconductor war has significant implications for the global tech industry, as both sides are major players in the semiconductor manufacturing supply chain. China is the world’s largest market for semiconductor products, accounting for nearly a third of global demand, while Taiwan is home to some of the world’s leading semiconductor manufacturers. The conflict between the two sides could disrupt the global supply chain and lead to shortages of critical components for many tech products.

The conflict also raises concerns about the security of the global semiconductor supply chain. China has been accused of engaging in espionage and intellectual property theft to gain access to advanced semiconductor technology, which could threaten the security of sensitive information and critical infrastructure around the world. The US and other Western countries have been increasingly concerned about the security risks posed by China’s efforts to dominate the global semiconductor industry, and have sought to limit China’s access to advanced technology.

Challenges for the Global Tech Industry

The China-Taiwan semiconductor war poses significant challenges for the global tech industry, which relies heavily on both countries for the production of critical components. The conflict could lead to supply chain disruptions and increased costs for many tech companies, as they seek to find alternative sources for critical components.

The conflict also raises questions about the future of the global tech industry and the balance of power between the US, China, and other major players. The US has long been the dominant force in the global tech industry, but China’s rapid rise in recent years has challenged this dominance. The conflict between China and Taiwan could further disrupt the global tech industry and lead to a more fragmented and less stable supply chain.

Mohamad Zreik
Mohamad Zreik
Mohamad Zreik is an independent researcher, doctor of international relations. His areas of research interests are related to the Foreign Policy of China, Belt and Road Initiative, Middle Eastern Studies, China-Arab relations, East Asian Affairs, Geopolitics of Eurasia, and Political Economy. Mohamad has many studies and articles published in high ranked journals and well-known international newspapers. His writings have been translated into many languages, including French, Arabic, Spanish, German, Albanian, Russian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, etc.