Moving abroad as an Implication of Economic Slump in Pakistan

In recent years, the inflation rate in Pakistan has been on the rise, making it difficult for people to maintain a decent standard of living. As a result, many Pakistanis are considering the option of moving abroad to escape the impact of inflation on their finances.

Inflation is defined as the rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services is rising, and this can lead to a decrease in the purchasing power of a currency. In Pakistan, the inflation rate has been steadily increasing since 2019, and as of February 2023, it is around 28%. This means that prices for basic necessities like food, clothing, and shelter are rising rapidly, and people are finding it increasingly difficult to make ends meet.

For many Pakistanis, the decision to move abroad is driven by economic factors. They may be unable to find stable employment that pays a decent wage, or they may be struggling to keep up with the rising cost of living. Moving to a country with a stronger economy and a higher standard of living can offer a way out of these difficulties.

Another factor driving the decision to move abroad is the desire for better educational opportunities. Pakistan has a rapidly growing population, and the education system is struggling to keep up with demand. Many young people are looking to study abroad in order to access better schools and universities and improve their chances of success in the global job market.

There are also cultural and social factors that may influence the decision to move abroad. Some Pakistanis may feel that their country is becoming increasingly intolerant and that their personal freedoms are being curtailed. Moving to a more liberal country may offer the opportunity to live a more fulfilling and satisfying life.

Of course, moving abroad is not without its challenges. Leaving one’s home country, family, and friends behind can be emotionally difficult, and adjusting to a new culture and way of life can be a daunting task. There are also practical considerations like finding a job, obtaining a visa, and finding housing.

Despite these challenges, many Pakistanis are willing to take the risk in order to improve their quality of life. Moving abroad can offer the opportunity for a fresh start, new experiences, and greater economic opportunities. For many, it may be the best option for achieving their goals and living a better life.

Pakistan has been facing significant economic challenges in recent years, and the possibility of it becoming a defaulting nation has been a concern for many economists and policymakers. A default occurs when a country is unable to meet its debt obligations, and it can have severe consequences for the economy and the people of that country.

One of the main factors contributing to the risk of Pakistan becoming a defaulting nation is its high level of external debt. As of 2021, Pakistan’s external debt was around $115 billion, which is a significant burden for a country with a GDP of around $300 billion. This debt is primarily owed to international financial institutions such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank, as well as to other countries.

Another factor contributing to the risk of default is Pakistan’s persistent current account deficit. A current account deficit occurs when a country imports more goods and services than it exports, leading to a shortfall in foreign currency reserves. Pakistan’s current account deficit has been a chronic problem for many years, and it has put significant pressure on the country’s foreign exchange reserves.

In addition to these economic factors, there are also political and security risks that could exacerbate the risk of default. Pakistan is a country that has faced significant political instability, with frequent changes in government and ongoing conflicts with neighboring India. These factors have contributed to a lack of investor confidence in the country, which can make it difficult for Pakistan to access international markets for borrowing.

To avoid default, Pakistan has been seeking financial assistance from international organizations such as the IMF. In 2019, Pakistan secured a $6 billion bailout package from the IMF, which was designed to help the country stabilize its economy and reduce its current account deficit. However, the country has struggled to meet the conditions of the bailout, and there are concerns that it may need additional assistance in the future.

In summary, the risk of Pakistan becoming a defaulting nation is a significant concern, given the country’s high level of external debt, persistent current account deficit, and ongoing political and security risks. To avoid default, Pakistan will need to take decisive action to stabilize its economy and reduce its reliance on external borrowing. This will require significant reforms in areas such as taxation, public spending, and the business environment, as well as a sustained effort to improve political stability and security.

Mudasar Faiz Memon
Mudasar Faiz Memon
I’m an MPhil scholar at Quaid-I-Azam University having interest in national and international politics, philosophy and history.I could be reached at Mudsarafaiz[at]