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Bangladesh countering separatism and militancy for ensuring peace and stability in the region

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Kuki National Front (KNF) arms deposition to GOI under SOO on Sept 15 2010 :: Photo - Leivon Jimmy Lamkang

At one time, separatism reared its head strongly. Mistrust and suspicion arose between the ethnic minors in Chittagong Hill Tracts and the Bengalis. However, through the 1997 peace treaty, the hills became calm. The atmosphere of disunity and mistrust created between the minors and the Bengalis is slowly disappearing. Once a rift or area of ​​mistrust is created, it takes time to completely disappear. That time needs to be given. Even those who once took up arms realize the need to give this time. The government also understands. The government is taking various steps for the development of the neglected hill communities by bringing them under special benefits. The mountain environment is very calm now. This calm, peaceful environment does not feel good to Nathan Bawm. He formed an armed wing of his KNF organization, named the Kuki-Chin National Army or KNA.

He has been working in the Chittagong Hill Tracts for the past few years with the aim of building a small Islamic state on the Myanmar-Bangladesh border. Jamaatul Ansar wants to build an Islamic state in the area. And the purpose of Kuki-Chin National Army is to establish an independent or autonomous region called Kuki-Chin with Bawm, Pangkhua, Lushai, Khumi, Mru & Khiang in that region. However, it is known that the militants of Jamaatul Ansar are giving weapons training to the members of Kuki-Chin National Army.

A new armed organization named Kuki-Chin National Front (KNF) has emerged in Chittagong Hill Tracts. It is said to have been developed by some people belonging to the Bawm ethnic group of Bandarban district in Bangladesh. KNF recently opened a page on Facebook in the name of the organization, claiming to represent six ethnic groups of Rangamati and Bandarban regions. They demanded a separate state for the upazilas of Baghaichhari, Barkal, Jurachhari and Bilaichhari in Rangamati and Rowangchhari, Ruma, Thanchi, Lama and Alikadam in Bandarban.

The Kuki-Chin National Army is campaigning through social media. A new conspiracy has started again with Chittagong Hill Tracts (Rangamati, Khagrachari and Bandarban Hill Districts) in the hope of building a separate state in the hilly parts of the country. The separatist organization Kuki-Chin National Front (KNF) has emerged from Rangamati and Bandarban districts consisting of 6 small ethnic groups known as peace-loving (Bawm, Pangkhua, Lushai, Khumi, Mru & Khiang).

The Chakmas, Marmas and Tripuras, the majority of the three tribes of the Chittagong Hill Tracts, are said to have been abandoned in this state. Bawm, Khiang, Pangkhua, Lusai, Khumi and Mrode are kept. After the Chakma, Marma and Tripura in terms of numbers, the Mro population is in the Chittagong Hill Tracts. According to the 1991 census, the total population of Mru is 22,178. Bom population is 6 thousand 978 people. Mru claims that their actual number is more than 50,000. Bama also claims the same. In their own census in 2014, the number of Bawms was over 17,000. None of the Khiang, Pangkhua, Lusai, Khumis would number more than five thousand. Media reports say that no one but a few youths of Bam have joined the KNF yet.

Various groups in Chittagong Hill Tracts have been committing various crimes including murder, disappearance, kidnapping, rape and extortion for a long time in one-tenth of the country. The number of organizations involved in separatist activities in the hills, including the newly launched KNF, adds more.

In a series of statements circulated on social media, the organization said it has formed an armed group called Kuki-Chin National Army (KNA). The president of their parent organization is Nathan Baum. Now, it may be that the Kuki-Chin population has some problems, some grievances, that Nathan Baum wants to protest. But the solution to the problem is not to take up arms. Will the problem be solved by taking up arms? In an independent country, this is the way to solve the problem? Nathan Baum is an educated person, an artist. It is not the work of the artist to destroy. He could have negotiated with the government to solve the problem. If not resolved through negotiations, there are many avenues open to protest in peaceful ways – which could be done. But he did not borrow them. He immediately took up arms. Any sane person will say that his way is not the way to solve problems. It will only increase complications, violence, but nothing will be done in practical work. Now whether he wants to become another ‘Napoleon the Great’ like the president of Paraguay or he wants to build a state together with Jamaatul Ansar – it may take some more time to see. But giving them an opportunity to raise their heads will only increase the suffering of the common people. The government should not give them an opportunity to play with the safety and peace of the common people. We think that the government should take measures to bring them back to the right path as soon as possible or to suppress them with strict hands.

Not only this, an Islamic militant group called Jamaat Ansar Fil Hindal Sharqiya is also reported to be training them in weapons. Here’s another blurb. Jamaatul Ansar is basically an organization of splinters of Harkatul Jihad and some other militant groups.

There was a debate about whether there are militants in Bangladesh or not.  After the terrorist attack on Gulshan’s Holy Artisan, several major terrorist hideouts were raided in different parts of the country. Then there is not much news of militant activities, but the militants are trying to organize themselves in various ways, that is right. Militants could be kept inactive but could not be eradicated.

Apart from this, the issue of militant activities came to the fore even after the news came out recently as one after another young people from different parts of the country were killed. After the release of the information of 55 youths leaving their homes by the law and order forces, there is renewed curiosity about this. The ‘disappearance’ of such a large number of young people has once again spread anxiety in people’s minds.

Recently, RAB (elite police unit) said that a new militant organization called Jamaatul Ansar Fil Hindal Sharksfia has been formed. Many homeless youths are hiding in remote areas of Chittagong Hill Tracts. They are being trained there under the umbrella of various organizations. Secretly they are conducting extremist activities. Combined operations have also been conducted in Chittagong Hill Tracts to catch the militants.

Separatism, Terrorism and extremism have become grave threats for all stakeholders in the region. Different groups in the CHT including KNF were trying to destabilise situation along the borders. This could be threat for India and Bangladesh also.

The Bangladesh Rapid Action Battalion (RAB), an elite law enforcement unit, has stepped up operations against militants and separatists in Bandarban and Rangamati’s wooded districts. According to media reports, 10 separatists and militants had been detained in the operation recently. It included three members of the armed separatist group Kuki-Chin National Front (KNF) from Bandarban and Rangamati as well as seven members of the recently formed militant group Jama’atul Ansar Fil Hindal Sharqiya.

The arrestees admitted that they had a contract with KNF that called for KNF to give them lodging and training in exchange for money. The Emir of Jama’atul Ansar Fil Hindal Sharqiya made an arrangement with the KNF stationed in Chittagong Hill Tract (CHT) in 2021 to acquire militant training at a cost of Taka 3 lakh per month and cover all KNF members’ food costs. The camps in the CHT territories were providing training for more than 50 insurgents.

Media reports mentioned the situation of several young males who recently fled their homes and went missing, saying that the majority of these people are hiding in the CHT forests. Along with additional equipment and jihadi publications, RAB also found nine weapons, 50 rounds of ammunition, cartridges, 62 cases, six bombs, cartridge case, two cartridge belts, and one locally produced pistol.

It is alleged by some International media that some Chin-Kuki people fled to Mizoram’s Lawngtlai district from the Chittagong Hill Tracts in Bangladesh in the face of an alleged offensive by the Bangladesh Army against an armed group of the community.

But basically, it is anti-terrorist and separatist operations. Bangladesh is working to ensure peace and stability in the CHT region. Some separate incidents may happen for the operations. But Bangladesh believes in harmony. Bangladesh doesn’t want any kind of exodus of its people to its neighboring country. The members of the all ethnic groups in the region are the people of Bangladesh.  The region is a very significant strategically for both India and Bangladesh. Unrest in the region may become a grave threat for India and Bangladesh also. India should support Bangladesh’s anti-militant operation as Bangladesh paved the way in ensuring peace, harmony and stability in Northeastern region in cooperating India to tackle separatism, extremism in the region.

 Bangladesh is a responsible country in the world. It is known to shelter human beings (Rohingyas from Myanmar) and take back its people to its lard (Chakma people in 1994). Bangladesh wants to ensure perpetual regional peace in the region (in the line of 1997 (Chittagong Hill Tracts Peace Accord).

Bengalis and Non-Bengalis in the Chittagong Hill Tracts region celebrate together the tribal festivals such as Biju, Sangria, Baisabi etc. There is no religious, ethnic boundary in Bangladesh. Everyone is for everyone. People from all ethnicities are united in Bangladesh. The recent exodus incident is just a separate incident in Bangladesh because there are only some people who may migrate to Mizoram.

Militants and terrorists are trying to unite again in Bangladesh. Recently, the issue of militancy has come to the fore in the incident of several youth being killed. There is enough reason to be alarmed by the reports of activities of militant organizations under new names. Most of the missing youths who leave their homes in the name of alleged migration are falling into the trap of banned militant organizations.

Many top-level militant leaders are active behind the scenes to misguide them or trap them.  Militant groups are waiting for time and opportunity. After the arrest of four members of Jamaatul Ansar Fil Hindal Sharqiya, RAB said recently that this new militant organization is giving money to the Kuki-Chin National Front, a separatist organization in the hills, to buy heavy weapons. RAB said that in the last 8-9 months, the organization has paid 17 lakhs to KNF, an armed organization of Pahar, to buy heavy weapons. About 50 lakh rupees have been sent to various places through banking channel and mobile banking to manage the activities of the organization.

Separatist organizations Kuki-Chin National Front (KNF) and United People’s Democratic Front (UPDF) are always trying to create unrest in Bangladesh’s border areas,Home Minister Asaduzzaman Khan Kamal has said. 

Security forces in Bangladesh have started an operation on a young, armed tribal group that they claim assisted in the training of a potential Muslim extremist organization in the unrest-ridden Chittagong Hill Tracts, a region in the country’s southeast that is close to the borders with Myanmar and India.

Many claims to have discovered a solid connection between the national front and Jama’atul Ansar Fil Hindal Sharqiya, a purportedly recently created Muslim extremist organisation. Home Minister Asaduzzaman Khan stated, “We have definite information that the newly established militant organization was being trained by KNF in isolated areas of Bandarban district.

Bangladesh, a nation with a majority of moderate Muslims, has experienced violent Islamic extremism on multiple occasions, most notably in July 2016, when five extremists with ties to the Islamic State group massacred 20 hostages—mostly foreigners—during an overnight siege at a café in Dhaka.

The allegations that KNF cooperated with an Islamic extremist group have not yet been formally addressed. However, as the opeartion got underway, the group denied being a “separatist” outfit.

Violent militancy in Bangladesh had significantly decreased in recent years following a successful, albeit harsh, crackdown by the security forces and a reduction in global extremism.

Terrorism can be controlled to a great extent if we can control them primarily. Therefore, strict action should be taken against individuals and organizations involved in terrorist and separatist activities. For this, the law enforcement forces should be made more efficient. We want to see zero tolerance against terrorists not only in words but also in reality.

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South Asia

The Taliban Finally Granted Permission to the Former President Karzai to leave Afghanistan

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Former President of Afghanistan Hamid Karzai. (Express photo by Nirupama Subramanian)

Based on the information, the former president of Afghanistan, Hamid Karzai, was permitted to leave the country. At a time, when online meetings between Sohail Shaheen and American representatives are going on in connection with the start of intra-Afghan talks in Doha, The former president of the country, Hamid Karzai, was allowed to exit the country for the first time after August 15, 2021, when the Taliban took over. Nevertheless, it is not yet known when he will start his overseas trip, but his only purpose is to get preparation for the start of Intra-Afghan talks in Doha and to meet with American officials and foreign Afghan politicians. Since the end of October and the beginning of November, there are reports narrating that telephone calls are being made between President Hamid Karzai, and the US special representative for Afghanistan, Thomas West.

Besides, the persons are preparing for future negotiations, the re-established relationship between the former president Karzai and the CIA took place, when a CIA undercover intelligence officer met Karzai sometimes back, when he represented himself as an International media reporter. Sources suspect that the undercover agent interviewed the president under the auspices of a well-known German based Der Spiegel Magazine.

According to the information, former President Hamid Karzai will fly to Germany, while meeting with the CIA officials at the US Ramstein Air Base in Germany. Meantime, the former President Hamid Karzai will meet with some high-ranking officials of Germany and then have separate meetings with Western politicians and intelligence officers. Furthermore, after that, President Hamid Karzai will meet with the American ambassador to lay out the strategy for the potential negotiations.

 Currently, there is a lot of confusion in the Mandigak palace in Kandahar province, where Taliban Spiritual leader and the decision making hub located and it is said that there have been serious discrepancies  regarding allowing him to go abroad. However, Sheikh Haibatullah’s position is still neutral about his exit, while negotiating with his advisors to make a final decision in the upcoming days.

Nonetheless, there are no other specific differences regarding the permission. It is only the low-ranking Taliban fighters, who demand the precise judgement of the Taliban’s leader in this concern; In addition, some Taliban leaders are also unhappy about the whole process, especially the former members of the Quita Council of Taliban.

Now the ball is in the Taliban’s ground, whether they are ready to comply with the demands of the international community, by transferring the power to a transitional government or not, and to get along with the United States and get onboard the international community support. Definitely, it causes further splintering among Taliban groups and ISKP will use it as an opportunity to recruit Taliban fighters, while paving the way for regrouping in Khorasan Province the IS so-called territory.

The ISKP long before blamed Taliban for being ‘’ Rafeda’’, while simultaneously cooperating with the US, Russia, China and Iran for their political ambitions.  To conclude, the Afghan people will not accomplish a lasting peace and sustainable economic developments, since the country will turn into a new battle filed among countries, which have stake in Afghanistan.

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South Asia

The Charisma and Chaos of Imran Khan

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PTI Chairman Imran Khan gestures at the march participants as his convoy arrives in Gujranwala on November 1, 2022. — Instagram

The chances of Imran Khan winning the elections of 2018 were quite murky. Despite his unparalleled fan base and populist rhetoric appeals to the young, and labor class of Pakistan, the legitimacy of his government is marred with allegations of fraud, rigging, and exploitation.

Some argue that his candidacy was a marketing tactic used by the ‘Establishment’ in Pakistan to form a government that is rather weak and dependent so that the ‘Establishment’ can continue its control over domestic security issues including the Nuclear escalation and relations with India.

But by and large, Khan won the elections.

Maybe it was the stardom attached to the name ‘Imran Khan’ and Pakistanis not wanting to confide in the same faces ruling them for centuries.

Maybe it was the mismanagement and violence that marred election day with unfathomable delays in result declaration in metropolis cities, coupled with post-poll manipulation.

Maybe it was the judicial-military nexus, that placed all the votes in the right places by not allowing voters to use their will during elections.

Maybe it was the 7 years-old narcotics case hearing moving forward against the stalwart of Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz, Hanif Abbasi, giving him a life sentence in a rare late-night session of court, four days ahead of the elections that effectively knocked PML-N out of the race.

But the deal was done and can’t be undone and Imran Khan became the Prime Minister of Pakistan, for better or worse.

Khan the Celebrity

Pakistani nationals were victims of the financial crisis, unemployed people, those who lost their homes, and who were in debt; these people felt like the two parties ruling Pakistan for centuries had destroyed their country’s economy.

Imran Khan, with his humongous stardom as an athlete and philanthropist, seemed like the only ‘Messiah’ that could save them from all the atrocities they were facing.

Though, a significant number of votes were cast in favor of PML-N but not in the places that would have locked the win. So Imran Khan, persuaded the angry Pakistanis, the youth, and the labor class who were fed up with being handed over in trade deals with other nations.

Khan, a socialite that he was, knew how to connect with these agitated masses. Their grievances were clear as a day and so he gave them pretty promises wrapped up in his vibrant rallies filled with catchy songs. His huge social media presence along with the ‘Naya Pakistan’ slogan further amplified his staunch.

But there lies a challenge as to why Khan became the top highlight of this era. To many who were tired of politicians filling their own pockets, and amid the corruption charges on Nawaz Sharif, Khan’s celebrity status, his colorful personality, his promise of a corruption-free Pakistan, and his unconventional ‘Don’t Panic’ attitude – all of this made Khan seem like the only option who would deliver a better life and nation and, if not that, then at least would be the eradicator of what Pakistan had become.

Khan the Totalitarian

The other side of the coin sees Imran Khan as a narcissist, self-centered, and power-hungry mogul. After achieving his eternal craving of becoming the Prime Minister, he hardly showed any respect for the institutions of the country. More often than not he refused to attend the sessions of Parliament, with his excuse being the presence of members of the opposition party whom he referred to as ‘Crooks’ and ‘Chors’ (thieves).

This resulted in laws, instead of passing through an ordinary law-making process, being passed through presidential ordinances, with very limited power. We can clearly say that these laws were passed without debate, consensus, and thorough examination, negating the very foundation of constitutional requirements.

Additionally, Khan likes to fabricate stories in his speeches, a lot. In this vein, he brings down any democratic provision that proves him wrong, including targeting political parties on concocted charges of corruption; sustained attacks on the media; undermining law authorities, even the Supreme Court is not exempted from his allegations.

Through the abrogation of rule of law, irresponsible remarks about institutions, and disdain toward democracy, Khan himself created a fragile parliamentary system, which then collapsed on him. Not only this, but he has fractured the already dwindling democracy of Pakistan into a whole new level.

Khan the Leader

Khan came onto the political scene when Pakistan was facing a volatile situation both at home and abroad, coupled with the tensions going on with the Americas, and the rampant inflation, he was still able to take some impressive measures. His work related to health, relief programs, house loans, the environment, entrepreneurship, and the COVID response is admirable.

In addition, his billion tree tsunami and the building of several small dams initiated an environment-friendly drive in the climate change-affected country. But was he able to deliver on the ‘Promises’ made to the nation? Absolutely Not.

Perhaps he should have paid more attention to the cabinet as the abrupt changes in the system dwindled the confidence of investors in Pakistan’s economic machinery. His careless handling of some important economic programs including the CPEC decelerated the capital influx that caused the GDP to drop considerably.

To top it all off, Pakistan, in 2021 dropped from 124th place to 140th place according to Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), leaving an ugly mark on Khan’s corruption eradication promises on which he has led the foundation of his political career. Maybe he should have abided by the agenda of progression in order to gear up his performance instead of getting involved in blame and shame politics.

Khan the funambulist

The important reason why Khan has a cult following in Pakistan is his unfiltered and raw opinions about topics like the Americas, and Afghanistan which he keeps casting in his speeches. And, the audience, mostly the social media-induced young generation eats it all up like a sweet concoction, without paying heed to the implications it will bring to the foreign policy of Pakistan.

Khan’s decision to appoint Usman Buzdar, an underqualified and inexperienced newcomer to a vital position in the key city of Punjab pretty much sums up his political foresight. Perhaps, the most interesting yet debatable contrivance of his regime is his relentless attitude toward the United States, no previous Prime Minister of Pakistan was able to say ‘Absolutely No’ to the US as it had many allies in the domestic political platform of Pakistan. This stance of Khan was admired a lot in the country, with the phrase being trending in Pakistan. But the remarks came with ramifications for Pakistan on the international forum. This whole scenario further makes people question his political sanity.

Imran Khan possesses all the characteristics of a populist leader and in Populism: A Very Short Introduction, Cas Mudde says: “Populists are dividers, not uniters” they split society into “two homogenous and antagonistic groups: the pure people on the one end and the corrupt elite on the other.” True to this narration, Khan has divided the nation into two groups of ‘Evil and Good’ people, and the consequences are detrimental to the stability of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.


To sum it all up, Imran Khan, despite his misgivings, his warts, his narcissism, and his unhinged political views, is still able to reach a class of people that have seen Pakistan erode for centuries and consider him the last hope for the country. But he certainly is not the best choice for democracy as his political understanding is ruined by his self-righteous approach. In this manner, he is no better than former US President Trump who incited his supporters to pass on the U.S. Capitol to forestall the peaceful transition of power after his electoral defeat. It is precise to say that Pakistan has fallen into a deep cauldron and only a Magic Wand can heal it at this point. Though Khan has not singularly created this cauldron, he most definitely is exploiting and feeding on it.

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Chattisgarh Elections 2023: Future of United Progressive Alliance and BJP

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Chattisgarh, the 9th largest state of India by area and 17th most populous state with population of 30 Million will go to votes in upcoming elections in 2023. Chattisgarh saw an electoral shift in 2018 when voters chose INC lead United Progressive Alliance over BJP which was into the power since 2003. The legislative assembly comprises of 90 constituencies and population demography favors the Hindu’s with 93.05%, Muslims are major minority with 2.02% and Christians make up 1.92% of the population of Chattisgarh. The major contenders in the elections are United Progressive Alliance, which came into power in 2018. The major parties in the Alliance are Indian National Congress (INC), Dravida Munnetra Kazghagam, Janta Dal (United), Shiv Sena and Nationalist Congress Party. This alliance faces BJP as major gladiator of the Elections.

INC lead United Progressive Alliance Government

In 2018 elections, United Progressive Alliance defeated BJP in the state to form the government. Previously BJP enjoyed three successive tenures in power. The Alliance proved to be vital in defeating the ex-ruling party and Bhupesh Baghel of INC was sworn in as new CM of Chattisgarh. The newly elected government opted for the developmental model in the state with their activities ranging from sports to health and good governance. The CM gave the vision of ‘Employment Mission’ which aimed at providing 15 lac jobs to people of Chattisgarh. The government provided the masses with the vision of ‘trust, development and security’ in order to remain popular and hence their projects based upon wellness of the general public. The CM started ‘Khelbo-Jeetbo-Gadhbo Nova Chattisgarh’ scheme in order to enhance sports infrastructure and facilities for youth of Chattisgarh. The scheme covered major as well as local games. The government also launched ‘ Makhyamantri Haat Bazar Clinics’ scheme in order to provide and ensure health services in rural and remote areas of the state. This scheme received a lot of praises from the masses during pandemic period. Government also enhanced education sector by setting up more than 600 Hindi and English medium schools. CM launched ‘Swami Atmanand English Medium Education System’ in all districts of the state. The scheme aimed at setting up of the English medium colleges for the students. The government under CM Baghel, also faced severe opposition in form BJP. The BJP criticized government of corruption, farm loans and internal rift among government officials. The CM also survived ‘No Confidence Motion’ tabled by BJP in the legislative assembly in July 2022.

BJP and Caste votes

Caste permutation and combinations have always played a role of dominating factor in the state of Chattisgarh. The state is amalgamation of upper castes, schedule castes (SC), Schedule tribes (ST) and Other Backward Castes (OBCs). The Kurmi’s and Sahu’s dominate upper castes in the state. One third of the population is composed of Scheduled tribes (ST), while Schedule castes (SC) make up 12% of the population and Other Backward Castes (OBCs) are 41% of the population. Upper castes and OBCs have traditionally tilted in the favor of BJP. SC votes have been divided among BJP, INC and Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP). In 2013 however, BJP swept through 9 out of 10 constituencies of SC reserved seats. Dalit vote bank also has an influential role in elections. There exists around 12% of Dalit vote splitting between BJP and BSP. This vote bank influences 40 constituencies of the state. BJP is also counting upon Sahu’s votes in order to gain power back in upcoming Chattisgarh elections.

Chattisgarh as home ground of Hindutva

Chattisgarh has seen a violent shift when it comes to application of agenda of Hindutva. RSS and its political affiliate BJP have targeted Chattisgarh for Hindutva onslaught. The norms of Hindu identity have gone deep down into the roots of the society. ‘Ghar Wapsi’ scheme is gaining influence in Chandigarh. In March 2022, a ceremony was held and 1250 people returned to Hindu dharma. In states like Odisha, Chattisgarh and Jharkand more than 10,000 people have returned to Hindu dharma. BJP has developed a narrative of targeting Congress for miseries of Hindu’s all around India. Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) an affiliate of RSS has been provided with security umbrella of BJP and it has forced Churches in Chattisgarh to use name of ‘Acharya’ and ‘Up-Acharya’ instead of ‘Father’. VHP has also forced churches to display images and painting of Hindu goddess ‘Saraswati’ in churches. The organization has also forces churches to distribute ‘Prasad’ instead of sweets at the eve of Christmas, thereby attacking the root identities of Christianity in the state. Around the time when BJP formed the government in center in 2014, 5 villages in Bastar district of Chattisgarh were banned for non-Hindu practices. Hindu leaders in Chattisgarh are calling for killing of any individual who tries to convert Hindus into any other religion. The Equation between the minorities and Hindus started changing since 2003, when BJP was installed into power in Chattisgarh. The change has intensified now when BJP is also present in Center. 

Bet on Youth’s vote

The youth vote bank in Chattisgarh can be the turning point in the upcoming elections. The major gladiators BJP and United Progressive Alliance are eyeing the vote share of youth in the state. The initiatives started by the CM Baghel, progressively targets the youth and their development. However, BJP accuses the current INC lead state government of unemployment among the youth. The tussle between the major contenders in the state is pivoted for Youth vote. The saffron party has also targeted youth with the identity confrontation within the framework of Hindutva. However, the INC lead coalition government is centered on the agenda of developmental and governance model for the youth rather than targeting and convincing youth on identity based vote bank. The youth from minority section of the population may opt for INC and United Progressive alliance for the power in state but saffron influenced youth and upper castes are likely to put their weight in BJP’s favor.


Chattisgarh elections 2023 will play a major role in determining the BJPs future in center as well. Chattisgarh has been the power bank for BJP since 2003 but shift in 2018 has taken BJP by shock and surprise. However, upcoming elections can also prove to be referendum of policies applied by BJP at national level. INC will also have to investigate its depth in masses as well. The future of alliance mostly depends upon the INC performance in the state elections. The General Elections can also be strategically targeted by INC in form of alliance and coalition seat shares in order to give tough time BJP which is by far thriving among the masses at national level.

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