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World Bank Support to Help Strengthen Kyrgyz Republic’s Social Protection System

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The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors approved today $30 million for the Strengthening Social Assistance and Labor Market Programs project.  The objectives of this project are to support the country in mitigating the impact of the economic crisis on poor households and labor migrants and to strengthen effectiveness and resilience of the social assistance and labor market programs delivery systems to be better prepared for future shocks.

“High overall inflation and even higher food inflation, due to global crises, is likely to pose serious challenges for the Kyrgyz economy. The new project will directly support the priority task of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Kyrgyz Republic to improve the financial situation of socially vulnerable groups and the employment of citizens, while also contributing to building stronger social protection system,” said Naveed Hassan Naqvi, World Bank Country Manager for the Kyrgyz Republic.

The project aims to protect vulnerable populations through cash transfers and accompanying measures. It will also promote economic opportunities through access to productive inclusion initiatives and job opportunities.

The project focuses on three main areas:

(i) Providing emergency support and enhancing the effectiveness of the main antipoverty Uy bulogo komok (UBK) program for families with children. The effectiveness of the UBK program will be enhanced by developing, piloting, and evaluating the improved eligibility criteria and beneficiary selection methodology for the UBK program to reduce exclusion and inclusion errors.

(ii) Increasing the employability of vulnerable groups including labor migrants by supporting the following groups: (a) UBK beneficiaries to transition from social assistance to labor and employment opportunities; (b) vulnerable youth and women to (re)enter the labor market; and (c) returning and prospective labor migrants to better identify their needs, capacities, and aspirations and facilitate tailored support.  The project will finance activities to improve the skills and employability of these groups of workers and strengthen links with the private sector to engage them in jobs and income-generating activities.

(iii) Strengthening social protection delivery systems by financing smooth and protected technical implementation of the new IT architecture and establishing electronic data exchanges to strengthen delivery systems at the local level.

The financing for the Strengthening Social Assistance and Labor Market Programs Project will be provided on highly concessional terms through the International Development Association (IDA), the World Bank’s concessional credit window for developing countries.  The project will be implemented in the period of 2022-2025 by the Ministry of Labor, Social Development and Migration of the Kyrgyz Republic, in compliance with relevant World Bank procedures and standards, including procurement and financial management regulations and anti-corruption guidelines.

The World Bank’s overall mission in the Kyrgyz Republic is to reduce poverty and promote economic growth and shared prosperity.  The Bank’s financial assistance to the Kyrgyz Republic since 1992 amounts to $2.3 billion in the form of grants and highly concessional credits. 

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Finance

Reviewing ARK Coin – Is It The Solution To Your Bitcoin Headache?

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Cryptocurrency’s rise has literally posed a challenge to traditional banking systems. This is probably the reason why this entered business so fast.

Presently, more than 9.5 million people in the UK and more than 17 million people in the USA are trading on Cryptocurrencies.

However, maybe due to the volatility and other issues, Cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin are still questionable.

The advent of ARK coins has been observed as a landmark development so far as business development is concerned.

In this study, we would like to review the ARK count to see its potential to start as a successful solution for business.

Ark Coins

The ARK coins came in the year 2016. This is an all-inclusive Blockchain-based technology that provides flexibility for investment.

The main thing that distinguishes itself from the rest is the platform allows the investor to design and develop its own blockchain in a decentralised way.

There is an element of flexibility that you get with this blockchain. In addition, this blockchain offers investors seamless user navigation. Therefore things look quite promising for the ARK coins.

Navigation has always been an issue with other Bitcoin and other Cryptocurrencies. However, with ARK coins, the investors can create their own blockchain that eases the navigability to many folds.

Price History Of The Ark Coins

The coin came into existence in the year 2017. The initial response wasn’t that high. The then price of the ARK was a modest $0.03. But by the year 2018, its value was $10.91.

This turned out to be a great development. But for reasons, the ARK coins could not really carry forward with the growth and consequently plummeted. Thereafter it went through different crests and troughs.

According to the March 2022 recording, the coin stood at $1.67. Seeing the continuity, it can be said that there is some opportunity with the coin.

When most of the coins were literally on the verge of failure, AKD coins showed some considerable promise. This promise can be a good reason investors can bank on the coins in the future.

Price Forecasts

So far as the price forecast is concerned, the ARK coins, as mentioned here, hold some promise for the coin. When other coins faltered, this one did pretty well. The developer of the network is working on the enhancement.

This has indeed provided the investor with the hope that the coin will have a good future in the coming days. Hence the ark price prediction turns out to be easy due to the stability of the coin price.

Technical Analysis

The success of a Cryptocurrency depends on the predictability of value. We all know that Cryptocurrency is highly volatile.

Let us give an example. An individual purchased Bitcoin to a significant value. But the value dropped to around 80% of the initial price.

This is the kind of volatility. Now with this kind of volatility, it becomes almost important for the business community, mainly entrepreneurs, to invest in Bitcoin.

So far as ARK coins are concerned, the coin has remained more or less stable, and the price has remained predictable throughout.

For example, the market value of the coins was recorded to be around $0.470986 as of the month of July 2022. Therefore, you can trade on 138,684,917 ARK.

The value of the coins remained somewhat stable. Now, with this stability, the business community is showing faith in this Cryptocurrency.

Fundamental Analysis

The ARK coins undoubtedly are powered with high-end technology that has supported the coin’s good performance in the reign of volatility.

Furthermore, the coin is built with a consensus algorithm and has its own advantages.

Due to this, the Cryptocurrency investor can use the coin. They got the flexibility they have not been getting with Bitcoin. It is a fact that the makers of ARK coins have definitely kept the weakness of Bitcoins in mind while developing these coins.

Is It A Solution To Bitcoin’s Weakness?

It cannot be denied that Bitcoin remains the greatest Cryptocurrency to date, and it is still doing good.

Buy Bitcoins struggled with the chronic issue of volatility and other technical glitches. But ARK’s stability somehow shows light of hope for the new investors. So definitely, there is hope.

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Uzbekistan and World Bank to Expand Strategic Partnership

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Photo credit: Press Service of the President of Uzbekistan.

Anna, Bjerde, World Bank Vice President for Europe and Central Asia, visited Uzbekistan from September 29 to October 2, 2022, as part of a broader trip to Central Asia. Ms. Bjerde met with President Shavkat Mirziyoyev, as well as senior government officials, and beneficiaries of a World Bank-funded project that is helping improve rural infrastructure in Uzbekistan.

During her meeting with President Mirziyoyev, Ms. Bjerde discussed the results of 30 years of partnership between Uzbekistan and the World Bank, an anniversary which was celebrated in September this year. President Mirziyoyev and Ms. Bjerde noted in particular the achievements of the stepped-up World Bank financial and advisory support to help Uzbekistan implement transformative economic and social reforms since 2017, and they agreed to expand strategic bilateral cooperation across several economic and social spheres.

Ms. Bjerde also held talks with senior Uzbek government officials, including Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Jamshid Kuchkarov, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Investments and Foreign Trade Jamshid Khodjaev, Minister of Finance Timur Ishmetov, Chairman of the Board of the Central Bank Mamarizo Nurmuratov, and Director General of the Agency for Strategic Reforms Shukhrat Vafaev.

In her meetings with counterparts, Ms. Bjerde discussed the implementation of the recently launched Country Partnership Framework (CPF) for Uzbekistan for the next five years. The CPF supports the authorities in developing the private sector to create new jobs and reduce poverty, improving human capital, building a green and sustainable economy, closing gender gaps, and creating conditions for wider citizen engagement. The CPF is aligned with the Development Strategy of the New Uzbekistan for 2022-26 and will help the authorities achieve the country’s ambitious development goals.

Ms. Bjerde and counterparts also discussed the progress of the Government’s reforms and World Bank support to reforming and privatizing state-owned enterprises and banks, modernizing agriculture, energy, financial and other strategic sectors, improving education, healthcare, and social protection services, developing transport connectivity, improving rural and urban infrastructure, empowering women, and improving the business and investment climate. Discussions were also held around the upcoming Country Climate and Development Report that the World Bank is preparing for Uzbekistan.

“We welcome that, despite the ongoing global shocks and crises, Uzbekistan’s path for reforms and development impact for its citizens through an inclusive and sustainable market economy transition remains the top priority for the Government,” said Anna Bjerde. “As we celebrate the 30th anniversary of the partnership with Uzbekistan, the World Bank looks forward to supporting the authorities reach their ambitious development goals through implementing the Country Partnership Framework which outlines our financial and advisory support for the reform agenda and priority development projects in the years to come.”

During her stay in Uzbekistan, Ms. Bjerde also visited Saroy village, located in the Jizzakh Region, and met with local residents, students, parents, and teachers. Saroy is one of 306 remote villages in five regions of the country benefiting from a rural infrastructure development project, which is being implemented by the Government with financial support from the World Bank and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank.

The project directly involves local communities through a participatory process to identify their infrastructure needs. In over 175 villages, residents have already produced community development plans, which will receive funding to implement sub-projects, such as the upgrading or construction of drinking water, gas, and electricity supply systems, roads, schools, and other basic infrastructure and services.

The residents of Saroy village voted for the rehabilitation of the local school that had been built decades ago and did not meet public building codes and standards. During their meeting with Ms. Bjerde, they presented the community’s experience in developing and supervising the implementation of a sub-project that completely rebuilt and expanded the school’s facilities. The school is now able to accommodate more students from Saroy and neighboring villages and is better equipped to ensure student learning.

The World Bank’s country program in Uzbekistan is among the top three largest in the Europe and Central Asia region. As of October 1, 2022, it consisted of 27 projects, with net commitments totaling around $4.76 billion.

These projects provide support in critical areas, such as macroeconomic reforms and the modernization of agriculture, water resource management, water supply and sanitation, energy, transport, health, education, social protection, urban and rural infrastructure, national innovation, tax administration, statistical and financial systems, etc. They also help in the mitigation of the health, social, and economic implications of the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as build resilience from the impacts of climate change.

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Egypt: US$ 400 Million Project will Help to Improve and Decarbonize Logistics

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World Bank approved a US$400 million development financing agreement to enhance the performance of the logistics and transportation sectors in Egypt and to support the shift towards low-carbon transportation along the Alexandria–the 6th of October–Greater Cairo Area (GCA) railway corridor.

Egypt’s rail system is one of the most extensive in Africa, with a generally heavier focus on its passenger services, and three freight trains per direction per day in the GCA with the rest dedicated to passenger trains. 

The Cairo Alexandria Trade Logistics Development Project will implement a railway bypass to the congested GCA. The bypass will provide freight trains between the Alexandria Sea Port and the newly constructed 6th of October Dry Port, with an alternative route to the west of Greater Cairo. The operational bypass will also allow 15 container trains per day by 2030, and as demand increases, 50 trains by 2060 to this dry port. Additional freight trains will flow between the Alexandria Port, Upper Egypt, and the Red Sea.  

The transportation sector is the second largest contributor to Egypt’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions after energy—contributing approximately 19 percent. Transporting containers and other freight by train has a lower carbon footprint than by road. The Bank estimates the project will reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 965,000 tons over 30 years.   

The project also supports advancing the government’s reform effort to improve the railway sector’s performance and promote private sector participation by creating Egypt’s Infrastructure Access Charging regime. This charging regime is similar to a toll on roads or airport fees. Private investors can operate their trains on the tracks of the Egypt National Railways Authority for a fee, hence boosting this authority’s finances. 

The Government of Egypt is committed to SDG 13: Climate Action by designing and implementing mitigation projects that establish an advanced, sustainable and clean transportation network, while also decreasing carbon footprint. Sustainable transport projects, many of which are carried out in cooperation with Egypt’s development partners and private sector, carry much significance in terms of driving the country’s economic growth and empowering Egyptian citizens across the country, connecting bigger cities and business districts, and providing more job opportunities. The Cairo Alexandria Trade Logistics Development Project will support national efforts to transition to lower carbon transportation and ensure the safe and fast delivery of people and goods; a key element in our growing economy,” said Dr. Rania A. Al-Mashat, Egypt’s Minister of International Cooperation.

The project will also encourage female labor force participation by supporting the professional development of female employees as well as the availability of childcare.  

The project will upgrade the track and signaling on four segments –including a greenfield one– between Alexandria, the 6th of October City, and the GCA to achieve an operational railway bypass to the GCA. This railway bypass will increase capacity particularly for freight trains while decongesting the Greater Cairo Area where demand for passenger trains is high.  

Reforming the transportation and logistics sectors is vital to Egypt’s competitiveness and economic development,” said Lieutenant General Kamel El Wazir, Egypt’s Minister of Transportation. “This new project introduces several improvements in those vital sectors. The improvements are aligned with Egypt’s pressing development priorities, which include decarbonization, trade facilitation, private sector participation, and gender balance in the workplace. Increasing the number of containers moved by rail from zero to 184,000 per year is one of the project’s key objectives. This flow of containers is primarily between the Alexandria Sea Port and the 6th of October Dry Port, both privately operated and railway oriented.”

The project will support Egypt’s integration into global value chains and its efforts to become a regional trading hub. This project will significantly contribute to Egypt’s 2050 Climate Change plan, given the expected reductions in greenhouse gas emissions.

This operation is part of a wider set of efforts dedicated to offering timely and comprehensive support to Egypt’s economic development and climate change plans,” said Marina Wes, World Bank Country Director for Egypt, Yemen, and Djibouti. “We hope that through supporting more job creation, including for women, a cleaner environment, and providing safer mobility, the operation will contribute towards a brighter and more prosperous future for all Egyptians.” 

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