China: Educational institutions and the Communist Party of China


The educational institutions of the ruling Communist Party of China have built a full democratic process under the Chinese President, Comrade “Xi Jinping”, allowing the largest number of citizens to participate in the democratic decision-making process, not only through the voting mechanism, but also by making recommendations  political.  We can evaluate this democratic model of the Chinese experience, by identifying a number of the following facts:                                                   

 There is almost a global consensus, that the main political parties in a number of Western countries have lost their luster and weakened their strength, especially with the increase in populist trends, and other such extremist trends, with the prevalence of a pattern of political chaos, and the widening of social divisions between the various groups and sects of society.                                                                  

  On the Chinese side, the ruling Communist Party of China in China has succeeded in relying on public opinion, carrying out its own campaign to combat corruption, and enhance its ability to govern, to the extent that it attracted a lot of interest from political parties around the world to study and learn about its experience.    

Here, we find that the educational institutions of the Chinese Communist Party have produced a group of (excellent and politically qualified leaders of the second and third generations, and mechanisms to regularly renew their principles and policies), in what is considered a profound change of the Chinese political system, and an unprecedented success for the political development that China is witnessing during the era of the comrade “Xi Jinping”.     

  Under the dual leadership system, each local office falls under the equal authority of the local leader and the leader of the corresponding office or ministry of the next higher level. Members of the “NPC” at prefecture level are elected by voters.  The People’s Congress at the sub-district level is responsible for monitoring the local government and electing members of (the People’s Congress at the governorate level (or the municipality in the case of independent municipalities). In turn, the Provincial People’s Congress elects members of the (National People’s Congress), which meets every year in March in Beijing. Here, the ruling Communist Party committee at each level plays a major role in selecting suitable candidates for election to the local conference and to higher levels.            

Central government leaders should build more consensus for new policies among Party members, local and regional leaders, Party members at the grassroots levels, taking into account (the attitudes of the citizens and all residents of counties and cities), bearing in mind that control over the management of policies is maintained, by controlling the  Information for central party leaders.                    

 Political changes in many ways preceded economic reforms, as the Communist Party’s rejection of class struggle, as its former chief objective, opened the door to many important political changes, because during these earlier periods, nearly 5 million people were wrongly accused legitimacy of violating party orders and instructions, including 1.6 million intellectuals who were subsequently politically acquitted.     

China’s promulgated laws have also expanded the power and effectiveness (the direct popular election of congressional delegates from the people in each village (town) to the county level, the (in-party voting was re-established, and cadres were allowed to see the text of policies before they were asked to approve them), and the government made the villages also more accountable with the passing of laws allowing the villages to have broad autonomy and to elect their own leaders who wield great powers in village affairs. Meanwhile, most of the Chinese state’s nearly one million villages have elected their leaders.                                                        

 China began implementing reforms in the (administrative apparatus) to establish an advanced government system that helps implement new economic policies and achieve rapid development and structural reform through the implementation of the policy of reform and openness. The (administrative apparatus) of China has played an essential role in development, especially in the field of employing development in the political equation. The experience of China’s developmental ascent, which has transformed China from one of the poorest countries in the world to the second economic power in the world, provided many lessons that can be learned.                                                                    

The key to the success of the CPC was its ability to listen to the people and then translate what they needed into a plan to meet the reasonable needs of the Chinese people, promising too many things, downplaying the importance of a demand or accepting any request is not a serious path, according to the strategy of the CPC.          

 China has succeeded because it has developed reasonable tested plans and then modified them according to the conditions and beneficial conditions. In contrast to Europe and the West, with the rise of populist and anarchist tendencies, some countries consider development plans as mere slogans for their electoral campaigns, only to find themselves in the end completely unable to achieve.                                                               

The ruling Communist Party in China works according to the (party governance) strategy, meaning: working continuously to strengthen its anti-corruption methods and its methods of discipline in order to build a clean and efficient party.  In many countries, as well as the Chinese state providing real cases and an inspiration for policy making and problem solving for many developing countries and even some developed countries.

 The Chinese President, Comrade “Xi Jinping”, has also started to officially use the “political reform phase” in his political speeches.  Criticizing the concepts of (bureaucracy, excessive concentration of power, paternalistic methods, fighting corruption in power in leadership positions, fighting privileges of all kinds within the party leadership).

  But from the beginning, Comrade Chinese President “Xi Jinping” was keen to make clear that there are limits to political reform. In other words, he considered that the democracy that the Chinese people need should be (only socialist democracy and people’s democracy, not bourgeois democracy and individual democracy), which is a (democracy based on certain rules).

 As part of efforts to revitalize the ranks of the CPC, a Central Consultative Committee has been established as an organization with (little strength to retire senior leaders), and a program has been launched to (fast-track promising young cadres, who have attained university education and skills  good management).

 It was emphasized that the courts work as semi-independent bodies, despite the fact that the party committees continued to take the final decision on major issues, and the party also retained its sovereignty in judicial appointments, while strengthening the role of the legal system in the political system of the popular resistance committees, as (Law  Administrative Litigation), which allows, for the first time, citizens to sue the government for its performance.

  Here, it becomes clear to us that the Chinese role in contributing to the formulation of (social policies) by the Communist Party of China and its government on the one hand, and the export of (global governance with Chinese characteristics) to the government policy makers internationally on the other hand. As for the second framework adopted by China, it is the applied framework that includes (research and documentation). Here, all of those mechanisms and measures that the Chinese state sought to take in terms of global governance analysis, and to identify the most prominent opportunities and the most important challenges from a comprehensive concept.

  Hence, we conclude that political reform in China does not adopt the form or pattern of practices of a Western nature, such as: the plurality of the party experience with competition, which takes power by rotation and the separation of executive, legislative and judicial powers. Rather, it should be done in China peacefully and gradually and slowly through several steps. Because China is a big country with a billion and a half people.  Political reform must also be based on reality, coordinate between political reform and current economic development, and be in line with historical conditions and the prevailing level of Chinese education and culture, nor can political reform distance itself from the reality of the Chinese state (without the need to raise empty slogans at the current stage, as promoted by the United States of America and its allies in the West).

Dr.Nadia Helmy
Dr.Nadia Helmy
Associate Professor of Political Science, Faculty of Politics and Economics / Beni Suef University- Egypt. An Expert in Chinese Politics, Sino-Israeli relationships, and Asian affairs- Visiting Senior Researcher at the Centre for Middle Eastern Studies (CMES)/ Lund University, Sweden- Director of the South and East Asia Studies Unit


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