China’s vision of the results and outputs of the Jeddah summit and the American role

China views the Jeddah summit with Joe Biden from a competing point of view, given the strategic and political rivalry between China and the United States of America in the Gulf and the Middle East.  China also basically wants to compete with the US role in the Palestinian-Israeli peace agreements in the Middle East, far from the name of peace or the new Abrahamic agreement, which China rejects altogether.  Hence, China’s follow-up to the Jeddah summit comes within the framework of its follow-up to the general position and the US role in the region.  The Chinese follow-up to the Jeddah summit also comes to push for an international peace conference to be adopted by China, on a large scale, in order to find a just, comprehensive and lasting solution to the Palestinian issue as soon as possible.

  China’s follow-up to the Jeddah summit is also in line with the current Chinese vision to build a state of collective security. According to the Chinese view, the pursuit of absolute security, or unilateral security for the benefit of America only, will inevitably lead to a dead end.  Here, what matters most to China at the present time is its call to build a “multilateral platform for dialogue in the region”, which consolidates Sino-Arab Gulf cooperation, with the real Chinese desire to adopt a “multilateral dialogue platform to advance dialogue and lay the foundations for reconciliation between Iran”, and the Gulf states”, led by Saudi Arabia, under the auspices of China. Therefore, the Jeddah summit is important for China to follow up, and accordingly it will determine the map, shape and pattern of its next moves, whether regarding its declaration of its desire to adopt a comprehensive reconciliation between Iran, the Gulf and Saudi Arabia under Chinese auspices, or through China’s endorsement of the concept of comprehensive peace regarding the developments of the Palestinian issue, and China’s entry  As a partner to sponsor peace talks in the region between the Palestinian and Israeli sides.

   On the other hand, Mr.Wang Di, Director-General of the West Asia and North Africa Department of the Chinese Foreign Ministry, made statements about China’s vision of US interventions in the Arabian Gulf and the region in order to establish the pattern of American democracy, freedoms and human rights. Here, Wang Di’s statements came that democracy and human rights are basically the common values ​​of all mankind, and are not US patents for individual countries such as America. China also officially confirmed that democracy and human rights are not an exclusive right of the United States of America and Western countries, because the system of  Shura in the Islamic world and popular democracy with its full operations in China, both are considered – from the Chinese point of view – of the important wealth of global human civilization.

 China rejects and monitors all American moves to establish democracy and human rights in the Arab Gulf and the Middle East in general, because the Chinese vision lies in the agreement of all that the right to survival and the right to development are at the forefront of human rights for developing countries.

  China also sees that, in the absence of development, there is no room for the US or the West to talk about any human rights, and that American democracy, regardless of its model, will be meaningless, as China sees it, of the need for China to agree with the peoples of the Middle East countries,  In pursuit of a development model different from that of the American democracy imposed on the people of the region despite their failure to prepare for it.

  Therefore, China will monitor everything that comes or comes from US President “Joe Biden” during the Jeddah summit, regarding any talk about Iran, human rights, or any settlement of the outcomes of the Palestinian cause to respond to it decisively.

The Chinese vision is also based on the United States of America penetrating and violating the rules of the international system, which is based on fair rules, accusing Washington of replacing the international system of which the United Nations is the center, and substituting the rules of the international system based on international law and the basic rules of international relations, based on purposes and the principles of the Charter of the United Nations, with the laws and rules of “small gangs of America,” and Washington’s attempt to monopolize the right of global governance, with the American insistence from the Chinese point of view, to deprive Washington of all developing and poor countries and countries of the right to equal participation globally.

 The Chinese vision is basically based on the fact that there are 140 countries around the world, including China, out of 190 other countries in the world, that did not participate primarily in those sanctions imposed on Russia, a step that expresses from China’s point of view the position of these countries rejecting the policy of hegemony led by the United States of America that have been practiced around the world.

  Here, China is looking at the Jeddah summit, in light of the ongoing Russian-Ukrainian war, and the fact that the US sanctions on Russia are unilateral, described as arbitrary, and have led to an imbalance between supply and demand in the global market, with the rise in oil and grain prices and turmoil in global financial markets,  It led to a sharp increase in pressure on development and people’s livelihood in all countries of the world.  Therefore, China will monitor the outcomes of the Jeddah summit out of precaution and extreme caution to monitor the agreement to change oil prices globally and its impact on the world in the first place.

  In contrast to the American vision towards peace and settling issues in the Middle East, China, on the other hand, is making joint efforts with the countries of the Middle East, in order to advance the settlement of differences through dialogue, reduce and calm the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, and give priority to confronting urgent challenges in the fields of energy, food and finance, in order to absorb the negative effects of the unilateral US sanctions on Russia, and the negative impact of the Middle East and the Arab Gulf on them, and to try to avoid them as much as possible.

Dr.Nadia Helmy
Dr.Nadia Helmy
Associate Professor of Political Science, Faculty of Politics and Economics / Beni Suef University- Egypt. An Expert in Chinese Politics, Sino-Israeli relationships, and Asian affairs- Visiting Senior Researcher at the Centre for Middle Eastern Studies (CMES)/ Lund University, Sweden- Director of the South and East Asia Studies Unit