Indonesia between Russia and Ukraine: What is lacking in peaceful diplomacy

Some global problems such as poverty, natural disasters, hunger, clean water, environmental problems, population, epidemics, conflicts and wars have indeed colored human life, but a long span of time will cause new problems and complicate life which then requires humans to find a way. get out of the problem either by thinking and doing something idea to deal with the problem or diplomacy with other humans.

What has happened throughout half of 2022

2022 is an unstable year on any side. Since the beginning of January has been filled with some homework until the middle of the year is still coupled with several problems that arise and there is no certainty of the direction to be taken in the following days. At least until now, there have been several events that have had an impact and have received worldwide attention since the beginning of 2022, including

 a. The Covid Outbreak Is Not Over and the Environmental Crisis Until April 2022, several regions in China are still under lockdown. Among them, the Shanghai and Changchun areas are still carrying out self-quarantine, this is due to the surge in Covid-19 cases. Some media such as Xinhua News even described how health workers and civil society interacted to fulfill logistical needs.

 b. New Beginning of Life in Afghanistan with the leader of the Taliban At the end of August 2021 Afghanistan fell to the Taliban. This has become the worst moment for Afghan civilians as their country is ravaged by the worsening economic crisis and humanitarian catastrophe. Foreign troops such as the United States military were withdrawn from the country, many citizens decided to flee and flee to other countries, even when Afghanistan had fallen, people flocked to the plane to escape. Until 2022 many families are separated and do not know the news. Not only that, until mid-2022, criticism of the new government of Afghanistan continues.

c. Myanmar’s conflict is still volatile Myanmar still has to fight to end its internal conflict. Deadly fighting between the military and organized armed civilian groups in Myanmar has claimed many lives. Until 2022, ASEAN and the US are still pressing for Myanmar’s commitment to end the conflict. On April 24, 2021, the ASEAN Summit has agreed on several points of peace consensus. However, the five-point consensus is considered not going well. This consensus was again highlighted in the 2022 Joint Vision Statement issued by the ASEAN-US Summit.

d. Al Jazeera Journalist Death On May 11, 2022, the world was shaken again by the tragedy of the shooting of an Al Jazeera journalist, Shireen Abu Akleh. It is known that Shireen Abu Akleh is a journalist who often preaches and exposes Israel’s atrocities against the Palestinian people, he was shot in the head while covering the clashes between Israeli troops and Palestinians. The tragedy ignited the emotions of the world until the day of his funeral there was still chaos. In June 2022 the United Nations Human Rights Office confirmed the Al Jazeera journalist’s death as a result of Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) fire.

 e. Russia’s War on Ukraine At the beginning of last year, Russia declared war on Ukraine which is still ongoing. The leader of the red bear nation announced an attack on Ukraine on February 24. The initial cause of this year’s war was Ukraine’s desire to join NATO which is believed to be troubling Russia. This war caused a game of economic sanctions which then impacted on the stability of world energy and food. Because of this war, European and American countries are also facing a crisis.

f. Islamophobia in India Islam phobia is not new, but this event is heating up again in 2022. Previously, the United Nations had set March 15 as anti-Islamophobia day. However, in June 2022 Islamphobia again reached its peak in India. There have been several Islamophobic incidents that have flared up since the beginning of the year, but the involvement of party members in India and the drafting of laws that are deemed unfair make Islamophobia in India a little different from what is common. This again stole the world’s attention.

 g. The Tragedy of the Shinzo Abe Shooting On July 8, 2022, Shinzo Abe, who was a former prime minister of Japan, died from two bullets lodged in his neck and head. The tragedy occurred when the leader delivered his speech near Yamato-Saidaji station in Nara. So far, there is no political motive underlying the assassination of Shinzo Abe, the shooter killed the former prime minister because it is believed the prime minister’s participation in a religious group led to the bankruptcy of his family. The shooting of Shinzo Abe not only managed to steal the attention of many parties, but the tragedy also questioned how the security system provided by Japan to Shinzo Abe was.

h. The Bankruptcy of Sri Lanka The prime minister has been expelled from Sri Lanka, the public sabotaged the residence of their leader on 10 July. Sri Lanka is bankrupt and trapped in Chinese debt. Prices of goods due to inflation could no longer be contained, the country could not even afford to buy fuel for its people, hospitals were closed because medicines and medical equipment were no longer available. Don’t know how this country will go next. The main cause is the corruption and incompetence of the country’s leaders in managing money, coupled with ambition that does not match reality, then hit by a global pandemic and recession. Some economists have even made forecasts of the threat of countries prone to bankruptcy.

What do we need to understand?

Some of the interesting events throughout 2022 can be grouped into sections. The departure of several important figures and people who will become a thing of the past, social and sentimental conflicts and racism may occasionally reappear in the future. The transfer of power and the collapse of a nation and state are the regeneration of a system in which life continues and must be fought for, while conflicts and wars that have not ended are opportunities for subsequent disasters. An unfinished war demands a settlement and peace. Throughout the year 2022 that we have lived, at least the current socio-political conditions imply two things, namely: First, that the global order is currently being hit by a humanitarian crisis. Second, there is no certainty in the near future, thirdly that the threat of a Russo-Ukrainian war if it lasts any longer will really be felt even more on an individual level.

Indonesia in Russia-Ukraine Peace Effort

coincides with the moment of the Sherpa G20. Indonesia does not only carry out the mandate as the host for economic sustainability, but Indonesia also has a great responsibility for world peace. This is in accordance with the ideological and basic mandate of the Indonesian state. Since the start of the Russo-Ukrainian war, only Indonesian leaders visited the two leaders directly in an atmosphere and state of war. This is in accordance with the principle of Indonesia’s “Free and Active” foreign policy that does not favor a particular country or bloc. The result of the Jokowi-Zelensky meeting in essence is an affirmation of Indonesia’s commitment to always support the full sovereignty of a country and convey sympathy for Ukraine. The core of the talks between Putin and Jokowi was Jokowi’s affirmation of Indonesia’s commitment to world peace and the sovereignty of a country, as well as his willingness to bridge communications between Ukraine and Russia. The Indonesian president has indeed carried out Indonesia’s foreign policy duties, but will the meeting with the two countries be able to bring peace between Russia and Ukraine? There are some things that still need to be revisited.

 Professor Wangli from Jilin University, in a Diplomacy class once said that there are several conditions for successful diplomacy, one of these conditions is the existence of things to be exchanged (barter system). In Jokowi’s diplomacy with Vladmir Putin and Zelensky it is not clear what the allure of the war must be ended immediately. Another reason is that President Jokowi does not have a big position in international politics, both regionally and globally. This made it difficult to achieve peace, even though relations between Moscow and Jakarta were warm. While Putin has not locked the door to peace negotiations and proposals from any country, Putin has not stopped doing what he considers important. Jokowi’s diplomacy may or may not work.

Uswah Alaydrus
Uswah Alaydrus
Uswah Alaydrus (孙美琳) from Indonesia. She received a Master of Law in International Relations from the School of International and Public Affairs, Jilin University, China. She is member of Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Researcher Center (TDMRC) and independent analyst emphasis on Environmental In International Relations Issues. She is also founder of Uswah Home Education Centre for Kids.