The Chinese theory on “the end of American hegemony” after the Ukrainian war

The fundamental question after the outbreak of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine was about the possibility of China sacrificing its economic interests with the West to make a multipolar world, or will it remain a peaceful power that has nothing to do with the struggle over leadership?

  From my point of view, in my personal belief that the multipolar international system has already begun to become clear, and before the outbreak of the Russian-Ukrainian war in the first place, with its many aspects of applications and features. We can find the analyses done by the “Harvard University” in the USA, emphasizing that China is quickly catching up with the United States of America in terms of (technology, military and strategic capabilities), despite the dominance of the United States of America over international finance and research and development.

  Here, China is well aware of the (American desire for global hegemony and the unilateral system to direct the whole world). Therefore, the United States of America is concerned about the Chinese and Russian powers, especially after Russia launched its current attack against Ukraine, due to the interference of the United States of America and the West in Russia’s spheres of influence, with an attempt  Ukraine’s inclusion in NATO, with the realization that China is the second largest developed economy in the world and has enormous military defense capabilities, and its Russian ally is a formidable military force that Washington and its allies in NATO fear, which was evident during the Ukraine war, as well as regional influence.  Russia and China together have intertwined and connected borders and sprawling geographic spaces internally and externally, in addition to the abundance of resources, and the most important thing for me is encouraging their citizens to (belief in the idea of ​​national tide and a sense of popular nationalism and strength globally in the face of American and Western hegemony to stop and limit their power and call for their national popular leaders to rally with their leaders).

   China is seeking to achieve a high degree of strategic cohesion with Russia, with (expanding their alliances globally between the developing countries of the South, which are represented in the African, Arab and Latin American countries). Therefore, the United States of America realizes the strength of the alliance and partnership between China and Russia, and the strong support for each other politically, economically, militarily and technologically.  China has also become more aware that through deep political, economic and security cooperation with Russia, China will ensure the possibility of forming a multipolarity, with the presence of more than one international and regional pole around the world, with an emphasis on expanding this through (encouraging more different developing countries to join their alliance to reform the current world system, which is dominated by American policies and undermines the sovereignty of weak and marginalized countries by interfering in the internal affairs of countries to ensure their control over them).

 We find that in the face of the American economic power, China and Russia together represent about 77% of the gross domestic product of the United States of America alone, in the current value of the dollar and in comparison to the purchasing power parity of Russia and China together compared to Washington, and in addition, the United States of America is now  burdened with debt, which has increased to reach about $30 trillion, with (the US debt ratio exceeds many times the value and proportion of its GDP, which China is well aware of about the decline in US economic power globally).

  In view of the United States of America’s understanding of the indicators and axes of power, China and Russia, the United States of America has become more and more promoting confrontational concepts in their confrontation, as the most threatening countries to the world.  With the American focus on (the issue of the rise of China and the ideological confrontation with the Communist Party of China as a civilization different from the West and liberal American and Western concepts. As a result, Washington has become more eager to impede and halt Chinese growth in particular and limit the scope and limits of the partnership and alliance between China and Russia). Which the Egyptian researcher has carefully analyzed during the Ukrainian-Russian war, with the American insistence on the need for China to adopt a clear position on that Russian war against Ukraine, and Washington’s attempt to take strict commitments against China to ensure that it does not support Russia economically. This is what China and its communist leaders have become aware of, and are aware of these American methods to drive a wedge between it and Russia and President “Putin”.

  The whole world is aware that these close relations and alliances between China and Russia are the cornerstone for establishing and forming a multipolar international system, in the face of US policies that are still seeking to preserve their global dominant uniqueness.  Therefore, China and Russia are trying to expand the scope of their international partnerships through (the Chinese Silk Road, launching initiatives for development partnership with developing countries of the South, African, Arab countries, Latin and South American countries), because success in this strategy is enough to break that American hegemony, and is a basic guarantee for the transition  for a multipolar world.

 Here we analyze the impact of the strategic mistakes committed by the United States of America to destabilize the world, by increasing the intensity of conflict and international polarization, as well as its inability to modernize the global system, to overcome shortcomings, challenges and new competitions, but Washington has created many international crises in large parts of the world, Such as: (Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Venezuela)…etc.  And its spending of a large budget that exceeded 8 trillion dollars for the war on terrorism, which proved the extent of the American failure and impotence in confronting it after its humiliating withdrawal from Afghanistan and the Taliban movement’s control of the government. These are the internationally failed American policies that caused a state of global division in its confrontation.

  Therefore, from my point of view, the United States of America is trying here to (take advantage of the crisis of the current Russian war against Ukraine to unite the front of NATO and its members in the West in the face of Russia and President “Putin” under its leadership) to assert its hegemony and uniqueness globally in the face of China and Russia, which is what it must be aware of. The countries of the European Union, in view of the violation by the United States of its covenants and harm to the interests of its European partners, and the most prominent example to me of this issue, is the (American signing of the Aukus military defense agreement with Australia and Britain in the face of France), which caused the Europeans and France to lose that deal, passing Washington’s interests and its excessive selfishness in dealing with its European allies by giving preference to its interests over it and passing it in the face of them, harming them in practice.

  On the other hand, the United States of America failed to adapt to the changing global economy, unlike China, after a number of global economic crises, such as: (the Corona virus pandemic, the global financial crisis in 2008, the Ukraine crisis), and others. Which caused (millions of American citizens to lose their jobs, especially in the field of manufacturing and technology), which the United States of America tried to evade internally by blaming the unfair trade policies pursued by China internationally in confronting them.

 Here we will find the extent of Chinese President Xi Jinping’s insistence, in all his political speeches, to emphasize the concept of (the common future of humanity), and to emphasize his slogan around (the Chinese dream), to achieve a well-off society, and to work according to the principle of mutual benefit for all, and international profit for all.  With President (Xi Jinping’s focusing on the path leading to the realization of this Chinese dream), through three axes, which are: (the Chinese road, the Chinese spirit, and the Chinese power).

 The speeches of Comrade Chinese President “Xi Jinping” are focusing on the keys and mechanisms for implementing this Chinese dream in an internationally multipolar world, and the extent to which this is appropriate for China and the rest of the world.  We find that the essence of implementing this Chinese dream internally is to reach an internationally multipolar world away from the concepts of American hegemony. Hence, this Chinese dream of an international multilateral world has become (the essence of Chinese national identity by seeking to restore its influence as a force by following China and the ruling Communist Party leaders for several important policies, including the axes of development and reform policy plans across China). In the end, it reflects all (the components of the basic socialist culture and values ​​of China, as well as that Chinese spirit that is in harmony with the goals of the Chinese state, the nation and all the Chinese people).

  Based on this aforementioned analysis, we can conclude that American hegemony has already ended globally or is on the way to disappearing or evading, but achieving (a stable global balance of power) is still possible.

Dr.Nadia Helmy
Dr.Nadia Helmy
Associate Professor of Political Science, Faculty of Politics and Economics / Beni Suef University- Egypt. An Expert in Chinese Politics, Sino-Israeli relationships, and Asian affairs- Visiting Senior Researcher at the Centre for Middle Eastern Studies (CMES)/ Lund University, Sweden- Director of the South and East Asia Studies Unit