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Patriarchy Culture In The Pluridimensional Era Under Islamic Analysis Of Women’s Position

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Patriarchy Is A Conception That Is Built From The Stigma Of Polarization In Which The Leadership System Is Held By Men, Starting From The Smallest Scope In Which The Dominant Function Is Men. Men Are Superior And This Is Recognized By Most People, Both Men And Women. The Objectification Of Women Only As A Complement To The Household And Not Having Their Own Space As A Leader Is Part Of The Patriarchy Which Even Though In This Pluridimensional Era Does Not Close All Forms Of Patriarchal Culture It Just Stops Here. Gender Awareness Is Not All Touched By Society And The Position Of Women As Sweetener Objects, Whether It’s In The Home, School Or Work Environment, Is Still Common. The Number Of Women Occupying Formal Jobs Is Still Low And Even Far From The Percentage Of Men.

The Discussion About Women Is Indeed Very Contextual And Will Never End Because Women Have Always Been An Important Part Of All Lines Of Life. It Is Not Uncommon To Find The Word Woman Combined With Wealth And Throne Which Are Considered Endless As Three Important Factors In Worldly Matters.

In Direct Comparison With The Story At The Time Of The Prophet Muhammad, In The Past Women Were Also Considered Lowly, Dwarfed And Marginalized. Even At That Time There Was A People In Arabia Who If A Mother Gave Birth To A Baby Girl It Was Considered A Family Disgrace, A Burden For Which Her Life Had To Be Killed. Rasulullah Saw Strongly Criticized This Activity Because It Was A Form Of Discrimination Against Women/Women, So The Word Of God Was Revealed Through Qs: 16: 58 – 59 Which Revealed That Women Are Also A Gift From God. It Is Clear That Islam Gives Equal Space To Women As Men, Especially In The Field Of Science.

In Social Life, There Must Be Reciprocity Between Individuals With One Another. Society Is Filled With Men And Women. By Nature, The Difference Between Men And Women Lies In The Physical, Where Men Are Identical With Broad Chests And Mustaches. For Women, It Has Its Special Features, Such As The Growth Of Breasts And Menstruation Every Month. The Roles Of Men And Women Themselves Also Have Their Respective Functions. When Talking About Roles, It Is The Same As Mentioning Gender. Gender Is A Perception Or Stigma About The Roles And Functions Of People Who Are Male And Female. This Perception Is Built From The Community Which Leads To Social Construction In An Area Or On A Large Scale Such As A Country. Gender Roles Can Differ From Time To Time Because Times Are Always Evolving So Society Is Always Changing. Gender Is Different From Sex Which Is A Natural Biological Condition. From Historical Developments, Gender Or Roles Between Men And Women Previously Focused On Blindness To Women. Women Are Considered Gentle, Emotional, Solve Problems With Tears, And Uneducated. Meanwhile, Men In The Stigmatized Position Of Society Believe That Men Are Brave, Should Not Cry, And Are More Realistic. Things Like This Are Traits That Can Be Reversed From One Another. In Islam, Regarding Gender, Men And Women Have Their Respective Roles Without Dropping One Of Them. Allah Swt Stated In Qs Al-Hujurat: 13 And Qs Al-Qiyamah: 39, That Allah Swt Created Men And Women In Pairs, Both Of Whom Are Noble Creatures Of Allah Swt.

The Position Of Women Is Now Widely Echoed As A Vital Part Of The Strategic Progress Of A Nation. The Stigma That Women Are Creatures That Are Lower Than Men, Marginalized, And Only In The Domestic Sphere (Household) Has Now Begun To Be Abandoned. This Is Due To The Development Of An Advanced Era And Countries In The World Are Competing To Become A Modern Country (Welfare State). Where These Countries Focus On Equal Distribution Of Education, One Of Which Is Education About Gender Equality Which Is Now Not A Taboo Subject To Be Disseminated. Thus, Women Are Considered As Objects Of Change For Good Progress By Opening Up Wide Opportunities For Women To Be Able To Reflect On Themselves And Explore The Potential That Exists Within Themselves So That They Are Also Useful For A Nation And Their Country. This Is What Is Meant By The Pluridimensional Era Which Views Women Not Only From One Dimension Or One Aspect But From All Existing Factors.

In The Past, The Position Of Women Was In The Abyss Of Injuring Their Rights As Human Beings. Women Are Bad Luck, Bringers Of Disaster, And Hostage To Their Space Of Movement. Look From Its History Starting From The Time Of The Prophet, The Dark Ages, The Middle Ages, And So On. In Qs An-Nisa: 34 Says That “Men Are Qawwal And Are Responsible For Women”. Therefore, Many Commentators Give A Blunder (Confusion) Meaning By Being Caught By Their Adherents That Men Are Superior And Dominating Creatures. Reflected In The Opinion Of An Expert Commentator, Ashgar Ali Engineer, He Said That The Qur’an Has Given The Stipulations And Advantages Of Each For Women And Men. There Is A View That Men Are Better Than Women Because Of The Social Reality Where Ordinary Men Earn A Living, Occupy Power, And Are Household Leaders.

The Shift From The Unidimensional Era Which Initially Saw Women From One Aspect Only, That Women Were Only A Means Of Reproduction, Complementary Objects In The Household To Help With Housework Such As Cooking, Washing, Breastfeeding, And Educating Children Has Moved To The Pluridimensional Era As Mentioned Above. In This More Pluralistic Era, Such Stigma Has Been Greatly Reduced, Regarding Women Where To Breed And Breastfeed Children, It Is Indeed A Woman’s Nature That Cannot Be Changed, Unlike Gender, Which Is Always Changing. Because Women Biologically Have Wombs And Breasts To Carry Out Their Natural Duties As Women, It Means That They Cannot Be Replaced By Men. In Contrast To The So-Called Gender Roles, Such As Cooking, Washing, Or Educating Children, These Are Roles That Can Be Taken By Both Men And Women.

Women In Islamic Perspective

Women In An Islamic Perspective Cannot Be Separated From Talking About How Women Were Created In The First Place Which Was Drawn From A Historical Approach. Beliefs And Religions That Are Classified As Part Of The Beliefs That Developed In The Arabs, Namely Judaism, Christianity, Islam Mention A Human Called Adam In The Form Of A Human Being Who Is Male, Created Earlier Than The Opposite Sex, Namely Female (Eve). In The Qur’an, The Azbabunuzul Of Human Creation Can Be Traced From Several Verses, One Of Which Is In Surah An-Nisa Verse 1. The Verse Explains That Men Were Created First Than Women, Allah Swt Created Himself And Then Created His Wife.

In Qs Al-Imran Verse 59 Allah Swt Also Reveals How The Creation Of Humans Is None Other Than His Permission, Men And Women Can Live Life Side By Side And Carry Out Their Duties As Leaders On Earth (Malisi, 2012). The Creation Of Humans Who Represent Men And Women Is Also Found In The Hadith Which Of Course Is Also A Source Of Law In Islam, In The Hadith, It Orders Muslims To Always Be Kind To Women (Prof. Dr. Musdah Mulia, 2014).

The Qur’an As A Guide For Muslims Has Arguments Regarding The Rights Of Women And Their Equality To Men. Some Verses Show Rights And Obligations, Some Describe The Privileges Of Female Figures In History. Talking About Rights Men And Women Have Equal Opportunities Depending On What Has Been Attempted, As Explained In Surah An-Nisa Verse 32. Where This Verse Explains That Allah Swt Has Divided The Portion Equally For Men – Men And Women, Everything Must Be Balanced With The Effort. Indeed, What Is Happening In The Current Era Has Not All Been Realized Smoothly From What Is Said In The Qur’an. Islam Does Not Look At Which Is Higher And Lower Than Humans, But All Are Equal Before Allah Swt And Islam Never Demeans The Dignity Of Women, The Position Of Women Can Also Be Leaders And Seek Knowledge As High As Men. This Very Flexible Era, Really Supports What Has Been Regulated In The Qur’an About Women To Be Implemented, Because The Space Today Is More Plural.

Nowadays The Position Of Women Is More Strategic And Profitable Also For Women. How Can This Condition Be Reversed From A Woman’s Position That Was So Dark To A Bright One As It Is Today Because It Is Also Supported By Education And Women’s Resistance Movements Against Previous Gender Inequality (Feminism). Feminism Is A Women’s Emancipation Movement That Demands Equality And Equal Rights Between Men And Women. This Movement Emerged At The End Of The 18th Century Which Departed From Discrimination Against Women And Feminism Was Present As A Form Of Resistance. The Emergence Of Critical Awareness Of This Oppression Has Resulted In The Recognition Of Protection For Women Globally Through The 1979 Convention On The Elimination Of All Forms Of Discrimination Against Women (Cedaw).

Essentially, Women Are Creatures That Are Glorified By Allah Swt. But For Some People Think That Women And Islam Cannot Be United Because They Are Seen As Placing Too Many Limits On Women.

The Nature Of Women Or Women Before, Was Indeed Created To Accompany Prophet Adam As, So Many People Interpret It With Language That Is Not Open / Conservative In Religion (Especially Islam) Which Ends Up Saying That The Woman’s Place Is A Well, Kitchen And Mattress As Mentioned Earlier. This Correlates With The Stigma Of Society That Is Built Up Where Men Are Considered To Be Established And Successful If They Have Mastered Three Important Aspects Of The World, Namely, Wealth, Throne And Women. In This Pluridimensional Era, Such Views Have Begun To Diminish Because Of The Progress Of The Times And Education On Gender Equality Awareness Is Starting To Build Everywhere.

Way Of Thinking Is Too Sentimental Towards Islam Should Be Reduced Or Even Eliminated. If We Examine Further, What We Find In Islam Towards Women Is Protection. We Can See How Much Damage Is Caused Because Women Violate The Boundaries That Have Been Set In Islam. Although The Original Purpose Of Allah Swt Creating Women Was To Accompany Men, But In Islam, Allah Swt Also Strengthens The Rights And Honors For Women Or Women Themselves. That Is Allah Swt, His Nature Is Almighty, But Power Here Does Not Mean Arbitrarily. Because Allah Swt Is Very Just. So That Allah Has Power Over His Justice.

Faiha Oktrina is Vice Governor of Student Executive Board 2022/2023 from Faculty of Law University of Bengkulu. She was one of delegate Phillip C. Jessup Moot Court Competition at Global Round which now focus at writing and mooting realm.

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The Untapped Potential of Women’s Contributions to Peace building

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Women’s contributions to peace building have long been undervalued and overlooked, despite their immense potential to contribute to more effective and sustainable peace processes. This is an issue of critical importance, as conflicts around the world continue to have devastating impacts on individuals, communities, and entire nations. Women have unique perspectives and experiences that can help to foster understanding, build trust, and promote reconciliation in the aftermath of conflict. Moreover, research has shown that peace agreements that involve women are more likely to be successful and enduring. Therefore, it is essential that we recognize and harness the untapped potential of women’s contributions to peace building efforts. This article will explore the underrepresentation of women in peace building, the benefits of their participation, and the potential for increasing their involvement in these efforts. Ultimately, it will argue that increasing women’s participation in peace building is not only a matter of justice and equality, but also essential for achieving more effective and sustainable peace outcomes.

The underrepresentation of women in peace building efforts

Despite the growing recognition of the importance of women’s participation in peace building efforts, they remain significantly underrepresented in these processes. According to the United Nations, only 13% of negotiators, 6% of mediators, and 6% of signatories to peace agreements from 1992-2018 were women. Moreover, women are often excluded from formal peace negotiations altogether, with only 4% of signatories to peace agreements in 2015-2019 being women. This lack of representation is particularly concerning given the unique perspectives and experiences that women can bring to peace building efforts.

One of the key barriers to women’s participation in peace building is the persistent gender inequalities that exist in many societies. Women often have limited access to education and economic opportunities, as well as unequal representation in political and decision-making processes. This can make it difficult for women to gain the skills and experience necessary to participate effectively in peace building efforts. In addition, cultural and societal norms often restrict women’s mobility and restrict their ability to participate in public life, including in peace building.

Another key challenge is the prevalence of gender-based violence, which is often a feature of conflict and can prevent women from participating in peace building efforts. Women who are perceived as challenging traditional gender roles or participating in political activities may face harassment, intimidation, and even physical violence. This can make it difficult for women to engage in peace building activities and can discourage them from speaking out about their experiences and perspectives.

Thus, underrepresentation of women in peace building efforts is a significant concern that must be addressed if we are to achieve more effective and sustainable peace outcomes. Efforts to increase women’s participation must address the systemic barriers and challenges that prevent their involvement and must work to ensure that women’s perspectives and experiences are recognized and valued in peace building processes.

The benefits of women’s participation in peace building

The benefits of women’s participation in peace building efforts are numerous and have been demonstrated in various contexts. Research has shown that women’s involvement in peace processes can lead to more comprehensive and sustainable outcomes. This is due in part to the unique perspectives and experiences that women bring to peace building efforts.

Studies have shown that when women are involved in peace negotiations, the resulting agreements are more likely to include provisions that address the needs and concerns of women and other marginalized groups. This can help to promote greater equity and inclusivity in the aftermath of conflict. In addition, women’s involvement in peace building can help to build trust and promote reconciliation, as women are often seen as neutral parties who can bridge divides between different groups.

There are numerous examples of successful peace building efforts that involved women. For example, in Liberia, women played a crucial role in bringing an end to the country’s civil war in 2003. The Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace movement, led by women from all walks of life, organized protests and sit-ins that brought international attention to the conflict and helped to pressure the warring parties to negotiate a peace agreement. Women were also involved in the negotiations themselves and were instrumental in ensuring that the final agreement included provisions that addressed the needs of women and girls, such as support for survivors of sexual violence and the establishment of a gender-sensitive police force.

Similarly, in Colombia, women played a key role in negotiations to end the country’s decades-long armed conflict. Women’s groups were involved in the negotiations from the outset and successfully advocated for the inclusion of provisions on gender-based violence and women’s rights in the final agreement. Women have continued to play an important role in the implementation of the agreement, working to ensure that it is implemented in a way that benefits all Colombians.

The potential for women’s contributions to peace building

Despite the evidence of the positive impact of women’s participation in peace building, women are still underrepresented in these efforts. This represents a significant untapped potential for the promotion of peace and security in conflict-affected regions around the world.

One reason for this underrepresentation is the persistent gender inequalities that women face in many societies. These inequalities can limit women’s access to education and economic opportunities, as well as prevent them from participating in decision-making processes. Women are also often excluded from traditional power structures, such as peace negotiations and military operations, which can perpetuate their marginalization in peace building efforts.

However, increasing women’s participation in peace building efforts could lead to better outcomes. Women bring unique perspectives and experiences to these efforts that can help to address the root causes of conflict and promote sustainable peace. For example, women are often responsible for the care and well-being of their families and communities, which can give them insight into the needs and priorities of different groups affected by conflict. Women are also more likely to advocate for issues such as human rights, social justice, and inclusivity in peace negotiations, which can help to build more equitable and sustainable peace agreements.

Moreover, research has shown that when women are involved in peace processes, they are more likely to be committed to the implementation of the resulting agreements. This can help to ensure that peace building efforts are sustained over the long term and that the benefits of peace are shared by all members of society.

Overcoming barriers to women’s participation in peace building

Overcoming the barriers to women’s participation in peace building requires a multi-faceted approach that addresses both the structural and societal factors that perpetuate gender inequalities. Here are some potential solutions to increase women’s participation in peace building efforts:

  1. Increase women’s access to education and training: Education and training can help to build women’s skills and confidence, as well as provide them with the knowledge and tools needed to participate in peace building efforts.
  2. Create opportunities for women’s leadership: Creating opportunities for women to lead and participate in decision-making processes can help to promote their inclusion in peace building efforts. This can include quotas for women’s representation in peace negotiations and other peace building initiatives.
  3. Address cultural and societal norms: Addressing cultural and societal norms that limit women’s participation in peace building efforts is essential. This can involve raising awareness about the value of women’s contributions to peace building and promoting gender equality more broadly.
  4. Engage men and boys in gender equality: Engaging men and boys in gender equality efforts is critical for promoting women’s participation in peace building. This can involve education campaigns that challenge gender stereotypes and promote gender equality.

There have been several successful initiatives that have addressed the barriers to women’s participation in peace building. For example, the United Nations Security Council has adopted several resolutions that call for the increased participation of women in peace building efforts. The Global Acceleration Instrument for Women, Peace and Security is a new initiative aimed at accelerating progress towards the full and meaningful participation of women in all aspects of peace and security processes.

Moreover, grassroots initiatives, such as women’s peace networks and local community organizations, have been successful in promoting women’s participation in peace building. For instance, the Women’s Peace Initiative in South Sudan has been successful in promoting women’s participation in the peace process and advancing the inclusion of women’s rights in the country’s constitution.


In conclusion, I firmly believe that women’s contributions to peace building are essential and have been undervalued for too long. In this article, I have highlighted the underrepresentation of women in peace building efforts, discussed the benefits of their participation, and explored the untapped potential for women’s contributions to peace building.

The statistics and evidence are clear – women’s participation in peace building leads to better outcomes, including more inclusive and sustainable peace. Unfortunately, women face many barriers to their participation, including structural and societal factors that perpetuate gender inequalities. However, there are solutions, and successful initiatives have shown that progress is possible.

I urge readers to take action to increase women’s participation in peace building efforts. This can include supporting women’s leadership, promoting gender equality, and creating opportunities for women to participate in decision-making processes. We must work together to create a more just and equitable world, and recognizing and utilizing women’s contributions to peace building is a critical part of this endeavor.

In conclusion, let us not underestimate the power of women’s contributions to peace building. Their voices and perspectives are essential for building more inclusive and sustainable peace. We have the potential to create a better world, and it starts with recognizing and utilizing the untapped potential of women’s contributions to peace building.

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Aurat March 2023 & Agenda Setting

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In history, women are portrayed in default of men. The women in primitive societies were freer and more emancipated than those in advanced societies. Advanced societies continuously extend male domination through psychological, religious, biological, and economic conditions to justify women’s inferiority. From 1960 onwards, women have built the consciousness to combat and march against the social ferment. Aurat March in Pakistan is the manifestation of turning the tide to some extent. It has always been rendered as an immeasurable opportunity to raise the voices of women in society which otherwise would still languish. But the Aurat March is the half march that only elevates the challenges of the urbanized and privileged class. Technically Aurat March is the feminist struggle for few. The platform provides an open sphere to voice against the political and social rights of women in Pakistan but it must check some new windows to surface the cool breeze for all rather than a few.

The women in Gilgit Baltistan or Baluchistan face different kinds of challenges and circumstances in their daily lives. It is an injustice to place the Aurat March by considering the issues of Women in Islamabad, Lahore, and Karachi. The issues of women in the periphery and other parts of countries are different. The platform to raise voices for historically marginalized human beings must navigate what is urgent needs and demands to address so that we can integrate all women across the country to flourish linearly. The concern about the relative deprivation of women’s progress should be at the agenda setting. It is time to turn this Aurat March into an inclusive force for all women in the country.

Moreover, any movement in history got momentum for a clear vision and demands but unfortunately, the Pakistani version of feminism lacks clarity and vision in this regard. In 2023 the global economy is the digital economy. Only 21% of women in Pakistan have access to the Internet while living in the 21st Century. Aurat March must highlight this issue as the most vulnerable disparity for women. This century is the century of the internet, connectivity, and digitization. If women want to emancipate and exercise their freedom with the awareness of their rights; it is time to integrate the right to the internet and access to the digital world for women as an urgent imperative.

Aging is real. When women lost reproductive function in our society she suddenly becomes irrelevant to the household. Her value and grace were lost with the age. The rural areas are full of the old woman who live a very tough life once they get old. Aurat March is a platform to surface voices, through this platform the awareness, and response system for the miseries and social woes of old women must be heightened. They must challenge the traditional acceptance of the norms for aged women. Aurat March can normalize that aging is a natural process and the acceptance of the aged community shouldn’t be a burden.

Populism is on the rise in Pakistan. Every populist from Donald Trump to Xi Jinping tried to subvert the frontline women’s struggle for their political causes. Historically a populist demagogue and backsliding of democracy halt women’s empowerment. Aurat March must disseminate awareness that how women’s woes exacerbate the democratic depression in any nation. The provision of women’s rights depends on institutional democracy. Aurat March should do justice to build the political consciousness of women through their different platforms for sustainable rights development in the 21st Century.

Role construction plays a huge role in Patriarchal societies. The manufacturing of different roles and associations of venerated feelings functions to develop the system of obedience, passiveness, and immanence. Aurat March should also educate women through their platform that “over association” with the role is proportional to submission to authority and renunciation of the true spirit of freedom. Patriarchal society creates different roles to subjugate women. The agenda-setting of Aurat March must consider building rational choices and rational roles for women in the 21st Century so that the exploitation and injustice to women as human beings must be curtailed.

Finally, Aurat March is at the inception of its evolution as a movement. With time, they must evolve from the narratives of white feminism to South Asian feministic realities. The provision of basic rights, opportunities, and political freedom for all women in all parts of countries irrespective of the geography, region, and provinces should be at the core of the movement in coming years.

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Luxury Predecessors become the Necessity of Successors

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It appears that many people’s lives today are increasingly focused on the pursuit of luxury. There is no denying the allure of luxury, whether it be in the form of designer goods, expensive automobiles, or lavish travel. Less frequently discussed, though, is the fact that many people now view the pursuit of luxury as essential to their success rather than just a matter of personal taste.

We need to look at the historical context to comprehend why luxury has evolved into a necessity. Luxury used to be a privilege enjoyed only by the wealthy elite who could afford to splurge on pricey items and experiences. The rise of consumer culture in the 20th century has made it simpler for the middle class to access luxury. More and more people started aspiring to the lifestyle that luxury represented as businesses started marketing luxury goods to a wider audience.

This desire for luxury has evolved to be closely related to our ideas of success. Owning expensive goods is often seen as a sign of success and status. It’s a way for them to demonstrate to the world that they’ve succeeded and are deserving of respect. The pursuit of luxury has consequently evolved into a central theme in the cultural narrative surrounding success.

But why has luxury become such an important part of this narrative? Our society’s escalating competitiveness is one factor. Being unique in a world where everyone is vying for success and attention has become more crucial than ever. And displaying wealth and luxury in a prominent manner is one way to accomplish this. People can advance in their careers and social circles by showing off their wealth and status by purchasing expensive goods.

Luxury is often viewed as a way to reward oneself for effort and success, which is another reason why it has become necessary. In a society where achievement and productivity are prized above all else, the pursuit of luxury can give one a sense of satisfaction and validation. People can get the feeling that their efforts have paid off and that they are entitled to indulge in luxury goods and experiences by doing so.

A prime example of how the success of opulent predecessors can turn into a requirement for successors is the tale of King Bruce and the spider. He, who was in exile and feeling discouraged, saw a spider repeatedly trying to spin a web. The spider kept trying despite repeatedly failing and kept going until it eventually succeeded.

King Bruce was motivated to keep going in his own pursuit of success by the spider’s tenacity. He came to the conclusion that persistence and determination are just as important to success as talent and aptitude. Then, after successfully leading a rebellion against his adversaries, he was able to retake his throne and enjoy the opulent lifestyle that came with it.

In this way, predecessors’ luxuries turn into successors’ needs. They serve as role models for future generations, motivating them to pursue success by showing what is possible with effort and tenacity. Many successors might lack the inspiration and drive to pursue their own ambitious goals if these luxurious predecessors’ examples are not followed.

Similarly, the life of Bill Gates, one of the richest people in the world and a co-founder of Microsoft, illustrates how once-luxury predecessors eventually become necessities for successors. Despite coming from a low-income family, Gates was able to achieve great success through his own perseverance, hard work, and inspiration from other successful people.

The achievements of his well-off forebears, including entrepreneurs and inventors Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell, served as inspiration for Gates. He understood that the secret to success wasn’t just talent or intelligence, but also the capacity to keep going in the face of obstacles and setbacks.

Furthermore, through his philanthropic endeavors, Gates has persisted in inspiring and motivating others. His commitment to enhancing people’s lives all over the world has resulted in billions of dollars being donated to charitable organizations. His accomplishments and generosity serve as a motivating example of the value of volunteering and using one’s resources to improve society.

In the end, anyone who aspires to greatness can find inspiration from a successful person who serves as a role model. Successors can demonstrate extravagance in their own lives and have a positive impact on their communities and the world by realizing and putting into practice the lessons learned from luxury predecessors. In fact, successors can learn about the qualities and traits that helped their wealthy predecessors succeed, like hard work, dedication, and perseverance, by looking at their lives and careers. They can learn how to overcome the difficulties and obstacles they might encounter on their own path to success.

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