The levels and axes of the Chinese vision in practice to deal with Washington

When analyzing the Chinese vision for dealing with Washington, perhaps China has some tools and means that it can use to exert pressure in the face of the United States of America, and the (Iranian card) comes as the profitable option for China in Syria, Iraq and Yemen, to achieve a balance against Turkish influence and vice versa, Russia will lead direct talks between Israel and the Palestinians, which will (reinforce the decline of indicators of American influence in the Middle East).

  We note that the prevailing viewpoint in China towards the United States of America is formed and focused mainly on (three levels), as follows:

The first level: It stems from the conviction that (the ability of neutral countries not to choose between the two great poles will become insignificant in the future), and one of the most important sectors in which these countries will have to take sides at the expense of the other is the “technological model”. Some Chinese academics liken this process to “choose between Apple and Android”, meaning that the technological race between the two sides will produce two camps, both offering special technologies and different from the other camp.  Political pressure from Beijing and Washington, or what is known as the “detachment policy”, will cause the neutral countries not to integrate them.

The second level: It is based on (the basis of bilateral relations), the Chinese leadership has come to realize that (relationships with the United States remain at low levels is inevitable due to the internal policy interactions in Washington), but the active and contributing role of China can also be dissected according to the analysis of the current scene. In creating the US domestic consensus on being tough on China, a point that Beijing refuses to talk about.

    On the Chinese side, the philosophy of the internal Chinese view of the United States does not differ much from the American consensus on China. The basic premises of Chinese foreign policy, since the rise of Chinese President “Xi Jinping” to the leadership of the party and the state, are summarized in strength and defense of the state of the “high ego” in the face of  American hegemonic policies. President “Xi Jinping” seeks to present himself to the Chinese as a stronger leader than “Deng Xiaoping”, and at the same time, “Xi” is trying to employ intense nationalist sentiments to portray himself as an updated model of “Mao Zedong”.

The third level: It stems from a general and comprehensive Chinese theory that proposes that (the influence of the United States is rapidly declining, in contrast to the rise of China). During the Nineteenth Congress of the Communist Party, Chinese President “Xi Jinping” pledged to “make China strong and rich and become the world’s number one power by 2050”. During a meeting held in the first week of March 2021, President “Xi Jinping” publicly chanted the phrase to “the East is rising, the West is regressing”, which has recently become a unifying slogan among the majority of Chinese officials’ speeches. He also revealed his view of the United States as the “biggest threat to development and security” in China.

   By analyzing the complex Chinese view of China towards the West and the United States of America, it includes an important element that may be less clear, which is that the Chinese leadership’s belief that “the West is retreating” does not negate its belief that the United States is still the dominant power in the world, and will remain so for long periods to come. This policy is known as (the Chinese Realist Theory), based on the limited Chinese capabilities, and the conviction that China is still unable to provide an alternative to the United States.

Dr.Nadia Helmy
Dr.Nadia Helmy
Associate Professor of Political Science, Faculty of Politics and Economics / Beni Suef University- Egypt. An Expert in Chinese Politics, Sino-Israeli relationships, and Asian affairs- Visiting Senior Researcher at the Centre for Middle Eastern Studies (CMES)/ Lund University, Sweden- Director of the South and East Asia Studies Unit