American policies and China’s influence in the Middle East

The initial indicators of the Biden administration’s policy toward China, which is reflecting some of the following aspects:

The desire of the United States of America to resume the bilateral dialogue, without mitigating the hard-line approach adopted by the (Trump’s  administration). Here, the Biden’s administration appears to have no options but to get tough on China.

The competition between the American and Chinese sides marks the beginning of (the formation of a bipolar technological world), in which the neutral countries will have to choose between two different models.

Despite Chinese officials repeating a discourse centered on “the rise of the East and the decline of the West”, the Chinese leadership believes that the United States will remain the dominant power in the world for decades to come, and that China cannot yet provide an alternative to it.

Here, Washington possesses a weapon that China cannot match at the present time, which is (the policy of American alliances). The multilateral approach poses a strategic danger to China, in an American attempt to force China to consider making concessions.

After the United States signed the new AUKUS Defense Agreement and the Quad Agreement with Japan, India and Australia, doubts began about (Washington’s endeavor to link the Quad Quartet Agreement with the ASEAN Agreement), which constitutes a stronger U.S. regional alliance to restrict Chinese regional movements, alliances and polarizations with its surrounding regio. Therefore, the response to the Quad’s relationship with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations “ASEAN” came with the official confirmation of the “ASEAN” Association that: “The Quad does not have a military objective”, and that the Quad Agreement may be “complementary” to other regional initiatives.  Here, some members of the “ASEAN Group”, which includes about ten countries from Southeast Asia, fear that the US campaign in the region will lead to an escalation with China.

There is no doubt that the signing of the “new Aukus nuclear defense agreement” by the United States of America with Australia and Britain, and causing the cancellation of the Australian submarine deal with France, may (lead to the formation of a Sino-French-European alliance), and we find that Paris was surprised by the announcement of the formation of a military alliance between the United States of America, Australia, and Britain will closely follow the positions of the two presidents (Biden and Modi), at a time when France depends a lot on India as a partner in the Indian Ocean region.

The situation seems more complicated on the part of the countries of the Middle East, where the countries of the region are beginning to be subjected to American pressures, especially with regard to (fifth generation networks and other projects linked to strategic ports, on top of which is Israel itself, and the American fear of the Chinese presence in Haifa ports). It threatens US national security, and allows the Chinese to monitor US naval movements in Israel, and threaten US interests in Israel and the region.

   Accordingly, the challenge now facing the United States of America and its global network of alliances is (improving the American security situation or model in the South China Sea and the Asian region, and improving the economic position of the United States of America in the Southeast Asian region).

  Therefore, the American effort to revive the Quad Quartet alliance may refer to (the Biden administration’s approach to China, which is presented as competition when necessary, cooperative when possible, and in confrontation when necessary), and this is perhaps from my research and analytical point of view of the summary  Index of US-China relations and their development regionally and globally.

Dr.Nadia Helmy
Dr.Nadia Helmy
Associate Professor of Political Science, Faculty of Politics and Economics / Beni Suef University- Egypt. An Expert in Chinese Politics, Sino-Israeli relationships, and Asian affairs- Visiting Senior Researcher at the Centre for Middle Eastern Studies (CMES)/ Lund University, Sweden- Director of the South and East Asia Studies Unit