The repercussions of the American presence in the Middle East on China and Russia

There are many potential repercussions of the US presence in the Middle East, with direct impacts on both China and Russia. Here, the most important priorities of the new US administration in the Middle East are represented in (negotiating over the Iranian nuclear program), which threatens Israel’s security and destabilizes the region, according to American and Israeli concerns, peace agreements concluded between the Arabs and Israel, ending the wars in Yemen and Libya, and enhancing the human rights situation.

   On the other hand, there are repercussions of the American presence on Chinese and Russian interests, which are represented in:

  (The continuous of the American pressure on Arab partners and Israel to limit their relations with Russia and China, and this will be particularly evident in the fields of defense and security, cyberspace, artificial intelligence, and energy  nuclear)

  It is also expected (a decline in the level of military relations) between the United States of America and the Arab Gulf and the region in general, which comes as a result of the decline in the level of arms sales during the era of President “Joe Biden”. Here, the Biden administration will face a struggle between (two wings):

  1.  Left wing of the Democratic Party: which seeks to end all arms sales, which will not only affect the Middle East, but will also negatively affect other partners, such as: (Japan and Taiwan).
  • The moderate wing of the Democratic Party: represented by President Joe Biden on a personal level, who realizes that it is not reasonable to end, stop or ban US arms sales, with its negative repercussions that may lead to (a sharp economic decline, injury to the US military sales sector), as a prominent and strategic sector is paralyzed, which negatively affects US national security itself.

   President “Joe Biden” is facing unprecedented challenges and changes in US policy in the Middle East, especially those approved by the “Deal of the Century” and which drew criticism not only from the Palestinian and Arab side, but also from European partners, represented in:

 (The issue of moving the American embassy to Jerusalem, the issue of settlements and the annexation of large areas of the West Bank to Israel, in addition to the annexation of the Syrian Golan Heights to Israel. The first signs have begun to appear from the new administration, at least, that the American embassy will remain in Jerusalem)

   The most prominent new potential repercussions of the American presence in the Middle East remain, as it becomes clear in (the Israeli role in the new stationing of American forces in North and East Africa, after the transfer of the headquarters of the “AFRICOM” forces from German Stuttgart to Africa). As well as the success of the Biden administration and the Ministry of Defense the Pentagon in signing two military partnership agreements with (Morocco and Tunisia), which will extend for ten years.

   It is also to be credited to the administration of President “Joe Biden” is his success in bringing about rapprochement between the Kingdom of Morocco and Israel, and thus (enhancing the influence of the United States of America and Israel in the North African region through Moroccan lands), which strengthened (the role of Morocco as a major ally for the administration of President “Joe Biden” from outside NATO, through military agreements, renewing its equipment and holdings of American weapons, and considering Morocco as a key partner in the fight against terrorism on the African continent).

   Here, we find that despite the Moroccan-American rapprochement during the Biden era, it was translated into (a decline and severe tension in the level of American-Algerian relations), due to Morocco obtaining of the (official American recognition of Moroccan sovereignty over the regions of Western Sahara, which has been in conflict since  Years with Algeria, and the American side’s support for the Moroccan initiative that it put forward to settle the conflict with the Polisario Front on the basis of “extended autonomy”).  It was noteworthy that the American position had supported Morocco, through (Washington’s adoption of a new map for Morocco that includes the disputed territories with Algeria), and this map was officially issued by the American embassy in Morocco and was also adopted on the official website of NATO, which led to the anger of the Algerian side.

   Accordingly, it is understood that the new political change for the administration of President “Joe Biden” in the Middle East is to (change the style of managing crises and international issues from the “unilateral approach”, which was adopted by former President “Trump” to the approach of “partnership with allies”, which  Adopted by President “Biden” in the Middle East, North Africa and the Arab Gulf).

Dr.Nadia Helmy
Dr.Nadia Helmy
Associate Professor of Political Science, Faculty of Politics and Economics / Beni Suef University- Egypt. An Expert in Chinese Politics, Sino-Israeli relationships, and Asian affairs- Visiting Senior Researcher at the Centre for Middle Eastern Studies (CMES)/ Lund University, Sweden- Director of the South and East Asia Studies Unit