The Chinese alliance with Middle East countries in the face of the American alliances


Today, we are in the process of a (new Chinese alliance) that already exists, which includes: (China, Russia, Iran, North Korea, Pakistan), and a candidate and is open to the inclusion of other countries that have great economic interests with China through the “Chinese Belt and Road Initiative”, and we can analyze the form of the Chinese new alliance with Russian, analyzing the foundations on which it is based, as follows:

This new Sino-Russian alliance constitutes a real nucleus for the formation of a (strong new Warsaw Pact led by China) that is economically and militarily supported, in the face of (the military NATO’S alliance led by Washington). And thus establishing a new chapter in the centers of power globally.  Therefore, the US strategy issued by the (US National Security Document) can be summarized as the (Sino-Russian alliance is a red line and a threat to the security of the United States of America, and shakes its influence around the world).

Hence the visit of the Russian Foreign Minister (Sergey Lavrov) to Beijing in March 2021, for a period of two days, for joint security coordination to establish a Russian-Chinese alliance, which includes a number of countries allied to both sides, especially with the (increasing American pressures that pushed the Russian and Chinese sides to more rapprochement with planning for a deeper strategic context between

the two sides).

And here, we find that there is an alliance already existing between (China, Iran and Russia), which seeks to make a (coalition at the United Nations to confront US sanctions and set fair standards for the use of force).  A number of other founding members of the United Nations joined the Russian-Chinese alliance, namely: (Algeria, Angola, Belarus, Bolivia, Cambodia, Cuba, Eritrea, Laos, Nicaragua, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Syria and Venezuela). All of them are allies of China and Russia and have strong military, economic and political relations with them.

Indications point out that (China, Russia, North Korea and Iran), as well as some other countries seek to (mobilize support for an alliance to defend the Charter of the United Nations), by addressing the use or threat of use of force, and unilateral sanctions, especially those American sanctions imposed on certain countries  away from the international community and international legitimacy.

These new Russian-Chinese efforts with the participation of 16 countries – in addition to Palestine – come to establish this group at the United Nations, in the face of the “multilateral approach” of the US administration of President “Joe Biden” with its allies to confront Chinese and Russian influence, in abandoning the unilateral approach that he was following the former President (Donald Trump), who was focused on the “America First” policy.

Here, Beijing seeks to enhance its global influence from within and at the heart of the United Nations itself, in a real challenge to the traditional American leadership.  China and Russia have already begun to form a group within the United Nations, called the “Group of Friends in Defenders of the Charter of the United Nations”, sending a message to the international community, in which it affirms that:

 “The real international multilateralism and the call for a multilateral world, is currently facing an unprecedented attack, which, in turn, threatens global peace and security”

The growing capabilities of China and Russia and the development of their relationship affect (the shape and nature of the current international system, and the role of the United States specifically in issues of global security, financial security and the economic system), and from here it appears the possibility of (new radical transformations in the form of the new international system led by an alliance between  China and Russia in the structure of the international system).

We can expect, at the near and medium level, that the upward path of Russian-Chinese relations is expected to continue in the face of growing the American pressures towards more rapprochement, and the mobilization of a lot of the “friends and allies front”, and it is expected that the current Democratic administration of President “Joe Biden” will do the same. Especially after Washington has signed the “Quad Quartet agreement and Aukus new defense and security alliance”, where the initial policies and statements issued by (Biden’s administration) showed that it “places on top of its priorities continuing pressure on China and Russia and trying to influence the relationship between them, and reduce the front of their allies”.

From here, the (features of the new world order) has began to become clear little by little with (the withdrawal of the United States of America from the places where its forces were stationed around the world), a new policy began that relies on the (policy of old alliances), and suddenly the “Aukus Alliance” appeared, which brings together the United States of America  With Britain and Australia, and here it seems that (the new Aukus defense alliance will be an alternative to the American military bases), which are the military bases that are currently deployed in every part of the world at the present time for more than (750 American military bases around the world), and the American alliance with the signing of the “Aukus Agreement”. It also comes as part of the (Five Eyes Intelligence Alliance), which was formed at the end of World War II, and includes (USA, Australia, Britain, Canada and New Zealand).

The last expected form of the alliance of China in Europe remains, whereas (France and Germany forming an alliance with China in the face of American policies), by following the (policy of heading east towards the Sino-Russian alliance), in search of their economic interests, and political and geostrategic benefits.

Hence, the American fear is based mainly because of the escalation of the power of China and Russia and their alliance in a military and economic manner, through the mechanisms of the “Belt and Road Initiative” and the “Shanghai Cooperation Organization”, and therefore that American strategic tactic came through its withdraw from Afghanistan, as a strategy, known as: (Scorched earth policy), igniting the region that includes Central and Western Asia, in order (Washington ignited colorful revolutions within the countries along the Belt and Road in Central and Western Asia and Eastern Europe to the Middle East), so that extremist groups are used by the United States of America  during the coming period.

The same previous scenario applies to American policies in the Middle East through (the Arab Spring revolutions), whereas, the USA is using these extremist groups in (Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Egypt and Libya), and we find that the success of the June 30 revolution in Egypt and the fall of the Muslim Brotherhood’s rule  And the steadfastness and survival of the regime of Syrian President “Bashar Al-Assad” so far in the face of extremist currents and the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq “ISIS” was a harsh lesson for Washington with the failure of its plan to “enable Islamic political currents to seize power and rule in the countries of the Middle East”.

From here, the Chinese strategy is going well, through (China’s success in circumventing Washington’s strangling of trade corridors in the Malacca Strait and the South China Sea, by China’s establishment of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor), which provided another window for China and its ally Russia with the help of Iran on the (Arabian Sea and the ocean  India), which ensured the (smooth flow of oil supplies from the Gulf and the Suez Canal through pipelines up to Xinjiang in northwest China, and then distributed to other Chinese provinces).

It has become clear to the eye that the “United States is no longer able to fund its imperial ambitions to expand around the world”, and accordingly Washington is withdrawing and reducing its influence and presence in its old areas of influence (Iraq, Afghanistan, Somalia and the Arab Gulf states).

As we know, the (United States of America can no longer open many fronts of war or establish more military bases around the world), so the American withdrawal from Afghanistan came as important news for taxpayers in the USA, who prefer that tax money go  which they pay to be spent on the (American interior borders rather than outside of its aabroad), such as: the construction, modernization and maintenance of hospitals, schools, roads, etc., and this means: (the transformation of the United States of America and its decline from a superpower to an important country only).

     Hence, it appears in light of these new changes in the global power equations, the emergence of (new alliances that include Russia and China, in conjunction with other friendly and ally countries in the Middle East, Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia), and other countries in the world, in order to confront the (network of American alliances), with the aim of encircling and curbing that American power with its alliances to harm the interests of developing, Islamic and Arab countries.

Dr.Nadia Helmy
Dr.Nadia Helmy
Associate Professor of Political Science, Faculty of Politics and Economics / Beni Suef University- Egypt. An Expert in Chinese Politics, Sino-Israeli relationships, and Asian affairs- Visiting Senior Researcher at the Centre for Middle Eastern Studies (CMES)/ Lund University, Sweden- Director of the South and East Asia Studies Unit


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