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Highlights of Xi Jinping Thought in the communiqué of the Sixth Plenary Session of the CPC

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The Final Communiqué of the (Sixth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China), which concluded its work on Thursday, November 11, 2021, affirmed of the (position of Comrade “Xi Jinping” at the heart of the CPC Central Committee and at the heart of the entire Party, by identifying the most prominent guiding roles of “Xi Jinping” Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics as the Soul of the New Era for the Rejuvenation of the Chinese Nation and the Realization of Comrade “Xi’s slogan” of achieving the Chinese Dream). We can identify of Comrade Xi’s most prominent directive lies in the idea of ​​unification, union and solidarity of all the Chinese people and their various ethnic and national minorities with the Chinese (People’s Liberation Army, the Party and the Chinese state). The most prominent comment on the final communiqué of the Central Committee, has led by “Jiang Jinchuan”, as “Chief of Policy Research Office of the CPC Central Committee”, emphasizing that: “This is the call of the times, the choice of history, and the common aspiration of the Chinese people”

    Despite the full understanding of the leaders of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of all the challenges that China is now facing, it was fully agreed to (place Chinese President Comrade “Xi Jinping” at the heart of the Communist Party, and to adopt the guiding and ideological role of “Xi Jinping Thought” as a guarantee for the Communist Party and the mainland China, its Armed Forces,  and the various sons, sects, national and ethnic minorities of the Chinese people to defend China in this changing global environment and the profound challenges that China is now facing at home and abroad).  Hence, we can analyze the content of the closing statement of the Sixth Plenary Session of the CPC Central Committee as follows:

The Communiqué of the Plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China has stressed out on the (cohesion of the Communist Party, people and government), with the China’s insistence on the “territorial integrity” of mainland China and its dependent regions of (Hong Kong, Macao or Taiwan).  And China is determined to push forward the path of peaceful development and common prosperity for mankind.

This is in addition to the statement’s confirmation of China’s achievements, which astonished the world, through China’s development initiatives around the world, especially after Chinese President Comrade “Xi Jinping” launched the “Belt and Road Initiative” in 2013, and China’s assistance to the world during the pandemic (Covid-19). China’s provision of all medical aid to the world to combat the epidemic, and the promotion of the “Healthy Silk Road” in accordance with the principle of a common future for humanity launched by Chinese President Comrade “Xi Jinping”.

The statement of the plenary session of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China is a document of great importance for China and the world, in that it coincides with the “seventy-second anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China”, and in the same year as the “anniversary of the celebration of the centenary of the founding of the Communist Party” in its first centenary.

The session conducted an in-depth summary and appraisal of the decisive achievements made by China in (building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way), and confirmed the breakthroughs and great progress made by the country during the period of the (Fourteenth of the Five-Year Plan) in comprehensively deepening reforms and laws on strengthening rule-based governance.

The closing statement session of the plenum has confirmed the words of Comrade (Xi Jinping), in his capacity as the General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, and his constant affirmation that:

“The Chinese nation will continue to press ahead in breaking through strong winds and strong waves, after working hard and overcoming difficulties since the “18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China”, the country is closer to realizing the goal of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation than at any time in history”

The most important achievements of the Communist Party of China come in the ability of its leaders to achieve rapid economic developments and long-term social stability in the past seventy years, and its ability to (build modern China).

Emphasis on the statement that according to practice, (the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the system of governance of China), which are two systems with strong vitality and enormous strength, and that these (two systems are capable of supporting the continuous progress of the country), which has a population of about one billion four hundred million people. With ensuring the achievements of the two centenary goals of the (great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation) with a civilization spanning five thousand years.

A careful reading of the statement of the plenary session of the CPC Central Committee reveals the most important observations that the issued statement affirms (the continuity of thought, leadership, and orientations of the ruling party in China). It calls for consolidating and improving the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics and pushing forward the “modernization of China’s governance system” and capacity under the guidance of  from (Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory), as they are “Three Important Represents Ideas”, with the “Scientific Development Concept”, that has been developed by the Chinese Comrade President “Xi Jinping’s Thoughts on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era”.

The session comprehensively analyzed the international and domestic opportunities and challenges facing China at present, formulated (the guiding ideology and the main principles to be followed for economic and social development in mainland China), and the achievements of the Party’s recent “Five-Year Plan”, and set the main objectives of development to emphasize the most important achievements of the Communist Party of China and the state under the leadership of Comrade “Xi Jinping”, by (reviewing all the results achieved during his era), such as: the economic development sector, new steps in reform and openness, the most prominent new improvements in social stability, making new progress in building environmental civilization, and raising  People’s standard of living and welfare to new levels, and the stress on the “new upgrades in the efficiency of the China’s national governance”.

Also, according to the statement of the Communist Party, it has pledged to improve systems in all fields, to advance fundamentally modernize China’s system and capacity for governance, and to fully realize it as “New China celebrates its centenary in 2049”.

The session’s closing statement emphasized the need to (deepen reforms comprehensively as a fundamental strategic issue related to the general situation of the party and the state). It is the same as what Comrade “Xi Jinping” has repeatedly, by his emphasis on:  

 “It is necessary to carry out comprehensive research and planning, cooperate in promoting reform, development and stability work, plan first and then act, first gather the accumulated strength and then release it gradually, so that we can gain the initiative to achieve  our business better”

The most prominent task of the full issued communiqué was to emphasize (the continuation of the Communist Party’s path), regardless of the complexity of the international environment, or how difficult and difficult the tasks of reform and local development are, but it is necessary to maintain strategic planning, and insist on (deepening reforms in a comprehensive way), with a well management of the internal affairs.  Only in this way can the leaders of the Party and the Chinese state be able to seize opportunities wisely and deal with challenges.

The statement stressed that (adhering to and improving the institutional system of the party leadership), in order to raise the party’s levels of exercising power in a scientific, democratic and in accordance with the law, as one of the most important tasks and measures that ensure the achievement of the desired goals of the Communist Party of China.

Adhering to and improving the (institutional system of the people being masters of the state, to develop socialist democratic politics), which should be fully in the both sides at the internal and external levels, by raising the “Party’s ability to rule the state and exercise power in accordance with the law”, ensure and improve the Chinese people’s livelihood in urban and rural areas, to meet the people’s growing need to a better life, adhere to the guarantee of the Communist Party of the “People’s Liberation Army” to carry out its mission in the new era to defend the security of mainland China internally and externally. As well as fully affirming adherence to and improvement of the institutional system of “one country, two systems”, and the peaceful reunification of the motherland, while adhering to and improving the independent peaceful foreign policy, advancing the building of the community with a common future for mankind, upholding and improving the supervision system of the Communist Party and the Chinese state, to strengthen the “restriction and supervision of the exercise of power”.

The spirit of the statement kept pace with the spirit of the times, by emphasizing (integrating modern technology and the global innovation network and insisting on scientific and technological innovation by self-reliance). Innovation comes at the top of the party’s new development concept, and occupies an essential place in the general situation of “building up the Modernization”. Which is the first driving force to the social development since the beginning of China’s reform and opening up, China has always adhered to the concept that “technology is the primary productive force in guiding social development”. The “technological progress” that the Communist Party aims at in the final analysis is targeting the (technological innovation).

The statement emphasized the achievements of the Chinese state by emphasizing China’s commitment to self-reliance, for example (China is committed to self-reliance in technological innovation), because this (in line with the historical trend of active integration in the world, openness and mutual benefit).  Hence, China can continue its journey to build a modern socialist force by encouraging innovation, and deepen high-level reform and opening up with the integration of innovation, so as to achieve high-quality economic development and provide a high-quality life for its people.

The statement affirmed the achievements of comrade (Xi Jinping), and his constant emphasis on reform and Chinese openness, which we emphasize during one of his speeches by making a deep presentation on the implementation of reform, as he said:

 “The key to reform is implementation, and the difficulty of reform also lies in implementation, at present, there are more favorable conditions for implementing and consolidating reform, the basic elements of ideology, practice, system and popular support for carrying out reforms have become more solid.There is a need to invest more efforts in implementation, strengthen leadership, develop comprehensive scientific plans, and pay close attention to implementation and focus reform on solving problems.  the operation”

Here, we find that the statement of the plenum stressed that upholding and improving the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics and moving forward in (modernizing China’s system and capacity for governance is a very important strategic task for the Party), and stressed that all the goals and tasks set by the session should be fully accomplished under the leadership of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.

The statement continues the approach of the (Nineteenth National Congress of the Party), of emphasizing the leadership of the Communist Party of the country, by emphasizing that:

  “Party committees, governments and senior officials at all levels should sincerely enhance their awareness of the system and take the lead in protecting the authority of the system.  He set an example in implementing the system for the whole party and society as a whole”

The statement also emphasized (the principle of national unity of the Chinese people), emphasizing the need for the entire Communist Party of China and the Chinese people of all nationalities to rally closely around the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, with Comrade “Xi Jinping” at the core.

This statement came as an opportunity to emphasize the “CPC’s ideological prejudice against China by US policies towards it”, which China strongly opposes.

The statement emphasized (unifying and planting the seeds of solidarity between the Chinese people and the Chinese Communist Party and not paying attention to attempts to drive a wedge between them).  Considering that the Communist Party always expresses and preserves the interests of the people, and has won their deep trust and sincere support.  This was confirmed by Comrade “Xi Jinping”:

 “Attempts to drive a wedge between the people and the Communist Party are a provocation directed against the entire Chinese people and will fail”

   Based on our understanding of the communiqué of the Sixth Plenary Central Committee session of the Communist Party of China, we conclude that we can understand and analyze the most important points of agreement among all, as a result of the extremely sensitive timing of this meeting, due to the interaction between many variables and the repercussions, resulting from the unprecedented challenges with the Corona Virus pandemic “Covid-19”, that is why the calls of China and the leaders of the Communist Party and its General Secretary, Comrade “Xi Jinping”, came in determination to lead China’s international development initiatives around the world, barrelling with the (China’s refusal to follow the old colonial path to control others).  This is in line with China’s launch of the “Belt and Road initiative” in 2013, as a major platform for the international cooperation with its popular and global humanity benefit.

   Therefore, from my point of view, the Chinese insistence on the opening of the “Belt and Road – The Great Wall of China International Festival of Folk Culture and Arts” for three days, which began on September 15, 2021, in the cities of (Langfang, Qinhuangdao) with the participation of more than 600 international figures from UNESCO representatives, Diplomats and all national folk cultural institutions related to the “Belt and Road”, and this confirms China’s keenness to exchange benefits with everyone around the world through its international initiative of the Belt and Road, with full commitment to the path of peaceful development expressly stipulated in the Chinese Constitution, by following (a new path  for Chinese development). These are the same points that were agreed upon during the meeting of the Sixth Plenary Session of the Communist Party Central Committee, by emphasizing the (China’s role internally and externally in supporting the development path), especially in light of those global challenges after the Corona Virus pandemic, and in light of as well those American pressures to interfere in China’s internal affairs.

Associate Professor of Political Science, Faculty of Politics and Economics / Beni Suef University- Egypt. An Expert in Chinese Politics, Sino-Israeli relationships, and Asian affairs- Visiting Senior Researcher at the Centre for Middle Eastern Studies (CMES)/ Lund University, Sweden- Director of the South and East Asia Studies Unit

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Assad’s visit to China: Breaking diplomatic isolation and rebuilding Syria

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Chinese President Xi Jinping meets with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad in Hangzhou, capital city of east China's Zhejiang Province, Sept. 22, 2023. (Xinhua/Yao Dawei)

The visit of Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad to China to participate in the opening of the Asian Games came as a serious step to try to break the diplomatic isolation from Syria.  Syrian President “Bashar Al-Assad” was keen to meet his counterpart Xi Jinping in the city of Hangzhou in eastern China, where the Asian Games are being held, as this was the Syrian president’s first visit to China since 2004.  According to the Syrian regime’s Al-Watan newspaper, Al-Assad will attend the launch ceremony of the (nineteenth edition) of the Asian Games, which will open on September 23, in the Chinese city of Hangzhou.  This visit to Bashar al-Assad reflects the great coordination between Moscow and Beijing, as it is likely that the Russians pushed for this visit at this precise time.  Perhaps, through his visit to China, Bashar al-Assad is trying to deliver a specific message about the start of “international legitimization” of his regime.  Syria’s accession to the Belt and Road Initiative in January 2022 is an indication of the possibility of implementing vital Chinese projects, especially since it is located between Iraq and Turkey, making it a vital corridor for land routes towards Europe.

 Bashar Al-Assad’s visit to China also comes in an attempt to attract it to reconstruction projects in the affected areas in Syria, as China has the ability to complete reconstruction infrastructure in residential and civilian areas with exceptional speed. This is the same as what the Chinese ambassador to Syria “Shi Hongwei” announced in August 2023, that “Chinese companies are actively involved in reconstruction projects in Syria”. The war in Syria led to massive destruction of infrastructure and the destruction of many vital sectors of the Syrian economy, including oil, while the Syrian government is subject to harsh international sanctions.  We find that the Chinese side has shown great interest in the reconstruction projects in Surba, such as the presence of more than a thousand Chinese companies to participate in (the first trade exhibition on Syrian reconstruction projects in Beijing), while they pledged investments estimated at two billion dollars.

  China played an active role through diplomatic movements in Syria, as it participated in the “Astana” process, and obstructed Security Council resolutions related to Syria, to confirm its position in support of Damascus, using its veto power more than once in the Security Council, against resolutions considered to be a blow to Assad’s “legitimacy”.  In September 2017, the Syrian regime classified China, along with Russia and Iran, as “friendly governments” that would give priority to reconstruction projects. Therefore, Al-Assad affirmed during his meeting with Chinese President “Xi Jinping” that: “this visit is important in terms of its timing and circumstances, as a multipolar world is being formed today that will restore balance and stability to the world, and it is the duty of all of us to seize this moment for the sake of a bright and promising future”.

  According to my analysis, China follows the policy of “breaking diplomatic isolation on presidents and countries against which America is angry”, so the visit of “Bashar al-Assad” comes within a series of visits that China witnessed during the current year in 2023, to presidents who are isolated internationally by the United States of America, such as: Venezuelan President “Nicolas  Maduro”, the Iranian President ”Ibrahim Raisi”, and the Belarusian “Alexander Lukashenko”.

  China is also keen to conduct interviews in its newspapers and official websites affiliated with the ruling Communist Party with many presidents and officials of countries isolated internationally and diplomatically by the United States of America and the West, such as the Chinese keenness to conduct and publish an interview with Syrian Foreign Minister “Faisal Mekdad” on September 21, 2023, and the Chinese reviewed his statements, saying that “the United States of America has plundered oil, natural gas, and other resources from Syria, causing losses worth $115 billion”. The Chinese newspaper “Global Times”, which is close to the ruling Communist Party, also focused on the United States’ greater role in the deterioration of “Syria from stability to chaos” . The Chinese newspaper compared this to China’s policy, which constantly calls for peaceful dialogue and opposes “foreign interference” .

   Through his visit to China, Syrian President “Bashar Al-Assad” is trying to lay the foundations for joint cooperation between China and Syria within the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative, with full Chinese support for Syria’s accession to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization as a dialogue partner. China has always affirmed its firm support for Syria’s efforts against foreign interference, with the Chinese rejection of the stationing of illegal forces on Syrian territory. China is also making great efforts with many countries to lift sanctions and the illegal economic blockade on the Syrian people, in addition to Chinese support for building Syrian capabilities in the field of combating terrorism. Knowing that despite its alliance with President “Bashar Al-Assad”, China did not participate in supporting him militarily, but it used the right of criticism to obstruct the passage of resolutions against him in the Security Council.

   We can reach an important conclusion that Bashar Al-Assad’s visit to China has a greater political track, and that Beijing is trying to play a greater role in the issue of resolving conflicts or to have a greater actual role in negotiations related to sensitive issues in the region. The implications of Assad’s visit to China are also politically significant, as China is trying to play a greater political role in the region, as China has been trying since the start of the Russian-Ukrainian war and the emergence of a vacuum in the Middle East as a result of the decline of Russian influence due to its preoccupation with the war, so Beijing is trying to expand in the Middle East and Africa. 

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China’s Inclusive Diplomacy for Global Cooperation

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President Xi Jinping’s address at the recently held 2023 CIFTIS resonates as a powerful call for inclusive development and cooperation in the services trade sector. China’s commitment to expanding market access, increasing connectivity, and aligning policies with global standards demonstrates its commitment to ensuring a level playing field for all nations.

This commitment extends across different sectors, including telecommunications, tourism, law, vocational examinations, and the larger services sector. President Xi’s address emphasized China’s intention to expand broader, broaden market access, and support inclusive development in the services trade sector. His sentiments resonate with the global world as China seeks to create new prospects for openness, cooperation, and economic equality.

Over the last few decades, the services trade landscape has changed drastically, becoming an essential component of international business. However, this expansion has not been uniform, with developing countries frequently encountering difficulties such as limited market access, complex rules, and capacity limits that prevent them from fully participating in international services trade.

Notably, China is committed to promoting inclusive growth in the services trade sector. It assured of taking continuing steps to accelerate Chinese modernization through high-quality development, to open up new avenues for openness and collaboration for all countries.

Through openness, cooperation, innovation, and shared services, China emphasized the need for inclusive growth and connectivity. Recognizing that a rising tide in services trade should raise all boats, particularly those from nations with limited resources, China has launched a series of ground-breaking initiatives. Additionally, China is actively expanding its network of high-standard free trade areas, participating in negotiations on the negative list for trade in services and investment.

China is setting an example by aligning its policies with international standards. President Xi highlighted in his speech that national integrated demonstration zones for increased openness in the services sector, suitable pilot free trade zones, and free trade ports will be at the forefront of aligning policies with high-standard international economic and trade regulations. These zones demonstrate China’s commitment to fostering an atmosphere conducive to international cooperation and growth.

Real-world examples vividly demonstrate the practical impact of China’s assistance to developing countries in the services trade. China’s investments in transport infrastructure, such as the Standard Gauge Railway, have considerably facilitated the flow of goods and people in Kenya, boosting the services sector indirectly.

Pakistan’s experience with the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is similar, with improved physical connectivity catalyzing the expansion of digital services and e-commerce. Various infrastructure developments in Indonesia have resulted in spectacular advances, opening up new potential for services trade.

Ethiopia, too, has reaped the benefits of China’s commitment, with active participation in industrial parks reviving the services sector, which includes logistics, banking, and education. These real-life success stories highlight China’s critical role in facilitating the expansion and development of services trade in developing countries.

China’s commitment to capacity building and technical aid is critical in its support for developing countries in the services trade. China provides these countries with the knowledge and skills they need to participate effectively in the services trade by offering specialized programs. Furthermore, China’s significant investments in infrastructure projects such as ports, logistical hubs, and telecommunications networks play an important role in facilitating the smooth flow of services.

Furthermore, China’s commitment to reducing entry barriers and optimizing regulations indicates the country’s persistent commitment to creating an equitable environment. This approach not only promotes equitable possibilities but also simplifies market access, making it easier for developing countries to export their services to China’s enormous and dynamic market.

Furthermore, China gives significant financial support in the form of loans and grants for service trade-related initiatives, recognizing the financial problems that many developing countries confront. This financial assistance enables nations to overcome economic challenges and invest in the expansion and improvement of their service sectors, thereby encouraging economic equality and cooperation.

As the world continues to evolve, services trade will play an increasingly important role in global economic growth, and China’s leadership in this realm is helping to shape a future where opportunities are shared, disparities are reduced, and cooperation knows no bounds. It is a vision worthy of appreciation and support since it is consistent with the ideals of justice and equality, moving the globe closer to a more linked and wealthy global community.

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China’s Multilateral Engagement and Constructive Role in the G20



Image source: X @narendramodi

The recent G20 Summit in India has once again taken center stage, attracting global attention as it gathered together leaders and delegates from the world’s 20 most powerful economies. This high-profile event was significant in shaping international relations and addressing serious global concerns due to its broad presence and crucial talks. This high-stakes gathering occurs at a pivotal juncture, marked by escalating divisions among major powers on a multitude of pressing global issues, including the Russia-Ukraine conflict, global economic recovery, food security, and climate change.

The recent inclusion of the African Union (AU) as a permanent member within the G20 serves as a positive signal, signifying consensus among major economies. However, lurking concerns persist about the formidable challenges involved in achieving unity and issuing a joint declaration in the midst of these complex global dynamics.

Chinese Premier Li Qiang’s opening remarks at the 18th G20 Summit in New Delhi resonate as he underscores the paramount importance of unity and collaboration among G20 member nations. He emphasizes the critical need for effective coordination of macroeconomic policies to restore hope and generate momentum for long-term economic growth.

 Premier Li eloquently highlights the interconnectedness of humanity’s destiny and calls upon nations to demonstrate mutual respect, seek common ground while momentarily setting aside differences, and work tirelessly towards peaceful coexistence. In a world characterized by profound crises and shared hardships, he aptly observes that no nation can thrive in isolation. Therefore, the only plausible pathways for guiding humanity forward are those rooted in cooperation and harmony.

The G20, originally established to navigate global financial crises and forge collective strategies for addressing economic challenges while fostering global economic development, has, regrettably, experienced a decline in consensus and a rise in differences among major powers. This shift has been particularly evident since the onset of the Ukraine crisis and the United States’ strategy of containment against China. Consequently, the G20 is increasingly devolving into a forum marked by discord, rather than the once-productive and constructive multilateral mechanism it was intended to be.

Nevertheless, the G20 retains its significance as a pivotal forum for international collaboration in confronting global challenges. With the increasing contributions of developing nations like China, India, and African countries, the voices within the G20 have diversified, no longer solely dominated by Western perspectives. As a response, the United States seeks to regain control of the multilateral process to further its agenda of great power competition. However, this approach is unlikely to be warmly received by the broader international community.

China remains steadfast in its commitment to deepen reforms and open up further to foster high-quality development and its unique brand of modernization. China views itself as a catalyst for additional momentum in global economic recovery and sustainable development. China stands ready to collaborate with all stakeholders to contribute to the well-being of our shared Earth, our common home, and the future of humanity. Despite Western media’s attempts to sensationalize China’s stance and magnify perceived differences, China continues to play a constructive role within the G20, dedicated to its multilateral mission.

To ensure that the G20 remains a platform focused on global governance rather than being overshadowed by geopolitical conflicts, China remains determined to fulfill its constructive role within the group, regardless of attempts by Western powers to politicize the mechanism. China’s efforts have expanded the G20 to include the African Union, effectively transforming it into the “G21.” China was the first nation to endorse African Union membership in the G20 and advocates for the African Union to assume an even more significant role in international governance.

The growing divisions and disputes within the G20 have eroded its effectiveness as a platform for addressing global challenges. These divisions, primarily driven by American actions and policies, have spawned tensions with far-reaching global implications, from the Ukraine crisis to escalating tensions in the Asia-Pacific region, particularly in the Taiwan Straits and the South China Sea. These developments underscore the critical role the G20 plays in promoting cooperation and unity.

Amid the current geopolitical landscape characterized by major powers’ divisions, tensions have surged, resonating globally and causing ripple effects. From the Ukraine crisis to tensions in the Asia-Pacific region, particularly in the Taiwan Straits and the South China Sea, the significance of the G20’s role in fostering cooperation and unity cannot be overstated.

All G20 member nations must recognize the urgent imperative of cooperation in building a world that is safer, more prosperous, and increasingly peaceful. Given the global challenges that transcend narrow national interests, effective responses can only be crafted through international cooperation. The G20 stands as a pivotal arena for this cooperation, with China’s positive contribution being indispensable in promoting cohesion.

Despite Western media’s efforts to sensationalize China’s position and magnify perceived gaps, China remains a committed multilateral partner within the G20, dedicated to constructive engagement. The G20 continues to serve as a critical platform for addressing global concerns, fostering unity, and promoting international collaboration. As the world grapples with intricate issues, it remains imperative that nations adhere to the principles of multilateralism and collaborate relentlessly to secure a more prosperous, peaceful, and sustainable future for all.

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