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Financial Institutions and Agribusinesses Commit $3 Billion to Sustainable Production

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The Innovative Finance for the Amazon, Cerrado and Chaco (IFACC) initiative launched by The Nature Conservancy, Tropical Forest Alliance from The World Economic Forum, and The United Nations Environment Programme announced an investment commitment worth $3 billion – with more than $200 million in disbursements by 2022.

With a goal to reach $10 billion of commitments and $1 billion in disbursements by 2025, the initiative brings together eight financial, and agribusiness companies to accelerate deforestation-and-conversion-free soy and cattle production in South America. This initiative aims to protect the land as industry expands.

The companies – &Green Fund, AGRI3, DuAgro, Grupo Gaia, JGP Asset Management, Syngenta, Sustainable Investment Management and VERT – announced their financial commitments, and signing of the IFACC Declaration, at the World Leaders’ Summit at COP26, as part of their plans to shift commodity production in the region to a more sustainable model.

Cattle and soy production are amongst the biggest drivers of deforestation and conversion of natural vegetation in these valuable ecosystems, therefore expansion of investment in ‘forest-positive’ production models is critical.

It complements other efforts such as supply chain sourcing commitments, traceability systems, reform of land-use and trade policies, and jurisdictional approaches.

The finance committed from these private entities will accelerate the flow of capital to farmers to transition to more sustainable business models which include extending production over degraded pasture lands, and, raising yields through sustainable intensification of cattle ranching.

With global demand for agriculture rising at a tremendous rate – more than twice the rate of increase in the human population, the Amazon, Chaco, and Cerrado, face significant risk of conversion.

At the same time, growing international demand for deforestation-free products, regulatory changes in consumer countries, and investor expectations, are driving the need for a major transition in food production systems.

New collaborations on finance such as IFACC can help accelerate the change required to meet these emerging trends.

Quotes from Industry

Nanno Kleiterp, Chairman of & Green’s Board of Directors, &Green said: “We’re working on the most difficult and complex commodities, and that’s where we want to make an impact. Ultimately, we want to show that inclusive, sustainable and deforestation-free commodity production can be commercially viable.”

Nick Moss, Director, AGRI3 Fund said: “Scaling business models which promote sustainability and conservation in the land use sector requires the mobilisation of significant amounts of capital. Joining IFACC, we see a huge opportunity to be able to build on our current work, develop new partnerships and initiatives and share knowledge, with the overall aim of mobilising more finance into sustainable land use in the Amazon and Cerrado region. AGRI3 will contribute to the overall aims of IFACC by providing guarantees to commercial lenders to support loans to eligible sustainable land use projects in the region.”

Fernanda Mello, CEO, DuAgro said: “Becoming a signatory to IFACC encourages us to set firm goals regarding our role in this new world. We will use our market experience and our privileged position, of those who deal with the entire agri chain and the investors who finance it, to map and engage green bond issuance opportunities in Brazil. By 2022, we intend to issue a minimum of R$30 million in green bonds. By 2025, 30% of the entire financial volume of our operations will be compliant with the IFACC requirements, and over the next five years, the percentage is expected to reach at least 35%.”

João Paulo Pacífico, CEO, Grupo Gaia said: “We are very honoured to be one of the IFACC’s signatories and to contribute to such an important environmental issue. In a few years, we will look back and wonder how some companies have not signed the IFACC declaration, a commitment that is extremely urgent for the world.”

José Pugas, Partner and Head of ESG and Agribusiness at JGP Crédit, said: “We, financial leaders, have a duty to consciously use our capacity for transformation through capital, acting proactively to accelerate the transition towards the green economy. By joining IFACC, we at JGP are investing our efforts in the belief that initiatives like this, which combine the productive stimulus with the need for environmental restoration, will be able to generate the greatest impact and carry out the social function of capital more effectively.”

Pedro Moura Costa, CEO, Sustainable Investment Management, said: “Through our innovative financial approaches, we provide financial incentives to farmers, committed to halting deforestation associated with expansion of soy cultivation in the Brazilian Cerrado. The Responsible Commodities Facility will create a series of debt funds, capitalized through the issuance of green bonds, to direct finance to sustainable agricultural practices in the region, contributing to the objectives of IFACC.”

Daniel Vennard, Chief Sustainability Officer of Syngenta, said: “One of the most impactful transformations we can make in global agriculture is reclaiming degraded farmland. In Brazil, we are working with The Nature Conservancy, farmers, and other stakeholders to recover 1 million hectares of degraded pastureland in the Cerrado, including an affordable credit line for farmers to finance the investment. Achieving our goal will require $2 billion of investment – which is why it is crucial for international groups and investors to collaborate through initiatives like IFACC.”

Martha De Sa, CEO, VERT said: “In addition to setting objective goals, such as the issuance of at least R$100 million in green bonds yet next year, VERT is committed to working for the education of the market in which it operates: on one hand, encouraging the adjustment of rural producers to the parameters of IFACC, and on the other, promoting the availability of good greens for impacting investors.”

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France challenges UK for title of Europe’s Greatest Equities Market

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Paris is challenging London’s leadership as home to Europe’s largest stock market, undermining post-Brexit Britain’s standing as the continent’s most important financial center, – recognizes “The Financial Times”.

The market capitalization of all companies listed in the French capital rose from $1.8 trillion at the start of 2016 to $2.83 trillion, closing the value of London shares at $2.89 trillion, according to Refinitiv.

“It is a result of the poor performance of British equities, the poor pipeline and performance of new issues in the UK, and the terrible performance of the pound. It is clearly not good news for London – and Brexit is a big factor in all three.”

To re-establish its traditional leadership, the UK government aims in the coming months to finalize proposals to reform the City of London.

However, competition from Paris is set to intensify as France is rated the preferred European stock market by fund managers. 17 percent of fund managers said they planned to “overweight” French equities over the next 12 months, according to a Bank of America survey of 161 investment managers with combined assets of $313 billion.

Paris is difficult London’s lead as the house to Europe’s greatest inventory market, consuming away at Britain’s place after Brexit because the continent’s most essential monetary centre.

“This gap between London and Paris in the domestic market is a lot smaller than it used to be or should be,” stated William Wright, founding father of New Financial, a UK think-tank, – writes “Business Land”.

…Thus the strange politics of London in recent years – from Brexit to a kaleidoscope of people in the prime minister’s chair, has led to the fact that Britain may say ‘goodbye’ even to such a privilege as being the financial center of the World and Europe.

International Affairs

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4 Best Tips How To Write A Literary Analysis Essay

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Writing a literature essay or analysis is not an easy task. It is necessary to plunge deeply into the text and understand why the author used various techniques. You will also have to comment on the plot, events, and characters. Creating an excellent literary analysis requires patience, skills and theoretical knowledge. If you are missing the last item, read this article to the end.

1. What To Begin With

First of all, you need to understand what analysis means in literature, and your best friend in doing so is practice. Writing essays may be challenging, especially when the words are buzzing around your head but refuse to appear. If you can’t concentrate and come up with something, try to read a literary analysis essay written by a professional, just for a start. It will give a basic understanding of how to write a literature essay, and you will feel sure. Sometimes a proper example is the best teacher, and it is better to see an excellent work once to learn from it.

So, what’s coming next after getting a sample? The following step in writing a literary analysis essay is thoroughly studying the text and formulating a thesis statement. Take into account the general format of an academic essay while you write:

  • An opening paragraph that conveys your essay’s key argument.
  • The body of your paper is broken up into sections, where you present your thesis and back it up with textual proof.
  • A summary of the core argument you’ve made throughout your analysis.

2. Take Notes

Study the source(s) and make some preliminary notes. Highlight the aspects you find catchy, unexpected, or baffling; these are the areas you should focus on in your paper.

One of the primary purposes of literary analysis is to go deeper into a piece of literature. First and foremost, a student should be on the lookout for literary devices, which are linguistic tools authors use to emphasize certain points in the text or evoke specific emotions in the reader.

3. Literary Analysis Outline

The best tip for writing all essays is to have a proper outline. Here is one you might use. For additional inspiration, you might also use Phdessay or other services with an impressive essay collection. It’s always beneficial to look at other authors’ interpretations and consider what you can borrow from them. And, of course, nobody canceled the structure, the bibliography, and the citations. Don’t miss anything important!


The first step in writing a literary analysis introduction for a literary analysis essay is to provide the work’s title and author. You need one or two phrases at the most to express yourself. The focus should be on the central theme for these phrases to be more compelling.

Give a quick summary of the book and discuss its significance in the literary canon. Why do we need to analyze this? Where does the author draw a line between right and wrong?

Get started on your paper by formulating a thesis. Justify your argument’s central thesis and its most critical supporting arguments.

Formulating The Body Of Your Work

Write a separate paragraph to elaborate on each of the claims made in the thesis. For example, a 600-word essay needs no more than three paragraphs. Use a clear subject phrase at the beginning of each one. Then, it would be best if you elaborated on your key argument. Every claim must be backed up with examples from the literature piece.

How To Write Conclusion

A literary analysis essay conclusion is the last paragraph you write to wrap up your assignment. Provide a brief overview of the work, your thoughts and emotions, and other relevant details here. Don’t start talking about anything else.

Emphasize the reasons your position is sound and the evidence you’ve provided in the paper’s middle part.

4. Proofread

After the essay’s main points have been refined, they should be checked for typos and other errors. Sometimes it helps to read the whole text aloud slowly and clearly. Someone else should do it for you if feasible.

Multiple copies of the document should be produced and proofread before a final copy is made. It’s important to keep an eye out for sentence fragments, comma splices, and other frequent grammatical mistakes.


This academic task aims to analyze and assess some facets of a piece of literature. A literary analysis essay is defined as one that investigates the language, viewpoint, imagery, and structure. These methods are dissected to get to the author’s true intentions. After all, any analysis aims to shed light on the material by revealing hidden meanings. Your interpretations of the source material should be described in an analytical style that goes beyond a simple synopsis.

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Boosting Equitable Development as Kenya Strives to Become an Upper Middle-Income Country

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The World Bank Group (WBG) Board of Executive Directors today voiced its support for the WBG’s latest six-year strategy to support Kenya in its ongoing efforts towards green, resilient, and inclusive development.

The Kenya Country Partnership Framework (CPF) is a joint strategy between the World Bank, the International Finance Cooperation (IFC), and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) and the government to promote shared prosperity and reduce poverty for the people of Kenya. Informed by extensive stakeholder consultations, the CPF seeks to drive faster and more equitable labor productivity and income growth, greater equity in development outcomes across the country, and help sustain Kenya’s natural capital for greater climate resilience.

The people of Kenya are in a position to reap even greater dividends from the country’s robust economic growth in terms of more durable poverty reduction,” said Keith Hansen, World Bank Country Director for Kenya. “Tackling the drivers of inequality now will help to ensure that Kenya can achieve and maintain more equitable development in the long run.”

Over the past decade, Kenya’s economy has outperformed its Low- and Middle-Income Country (LMIC) peers with the growing number of better-educated and healthier Kenyans in the labor force contributing more than any other factor to rising gross domestic product (GDP). More recently, however, the pace of poverty reduction, and then the COVID-19 pandemic, revealed how vulnerable many households are when faced with shocks. Though Kenya’s economy is rebounding from the pandemic and projected to grow by an average 5.4% during 2022-24, the ongoing drought and global inflation are causing poverty to rise. The CPF finds that Kenya is still well positioned to secure more inclusive growth and the WBG is ready to provide support that targets lagging areas and communities with better services and infrastructure that build household and community resilience. In doing so, it aims to help Kenya avoid the inequality and productivity traps experienced by other Middle-Income Countries (MICs).

“Kenya’s private sector is poised to drive faster job creation and to seize new opportunities from global and regional integration,” noted Jumoke Jagun-Dokunmu, IFC Regional Director for Kenya.This will require a more level playing field for competition and innovation for large and small firms and between public and private enterprises.”

The CPF also aims to help raise the productivity of small firms, small producers, and women entrepreneurs, improve the investment climate across the country, and stimulate more private participation in public service delivery. To support Kenya’s response to climate change, the CPF has programmed investments to reduce water insecurity, and to mobilize more climate finance for both public and private investments.  

MIGA aims to unlock more private sector investment in climate responsive projects in Kenya through innovative financial solutions,” said Merli Baroudi, MIGA Director for Economics and Sustainability. “Kenya’s impressive progress in mobilizing private capital for renewable energy augurs well for other sectors.

The CPF draws on Kenya’s Vision 2030, the new government’s development agenda, a Systematic Country Diagnostic, a Country Private Sector Diagnostic, a Completion and Learning Review of the previous Country Partnership Strategy, and over 34 stakeholder consultations, including with Kenya’s diaspora. The World Bank Group is Kenya’s largest development financier. IFC’s portfolio of private sector investments in Kenya is its fourth largest and fastest growing in Sub-Saharan Africa and MIGA’s financial operations in Kenya are its third largest program in Africa.

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