First: The Israeli-French intelligence maneuver deliberately displaying the video of the French-Israeli Jewish chaos maker “Bernard-Henry Levy” globally to form a “resistance front against the Taliban in the Afghan province of Panjshir” to distract the attention of the whole world and the Taliban leaders themselves about “the real location-based of the Israeli intelligence presence in Afghanistan and on its borders in “Bhutan and Azerbaijan”
Second: My deep analysis for the first time globally of the relationship between the French-Israeli “Chaos Maker” video “Bernard-Henry Levy” in the “Afghan Province of Panjshir”, and the chaos making in the Middle East, the countries of the Arab Spring revolutions, and the role of Israel and the West
The Egyptian researcher viewed, with great academic and analytical interest, during mid-August 2021, a leaked video of the French-Israeli Jewish writer, known internationally as the “mysterious person”, whose name is “Bernard-Henry Lévy”.
And he publicly circulated it, and “Bernard Henry Levy” deliberately published it on his page publicly about his meeting with the people of the “anti-Taliban state of Panjshir” and a number of armed militia loyal to it led by “Ahmed Shah Massoud” to incite against the Taliban movement and its affiliates, the Egyptian researcher went in (an intellectual and analytical trend completely different from that of the entire Arab and Islamic world), by not believing the truth, purpose and real purpose of the content of this deliberately circulated and leaked video, as believed by millions around the world – including the leaders of the Taliban movement themselves who rushed to get rid of the insurgents in the anti-Panjshir state to them – especially all the Islamic peoples who hurled insults at “Bernard Henry Levy” as the Egyptian researcher saw and smiled strongly for this huge amount of insults in the “wrong direction”, because I have realized with my understanding of the Israeli and Western intelligence mentality, that:
“Deliberately displaying something intended to display a specific mental image, and trying to install it publicly and globally, while it is intended to be something completely other than the content issued to us”
And this analysis applies to me completely to the video of “Bernard Henry Levy” as “deliberately exporting an intelligence image in one direction to distract attention, while what is meant is something else entirely”. So, the Egyptian researcher has viewed and analyzed the situation, as follows:
First: The Israeli-French intelligence maneuver deliberately displaying the video of the French-Israeli Jewish chaos maker “Bernard-Henry Levy” globally to form a “resistance front against the Taliban in the Afghan province of Panjshir” to distract the attention of the whole world and the Taliban leaders themselves about “the real location-based of the Israeli intelligence presence in Afghanistan and on its borders in “Bhutan and Azerbaijan”
On the other hand, the Egyptian researcher closely follows the Israeli intelligence and military sites, such as: “Breaking Defense Hebrew and Debka” sites, to explain, understand and analyze (how and the mechanism of the response and the Israeli presence in Afghanistan and on its borders, for fear of the extensions of the Taliban armed militias to the Israeli borders), thus threatening the security of Israel itself.
– Accordingly, the Egyptian researcher stopped at a number of possible Israeli military and intelligence sites precisely on the borders of Afghanistan or even inside it, in coordination with Turkey, mainly, according to the assurances of the Israeli military generals themselves on the Israeli military and intelligence sites, so the serious and first global analysis of the Egyptian researcher came in this framework, by presenting and analyzing future scenarios and the following strategic Israeli tactical and intelligence plans:
The Egyptian researcher found an agreed statement within the Israeli intelligence and military services, regarding:
“The need for Israel to monitor the movements of armed militias loyal to the Taliban through its Turkish ally, and through joint security coordination between Israel and Turkey, as well as through the Israeli presence itself on the regional borders directly adjacent to Afghanistan”
Therefore, the spread of leaks about (the Israeli intelligence presence in a military base in the state of Azerbaijan on the borders of Afghanistan to monitor the movements of both the Taliban armed militias, and to monitor the Iranian movements themselves), this confirms the previous analysis of the Egyptian researcher on (the connection of the Israeli presence inAfghanistan and its relationship with Bhutan and Azerbaijan states to monitor developments and the situations in Afghanistan for the benefit of Israel and its allies in Central Asia and India).
This applies to the academic analysis of the Egyptian researcher about that (the Iranian and international emphasis is primarily on the discovery of the locations of two Israeli bases on the territory of the state of Azerbaijan near the capital Baku” in mid-October 2021, to monitor the movements of the Taliban movement in Afghanistan, and to monitor the presence of the Iranian army and its extensions), and therefore, this confirms and also applies to the situation and the Israeli presence in the “State of Bhutan” and its borders and heights, which are very close to the Afghan heights and mountain ranges, making it easier for those Israeli military sites, as well as those Israeli intelligence moves, to take the necessary measures and means to destroy the Iranian army and its collaborators from the Taliban leaders fully upon any suspicious or planned move against Israeli, American, or even Indian goals or interests, as a primarily ally to Washington and Tel Aviv, according to the permanent and continuous Israeli assurances of that.
As these (Israeli military bases in the state of Azerbaijan after their unveiling immediately in October 2021), according to pro-Iranian websites, became within the range of (the Iranian Fajr Khamsa missile system), which is able to carry out the task very easily to strike those Israeli military bases in the Azerbaijani capital “Baku”. And this (confirms that idea, with the Israeli presence on the regional borders adjacent to Afghanistan and Iran to monitor the situation and the Iranian-Afghan movements and its militias), and from here, the logic also applies to “the Israeli intelligence presence in the state of Bhutan and its regional highlands immediately adjacent to Afghanistan, India and China, and to expose the region”.
Perhaps as a result of this Iranian accuracy in revealing those Israeli military sites in “Azerbaijan”, which (the United States of America was forced to warn Israel directly against doing or committing any reckless or hostile act or making any attempt to target Afghanistan or those Iranian missile capabilities on the one hand Azerbaijan), and all the leaks came from the assertion of the United States of America to its Israeli ally, that:
“Israel’s targeting of these Iranian missiles or any other targets inside Afghanistan through these Israeli military bases in the Azerbaijani capital, Baku, will burn Tel Aviv”
This caused (international intelligence disclosure of those “Israeli military bases in Azerbaijan” to Washington itself, which led to the American request for the Israeli side to withdraw them), with the American assurance directed to Israel, about:
“The Israeli need not to prejudice these Iranian missile capabilities through the Israeli military bases in Azerbaijan, and not to link them to the Iranian nuclear file, while calling and warning Israel to reduce its military presence or even withdraw its forces from Azerbaijan”
Returning to the Israeli scheme in the state of Azerbaijan, it was “targeting to harass Iran through the attacks as it was planning, and also trying to provoke Iran to respond to the Israeli bombing in the event that it occurs”, with Iran responding by bombing the two Israeli military bases, which are close to the Azeri capital, “Baku”, and that perhaps (an Israeli desire to embarrass Turkey as an ally of the Azerbaijan state), and it is close to the political decision-making centers in Azerbaijan, and therefore (Israel is forcing the Turkish side to intervene to defend Azerbaijan, as an Israeli intelligence and strategic plan from the Israelis point of view, which will lead to a strong conflict between Iran and Turkey due to situation in Azerbaijan).
But,Turkey has realized the serious consequences that it will have in the event of intervention in Azerbaijan in favor of any party according to the Israeli tactical plan, and at the same time, Turkey does not want the “presence of another competitor or partner such as Israel or even Iran that may share its alliance and control to some extent over the state of Azerbaijan”. Therefore, the United States of America proceeded to warn and warn Israel not to proceed with its endeavors, which (which will mainly return to Israel and from it by targeting it from several Turkish, Iranian and other Asian parties, all of which will negatively return only to the Hebrew state in Tel Aviv and not others), according to the assurances of the US military for military leaders in Israel.
Based on those Israeli intelligence and military movements in “Azerbaijan”, which the Egyptian researcher also linked to the idea and philosophy of the Israeli intelligence presence in the “State of Bhutan” directly on the borders of Afghanistan by signing a peace agreement with it, the most dangerous international analysis of the Egyptian researcher relates to the same Israeli idea Presented in Azerbaijan, and related to Israel’s policy of “deliberately diverting attention about the places and the reality of its real locations”, so, “Israel may deliberately leak a video of the Israeli presence in the Afghan state of Panjshir, which is basically anti-Taliban rule and opposition to it, through the French-Israeli Jewish chaos maker, whose name is “Bernard Henry Levy”, as an Israeli attempt to make the “Afghan province of Panjshir itself a strategic target for the Taliban leaders to delude them of their success in striking the presence of Israel and its allies in the Afghan province of Panjshir that opposes the rule of the Taliban”.
The Egyptian researcher reached this dangerous analysis, the first of its kind in the world, due to her strong understanding of the viewpoint and method of work of “Israeli and Western intelligence in general”, that what they present to us and issue to our peoples of a “certain mental image” is not the truth that is intended to be reached, but is intended to access to something else entirely through it.
Hence, I personally went to follow (the pages of social networking sites and the private Twitter site of the French-Israeli “Bernard Henry Levy”) and to send a public message commenting on the video of “Bernard” referred to, requesting an academic and research interview with him publicly in a post that the Egyptian researcher publicly published on the Twitter social network that has been read by the whole world for my commenting on Bernard Henry Levy’s meeting with the leaders of the “Afghan Province of Panjshir and its armed militias to support them against the Taliban”, of course, I did not miss reading the number of insults on the video of Bernard Henry Levy’s meeting with the people of the Afghan province of Panjshir, which were issued mainly from Islamic nationalities, the majority of which are Arab. And linking all parties, poles, and analyzes to each other, I reached very easily that these insults are what Bernard Henry Levy and those behind him mean, and they are assured of the success of their plan to “distract attention”. And what confirms the validity of an analytical result completely, is (the fall of the Afghan state of Panjshir very easily in the hands of the leaders and militias of the Taliban movement, with absolute ease, after deliberately “Bernard Levy” and those behind him deliberately publish this video so that the leaders of the Taliban movement and the world can watch it).
The tangible evidence of the correctness of my analysis in this regard was my complete knowledge of “how fragile of the Afghan province of Panjshir”, despite it being against the Taliban thought, therefore, I expected its complete fall with absolute ease in the hands of the “Taliban militias”. This is of course what happened, and what he meant Bernard Henry Levy, who leaked a video of his meeting with the people of the “Afghan province of Panjshir” for their support against the armed Taliban militias, and in the full and complete truth, which “Bernard Henry Levy”, knows, that:
“He completely wants to distract the leaders of the armed Taliban movement around the real presence of the Israeli intelligence in the heart of the Afghan province of Panjshir. Therefore, the drawn intelligence plan is to expedite the leaders of the Taliban movement to get rid of the armed militias in the Afghan province of Panjshir, seize that state and tighten the Taliban grip on it”
Which can be analyzed in my opinion, that Israel intended to publish this video referred to in the “Afghan Province of Panjshir”, as an intelligence plan, aimed at:
“A delusional perception by the Taliban leaders, who believed that storming and controlling Panjshir province, misses the opportunity for Israel and its security allies to penetrate Afghan territory through the Afghan province of Panjshir and its armed militias that are basically opposed to the Taliban movement and its ideology”
The truth is exactly the opposite of the above. Giving the Taliban leaders the opportunity to achieve “a fictitious victory over Israel and the Western intelligence loyal to it”, which is the required success or the bait that the Taliban leaders swallowed with absolute ease, and even hurried to seize the Afghan province of Panjshir as soon as they deliberately published this video for “Bernard Henry Levy” in his meeting with the people of the Afghan province of “Panjshir” for their support in their “legitimate demand to stand firmly against the Taliban and its militias”.
Hence, the Egyptian researcher was assured of the soundness of her important and complete analysis, that the publication of the video of the internationally known Jewish chaos maker, “Bernard Henry Levy” in the heart of the Afghan province of Panjshir, is nothing, but:
“Deliberately exporting an intelligence image in one direction to distract attention, while the intention is something else entirely”
Also, as the Egyptian researcher tried in another way to track and understand the activity and mechanism work of “Bernard Henry Levy” in general around the world, the Egyptian researcher understood that his main places of existence are “areas of chaos and turmoil constantly, including all countries of the Arab Spring revolutions”, such as: (Syria, Libya Egypt, Tunisia, South Sudan, the Kurdish regions), and others, and perhaps this is the real reason for calling him globally by the title of “chaos maker”, with his constant presence in places of unrest and revolutions or demands for secession, and his constant encouragement to secession or revolutionaries and rebels wherever he goes to it around the world, especially the countries of the Arab world and the Middle East.
From here, I can analyze the “deliberate leakage of the video of the chaos maker “Bernard Henry Levy” through him personally via Twitter, despite (he knew in advance that he endangered the safety of the people of “Panjshir State” as soon as he deliberately published and broadcast this video, and this was so clear and doesn’t need a discussion, which caused them severe harm from the leaders and militias of the Taliban movement after storming the state of Panjshir after “Bernard Henry Levy” deliberately published this video on his page on the “Twitter”), which reinforces the main hypothesis of the Egyptian researcher, that what happened by “Bernard Levy” towards the people of Panjshir province against the Taliban, it is “a clear moral betrayal in the first place for the sons of “Panjshir”, and then actually causing them to be targeted by the Taliban’s incursion into the state, and then to confuse – which is the most important thing – about another goal nearby in which Israel is present near Afghanistan”.
And what I analyzed in this regard, that the intentional leakage of this video by its owner in the first place, enhances that “intelligence mental image” that Israel and other intelligence agencies cooperating with it wanted to communicate to the peoples of the Islamic world in the first place and its intelligence systems and even the leaders of the Taliban movement on their head, by showing a video The French-Israeli Jewish chaos maker “Bernard-Henri Levy” in Afghanistan and his meetings with the leaders of “Panjshir Province” against the “Taliban movement” and its affiliates, not with the aim of sympathizing with them or supporting them, but with the aim of defaming them, and handing them over to the leaders and militias of the Taliban movement, and this is another problem that has not been addressed Before about “the possibility of sacrificing those who share their goals in order to achieve a greater goal”, and this is precisely what was done with the intention of deliberately leaking the video, although I reserve the word “leak”, because it was deliberately published and not leaked as circulated by a number of Arab websites and Islamic countries.
Hence, my analysis, which I concluded as follows, is that the leak of the video referred to by “Bernard Henry Levy” personally through social networking sites and the “Twitter” site, and even “left the whole world preoccupied with the leaked video of its owner mainly in public and not a secret leak without his knowledge, reinforces the hypothesis of the Egyptian researcher”, which the Egyptian researcher analyzed in depth, that:
“leaking deliberately this video is nothing, but an Israeli intelligence maneuver with a French and perhaps American partnership, and perhaps with the participation of a number of international intelligence services cooperating with them in order to draw the attention and attention of the whole world to the location of the real presence of the Israeli intelligence and all the intelligence services cooperating with Tel Aviv, “Bernard Levy Henry” personally leaked this video, contrary to the truth for what it is intended for reaching”
Additionally, when the Egyptian researcher entered the social networking sites of “Bernard Henry Levy” to try to understand or read any comment from him or comment about the publication of this video and the timing of its leakage in the first place or such matters, but I found that it is not a leaked video as we arrived in the Arab world and in the region, but I found that “Barnard” himself was the one who deliberately put it and presented it globally on his Twitter page in the first place, so I have written a public message on Bernard’s Twitter page, commenting on the video of Afghanistan and his meetings with the people of the Afghan state of Panjshir, in which I asked to meet him to do an academic analysis I researched with him about this video, but my request was rejected and ignored to analyze the video academically, research and analytically. Therefore, from here we fully understand the following analysis:
“It is absolutely inconceivable that a video of the intelligence of Israel, France, and perhaps India as their ally, as well as other intelligence services cooperating with them, and sacrificing their interest with the utmost ease, which proves my analytical view that the “video of the French Jewish chaos maker” Bernard-Henri Levy”, is nothing but a kind of distraction about that Israeli-French intelligence maneuver by deliberately showing the video of the French-Israeli Jewish chaos maker “Bernard-Henry Levy” globally to form a “resistance front against the Taliban in the Afghan province of Panjshir” to distract the attention of the whole world about “the truth and location of the Israeli intelligence presence in Afghanistan and on its borders, and all the intelligence agencies cooperating with it”.
After all those events that accompanied the presentation of this aforementioned video, the Egyptian researcher continued to follow the method and mechanism of work of “Bernard-Henry Levy” during his previous work for a long time, whether as “an official military correspondent for France in Afghanistan”, based on a personal choice of his friend, the French President. The former Sarkozy, or the analysis of other visits to him in this way in the “State of Panjshir” in many and multiple countries that witnessed turmoil or severe crises or demands for secession and division, and others, I was amazed at what I witnessed and analyzed from the amount and volume of information circulated about “Bernard” and the most important thing to me now It became (attempting to understand the meaning, purpose, or purpose of “Bernard Henry Levy” deliberately publishing those many videos in different parts of the world, which he personally involved in those countries for sitting among their revolutionaries, or carrying a weapon openly with their armed militias, as in cases of separation and division that He supported it, such as South Sudan, or for his permanent support for secession demands, as in the Libyan and Kurdish cases), emphasizing his intention to publish all his videos and pictures publicly through his social networking pages and wearing circulating leaks, as is rumored in the Arab world. and the Islamic, which is something that is worth stopping at analytically and in research to try to understand:
“The nature of the role or work that Bernard Levy is doing, and in whose interest, and even who is behind it in the first place?”
Perhaps for all these facts that I mentioned, the nickname “Bernard” among the French and the world has become a “chaos maker” or a “mysterious figure”, and the big question about him, especially with his nickname circulating among the French, that he is the “inspirer of former French President Sarkozy”, his data bank and his close advisor. We find that despite the intertwining of all these data about Bernard, as I mentioned, in his relationship with Afghanistan and the countries of the “Arab Spring revolutions” and others, which some of us in the region may not understand, given the difficulty of being familiar with that Asian region to a great extent.
Therefore, the Egyptian researcher was able to link all these data, interactions and previous scenarios together, which are matters that linked them and the Egyptian researcher stopped at them a lot, given (the announcement of Israel in December 2020, signing an agreement to establish diplomatic relations with the state of Bhutan), as a small and remote kingdom in the Himalayas south of the Himalayas, in the middle of the line of Asia, specifically between India and China, and this coincided with the Egyptian researcher’s attempt to analyze this and link it to the Israeli presence in the state of Azerbaijan on the borders of Afghanistan and Iran together to monitor their movements and detect it in mid-October 2021 through mainly Iranian leaks, and also according to my situation and assumption from the beginning is basically a different perception related to the location of the Israeli intelligence presence in Afghanistan, completely away from the “Afghan state of Panjshir”, according to the Israeli promotion through “Bernard Henry Levy” video and the regional relations between China and India, but rather the withdrawal of this on “political normalization with the UAE and the countries of the Middle East”, as I have analyzed earlier, through the “employment mechanism for the political and psychological value of the “happiness index” pursued and adopted by the state of Bhutan since its establishment and inception, and its promotion and dissemination in the Emirates before the start of the stage of signing a peace agreement with it”. This may be withdrawn later through several countries in the region, with which Israel plans to start political normalization.
Second: My deep analysis for the first time globally of the relationship between the French-Israeli “Chaos Maker” video “Bernard-Henry Levy” in the “Afghan Province of Panjshir”, and making the chaos in the Middle East, Arab Spring countries revolutions, and the role of Israel and the West towards them
When the Egyptian researcher tried to follow and understand the activity and mechanism of work of “Bernard Henry Levy” in general around the world, the Egyptian researcher understood that “Bernard Levy” is a Jew of religion, and has strong relations with Tel Aviv. In Afghanistan and the world, and what caught the Egyptian researcher’s attention to him are those old photos that he himself published, which were taken of him more than a year ago, to form a “resistance front against the Taliban”, made up of “the militias of the Afghan province of Panjshir led by “Ahmed Shah Massoud”, Knowing that “Panjshir Province”, asit was (the only state that was not subject to the Taliban movement), but once the video of “Bernard Henry Levy” was leaked, the Egyptian researcher analyzed for the first time globally the relationship between the video of “Bernard Henry Levy” in the Afghan state of Panjshir, and linking it to the relations of Israel and the West in general with the Middle East and the countries of the Arab Spring revolutions, as follows:
The validity of the Egyptian researcher’s analysis and her attempt to prove her previous theory may come from the angle of (Israel’s attempt to play to swallow the Taliban leaders for the bait or the trap set for them by going to the anti-Afghan province of “Panjshir” and controlling it, in the belief of the Taliban leaders and the Islamic world, that Israel is playing there in the “Afghan Province of Panjshir” while the truth is completely different and the evidence that proves the correctness of my hypothesis and my referred theory, is that within a few weeks of the referred publication video by “Bernard Henry Levy” in the “Panjshir State” that has been stormed by Taliban militias, and they were completely controlled and the movement of the Afghan province was paralyzed in favor of the Taliban leaders, and this was exactly what was required, by following the “game of delusion or projection or making political illusion” or “installing and fabricating content” and then displaying it in public to distract attention from the real goal of what is happening in Afghan mandate by Israeli and Western intelligence.
We find that “Bernard Henry Levy” may have succeeded in one way or another in his mission completely after everyone in Afghanistan started talking about “the mysterious political role in Afghanistan and other places of turmoil in the Arab and Islamic world in the first place” by the French “Bernard Henry Levy”, known for his constantly presence in “chaos areas” around the world, through his movements and stances, which raise many question marks.
On the other hand, reviewing the reasons for the fear of any moves made by “Bernard” is also reinforced by looking at his various precedents in the same context. For example, we find that “Bernard-Henri Levy” was one of the most prominent French-Israeli thinkers who relentlessly criticized the “socialist ideas, Communism and nationalism”, and he considered them moral evils, and this is what he expressed in his book, which bore the title of (Barbarism with a Human Face), published in 1977, and then his other book (God’s Will).
It was also known that “Bernard Henry Levy” employed what he inherited from his Jewish father of Algerian origin in encouraging all “Israeli expansionist projects”, which was what the Egyptian researcher observed in the leadership of “Bernard Henry Levy” and his leadership of a group of fanatical Jews in order to establish (philosophical Institute of Levy, located in Jerusalem, Israel), and Bernard Levy is one of the most affected by ideas hostile to the Islamic faith, such as his view that “the veil is an invitation to rape”, and Bernard Levy Henry believes that (the extremist Islamic movements were not a product of Western anti-Islam behaviors. Rather, from Bernard Levy Henry’s point of view, it is deep and rooted in the Islamic faith that calls for violence, and it is one of the most serious dangers threatening the West, such as fascism threatened it in the recent past), besides his other statement:
“Military and political interference in the affairs of the Arab and Islamic world is not considered an imperialist violation. Rather, it is a legitimate right of the civilized West and a sacred duty that must be carried out quickly and without hesitation. His goals are all centered on dismantling Arab and Islamic entities, and seeking to fragment them. And scatter it, destabilize its security and tamper with its stability, so that it does not have a list!”
Here, the Egyptian researcher found that the French philosopher (Michel Onfray) was the first to criticize the positions of “Bernard Levy“, and he explicitly saw in him the description of (a philosopher complicit with suspicious world plans), and he considered him (an igniter of fire, a merchant of wars). Theprominent French philosophers, such as: “Prof.Gilles Deleuze”, his professors “Jacques Derrida and the historian Pierre Vidal Naquet”, called him a “cultural deception”, as the philosopher Cornelius Castoriadis called him “the empty prince and the criminal opportunist”.
The most prominent (areas of chaos) in which the responsibility of “Bernard Henry Levy” was announced as a chaos maker in the countries of the Arab Spring revolutions in the Middle East and the region, as follows:
When “Bernard Henry Levy” visited Libya in 2011 and demanded that “NATO intervene in the Libyan conflict and division”, and the strangest thing for the Egyptian researcher is that Bernard Levy personally lowered the green flag adopted by Libya in response to the 1977 Camp David agreements, related to the Israeli peace agreement with Egypt. Bernard Levy raised the old Libyan royal flag, which was in effect in the fifties and sixties, before the late Libyan president, Colonel “Muammar Al-Qathafi”, overthrew the Libyan monarchy, overthrew the rule of the former Libyan king “Idris Al-Senussi” and put in place a “ready-made partition map of Libya”. Bernard-Henry Levy also attended the meetings of the “delegations of the Libyan Transitional Council with former French President “Sarkozy” with a number of French officials, and “Bernard-Henry Levy” was active in arranging (the intervention of NATO forces in Libya). He conveyed a message from one of the leaders of the Libyan movement to the former Israeli Prime Minister “Benjamin Netanyahu” and conveyed to him again his response to it.
Bernard Henry Levy was also present in the “Kurdistan Region of Iraq”, and his adoption and encouragement of the idea of a referendum on the independence of the Kurdistan Region from Iraq.
Also, the strange presence of the mysterious French Jew “Bernard Henry Levy” in Sudan, and “Bernard Levy” was one of the fiercest advocates of international intervention in the “Darfur of North Sudan”.
Bernard Levy’s permanent encouragement for (the secession of southern Sudan from the north), and his encouragement of the plan for “the armed conflict of southern Sudan and the division and fragmentation of Sudan into several parts”. Here we find Bernard Henry Levy’s video interviews published with the (armed militias of Sudan) to encourage them to secede from the north and form a separate and independent government and region in “South Sudan” to secede to break up Sudan.
The same thing has been repeated in (Syria), with Bernard Henry Levy inciting the West to intervene in the Syrian interior, during which Bernard Levy called to support the Syrian revolutionaries to overthrow the regime of “Bashar Al-Assad”, and his actual meeting with the armed militias working against “Bashar Al-Assad”.
Here, we also notice Bernard-Henry Levy’s exploitation of the so-called “Arab Spring” revolutions, with his public appearances in front of the lenses of photographers and his daily field participation in the demonstrations that swept the “streets of Tunisia” before the fall of the late Tunisian President “Zine El Abidine Ben Ali”.
The most dangerous thing for the Egyptian researcher, as she is an Egyptian identity, is the mysterious, sudden, and even recurring appearance of the French “Bernard Henry Levy” in the heart of “Tahrir Square in the center of Cairo during the period of the Egyptian revolution of January 25, 2011”, and the strangest thing is that “Bernard Levy” distributed Food on the Egyptian protesters and revolutionaries in the heart of the “Egyptian Tahrir Square in central Cairo”, without anyone recognizing it in the famous Egyptian Square that witnessed the Egyptian revolutions on (January 25, 2011 or June 30, 2013).
Through the previous presentation of tracking and understanding the activity and mechanism of work of “Bernard Henry Levy” in general around the world, the Egyptian researcher understood that the “intelligence mental image” that is intended to be communicated to us by displaying public videos and pictures of Bernard Levy, and then deluding us every time that it is Leaked photos or videos, without his knowledge, that the primary role of Bernard’s policy may have been part of “Israeli or Western intelligence maneuvers, all of which drew the attention and attention of the whole world to a certain point in order to plant an idea about something in another direction far from the destination of what is being circulated”. This is what happened with us in the Afghan case, and I analyzed it very carefully, as I mentioned.
Mounting Cyber Espionage and Hacking Threat from China
Earlier this month a ransomware attack on America’s Prospect Medical Holdings, which operates dozens of hospitals and hundreds of clinics and outpatient centres across the states of Connecticut, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania and Southern California was forced to shut off its centres in several locations as the healthcare system experienced software disruptions. In June India’s premier hospital, the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) faced a malware attack on its systems which was thwarted by its cyber-security systems. This is not the first time that the premier hospital’s data was breached. In November 2022, AIIMS had experienced a cyberattack within weeks of announcing that from January 2023, it would operate on a completely paperless mechanism. The cyber attack which involved ransomware, designed to deny a user or organisation access to files, lasted for nearly a month affecting the profile of almost 4 crore patients – affecting registration, appointments, billing, laboratory report generation, among other operations of the hospital. Regarding the quantum of data that was compromised, the government revealed that “five servers of AIIMS were affected and approximately 1.3 terabytes of data was encrypted.”
Till June this year, Indian Government organisations faced over one lakh cyber security incidents and financial institutions saw over four lakh incidents. Data presented by the Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In), which has the mandate of tracking and monitoring cybersecurity incidents in India, indicates rising Cyberattacks to government organisations. or systems year on year. From 70798 in 2018, to 112474 in 2023 (up to June) incidents of cyber attacks have been on the rise, on a year on year basis. Presenting this data at the Parliament, Minister for electronics and IT Ashwini Vaishnaw said, “With innovation in technology and rise in usage of the cyberspace and digital infrastructure for businesses and services, cyber-attacks pose a threat to confidentiality, integrity and availability of data and services, which may have direct or indirect impact on the organisation.”
A lot of the hacking activity points towards China. Western intelligence agencies are becoming increasingly wary of digital intrusion by hacking teams that they believe are being backed by China’s government. Almost a decade ago, American computer security firm Mandiant had made the startling claim that these hacking groups are operated by units of China’s army. The firm was able to trace an overwhelming percentage of the attacks on American corporations, organisations and government agencies to a building on the outskirts of Shanghai. Mandiant made the case that the building was one of the bases of the People’s Liberation Army’s corps of cyberwarriors. US intelligence analysts have detected that a central element of Chinese computer espionage is Unit 61398 which targets American and Canadian government sites. Mandiant, which was hired by The New York Times, found that hacker groups like “Comment Crew” or “Shanghai Group” were behind hundreds of attacks on U.S. companies, focusing “on companies involved in the critical infrastructure of the United States — its electrical power grid, gas lines and waterworks” thereafter bringing that information to the military unit 61398.
In their defence the China’s authorities simply denied any form of state-sponsored hacking, and have in turn dubbed the US National Security Agency (NSA) as “the world’s largest hacker organisation.”
Nonetheless, since the 2013 revelations, Chinese hacking teams have generated a lot of interest and Western cybersecurity companies and intelligence agencies have accused them of global digital incursion. They allege that Chinese government-backed hackers attempt to target everything from government and military organisations to corporations and media organisations.
Most recently in the footsteps of the incident involving the Chinese spy balloon Microsoft claimed that in an ongoing effort Chinese state-sponsored hackers group ‘Storm-0558’ was forging digital authentication tokens to gain unauthorised access to Microsoft’s Outlook accounts and urged users “close or change credentials for all compromised accounts”. On May 24, Microsoft and US intelligence state-sponsored hackers of ‘Volt Typhoon’ were engaged in ongoing spying of critical US infrastructure organisations ranging from telecommunications to transportation hubs, using an unnamed vulnerability in a popular cybersecurity suite called FortiGuard, and had been active since mid-2021.
According to US cybersecurity firm Palo Alto Networks cyber espionage threat group ‘BackdoorDiplomacy’ has links to the Chinese hacking group called ‘APT15’and they are all involved in cyber intrusions and financially motivated data breaches for the Chinese government. During the visit by then-US House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi to Taipei, APT27 initiated a range of cyber attacks targeting Taiwan’s presidential office, foreign and defence ministries as well as infrastructure such as screens at railway stations. Television screens at 7-11 convenience stores in Taiwan Began to display the words: “Warmonger Pelosi, get out of Taiwan!”
Mara Hvistendahl’s article in Foreign Policy, 2017 ‘China’s Hacker Army’ estimated China’s “hacker army” anywhere from 50,000 to 100,000 individuals, but rejected the belief that it was a monolithic cyber army. Mara contends that Chinese hackers are for the most part dangerous ‘freelancers’ whose ‘causes neatly overlap with the interests of the Chinese government’ and these hackers are left alone as long as they target foreign sites and companies.
Although cyber attacks have gone up globally, data by Check Point, an American-Israeli software company, reveals that weekly cyber attacks in India have gone up by 18 per cent this year, which is 2.5 times more than the global increase. Furthermore the cyber attacks are becoming more sophisticated as hackers try to weaponize legitimate tools for malicious gains. For instance the use of ChatGPT for code generation, enables hackers to effortlessly launch cyberattacks.
Last year in a massive case of cyber espionage, Chinese-linked hackers broke into mail servers operated by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in February 2022 and stole sensitive data. At the recent ‘Conference on Crime & Security on the theme of ‘NFTs, AI and the Metaverse’, current G20 President India, has highlighted the need for cooperation to build cyber-resilience in an increasingly connected world. Both cyber attacks and cyber crimes have national security implications.
In India, investigations into the cyberattack, which had crippled the functioning of India premier health institution AIIMS, revealed that “the IP addresses of two emails, which were identified from the headers of files that were encrypted by the hackers, originated from Hong Kong and China’s Henan province”.
Earlier this year, US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Director Christopher Wray had an alarming metric, – that Chinese hackers outnumber FBI cyber staff 50 to one. Addressing a Congressional panel he said, China has “a bigger hacking programme than every other major nation combined and has stolen more of our personal and corporate data than all other nations — big or small — combined.”
China is today home to some of the most sophisticated hackers, whose capabilities have only improved with time. Their motivations and actions might be independent but are conveniently entwined. However, much more needs to be understood about the hacker culture from China in recent years, if the menace of cybercrime and ransomware is to be mitigated successfully .
Whistleblowers: the Unsung Heroes
Whistleblowing is a bribery and corruption prevention strategy that does not receive the credit it deserves. In fact, rather than relying exclusively on laws, regulations, and resolutions, whistleblowing can be considered a highly effective method to combat bribery and corruption in any field, including government or corporate settings. Whistleblowing often leads to sustainable solutions, as it involves voices from various levels, ranging from grassroots to top-tier management. However, there are plethora of challenges whistleblowers face when they blow the whistle. Nonetheless, whistleblowers play a crucial role in preventing bribery and corruption, and this pivotal role enables preserving the security of any nation.
As stated by the National Center for Whistleblowing (2021), at its core, a whistleblower is an individual who discloses instances of wastefulness, fraudulent activities, misconduct, corruption, or hazards to public well-being, with the intention of prompting corrective actions. While whistleblowers are often affiliated with the organization where the wrongdoing occurs, it is not a prerequisite; anyone can assume the role of a whistleblower as long as they reveal information about the wrongdoing that would otherwise remain concealed. In simple terms, a whistleblower is a person who acts responsibly on behalf of themselves as well as others. Whistleblowers play an extremely imperative role in any society, as they stand for justice, promote accountability, and advocate transparency.
When looking at its link to national security, whistleblowers play a crucial role. One prominent action is whistleblowers exposing imminent and occurred security threats. They are capable of disclosing breaches of security, illegal surveillance, and in situations where individuals or entities are attempting to divulge material information. Whistleblowers uncover injustices, misconduct, and beyond-the-scope activities of decision-makers within government or private entities. If individuals engage in unethical practices, illegal actions, or actions jeopardizing integrity, whistleblowers blow the whistle. One such example, as reported by St. Francis School of Law in 2022, is whistleblower Frank Serpico’s case. He was the first police officer who openly testified about corruption within the New York Police Department, reporting instances of police corruption, including bribes and payoffs, despite facing numerous obstacles. His revelations contributed to a 1970 New York Times story on systemic corruption in the NYPD, leading to the formation of the Knapp Commission. In 1971, he survived a suspicious shooting during an arrest, raising concerns about potential attempts to harm him. Serpico’s bravery emphasized the importance of accountability and transparency in law enforcement.
Whistleblowers also contribute by facilitating accountability by bringing into light corrupt practices such as mismanagement of money. An example is, in 1968 when A. Ernest Fitzgerald, known as the “godfather of the defense movement,” exposed a staggering $2.3 billion cost overrun related to the Lockheed C-5 transport aircraft. His courageous testimony before Congress shed light on issues in defense contracting and resulted in substantial government savings. Fitzgerald’s contributions went beyond the immediate case, playing a crucial role in the passage of the Whistleblower Protection Act of 1989. This results in a culture of accountability where representatives of the public are answerable to their actions. Whistleblowers uphold the rule of law and promote justice by defending the rights of the citizens. It fosters democracy.
However, whistleblowers are often subjected to criticism for standing up against injustice. They fear retaliation, as guilty parties may try to silence them out of revenge. Additionally, companies or institutions may not take whistleblowers seriously, leading them to avoid addressing the reported issues. In many cases, this happens because governments or authorities in power might be involved in bribery and corruption. Public recognition and appreciation of whistleblowers’ contributions to society are vital and should not be perceived as excessive. In addition, there are situations where groups of individuals create sub cultures within organisation and act against rules and protocols jeopardising inclusive culture. In such situations, reporting to a superior will be seen as favoritism or being overly devoted to the institution. This toxic environment demotivates valuable employees or those willing to stand against injustice. The lack of adequate legal protection further compounds the challenges faced by whistleblowers. Moreover, the courage to stand against bribery and corruption is in dire need, as many individuals may lack the moral fortitude to do so.
Whistleblowers are internationally and domestically protected, primarily through the adoption of the United Nations Convention against Corruption. Other international agreements, such as the African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption and the Organization of American States Inter-American Convention against Corruption, also demonstrate a commitment to whistleblower protection. Various influential international organizations, including the G20, OECD, and APEC, have played a role in promoting whistleblower laws and best practices worldwide. On the domestic front, countries like Sri Lanka have specific laws dealing with corruption, while OECD findings highlight countries with comprehensive whistleblower laws such as the United States, Canada, Japan, and others.
Despite these efforts, there are still some ambiguities and gaps in provisions that hinder effective whistleblowing. For instance, the proposed anti-corruption bill in Sri Lanka allows public officers to accept gratifications authorized by written law or employment terms, which undermines the core objectives of the bill and enables influential individuals to evade accountability for corrupt gains. In Russia, whistleblower protection is limited, with unsuccessful attempts to establish protective measures in 2017. This puts Russia behind the EU, which has implemented robust whistleblower protection through the Whistleblowing Directive.
It is evident that whistleblowers play an indispensable role in combatting bribery and corruption, acting as a highly effective strategy to preserve the security of any nation. Despite facing numerous challenges, these individuals contribute significantly by uncovering wrongdoing, promoting accountability, and upholding transparency. By exposing imminent security threats and holding corrupt practices accountable, whistleblowers safeguard the rule of law and foster democracy. However, to harness the full potential of whistleblowing, it is crucial to address barriers to reporting and remedy afore mentioned legal hurdles. Encouraging a whistleblowing culture and recognizing their contributions will enable society to effectively mitigate and combat bribery and corruption, by creating a more just and transparent environment. To accomplish this, organizations can embrace a culture of whistleblowing, by conducting awareness campaigns, implementing training programs, and fostering a safe and supportive environment for whistleblowers to come forward. In addition, implementing technical measures and policies to ensure whistleblower protection, authorities can demonstrate their commitment to supporting those who expose wrongdoing. These collective actions will strengthen the pivotal role of whistleblowers in preserving security by combating bribery and corruption, fostering a safer and more ethical society for the future.
Breaking the Grip: Comprehensive Policy Recommendations to Defeat Drug Cartels
In 2022, drug overdoses claimed the lives of over 100,000 Americans. The primary sources of illegal drugs flooding into the United States are the Mexican drug cartels, who exploit a network of corrupt politicians, police officers, and military personnel in Mexico. Within Mexico itself, these cartels are responsible for a staggering level of violence, including tens of thousands of homicides each year. Within the United States, the cartels establish distribution cells, collaborating with either Mexican gangs or affiliated criminal organizations.
The U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) considers the Mexican drug cartels to be the number-one threat to the United States. Among them, the Sinaloa Cartel and Jalisco New Generation Cartel (CJNG) are the richest and most powerful. Their exceptional earnings allow them to invest in soldiers and weapons, as well as payoffs and bribes, enabling them to expand their territorial control.
To effectively address the challenge posed by the cartels, the United States should adopt a comprehensive set of policy measures. These include securing the southern border, fostering enhanced cooperation with the Mexican government, implementing immigration reforms, bolstering drug enforcement efforts domestically, designating the cartels as terrorist organizations, imposing targeted financial and economic sanctions, and considering if limited military intervention is necessary.
While these measures hold significant potential, there exist political barriers that hinder their implementation.
Secure the Southern Border
Since January 2020, over five million people have illegally crossed the southern border. The U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) identifies protecting the border from illegal movements of people and drugs as being essential to homeland security. Transnational criminal organizations, such as the Sinaloa Cartel and CJNG, are responsible for most of the drugs entering the country. On an average day, CBP seizes 1,797 pounds of illegal narcotics. In 2022, CBP seized a total of “more than 1.8 million pounds of narcotics and 14,700 pounds of fentanyl.” Preventing the cartels from being able to transport drugs into the United States would take away their income, causing their soldiers and friendly politicians to stop cooperating with them.
In order to better secure the border, CBP has created a preparedness plan which consists of a number of crucial elements, such as increasing the number of personnel, while improving technology and infrastructure. In addition to new hires, the number of personnel can be augmented through increased cooperation with other branches of law enforcement and the military. In May, President Biden, in response to a request from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), which oversees CBP, ordered an additional 1,500 troops to the border for a 90-day deployment. This was on top of the 2,500 already in place. Texas Governor Ron Abbot deployed his national guard and the new Texas Tactical Border Force to the border. North Dakota and Tennessee, as well as other states, also sent members of their national guard to Texas. In addition to national guard troops, the state of Florida sent a mix of state law-enforcement officers from varying branches. To effectively control the border, however, and have a major impact on illegal immigration, the number of troops will have to be drastically increased and the deployment would have to be permanent.
The technological improvements called for by the DHS include increased use of high-tech assets for aerial surveillance such as drones and manned aircraft. They also want sensors on border barriers, land sensors, cameras, radar, and autonomous surveillance towers. This technology will allow the DHS to better detect, monitor, and track unauthorized border crossings. Additionally, improved data analytics and artificial intelligence would help with screening and processing of legal entrants as well as illegals who have been apprehended.
The DHS has called for improved infrastructure towers, as well as facility expansion and upgrades. Some U.S. lawmakers would also like to see the border wall completed, particularly along vulnerable areas. A wall would impede illegal entry to the country, while making it easier for officials to spot illegal crossings.
Plans to secure the border have been rejected on a number of grounds. First, it would be expensive to station the necessary number of personnel at the border. Increased infrastructure, particularly the wall, would also be very costly and would not provide a 100-percent solution. Even more, it would be seen as racist, with Bloomberg calling the border wall a monument to White Supremacy.
Increased Cooperation with Mexican Government
One part of the cooperation with Mexico has to include Mexico’s willingness to help staunch the flow of illegal immigrants into the United States. Mexican President López Obrador formed a national guard tasked with this purpose, but the group has been condemned by human rights activists. Furthermore, the national guard, like other elements of Mexico’s law enforcement and military, suffers from corruption.
If migrants were turned away by the U.S. in large numbers, Mexico would have to stand ready to accept them. Mexico would also have to form agreements with other countries in the chain of drug transit, from Colombia, through Central America, to the U.S. border. These countries will have to similarly agree to help prevent migrants from entering Mexico and they will have to stand ready to receive those migrants returned by Mexico.
Inside of Mexico, the Mexican government must actively fight the cartels, disarming them, disbanding them, and loosening their hold over both territory and people. This includes targeting high-profile cartel leaders. This will create command and control vacuums which historically have caused in-fighting among cartel members. Large cartels would then splinter into independent and warring groups with considerably less power. Changes within Mexico, however, would be dependent on reducing corruption, and these policies would be very unpopular among politicians, police, and military officers who benefit from the status quo.
Because of the massive corruption and the influence the cartels have over the Mexican authorities, U.S. Rep. Dan Crenshaw (R-TX) has abandoned any hope of cooperating with the Mexican government, calling the country “a failed narco-state.” Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-SC) has similarly given up on the Mexican government, saying that the U.S. should notify Mexico that the cartels will soon be designated as terrorist organizations.
The screening process for legal immigrants must be strengthened, while backdoor avenues, such as illegal entry and asylum-seeking, must be curtailed. Under the Biden administration, anyone arriving at the southern border can claim to be seeking asylum. This allows them to remain in the United States awaiting their asylum hearing. Republicans see this as an enticement for people wishing to enter the country, bypassing normal immigration procedures. Rights groups, on the other hand, complain that Washington should not curtail its acceptance of asylum seekers. In this case, asylum seekers should be returned to Mexico to await their court date. Knowing that they cannot get a free pass into the U.S. would reduce the number of people seeking to exploit the system. This change in immigration procedure would have to be coordinated with Mexico, however, as the undocumented would be entering Mexican territory.
Increased Drug Enforcement in the U.S.
Drug laws in the U.S. must be rigorously enforced in order to reduce the demand for drugs. Law enforcement must be strengthened, including additional training, and increased investigation and prosecution of drug-related crimes. Intelligence gathering must be enhanced through the creation of specialized units and task forces. The DEA reported that drug cartels are exploiting social media to sell fentanyl and methamphetamine. The authorities should closely monitor these social media in order to identify and arrest buyers and sellers. Furthermore, the DEA must coordinate with federal, state, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies to increase arrests of people selling or buying illegal drugs.
Beyond law enforcement and prosecution, there must be comprehensive drug prevention and treatment programs, education campaigns, addiction treatment, and rehabilitation programs. Opponents of strict enforcement claim that enforcement does not work because drug use has increased during the 50 years that the U.S. war on drugs has been going on. The war on drugs has cost $1 trillion, and roughly one in five incarcerated people were arrested on drug charges. Opponents also complain that prisoners are disproportionately Black and Latino. Although only 13.4 percent of the population is African American, about 25 percent of all persons arrested for drugs are African American adults.
Identify Cartels as International Terrorist Organization
The cartels are known to cooperate with international terrorist organizations, such as Hezbollah, Taliban, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and al-Qaeda, in order to sell their drugs in other parts of the world. They also aid terrorism by smuggling terrorists into the United States. To launder their illicit income, they employ the services of Chinese criminal organizations which pose their own threat to the United States. U.S. lawmakers have proposed designating the cartels as terrorist organizations, because they use violence and threats of violence to influence and control judges, politicians, and lawmakers. Designating the cartels as terrorist organizations would facilitate U.S. government seizure of cartel assets. It would make it easier for the U.S. to arrest cartel members inside of the United States, and possibly inside of Mexico. The U.S. could deport or bar from entry persons associated with the cartels. A terrorism designation would also enable the U.S. to deploy the military, even inside of Mexico.
However, there would be a number of disadvantages. First, violence would most likely increase, particularly if the U.S. military became involved. Next, it would effectively destroy U.S.-Mexico relations. The U.S. would be able to sanction or arrest high-ranking members of the Mexican government and security forces, which might be perceived as an act of war. These types of purges might destabilize the Mexican government and would, at the very least, cause a breakdown in cooperation between the two nations. Furthermore, bilateral trade, valued at $800 billion and accounting for millions of jobs on both sides of the border, would dry up. Increased violence, a destabilized government, and a loss of jobs would increase the flow of illegal immigrants into the United States.
Rep. Dan Crenshaw and other U.S. lawmakers have called for an Authorization for Use of Military Force (AUMF) to target Mexican drug cartels, saying “We must start treating them like ISIS – because that is who they are.” Those who back an AUMF point to the fact that the cartels are responsible for more American deaths each year than the entire Vietnam War. An AUMF would provide the president with the sophisticated hardware and expert personnel of the U.S. military, more powerful assets than those possessed by law enforcement or the DHS. Supporters of an AUMF also make the point that the soldiers would be engaging foreign hostiles in a foreign nation and, therefore, would not be infringing on the civil rights of U.S. citizens.
In addition to arresting or killing key cartel members, military intervention could disrupt drug supply chains by destroying growing fields and drug labs. The government of Mexico has protested discussions of U.S. military operations in his country, calling it an offense to the Mexican people. Mexico’s President Lopez Obrador said that he would not “permit any foreign government to intervene in our territory, much less that a government’s armed forces intervene”.
Another disadvantage of U.S. military operations in Mexico would be an increase in violence. Inevitably, civilians would suffer, and the U.S. would be portrayed as the villain in the international and liberal press. The threat of cartel violence against Americans would also increase. Historically, the cartels have tried to avoid killing Americans, for fear of provoking Washington’s wrath. If the U.S. military began engaging in cross-border operations, the cartels would most likely declare all-out-war on Americans. Cartel violence within the U.S. would also accelerate as the cartels would be risking nothing by upping the ante.
Increased Financial and Economic Sanctions
Financial and economic sanctions can be powerful tools to break the cartels and to punish those who assist them. This includes enforcement of anti-money laundering laws, as well as targeting financial institutions that handle cartel money. Cartel assets held in banks around the world could be seized if U.S. allies also participated in the sanctions. If Mexico is legitimately interested in curbing corruption in their own government, this intense scrutiny would also help them to discover which public officials were accepting bribes.
Sanctions have already been used against the cartels: In 2022, the U.S. Treasury Department, in cooperation with their Mexican counterparts, brought sanctions against a cartel member who was trafficking weapons from the United States. Under the sanctions, Obed Christian Sepulveda Portillo had his property in the U.S. seized. U.S. Entities and persons from the U.S. are also prohibited from doing business with him or completing transactions on his behalf. Those who violate these sanctions may face criminal charges or civil lawsuits. In July 2023, the Treasury Department imposed sanctions against ten individuals, including several Sinaloa Cartel members, as well as one Mexico-based company, for their role in the production of illicit fentanyl and the precursor chemicals necessary for fentanyl production. Under the sanctions, all of their properties and interests in the U.S. were seized. Americans were banned from doing business with them. Companies in which they had a direct or indirect stake of 50 percent or more were also prohibited from doing business in the U.S. or with Americans. These are good examples, but to break the cartels, these types of sanctions would have to increase in scope, hitting large numbers of people participating in criminal networks.
From an efficacy standpoint, the above policy recommendations, if taken together, would result in a decrease in the supply side, a decrease in the demand side, and a long-term reduction in drug deaths and violent deaths in both the U.S. and Mexico, eventually leading to the stabilization of Mexico. Breaking the hold the cartels have on the country would allow Mexico to develop economically. This would benefit the entire population and the United States. But this success, which could take painful years to achieve, would come with a political and human cost which politicians may not be willing to pay.
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