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The 72nd anniversary of founding People’s Republic of China

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First: The role of the Belt and Road Initiative in supporting the “responsible global leadership model of China” at the international level in the face of  unilateralism and hegemony (post-Covid-19)

Second: The contributions of the “Health Silk Initiative” to help countries recover from (Covid-19), improve the global governance system, and the new leadership role of modern China

Third: Interlinking the role of the Belt and Road Initiative in the (modernization of the developing world and China’s leadership of the South-North dialogue) through multilateral international platforms and institutions

Fourth: The role of the Belt and Road Initiative in China’s modern renaissance, and the call to share “the experience of Chinese governance globally” for a common future for mankind

This year’s celebration of the 72nd anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China comes in a different way, as well as the year 2021 (the fiftieth anniversary) of China’s restoration of its permanent legal seat in the United Nations, and China is a founding member of the United Nations.  On June 26, 1945, the Chinese delegation was the first to sign the “Constituent Charter Establishing the United Nations”, and the representative of the Communist Party of China at that time was “Dong Baiyou”, as one of the most prominent figures of this Chinese delegation to the United Nations.

As soon as the Chinese President, Comrade “Xi Jinping”, came to power in the country, he raised theslogan of “Chinese Dream”, and called everyone to stand around this dream, with a unique concept associated with it, namely, “the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation”. Here we find that the concept of (the dream  The Chinese) presented by President “Xi” and the leaders of the Communist Party of China, has been practically interpreted by Comrade “Xi Jinping” in his current political speeches, by his assertion:

 “The Chinese Dream is a long-term vision for China based on objective analysis, as well as a strategic idea and a long-term development plan around which all the Chinese people and their nationalities must rally to achieve the renaissance of modern China”

Based on this dream initiated by Comrade “Xi” to promote his country’s global renaissance, China has played an active role within the framework of the United Nations and relevant international institutions to reform the international system in accordance with the multipolarity of all the actors in it.

  In the last speech of the Chinese President, Comrade “Xi Jinping”, to the United Nations General Assembly in September 2021, President “Xi” made the voice of Chinese diplomacy loud around the world, through the United Nations platform, in calling for the rejection of unilateralism and respect for global openness, and not to return again to the Cold War mentality that prevailed during the period of the former Soviet Union before its disintegration.  Since this was the first speech of President “Xi Jinping”, it was preceded by many speeches on all international occasions and meetings.

   Since 2012, the first speech of the Chinese President, Comrade “Xi Jinping”, came immediately after assuming the reins of power in China, and then it was followed by a number of important and influential speeches at the heart of the United Nations itself, and all other international platforms and multilateral mechanisms affiliated with it, and the work of Comrade “Xi”.  With the leaders of the Communist Party of China in (presenting a series of new ideas, initiatives and proposals with Chinese characteristics), which were able to meet all international expectations and the values ​​of justice by introducing effective development initiatives that contribute to the development of all humankind, especially the “Belt and Road Initiative”, taking into account that the Chinese diplomacy has succeeded in obtaining (an official recognition by the United Nations of its Belt and Road Initiative), and this has been codified in the laws and institutions of the United Nations to work under the initiative in partnership between the international community and China.

   This Chinese international initiative for the Belt and Road is considered as (important strategic guidelines for promoting pluralism at the international level, ways to practice it and how to develop it in a way that suits the characteristics, values ​​and cultures of each country separately), through the calls that emerged from it about the (global governance system and the call for a global government with civilized characteristics).  And its demand to hold a (dialogue for rapprochement between all civilizations and cultures, with the definition of the most important Chinese and Asian cultural values), as well as many important international standards and guidelines, which China put forward globally.

   On the occasion of (the anniversary of the celebration of the founding of the People’s Republic of China), and according to my vision as an expert in Chinese political affairs, I believe that creating a space to talk about the importance of (the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative, as the face of modern China to change the world), through its call for solidarity, justice and pluralism, according to a multilateral system, and here we find that the most important outlines added by the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative for mankind are:

First: The role of the Belt and Road Initiative in supporting the “responsible global leadership model of China” at the international level in the face of unilateralism and hegemony (post-Covid-19)

After the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, and until the advent of Chinese President Comrade “Xi Jinping” in 2012, over the past 72 years, China has succeeded in playing a comprehensive role in the multilateral affairs of the United Nations, and indeed all relevant international forums, as China demonstrated  Its responsibility as a major country on the world stage, especially after the Corona pandemic, and China’s behavior as a “responsible leader” on the world stage and its commitment to continue cooperation and solidarity with all countries of the world through its Belt and Road Initiative, through:

The Chinese call, through the “Chinese Belt and Road Initiative”, to support the values ​​of consultation and joint construction between China and various countries of the whole world, within the framework of “multipolarity” that Chinese President “Xi Jinping” has always raised in his current political speeches.  As major powers that reject international pluralism, such as the United States of America, because of their deliberate isolation from other countries, especially during the era of former President “Trump”, are not conducive to the rapid recovery and healthy development of the global economy after the outbreak of (Covid-19).

Here, some major powers are trying to maintain hegemony, or use international rules to oppress other countries, or seek (unite allies to reshape a non-neutral system of governance, resorting to what is known as “selective pluralism”).  All of these actions constitute obstacles to the global economic governance advocated by China and the leaders of the Communist Party of China, and they are not conducive to the recovery of the global economy after the Corona pandemic.

One of the results of the spread of (Covid-19) was (accelerating the transformation of the economy to digitization).  The digital transformation of the economy continues to play an important role in combating the epidemic, maintaining economic activities during the epidemic and economic recovery after the epidemic.

China’s international role must be commended within the framework of Chinese President “Xi Jinping’s call” and plan to work within the framework of consultation, joint construction and international cooperation between China and the countries of the world.  The (digital economy with the help of new technologies) is an important reference that countries around the world can benefit from to face global changes by learning from the pioneering Chinese experience in this framework.

It has become clear at the present time, that companies from all over the world urgently need to adapt to new business forms, new rules and the new competitive environment after the Corona pandemic, and here we must learn from China’s experience in this direction, by opening its markets to the world, and making sure to make facilities  To attract investors, establish international partnerships and exhibits of international weight, and assist developing countries in this context.

With the maturity of digital technology and the increasing prosperity of the digital economy, the advantages of new economic forms are constantly emerging, which will form a new image of the global economy after (Covid-19) within a framework of joint construction among all.

On the other hand, the urgent need for China’s call for cooperation and joint construction within a framework of international pluralism appears, through the increasing need in the current period for (protecting the environment and water from global climate changes, and low-carbon, green and sustainable growth).  With China’s keenness to share with the whole world its experience to protect man and nature as a common community that requires constructive and continuous cooperation and coordination, and dealing with the issue of climate change is a preoccupation for the international humanitarian community within the framework of (the common destiny of mankind), which are the premises on which the joint construction of Chinese cooperation with the world is based.  China’s Belt and Road Initiative, given that the previous economic development model failed to meet the urgent needs of the international community in the face of the threat of climate change in the future.

Here, we find China’s call on the international community to work together within the framework of coordination and joint construction for (modifying the economic development model and paying attention to the governance of climate change).

It also calls on China, through its Belt and Road Initiative, to jointly (build, explore and develop new productive forces), and to search for a new impetus for low-carbon, green and sustainable growth.

The Belt and Road Initiative is a modern promise, a path to joint victory, and a Chinese pledge to the whole world to build and joint coordination between the international community and China within the framework of (the common future of mankind), which is the invitation of the Chinese President, Comrade “Xi Jinping”, in all his political speeches.

Hence, the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative is an important launch for countries along the Chinese Belt Road to create new opportunities in the world after (Covid-19).

Here comes the role of China in (building closer healthy partnerships, closer interdependence and closer partnerships for green development, closer partnerships for openness and inclusion, and making positive contributions to the common prosperity of mankind), and maintaining international pluralism away from unilateralism and world domination.

Hence, we understand that China has been able to lead the world responsibly, especially after the outbreak of “Covid-19”, and it has carried out its duties entrusted to it, and we find the speech of President “Xi Jinping”, which came, entitled:

“Let the torch of pluralism light humanity’s way forward”

   In his delivered discourse at the “World Economic Forum” in Davos, Comrade “Xi’s call” was explicit in the direction of (the promotion and development of international pluralism) on a just basis satisfactory to all.

Second: The contributions of the “Health Silk Initiative” to help countries in recovering from (Covid-19), improve the global governance system, and the new leadership role of modern China

    Chinese President “Xi Jinping” raised a slogan in which he called on all the Chinese people to rally around him, and he called it the “Chinese Dream”. Hence, the leaders of the Communist Party of China, in cooperation with all the corresponding parties in other countries, began preparing and clarifying what this Chinese dream is in practice, with what it presented.  China by putting forward its initiatives for (South-South cooperation and North-South cooperation), and the Corona pandemic came to establish the role of the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative in transforming the theoretical work mechanism of the Communist Party of China and its leaders into a real practical reality, through which it was able to put its own theories in a way  An organization, to contribute to the service of humanity and solidarity with all countries around the world, including the provision of international health contributions to the United Nations, major and western countries, especially the United States of America itself, which was evident through:

China succeeded in providing assistance to all countries of the world after the outbreak of the pandemic, with its international contributions through the “Belt and Road Cooperation Initiative”, which enabled China to help many countries of the world within the framework of the (Healthy Silk Road), to cooperate in the production of vaccines and aid.  China has played a major role in upholding the concept of a “community with a shared future for humanity” and the need for solidarity and support among various countries in facing crises.

China’s role has begun to deepen since the announcement of the new Corona pandemic and its repercussions, and China’s contribution with a large financial share and huge aid to the (World Health Organization), especially after the withdrawal of the United States of America from it as a result of American accusations without evidence of China’s responsibility for the Corona pandemic, and even China provided  The “World Health Organization” (WHO) provides all information about the virus, embodying the idea of ​​”one world” and “a community with a shared future for humanity”, which are the slogans associated with the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative, which Chinese President Comrade “Xi Jinping” emphasizes in all his international meetings and speeches.

China worked within the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative to confront the negative effects of the Coronavirus pandemic globally, through (the G-20 summit meetings and all the virtual summits in which China participated), the Chinese political leadership pledged to President “Xi Jinping” to help China to various countries of the whole world  Especially the poor and developing countries, to face the repercussions of the impact of Coronavirus pandemic on the economies of the countries of the world at home and abroad.

China worked through the Belt and Road Initiative to (improve the global governance system and maintain the international system), for example, there was close cooperation between China and the Arab countries, led by Egypt, in exchanging knowledge and experiences in the face of (Covid-19), within the framework of the initiative  The Belt and Road, and its role model, through the “Health Silk Road Initiative”.

China’s commitment to help and support all African countries to recover economically from the effects of the pandemic came, and here came the (Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation) and (The Extraordinary China-Africa Summit), entitled: (Solidarity against the new Corona virus “Covid-19” in  Beijing), emphasizing China’s role in always striving for the (common destiny of humanity) and life in one world in which we share security, stability and peace.

China continued to assist African countries by sending expert teams, and providing and facilitating the purchase of medical supplies from China.  China has also begun to help African countries start (building the African Center for Disease Control and Prevention), and China has worked with African countries to (fully implement the health care initiative) for all African countries.

President “Xi Jinping”, in his speech to African leaders, also stressed the importance of giving greater priority to cooperation in (public health, reopening the economy, and improving the living conditions of African people), within the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative.

The Coronavirus pandemic has been a major driver of global economic transformation, as it has also provided Beijing with an ideal opportunity to change (the parameters of the Belt and Road Initiative and reorientation towards more relevant efforts), such as: (digital and health services).

China has revived the so-called “Health Silk Road Initiative”, whose idea is based on China’s support for global public health efforts led by China, although the (Health Belt Initiative) is not new, as it was first introduced by China in 2017,  When President “Xi Jinping” signed an agreement with the (World Health Organization), China made itself obligated to make health a major focus of the Belt and Road Initiative, especially after the spread of (Covid-19) around the world.

Chinese companies donated personal protective equipment to all parts of the world within the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative, which globally supported China’s role.

Aspects of the healthy Silk Road include China’s provision of medical supplies and advice to countries, as well as (Chinese financial aid to the World Health Organization), so that it can help developing countries establish (more robust public health systems).

China has contributed globally to reviving the so-called “Digital Silk Road” and reviving China’s efforts globally to become the (world’s leading supplier of 5G network technology).

The most important thing here is that (Chinese technology companies) provide many medical services based on (fifth generation technology), and China has helped (building fifth generation networks at home and abroad to connect health care workers and patients with medical professionals).

After the first meeting of China’s two legislatures after the Coronavirus pandemic in May 2020, the (Chinese People’s Congress) approved a six-year spending plan with (5G networks) as a basis.

Huawei, the Chinese telecommunications giant, has laid a 6000 km (fiber-optic) line across the Atlantic Ocean, between (Brazil to Cameroon), while the spread of digital payment platforms, such as: (WeChat Pay and Alipay), which helped promote  The spread of the yuan at the international level, and the transformation of the digital process of the Chinese yuan to facilitate digital financial transactions after (Covid-19).

The so-called “Green Silk Road” has also received attention from China, as the pandemic has paved the way for China to cancel some projects that are harmful to the environment and not viable, and to undo a number of unpopular projects, such as: (dams, coal plants that pollute the environment, and other non-environmentally friendly projects).

We find here that the end result is noticeable, as it is clear that the Belt and Road Initiative remains of great importance, and enjoys coherence and direction around the world after (Covid-19).  Especially with the extreme flexibility of the “Chinese initiative for the Belt and Road” by developing (a coordinated and multifaceted plan to confront the changing form of the initiative and the road), meaning Chinese involvement in helping various developing countries of the world healthy and digitally, besides securing other alternatives to confront the negative repercussions of the Coronavirus pandemic.

  Through the positive contributions made by China to the world, and health and development initiatives that led the international community, and through which it emerged as a responsible country in which it seeks reform and openness, and led the dialogue between countries (South-South, and North-South), through which China has succeeded in promoting  The confidence of the people and the entire international community in the “successful Chinese model”, which led to the “strengthening of the power of the ruling Communist Party” in China through its contributions to the world under the Belt and Road Initiative.

Third: Interlinking the role of the Belt and Road Initiative in the (modernization of the developing world and China’s leadership of the South-North dialogue) through multilateral international platforms and institutions

Through its Belt and Road Initiative, China succeeded in laying the foundations for a new world order led by China in development, and establishing partnership and cooperation relations between China and the developing world in particular.

   The reason for the success of the Communist Party of China in leading the world, especially developing countries, is “its ability to develop many theories for reform and openness to the world”.

  In all his recent political speeches, Comrade Chinese President “Xi Jinping” stressed that the secret of China’s success lies in:

   “The ability of the ruling Communist Party to continuously outdo its previous successes, because it is able to use new theories, ideas and strategies as powerful ideological weapons to strengthen the union and trust around it from the world, and its ability to lead the Chinese people of various nationalities, while paying its pledges to everyone at home and abroad and moving forward with their projects  actively”

  Hence, China has succeeded in advancing internationally through its Belt and Road initiative by calling for financial cooperation, and establishing (international institutions with new standards through which mechanisms for cooperation between the countries of the South with the North were proposed), taking into account mainly the needs of developing countries and countries of the South, through an extended Chinese strategy, rrepresents in:

In terms of financial cooperation, China has worked with its partners to interconnect the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative with all (major global financial institutions) to ensure a diversified and robust flow of financing for key projects related to the initiative.

After the establishment of (the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank), as one of the major multilateral platforms for building the Belt and Road, it has gained increasing trust and appreciation at the global level, and the number of its members and infrastructure projects has increased, and it has agreed to give billions of dollars in loans and contribute to several projects  International in many countries of the world in Africa, Arab countries, and Asia, including: (Indonesia, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Azerbaijan, Oman, Turkey, and Egypt).

Through the Belt and Road Initiative, China is trying to help lay a new path towards more prosperous global trade, a more open world economy, and a more inclusive economic globalization.

A recent World Bank report showed that investments linked to the Belt and Road Initiative could help lift more than (9 million people out of extreme poverty and another 34 million out of moderate poverty) in a variety of countries.

China established 82 joint areas of cooperation with 24 other countries within the framework of Belt and Road Initiative created more than two billion dollars in (tax revenues), and most importantly, it contributed to creating more than (300,000 jobs) for the countries passing through China’s Belt and Road Initiative.

Infrastructure development has also made remarkable progress in the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative, for example, China succeeded in Greece, which is jointly managed by the (Chinese Cosco Shipping Company), the (Greek port of Piraeus) witnessed an increase in  (handling container capacity at a rate of five times) after entering the Greek port in partnership with Chinese companies within the framework of the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative, and thanks to China’s cooperation with (the Greek port of Piraeus), the Greek port has now succeeded in occupying the 36th place among the top 100 ports in the world.  The world is on the Lloyd’s List, a list that constitutes a major criterion for judging the quality of development and industry around the world.

China has succeeded, through the Belt and Road Initiative, in achieving remarkable success, as it has accomplished with other linkage projects for China, such as: Chinese international cooperation in the fields of: (railways, roads, air transport, energy, and telecommunications).

Chinese Belt and Road Initiative projects have provided business opportunities for Chinese companies and for all other companies around the world, to partner and cooperate in the implementation of many projects, for example: China succeeded through the Belt and Road Initiative in (building wind power plants), which is called the “wind corridor”, such as (the wind corridor in the province of Sindh in Pakistan), and others in many countries of the world.

The Chinese Belt and Road Initiative provides a platform to strengthen ties between China and all closely countries more. The Chinese initiative aims to enhance cooperation in (five main areas), which are:

(Policy coordination, infrastructure, trade, finance, people-to-people exchanges) 

Policy coordination within the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative is the key to flexible cooperation between China and the world. Beijing never tries to impose the initiative on others or impose any specific policy and plans, but China pays close attention to aligning the Belt and Road Initiative with (the development strategies of its partners in  Belt and Road) to serve the interests of all.

So far, most Belt and Road countries have signed political agreements with other participants in the initiative on (norms and standards, tax policies, intellectual property protection, dispute settlement, infrastructure development) and others.

We find the affirmation of the Chinese President, Comrade “Xi Jinping”, during his speech at the (opening of the first Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation) in 2017, confirmed that:

 “China is ready to exchange development practices with other countries, but China has no intention of interfering in the internal affairs to other countries, Beijing does not seek to export its social system and development model, nor to impose China’s will on others, and China, through its Belt and Road Initiative, will not resort to outdated geopolitical maneuvers”

  I consider these messages to Comrade Chinese President “Xi Jinping” in his political discourses is attempting to set (global rules within the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative).

Most importantly, we find that within the framework of the Belt and Road cooperation, China has upheld and practiced the principle of “comprehensive consultation, common development and mutual benefits”, seeking self-development while providing opportunities, expertise and capital at the same time to its BRI partners along with various countries of the world.

Hence, the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative has succeeded in providing a platform for strengthening the links between the various countries of the world within the framework of the Chinese initiative.

   Through this analysis of the most important developmental roles of China and its Belt and Road Initiative, we can understand the mechanism and plans for Chinese success, by developing a long strategy, known as: (adapting to global economic development), with China adopting modern development and economic patterns, through which it leads global economic projects through the “Belt and Road Initiative”, and adjust the speed and pattern of its development instead of striving for a higher growth rate, and this is the secret of the attractiveness of the Chinese development model and the Belt and Road Initiative as a breakthrough for modern China and the great Chinese dream of leading the world.

Fourth: The role of the Belt and Road Initiative in China’s modern renaissance, and sharing the experience of “Chinese governance” globally for a common future for humanity

  There is a very clear assertion by Chinese President “Xi Jinping” in his various political speeches on the (renaissance and modernization of China is the spirit of the modern era) for China.  In this context, the speech of the Chinese President, Comrade “Xi Jinping”, came on July 2021, during the celebration of the centenary of the founding of the Communist Party of China, stressing in:

“His country’s military and economic development is “irreversible”

   What struck me the most during Comrade “Xi Jinping’s speech” was his entire speech for an hour, in which he repeated several times the importance of (linking the role of the Communist Party of China in the renaissance and modern history of China), in which President “Xi” explicitly affirmed:

“The Communist Party of China has been essential to the country’s growth, and attempts to separate it from the people will “fail”

    Hence, it becomes clear to us, by analyzing the content and context of President “Xi Jinping’s statements and speeches”, that all of China’s modern development initiatives have been strategically planned by the leaders of the Communist Party, emphasizing the party’s flexibility in dealing with all international variables, rejecting unilateralism and hegemony, and calling for cooperation and exchange benefits for everyone, through:

Emphasis on China and its ruling Communist Party’s defense of “extended consultations between multiple international parties on an equal footing”, has led to the development of the Belt and Road Initiative from a mere Chinese proposal to a “global consensus”.

That is why China is keen to support the role of multilateral mechanisms to enhance those (extended multilateral consultations), as China is actively participating in coordination and cooperation in a substantive manner on the Belt and Road Initiative with other participating countries, and makes full use of the existing multilateral cooperation mechanisms, such as:

 (Group of 20, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Asia-Europe Meeting, China-Africa Cooperation Forum, China-Arab Cooperation Forum, China-Pacific Island Countries Economic Cooperation and Development Forum),and others.

Through its Belt and Road Initiative, China is trying to cooperate with various international institutions within the (framework of multilateral cooperation), and this was emphasized by Chinese President Comrade “Xi Jinping”, especially in his speech at the (opening of the annual meeting of the Boao Forum for Asia in 2021),  China proposed to continue building the Belt and Road with high quality, implement the principles of consultation, partnership and benefit, promote the open, green and fair concept, and strive to achieve high-standard sustainable development goals that benefit various peoples around the world.

Through the Belt and Road Initiative, China is trying to establish (international multilateral cooperation with all international institutions), entitle: “strengthening international cooperation, jointly building the Belt and Road, and achieving win-win development”. The two most important keywords in the framework of the Chinese Belt and Road, are: (cooperation and win-win for mankind).  In other words, the Chinese side adheres to the (principles of consultation, sharing and benefit) by proposing the “Belt and Road initiative”, with the aim of achieving common development and common prosperity for countries along the line by strengthening interdependence and cooperation among them.

Comrade Chinese President “Xi Jinping”, through the Belt and Road Initiative, seeks to link and network the important Chinese initiative on jointly building the “Belt and Road” with various institutions and countries, which covers all international transactions and partnerships in all  continents from Asia and Europe, and takes several forms, such as: (the Maritime Silk Road in the twenty-first century), which crosses the Indian Ocean to reach East Africa and the Mediterranean.

This Chinese initiative is considered the largest public achievement that China has provided to the international community so far, and it is an international cooperation initiative that is widely welcomed by many international institutions and different countries around the world, as it contributes in (reducing the development gap between different regions through policy coordination, infrastructure interconnection, business communication, money circulation and peoples understanding), in the end in an effort to (accelerate the pace of the regional integration process among countries along the Belt and Road), and push for common development and prosperity to these countries and even to other regions and in the service of regional peace and stability. This imposes  (an international multilateral cooperation pattern between China and the world).

The importance of (strengthening international multilateral exchanges and cooperation within the framework of the Belt and Road) is due to the membership and participation of more than 100 countries or international organizations and their support and positive response to the Chinese initiative, including more than 40 countries and international organizations that have signed cooperation agreements with China.  The volume of investments made by Chinese companies in the countries along the line amounted to more than 50 billion dollars, and a large number of important projects were translated into reality, which contributed to (stimulating economic development in various countries and creating a huge number of job opportunities).

This is the same trend that the Chinese President emphasized in his speeches, stressing that “the idea of ​​the Belt and Road Initiative originated from China, but its benefits extend to the whole world, as this initiative has opened new horizons for cooperation between China and all countries of the world”. This requires China cooperates with all international institutions to reap the benefits of multilateral cooperation between China and the world.

This is what China recently warned of the leaders of (the Group of Seven “G7”), with the rejection of the Chinese political leaders in the Communist Party of China for hegemony and unilateralism and the rejection of some multilateral cooperation, emphasizing that:

“The days when a small group of countries decided the fate of the world are long gone Far”.  This is the same direction taken by the (spokesperson for the Chinese Embassy in London), who asserted that: “Gone are the days when a small group of countries dictated global decisions”.

With the assertion of the spokesperson for the Chinese Embassy in London, that: “We always believe that countries, big or small, strong or weak, poor or rich, are equal, and that global affairs should be dealt with through consultation among all countries”. These statements come at a time when the (Group of Seven countries “G7”) are trying to present a unified position on China.

The Belt and Road Initiative is a global project and turns China into a “partisan of economic cooperation, trade and globalization” with all institutions and countries.

The Chinese initiative aims to promote (international interdependence, global growth and development, and increase understanding, respect, mutual trust, and friendly relations between peoples and countries), which indicates (a new era in multilateral cooperation).

The initiative reflects China’s vision of promoting pluralism through (building bridges between continents, states and citizens).

The clearest example of the importance of multilateral cooperation between China and the world within the framework of the Belt and Road in (the current health crisis of the spread of the Corona pandemic), which confirmed to us the importance of (interdependence and mutual dependence) among the countries of the world, which reinforces China’s view of activating (effective multilateralism). Not only to recover from post (Covid-19) emergency, but also, to change for the better.  Therefore, the need to support pluralism is more important and urgent than ever.

Also, we find an example of the importance of the comprehensive strategic partnership between Europe, Asia and China, on the basis of (joint commitment to market rules and international standards and norms), which will be in the interest of all international parties, and will enhance economic, trade and investment relations between China and the continents of the world.

Hence, China seeks to support multilateral cooperation by “sharing the experience of Chinese governance for a common future for mankind”. China also supports many scholars, politicians and businessmen, in addition to policy and decision makers from various countries of the world within the framework of international multilateral consultation, partnership and benefits.

Based on the foregoing, this year’s celebration of the anniversary of the founding of the modern People’s Republic of China bears with it the features of many successes and challenges that China has fought globally, and since that time China has witnessed major transformations in its development and economic path, leading to the realization of the “Greatest Chinese Dream for Mankind”, by adopting  and launching of the “Chinese Belt and Road Initiative”, and the emergence of China as a role model, especially in developing societies and countries, with its call for a multilateral system, which is in line at the present time in China by preparing an entire generation of Chinese youth for this long and arduous task, by reminding it of China’s history and struggle until its international success.

Which was practically translated by the Communist Party leaders by preparing for it by calling for (attention to the youth young people and the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation).  It contains a history of China, entitled “The Great Journey”.

He also asked all cinemas in China to show propaganda films known as “red films”, twice a week, starting from last April 2021, with a primary goal of “reminding the success and renaissance of China and its ability to move forward with its international development and economic projects, despite all the challenges and difficulties it faced to impede its growth and disrupt its interests”.

Hence, during (the anniversary of the celebration of the centenary of the founding of the ruling Communist Party) a large campaign began, aimed at “the gathering of the Chinese people around their leaders and party”, with all media broadcasting a large propaganda campaign on the history of China and its modern renaissance in a version adopted by the Communist Party, with the release of a new song  It met with popular success in China, entitled: “One Hundred Percent”, to praise China’s achievements internally and around the world, and emphasize the most important Chinese policies and achievements and the most important challenges it faced, while calling for solidarity and union of the Chinese people around the political leadership and the Communist Party so that China could complete its international path of advancement  the dream of all the Chinese people, which was confirmed by the meanings of President “Xi Jinping’s speech”, stressing that the solution is:

  “Multilateral cooperation, rejecting selfishness, and working together in a free multilateral world to exchange benefits and profits, with what brings us together from one common destiny for humanity and for all of humanity”

Associate Professor of Political Science, Faculty of Politics and Economics / Beni Suef University- Egypt. An Expert in Chinese Politics, Sino-Israeli relationships, and Asian affairs- Visiting Senior Researcher at the Centre for Middle Eastern Studies (CMES)/ Lund University, Sweden- Director of the South and East Asia Studies Unit

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East Asia

U.S.- China Strategic Competition in The East Asia

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East Asia has been the most dynamic region where development has been internationally recognized. The regional politics of the region has developed a paradox that has flamed up the economic environment of the region. The trends have shown the increased intensifying security issues along with the strategic completion that has spread the security and economic tensions across the East Asian Region. In a global circle, China is known as the revisionist state. The historical manners suggest the reclaim of East Asia by the Chinese. This claim has intensified the relations between the US and China in East Asian Region.  The main challenge for China is to shift the US intervention from the East Asian region for the balanced equation at the strategic level. This might provoke the US and its allies in East Asia such as Japan that will help the US to jeopardize the Chinese rule from the region. The challenge for the US and its allies in the East Asian Region is more complicated because of the economic stability of China at the International Level. This might be a proxy war for both the superpowers in the East Asian region where the conflict may rise compromising the strategic stability of the region. The strategic location of the US lies in the actual form of ability and project power over great sustainable intervals. The strategic behavior increases the policies and shapes the allies.

One prevalent belief in the United States about China’s long-term policy goals in Asia is that Beijing aspires to be the regional hegemon and wants to restore a Sino-centric order in the region.

First, Beijing favors unipolar ties at both the global and regional levels and believes that with ongoing economic growth, this trend will continue intra-regional political consultation in Asia, influence on regional affairs is going to be more diversified and more evenly distributed. Secondly, although China expects some relative increase in its influence in Asia, it understands that thanks to the boundaries of its hard power and particularly its soft power, China can never achieve a grip cherish its role within the ancient past or to the U.S. role within the region at the present.

Beijing’s perspective:

From Beijing’s perspective, the US is an East Asia power, although not an Asian power, and its political, economic, and security interests within the region are deep-rooted, as are its commitments to regional stability and prosperity. Beijing has always welcomed a constructive U.S. role in regional affairs. At the identical time, however, Beijing also feels uneasy with certain aspects of U.S. policy. As a superpower, The US has been too dominant and intrusive in managing regional affairs. It fails to pay due regard to the voices of other regional players and sometimes gets too involved within the internal affairs of other states, lacking an understanding of their culture, history, and values.

The US and European aspects towards the South China Sea and East Asia should involve long-term perspectives of engaging ASEAN states. Such impacts will create room for the US to tackle China in the East Asian region. The development of any comprehensive strategic security policy is the need of the hour that assures one’s interest in the region. Both the states perceive a threat from each other and try to further advance their capabilities for the sake of safety and security. The US is not in a position to deal with the other power far away from its homeland, sustaining its military and protecting allies. Aggressive behavior in strategic competition can lead to unwanted results. The US would have to accept the strategic realities of China to normalize the relations. China on the other hand should rethink its policies in East Asia and Indo Pacific. However, as yet, deterrence has played its part by keeping states from a large-scale action. States running in the race of acquiring arms conventionally due to uprising strategic competitions are worsening any likely condition of conflict.

Key points for US:

In terms of identifying specific actions for a U.S. strategy for competing strategically with China in East Asia, a key element would be to possess a transparent understanding of which actions are intended to support which U.S. goals, and to take care of an alignment of actions with policy goals. Cost-imposing actions are actions intended to impose political/reputational, institutional, economic, or other costs on China for conducting certain activities within the East Asian Region, with the aim of persuading China to prevent or reverse those activities. Such cost-imposing actions need not be limited to the East Asian Region only. 

Conclusion:

The development of any comprehensive strategic security policy is the need of the hour that should involve joint military maritime exercises. The US and China have set their limits in coordinating military to military joint cooperation due to their desired interests and competition. Both the states perceive a threat from each other and try to further advance their capabilities for the sake of safety and security.  

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East Asia

Summit for Democracy Attempts to Turn Multicolor Modern World into Black and White Divisions

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One of the most important takeaways from the recent sixth plenary session of 19th CPC Central Committee is that Beijing flatly rejects Westernization as the path to modernize the Chinese society and the national economy. Instead, as it was underscored in the plenary Communiqué, the country will continue to stick to “socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era.” The leadership will preserve and further develop the system that served the people so well over last more than 70 years.

This statement did not come as a surprise to numerous China watchers all over the world. In fact, the critical choice between socialism and Western-type liberalism was not made in November of 2021, but decades ago.

One can argue that the outcomes of the sixth plenary session are yet another manifestation of a more general global trend: The world has been and will continue to be very diverse in terms of political systems, social models and economic patterns of individual nation states. Moreover, the odds are that this diversity will increase further literally in front of our eyes. Instead of the “end of history,” we will observe more intense multifaceted competition between different types of social development.

One way to react to this emerging reality is to accept it as a positive trend that enhances the overall stability of the global social system. The more diverse and complex the system is, the more resistant it is to various shocks and disturbances. To make a rough analogy with biology, a natural forest, which is a very diverse and complex ecosystem, is much more resistant to whims of the weather and natural disasters than a man-cultivated monocultural field. Accepting the trend, we should focus on how to manage competition within the increasingly diverse and complex world so that this competition will ultimately benefit all of us.

The other way to deal with this reality would be to start fighting against social, political and economic diversity by trying to advance one single model over all others. This is exactly what the Joe Biden administration is committed to doing by launching an ideological crusade against China, Russia and other nations that dare to deviate from the fundamentals of the Western development model. To make its case, the White House has announced a virtual Summit for Democracy to be hosted by the US on December 9–10 with the goal “to renew democracy at home and confront autocracies abroad.”

This vision reduces the multi-color palette of the modern world to a minimalist black and white graphics of a global fight between “democracies” and “autocracies.” It divides the international system into “us” and “them,” into “good” and “bad,” into “legitimate” and “illegitimate.” Such a reductionist system, if constructed, cannot be stable and shock-resistant by definition: Any major international crisis or a regional conflict could spark high risks of implosion.

It goes without saying that the nations of the world should firmly oppose corruption, abuses of power by state authorities and gross violations of human rights. If the goal of the Summit for Democracy were to confront these evils on a global scale, there would be no need to make the event exclusive by inviting mostly US friends and allies. If the goal is to advertise the US political, social and economic model, Washington should probably delay the summit and put its house in order first. If the goal is to isolate Beijing and Moscow in the world of politics, this is not likely to work well for the US.

Nations of the world have a right and even a duty to experiment with their political and social development paths. This experimenting contributes to the overall social experience of the humankind. Only history is in a position to judge what models turn out to be efficient, productive and fair and what models will find their place at the dump of human delusions. And history has a lot of means at its disposal to punish leaders, who believe that they possess a “one size fits all” model, which could successfully replace the existing diversity with an imposed universalism.

From our partner RIAC

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East Asia

The Chinese diplomatic force in the IAEA to confront Western leadership

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At the level of international relations, through China’s presence in all the relevant international organizations, and its membership in all of the United Nations organizations, specifically in the International Atomic Energy Agency “IAEA”, China aims to play the role of the (international balancer),  in light of its quest to maintain a certain level of competition with the United States of America politically and economically, this is in line with its desires to constantly play the role of the pole calling for (multipolarity and multilateral international pluralism through the Chinese political speeches of Chinese President “Xi Jinping”), in order to oppose American hegemony over the world and Washington’s policies to maintain its position as a single pole in the international community. China’s increase in its foreign investments, in order to enhance its economic hegemony over the world through its political and diplomatic tools with countries that have equal economic power with it in a number of (trade, scientific and technological issues, in addition to military and intelligence tools, as a reference for China’s new foreign political center).

  We note that the patterns of Chinese foreign policy is (the pattern of dependence, which is based on the high level of foreign participation in all current global issues), to restrict the attempts of the United States of America to pass its decisions internationally, and therefore China is trying to enter the membership of all international organizations so that China’s foreign policies remain more comprehensive, broader and more effective in the global change, and to change all directions of these issues and control them in the United States, and this is one of its new political tools that serve its global expansion through the (Chinese Belt and Road Initiative).

   In the same context, China focuses its external and competitive strength on its presence in effective international organizations, and rapprochement with the European Union, especially (France, Germany), despite not denying their relations with Washington, because of their strong influence in the global economy.  In addition to China’s reliance on the plan of foreign and foreign investments in countries that influence American influence through the Belt and Road projects, as well as China’s resort to the import policy of many resources necessary to develop its economic capabilities from certain European countries to open influential relations with them, leading to (the Chinese strategy to obtain  political support through the policies of alliances, consulates, representations, and its membership of international organizations), with the aim of influencing countries’ policies economically to pass important international decisions regarding the US challenge to China, such as: (the Iranian nuclear file, North Korea, Myanmar, Afghanistan, Syria, Venezuela, etc.), to increase with this  The level of external penetration of China economically and politically).

    China is mainly aiming to increase its membership in international organizations and the International Atomic Energy Agency, to (create a new balance of power and get rid of unipolarity restrictions through the medium powers and small states that the international system prevails with real pluralism, instead of the current state of American unipolarity).

   In my personal opinion, the countries of the Middle East may find in the rise of China and Russia, and perhaps other international powers to re-compete the United States,  as a (real opportunity to advance the effects of the pluralism of the international system at the regional level, and this would create more space for movement and opposition or bargaining and flexibility of movement for all to confront the policies of American hegemony, according to Chinese planning with Russia), and this also works to alleviate those restrictions and American dictates, and perhaps the sanctions and pressures it imposes on opponents of its approach internationally.

  The strategy of competition between China and the United States has become China’s long-term strategy, which is based on (the necessity of a heavy Chinese presence in all international organizations and forums, which allows China to communicate with various global powers and balance its relations with them compared to Washington), as well as diversifying the People’s Republic of China for its relations and distribution of its power among the competing countries, which allows China to show wide options on all important issues, and the most dangerous is that this Chinese presence, which (allows Beijing to prejudice the foundations of its relationship with the United States of America and the other various powers around the world).

  China and Russia also aim to form an alliance into all international and regional organizations to change the current provocative approach of the American policies in their confrontation, especially those related to mobilization policies and American alliances against them around the world. The Chinese alliance with Russia was so clear with the (Russian Foreign Minister “Sergey Lavrov’s visit” to Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Qatar, while on the other hand, both Kuwait and Qatar have received a member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and Director of the Office of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the CPC Central Committee “Yang Jiechi”).

    On the other hand, China is among the Security Council countries that have the largest number of (Chinese peacekeeping forces around the world), and China is at the forefront of the (most contributing countries to the international peacekeeping budget, in addition to sending naval fleets to carry out maritime guard missions according to according to the UN Security Council resolutions), and therefore China may play an important role in establishing security in many countries in the world, and this is perhaps what China plans to ensure its use, in the event of a decline in American interest in the security of many regions in the world, within the framework of (the strategy of pressure of the American expenditures, retreat and withdrawal from many places around the world and devote its concern to the American interior issues and its worsening economic crises).

  The point is worthy to be considered here, is the report issued in July 2021 by the (International Atomic Energy Agency), entitled “Nuclear reactors around the world”, in which he analyzed China’s plan to (establish the dream of nuclear sovereignty around the world by starting to build and establish about 11 reactors). There are other Chinese nuclear reactors under construction, as well as the (new Chinese planning to build other 29 nuclear reactors), while the International Atomic Energy Agency’s work report on the other hand indicated that the known total number of reactors that are actually in service, other than those planned for construction, and other reactors under construction, is up to  About 50 Chinese nuclear reactors, a step that confirms that “China is clearly shifting towards nuclear energy in the production of electricity, and depends on it directly in its industrial renaissance during the coming period, especially as it is the number one country in the world that is expanding in the establishment of nuclear plants, followed by Russia, which plans to build other 20 new nuclear reactors, while it has 38 nuclear reactors in active service”. Some leaks indicate the presence of Chinese nuclear reactors, exercises and tests in the “Doklam Desert” region on the borders of “Xinjiang” province in northwest China.

   It also notes that, from the reality of the report issued by the International Atomic Energy Agency “IAEA”, its confirmation regarding (Chinese planning to become the first country in the world in the production of nuclear energy during the next ten years, in return for the decline in the share of the United States of America in nuclear reactors, which continues to the continuous decrease with the exit of new American numbers of reactors annually), as the future plan of the United States of America does not include the establishment of new reactors, which indicates that (the expansion of this type of energy tends towards China and Russia during the coming period, and these countries will have accumulated experiences, enabling them to dominate and control this new nuclear industry in various countries of the world, and this is what is actually common happening in the region).  Knowing that its uses will be mainly peaceful and to serve the interests of peoples and countries, so we may witness the coming period intensifying the role of the International Atomic Energy Agency in many files around the world to study them, inspect different regions and various other areas to ensure (their peaceful uses of nuclear energy in many development projects around the world).

   Hence, we almost understand (the importance of the Chinese presence and presence and its membership in the International Atomic Energy Agency in the first place), given that it actually owns 50 nuclear reactors in service, and its contribution to the production of electricity and providing energy to one and a half billion citizens, and China also has new nuclear reactors under construction, so (China seeks to be near the International Atomic Energy Agency, to embarrass, restrict and limit the American influence on the one hand against Beijing’s allies, led by Iran and then North Korea. Therefore, China has developed a strategic plan in the coming years, which is based on the intensity of the Chinese international presence and passing its foreign policies and decisions with the help of its Russian ally internationally).

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