First: The role of the Belt and Road Initiative in supporting the “responsible global leadership model of China” at the international level in the face of unilateralism and hegemony (post-Covid-19)
Second: The contributions of the “Health Silk Initiative” to help countries recover from (Covid-19), improve the global governance system, and the new leadership role of modern China
Third: Interlinking the role of the Belt and Road Initiative in the (modernization of the developing world and China’s leadership of the South-North dialogue) through multilateral international platforms and institutions
Fourth: The role of the Belt and Road Initiative in China’s modern renaissance, and the call to share “the experience of Chinese governance globally” for a common future for mankind
This year’s celebration of the 72nd anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China comes in a different way, as well as the year 2021 (the fiftieth anniversary) of China’s restoration of its permanent legal seat in the United Nations, and China is a founding member of the United Nations. On June 26, 1945, the Chinese delegation was the first to sign the “Constituent Charter Establishing the United Nations”, and the representative of the Communist Party of China at that time was “Dong Baiyou”, as one of the most prominent figures of this Chinese delegation to the United Nations.
As soon as the Chinese President, Comrade “Xi Jinping”, came to power in the country, he raised theslogan of “Chinese Dream”, and called everyone to stand around this dream, with a unique concept associated with it, namely, “the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation”. Here we find that the concept of (the dream The Chinese) presented by President “Xi” and the leaders of the Communist Party of China, has been practically interpreted by Comrade “Xi Jinping” in his current political speeches, by his assertion:
“The Chinese Dream is a long-term vision for China based on objective analysis, as well as a strategic idea and a long-term development plan around which all the Chinese people and their nationalities must rally to achieve the renaissance of modern China”
Based on this dream initiated by Comrade “Xi” to promote his country’s global renaissance, China has played an active role within the framework of the United Nations and relevant international institutions to reform the international system in accordance with the multipolarity of all the actors in it.
In the last speech of the Chinese President, Comrade “Xi Jinping”, to the United Nations General Assembly in September 2021, President “Xi” made the voice of Chinese diplomacy loud around the world, through the United Nations platform, in calling for the rejection of unilateralism and respect for global openness, and not to return again to the Cold War mentality that prevailed during the period of the former Soviet Union before its disintegration. Since this was the first speech of President “Xi Jinping”, it was preceded by many speeches on all international occasions and meetings.
Since 2012, the first speech of the Chinese President, Comrade “Xi Jinping”, came immediately after assuming the reins of power in China, and then it was followed by a number of important and influential speeches at the heart of the United Nations itself, and all other international platforms and multilateral mechanisms affiliated with it, and the work of Comrade “Xi”. With the leaders of the Communist Party of China in (presenting a series of new ideas, initiatives and proposals with Chinese characteristics), which were able to meet all international expectations and the values of justice by introducing effective development initiatives that contribute to the development of all humankind, especially the “Belt and Road Initiative”, taking into account that the Chinese diplomacy has succeeded in obtaining (an official recognition by the United Nations of its Belt and Road Initiative), and this has been codified in the laws and institutions of the United Nations to work under the initiative in partnership between the international community and China.
This Chinese international initiative for the Belt and Road is considered as (important strategic guidelines for promoting pluralism at the international level, ways to practice it and how to develop it in a way that suits the characteristics, values and cultures of each country separately), through the calls that emerged from it about the (global governance system and the call for a global government with civilized characteristics). And its demand to hold a (dialogue for rapprochement between all civilizations and cultures, with the definition of the most important Chinese and Asian cultural values), as well as many important international standards and guidelines, which China put forward globally.
On the occasion of (the anniversary of the celebration of the founding of the People’s Republic of China), and according to my vision as an expert in Chinese political affairs, I believe that creating a space to talk about the importance of (the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative, as the face of modern China to change the world), through its call for solidarity, justice and pluralism, according to a multilateral system, and here we find that the most important outlines added by the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative for mankind are:
First: The role of the Belt and Road Initiative in supporting the “responsible global leadership model of China” at the international level in the face of unilateralism and hegemony (post-Covid-19)
After the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, and until the advent of Chinese President Comrade “Xi Jinping” in 2012, over the past 72 years, China has succeeded in playing a comprehensive role in the multilateral affairs of the United Nations, and indeed all relevant international forums, as China demonstrated Its responsibility as a major country on the world stage, especially after the Corona pandemic, and China’s behavior as a “responsible leader” on the world stage and its commitment to continue cooperation and solidarity with all countries of the world through its Belt and Road Initiative, through:
The Chinese call, through the “Chinese Belt and Road Initiative”, to support the values of consultation and joint construction between China and various countries of the whole world, within the framework of “multipolarity” that Chinese President “Xi Jinping” has always raised in his current political speeches. As major powers that reject international pluralism, such as the United States of America, because of their deliberate isolation from other countries, especially during the era of former President “Trump”, are not conducive to the rapid recovery and healthy development of the global economy after the outbreak of (Covid-19).
Here, some major powers are trying to maintain hegemony, or use international rules to oppress other countries, or seek (unite allies to reshape a non-neutral system of governance, resorting to what is known as “selective pluralism”). All of these actions constitute obstacles to the global economic governance advocated by China and the leaders of the Communist Party of China, and they are not conducive to the recovery of the global economy after the Corona pandemic.
One of the results of the spread of (Covid-19) was (accelerating the transformation of the economy to digitization). The digital transformation of the economy continues to play an important role in combating the epidemic, maintaining economic activities during the epidemic and economic recovery after the epidemic.
China’s international role must be commended within the framework of Chinese President “Xi Jinping’s call” and plan to work within the framework of consultation, joint construction and international cooperation between China and the countries of the world. The (digital economy with the help of new technologies) is an important reference that countries around the world can benefit from to face global changes by learning from the pioneering Chinese experience in this framework.
It has become clear at the present time, that companies from all over the world urgently need to adapt to new business forms, new rules and the new competitive environment after the Corona pandemic, and here we must learn from China’s experience in this direction, by opening its markets to the world, and making sure to make facilities To attract investors, establish international partnerships and exhibits of international weight, and assist developing countries in this context.
With the maturity of digital technology and the increasing prosperity of the digital economy, the advantages of new economic forms are constantly emerging, which will form a new image of the global economy after (Covid-19) within a framework of joint construction among all.
On the other hand, the urgent need for China’s call for cooperation and joint construction within a framework of international pluralism appears, through the increasing need in the current period for (protecting the environment and water from global climate changes, and low-carbon, green and sustainable growth). With China’s keenness to share with the whole world its experience to protect man and nature as a common community that requires constructive and continuous cooperation and coordination, and dealing with the issue of climate change is a preoccupation for the international humanitarian community within the framework of (the common destiny of mankind), which are the premises on which the joint construction of Chinese cooperation with the world is based. China’s Belt and Road Initiative, given that the previous economic development model failed to meet the urgent needs of the international community in the face of the threat of climate change in the future.
Here, we find China’s call on the international community to work together within the framework of coordination and joint construction for (modifying the economic development model and paying attention to the governance of climate change).
It also calls on China, through its Belt and Road Initiative, to jointly (build, explore and develop new productive forces), and to search for a new impetus for low-carbon, green and sustainable growth.
The Belt and Road Initiative is a modern promise, a path to joint victory, and a Chinese pledge to the whole world to build and joint coordination between the international community and China within the framework of (the common future of mankind), which is the invitation of the Chinese President, Comrade “Xi Jinping”, in all his political speeches.
Hence, the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative is an important launch for countries along the Chinese Belt Road to create new opportunities in the world after (Covid-19).
Here comes the role of China in (building closer healthy partnerships, closer interdependence and closer partnerships for green development, closer partnerships for openness and inclusion, and making positive contributions to the common prosperity of mankind), and maintaining international pluralism away from unilateralism and world domination.
Hence, we understand that China has been able to lead the world responsibly, especially after the outbreak of “Covid-19”, and it has carried out its duties entrusted to it, and we find the speech of President “Xi Jinping”, which came, entitled:
“Let the torch of pluralism light humanity’s way forward”
In his delivered discourse at the “World Economic Forum” in Davos, Comrade “Xi’s call” was explicit in the direction of (the promotion and development of international pluralism) on a just basis satisfactory to all.
Second: The contributions of the “Health Silk Initiative” to help countries in recovering from (Covid-19), improve the global governance system, and the new leadership role of modern China
Chinese President “Xi Jinping” raised a slogan in which he called on all the Chinese people to rally around him, and he called it the “Chinese Dream”. Hence, the leaders of the Communist Party of China, in cooperation with all the corresponding parties in other countries, began preparing and clarifying what this Chinese dream is in practice, with what it presented. China by putting forward its initiatives for (South-South cooperation and North-South cooperation), and the Corona pandemic came to establish the role of the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative in transforming the theoretical work mechanism of the Communist Party of China and its leaders into a real practical reality, through which it was able to put its own theories in a way An organization, to contribute to the service of humanity and solidarity with all countries around the world, including the provision of international health contributions to the United Nations, major and western countries, especially the United States of America itself, which was evident through:
China succeeded in providing assistance to all countries of the world after the outbreak of the pandemic, with its international contributions through the “Belt and Road Cooperation Initiative”, which enabled China to help many countries of the world within the framework of the (Healthy Silk Road), to cooperate in the production of vaccines and aid. China has played a major role in upholding the concept of a “community with a shared future for humanity” and the need for solidarity and support among various countries in facing crises.
China’s role has begun to deepen since the announcement of the new Corona pandemic and its repercussions, and China’s contribution with a large financial share and huge aid to the (World Health Organization), especially after the withdrawal of the United States of America from it as a result of American accusations without evidence of China’s responsibility for the Corona pandemic, and even China provided The “World Health Organization” (WHO) provides all information about the virus, embodying the idea of ”one world” and “a community with a shared future for humanity”, which are the slogans associated with the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative, which Chinese President Comrade “Xi Jinping” emphasizes in all his international meetings and speeches.
China worked within the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative to confront the negative effects of the Coronavirus pandemic globally, through (the G-20 summit meetings and all the virtual summits in which China participated), the Chinese political leadership pledged to President “Xi Jinping” to help China to various countries of the whole world Especially the poor and developing countries, to face the repercussions of the impact of Coronavirus pandemic on the economies of the countries of the world at home and abroad.
China worked through the Belt and Road Initiative to (improve the global governance system and maintain the international system), for example, there was close cooperation between China and the Arab countries, led by Egypt, in exchanging knowledge and experiences in the face of (Covid-19), within the framework of the initiative The Belt and Road, and its role model, through the “Health Silk Road Initiative”.
China’s commitment to help and support all African countries to recover economically from the effects of the pandemic came, and here came the (Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation) and (The Extraordinary China-Africa Summit), entitled: (Solidarity against the new Corona virus “Covid-19” in Beijing), emphasizing China’s role in always striving for the (common destiny of humanity) and life in one world in which we share security, stability and peace.
China continued to assist African countries by sending expert teams, and providing and facilitating the purchase of medical supplies from China. China has also begun to help African countries start (building the African Center for Disease Control and Prevention), and China has worked with African countries to (fully implement the health care initiative) for all African countries.
President “Xi Jinping”, in his speech to African leaders, also stressed the importance of giving greater priority to cooperation in (public health, reopening the economy, and improving the living conditions of African people), within the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative.
The Coronavirus pandemic has been a major driver of global economic transformation, as it has also provided Beijing with an ideal opportunity to change (the parameters of the Belt and Road Initiative and reorientation towards more relevant efforts), such as: (digital and health services).
China has revived the so-called “Health Silk Road Initiative”, whose idea is based on China’s support for global public health efforts led by China, although the (Health Belt Initiative) is not new, as it was first introduced by China in 2017, When President “Xi Jinping” signed an agreement with the (World Health Organization), China made itself obligated to make health a major focus of the Belt and Road Initiative, especially after the spread of (Covid-19) around the world.
Chinese companies donated personal protective equipment to all parts of the world within the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative, which globally supported China’s role.
Aspects of the healthy Silk Road include China’s provision of medical supplies and advice to countries, as well as (Chinese financial aid to the World Health Organization), so that it can help developing countries establish (more robust public health systems).
China has contributed globally to reviving the so-called “Digital Silk Road” and reviving China’s efforts globally to become the (world’s leading supplier of 5G network technology).
The most important thing here is that (Chinese technology companies) provide many medical services based on (fifth generation technology), and China has helped (building fifth generation networks at home and abroad to connect health care workers and patients with medical professionals).
After the first meeting of China’s two legislatures after the Coronavirus pandemic in May 2020, the (Chinese People’s Congress) approved a six-year spending plan with (5G networks) as a basis.
Huawei, the Chinese telecommunications giant, has laid a 6000 km (fiber-optic) line across the Atlantic Ocean, between (Brazil to Cameroon), while the spread of digital payment platforms, such as: (WeChat Pay and Alipay), which helped promote The spread of the yuan at the international level, and the transformation of the digital process of the Chinese yuan to facilitate digital financial transactions after (Covid-19).
The so-called “Green Silk Road” has also received attention from China, as the pandemic has paved the way for China to cancel some projects that are harmful to the environment and not viable, and to undo a number of unpopular projects, such as: (dams, coal plants that pollute the environment, and other non-environmentally friendly projects).
We find here that the end result is noticeable, as it is clear that the Belt and Road Initiative remains of great importance, and enjoys coherence and direction around the world after (Covid-19). Especially with the extreme flexibility of the “Chinese initiative for the Belt and Road” by developing (a coordinated and multifaceted plan to confront the changing form of the initiative and the road), meaning Chinese involvement in helping various developing countries of the world healthy and digitally, besides securing other alternatives to confront the negative repercussions of the Coronavirus pandemic.
Through the positive contributions made by China to the world, and health and development initiatives that led the international community, and through which it emerged as a responsible country in which it seeks reform and openness, and led the dialogue between countries (South-South, and North-South), through which China has succeeded in promoting The confidence of the people and the entire international community in the “successful Chinese model”, which led to the “strengthening of the power of the ruling Communist Party” in China through its contributions to the world under the Belt and Road Initiative.
Third: Interlinking the role of the Belt and Road Initiative in the (modernization of the developing world and China’s leadership of the South-North dialogue) through multilateral international platforms and institutions
Through its Belt and Road Initiative, China succeeded in laying the foundations for a new world order led by China in development, and establishing partnership and cooperation relations between China and the developing world in particular.
The reason for the success of the Communist Party of China in leading the world, especially developing countries, is “its ability to develop many theories for reform and openness to the world”.
In all his recent political speeches, Comrade Chinese President “Xi Jinping” stressed that the secret of China’s success lies in:
“The ability of the ruling Communist Party to continuously outdo its previous successes, because it is able to use new theories, ideas and strategies as powerful ideological weapons to strengthen the union and trust around it from the world, and its ability to lead the Chinese people of various nationalities, while paying its pledges to everyone at home and abroad and moving forward with their projects actively”
Hence, China has succeeded in advancing internationally through its Belt and Road initiative by calling for financial cooperation, and establishing (international institutions with new standards through which mechanisms for cooperation between the countries of the South with the North were proposed), taking into account mainly the needs of developing countries and countries of the South, through an extended Chinese strategy, rrepresents in:
In terms of financial cooperation, China has worked with its partners to interconnect the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative with all (major global financial institutions) to ensure a diversified and robust flow of financing for key projects related to the initiative.
After the establishment of (the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank), as one of the major multilateral platforms for building the Belt and Road, it has gained increasing trust and appreciation at the global level, and the number of its members and infrastructure projects has increased, and it has agreed to give billions of dollars in loans and contribute to several projects International in many countries of the world in Africa, Arab countries, and Asia, including: (Indonesia, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Azerbaijan, Oman, Turkey, and Egypt).
Through the Belt and Road Initiative, China is trying to help lay a new path towards more prosperous global trade, a more open world economy, and a more inclusive economic globalization.
A recent World Bank report showed that investments linked to the Belt and Road Initiative could help lift more than (9 million people out of extreme poverty and another 34 million out of moderate poverty) in a variety of countries.
China established 82 joint areas of cooperation with 24 other countries within the framework of Belt and Road Initiative created more than two billion dollars in (tax revenues), and most importantly, it contributed to creating more than (300,000 jobs) for the countries passing through China’s Belt and Road Initiative.
Infrastructure development has also made remarkable progress in the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative, for example, China succeeded in Greece, which is jointly managed by the (Chinese Cosco Shipping Company), the (Greek port of Piraeus) witnessed an increase in (handling container capacity at a rate of five times) after entering the Greek port in partnership with Chinese companies within the framework of the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative, and thanks to China’s cooperation with (the Greek port of Piraeus), the Greek port has now succeeded in occupying the 36th place among the top 100 ports in the world. The world is on the Lloyd’s List, a list that constitutes a major criterion for judging the quality of development and industry around the world.
China has succeeded, through the Belt and Road Initiative, in achieving remarkable success, as it has accomplished with other linkage projects for China, such as: Chinese international cooperation in the fields of: (railways, roads, air transport, energy, and telecommunications).
Chinese Belt and Road Initiative projects have provided business opportunities for Chinese companies and for all other companies around the world, to partner and cooperate in the implementation of many projects, for example: China succeeded through the Belt and Road Initiative in (building wind power plants), which is called the “wind corridor”, such as (the wind corridor in the province of Sindh in Pakistan), and others in many countries of the world.
The Chinese Belt and Road Initiative provides a platform to strengthen ties between China and all closely countries more. The Chinese initiative aims to enhance cooperation in (five main areas), which are:
(Policy coordination, infrastructure, trade, finance, people-to-people exchanges)
Policy coordination within the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative is the key to flexible cooperation between China and the world. Beijing never tries to impose the initiative on others or impose any specific policy and plans, but China pays close attention to aligning the Belt and Road Initiative with (the development strategies of its partners in Belt and Road) to serve the interests of all.
So far, most Belt and Road countries have signed political agreements with other participants in the initiative on (norms and standards, tax policies, intellectual property protection, dispute settlement, infrastructure development) and others.
We find the affirmation of the Chinese President, Comrade “Xi Jinping”, during his speech at the (opening of the first Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation) in 2017, confirmed that:
“China is ready to exchange development practices with other countries, but China has no intention of interfering in the internal affairs to other countries, Beijing does not seek to export its social system and development model, nor to impose China’s will on others, and China, through its Belt and Road Initiative, will not resort to outdated geopolitical maneuvers”
I consider these messages to Comrade Chinese President “Xi Jinping” in his political discourses is attempting to set (global rules within the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative).
Most importantly, we find that within the framework of the Belt and Road cooperation, China has upheld and practiced the principle of “comprehensive consultation, common development and mutual benefits”, seeking self-development while providing opportunities, expertise and capital at the same time to its BRI partners along with various countries of the world.
Hence, the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative has succeeded in providing a platform for strengthening the links between the various countries of the world within the framework of the Chinese initiative.
Through this analysis of the most important developmental roles of China and its Belt and Road Initiative, we can understand the mechanism and plans for Chinese success, by developing a long strategy, known as: (adapting to global economic development), with China adopting modern development and economic patterns, through which it leads global economic projects through the “Belt and Road Initiative”, and adjust the speed and pattern of its development instead of striving for a higher growth rate, and this is the secret of the attractiveness of the Chinese development model and the Belt and Road Initiative as a breakthrough for modern China and the great Chinese dream of leading the world.
Fourth: The role of the Belt and Road Initiative in China’s modern renaissance, and sharing the experience of “Chinese governance” globally for a common future for humanity
There is a very clear assertion by Chinese President “Xi Jinping” in his various political speeches on the (renaissance and modernization of China is the spirit of the modern era) for China. In this context, the speech of the Chinese President, Comrade “Xi Jinping”, came on July 2021, during the celebration of the centenary of the founding of the Communist Party of China, stressing in:
“His country’s military and economic development is “irreversible”
What struck me the most during Comrade “Xi Jinping’s speech” was his entire speech for an hour, in which he repeated several times the importance of (linking the role of the Communist Party of China in the renaissance and modern history of China), in which President “Xi” explicitly affirmed:
“The Communist Party of China has been essential to the country’s growth, and attempts to separate it from the people will “fail”
Hence, it becomes clear to us, by analyzing the content and context of President “Xi Jinping’s statements and speeches”, that all of China’s modern development initiatives have been strategically planned by the leaders of the Communist Party, emphasizing the party’s flexibility in dealing with all international variables, rejecting unilateralism and hegemony, and calling for cooperation and exchange benefits for everyone, through:
Emphasis on China and its ruling Communist Party’s defense of “extended consultations between multiple international parties on an equal footing”, has led to the development of the Belt and Road Initiative from a mere Chinese proposal to a “global consensus”.
That is why China is keen to support the role of multilateral mechanisms to enhance those (extended multilateral consultations), as China is actively participating in coordination and cooperation in a substantive manner on the Belt and Road Initiative with other participating countries, and makes full use of the existing multilateral cooperation mechanisms, such as:
(Group of 20, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Asia-Europe Meeting, China-Africa Cooperation Forum, China-Arab Cooperation Forum, China-Pacific Island Countries Economic Cooperation and Development Forum),and others.
Through its Belt and Road Initiative, China is trying to cooperate with various international institutions within the (framework of multilateral cooperation), and this was emphasized by Chinese President Comrade “Xi Jinping”, especially in his speech at the (opening of the annual meeting of the Boao Forum for Asia in 2021), China proposed to continue building the Belt and Road with high quality, implement the principles of consultation, partnership and benefit, promote the open, green and fair concept, and strive to achieve high-standard sustainable development goals that benefit various peoples around the world.
Through the Belt and Road Initiative, China is trying to establish (international multilateral cooperation with all international institutions), entitle: “strengthening international cooperation, jointly building the Belt and Road, and achieving win-win development”. The two most important keywords in the framework of the Chinese Belt and Road, are: (cooperation and win-win for mankind). In other words, the Chinese side adheres to the (principles of consultation, sharing and benefit) by proposing the “Belt and Road initiative”, with the aim of achieving common development and common prosperity for countries along the line by strengthening interdependence and cooperation among them.
Comrade Chinese President “Xi Jinping”, through the Belt and Road Initiative, seeks to link and network the important Chinese initiative on jointly building the “Belt and Road” with various institutions and countries, which covers all international transactions and partnerships in all continents from Asia and Europe, and takes several forms, such as: (the Maritime Silk Road in the twenty-first century), which crosses the Indian Ocean to reach East Africa and the Mediterranean.
This Chinese initiative is considered the largest public achievement that China has provided to the international community so far, and it is an international cooperation initiative that is widely welcomed by many international institutions and different countries around the world, as it contributes in (reducing the development gap between different regions through policy coordination, infrastructure interconnection, business communication, money circulation and peoples understanding), in the end in an effort to (accelerate the pace of the regional integration process among countries along the Belt and Road), and push for common development and prosperity to these countries and even to other regions and in the service of regional peace and stability. This imposes (an international multilateral cooperation pattern between China and the world).
The importance of (strengthening international multilateral exchanges and cooperation within the framework of the Belt and Road) is due to the membership and participation of more than 100 countries or international organizations and their support and positive response to the Chinese initiative, including more than 40 countries and international organizations that have signed cooperation agreements with China. The volume of investments made by Chinese companies in the countries along the line amounted to more than 50 billion dollars, and a large number of important projects were translated into reality, which contributed to (stimulating economic development in various countries and creating a huge number of job opportunities).
This is the same trend that the Chinese President emphasized in his speeches, stressing that “the idea of the Belt and Road Initiative originated from China, but its benefits extend to the whole world, as this initiative has opened new horizons for cooperation between China and all countries of the world”. This requires China cooperates with all international institutions to reap the benefits of multilateral cooperation between China and the world.
This is what China recently warned of the leaders of (the Group of Seven “G7”), with the rejection of the Chinese political leaders in the Communist Party of China for hegemony and unilateralism and the rejection of some multilateral cooperation, emphasizing that:
“The days when a small group of countries decided the fate of the world are long gone Far”. This is the same direction taken by the (spokesperson for the Chinese Embassy in London), who asserted that: “Gone are the days when a small group of countries dictated global decisions”.
With the assertion of the spokesperson for the Chinese Embassy in London, that: “We always believe that countries, big or small, strong or weak, poor or rich, are equal, and that global affairs should be dealt with through consultation among all countries”. These statements come at a time when the (Group of Seven countries “G7”) are trying to present a unified position on China.
The Belt and Road Initiative is a global project and turns China into a “partisan of economic cooperation, trade and globalization” with all institutions and countries.
The Chinese initiative aims to promote (international interdependence, global growth and development, and increase understanding, respect, mutual trust, and friendly relations between peoples and countries), which indicates (a new era in multilateral cooperation).
The initiative reflects China’s vision of promoting pluralism through (building bridges between continents, states and citizens).
The clearest example of the importance of multilateral cooperation between China and the world within the framework of the Belt and Road in (the current health crisis of the spread of the Corona pandemic), which confirmed to us the importance of (interdependence and mutual dependence) among the countries of the world, which reinforces China’s view of activating (effective multilateralism). Not only to recover from post (Covid-19) emergency, but also, to change for the better. Therefore, the need to support pluralism is more important and urgent than ever.
Also, we find an example of the importance of the comprehensive strategic partnership between Europe, Asia and China, on the basis of (joint commitment to market rules and international standards and norms), which will be in the interest of all international parties, and will enhance economic, trade and investment relations between China and the continents of the world.
Hence, China seeks to support multilateral cooperation by “sharing the experience of Chinese governance for a common future for mankind”. China also supports many scholars, politicians and businessmen, in addition to policy and decision makers from various countries of the world within the framework of international multilateral consultation, partnership and benefits.
Based on the foregoing, this year’s celebration of the anniversary of the founding of the modern People’s Republic of China bears with it the features of many successes and challenges that China has fought globally, and since that time China has witnessed major transformations in its development and economic path, leading to the realization of the “Greatest Chinese Dream for Mankind”, by adopting and launching of the “Chinese Belt and Road Initiative”, and the emergence of China as a role model, especially in developing societies and countries, with its call for a multilateral system, which is in line at the present time in China by preparing an entire generation of Chinese youth for this long and arduous task, by reminding it of China’s history and struggle until its international success.
Which was practically translated by the Communist Party leaders by preparing for it by calling for (attention to the youth young people and the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation). It contains a history of China, entitled “The Great Journey”.
He also asked all cinemas in China to show propaganda films known as “red films”, twice a week, starting from last April 2021, with a primary goal of “reminding the success and renaissance of China and its ability to move forward with its international development and economic projects, despite all the challenges and difficulties it faced to impede its growth and disrupt its interests”.
Hence, during (the anniversary of the celebration of the centenary of the founding of the ruling Communist Party) a large campaign began, aimed at “the gathering of the Chinese people around their leaders and party”, with all media broadcasting a large propaganda campaign on the history of China and its modern renaissance in a version adopted by the Communist Party, with the release of a new song It met with popular success in China, entitled: “One Hundred Percent”, to praise China’s achievements internally and around the world, and emphasize the most important Chinese policies and achievements and the most important challenges it faced, while calling for solidarity and union of the Chinese people around the political leadership and the Communist Party so that China could complete its international path of advancement the dream of all the Chinese people, which was confirmed by the meanings of President “Xi Jinping’s speech”, stressing that the solution is:
“Multilateral cooperation, rejecting selfishness, and working together in a free multilateral world to exchange benefits and profits, with what brings us together from one common destiny for humanity and for all of humanity”
The role of CPC in supporting leadership schools in democratic countries
The Department of International Communication is officially under the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China “CPC”, known by its former name (International Department “ID” or External Department).
It has played a major role in introducing the policies of China and its ruling Communist Party, since the establishment of the External Department of Political Liaison of the Party in 1951, especially those its contacts and communications with (communist and leftist orientations, as well as all other intellectual and ideological currents, in addition to its keenness to communicate with international think tanks and research, and the most prominent academics around the world).
Through my academic experience, academic and research closeness by virtue of my specialization and my in-depth study in the politics of the Communist Party of China, I have been able to analytically approach all departments and committees of the ruling Communist Party and its local grassroots branches in all regions, provinces and autonomous regions of mainly ethnic nationalities in China, in addition to my PhD thesis has focused on tracking and analyzing all policies related to the Communist Party of China, especially the internal ones, which gave me the opportunity to get acquainted with the most prominent comrades in the ruling Communist Party in China and all the visions of the members of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and its political office, and my attempt to extensively and permanently review a number of (Documents issued by the archives of the Communist Party Library and its main sessions. Perhaps I had the luck to see old and rare archival documents dating back to the 1950s, and I was fortunate to be close to all international intellectual and research projects aimed at studying the history of the Communist Party of China, its main stations, and the main difficulties and challenges. and patterns of relationship with the powers of the West).
– Based on my academic and analytical understanding of the most prominent roles of the “External Department of Political Communication of the Communist Party of China”, as an academic and expert specialized in Chinese political affairs, I was able to track and monitor the most prominent main roles of the “International Political Liaison Committee of the Communist Party of China”, and its relations and contacts in the past and present, given the importance of the work of tthis international committee in conducting the basic planning and policies of the Communist Party, as the following:
My research and academic exposure, as an expert in Chinese political affairs, came to the most prominent policies of the ruling Communist Party in China and its internal and then external relations through the Foreign Department of the Central Committee, with referring to many (recordings and jottings archives for all of the memories and documents during the Cold War era), and the most prominent rare communist documents that I dealt with, which enabled me academically to study, research, and become familiar with that era that is absent from the minds of new generations, especially my fellow young researchers and academics to study the role of the Communist Party of China and its relevant committee. Through external contacts with the world, in support of the (national liberation movements in Africa and the world during the fifties and sixties), and even an extensive personal and academic acquaintance with the most prominent aspects of the old relations between (the Nasserist era in the history of Egypt for the late Egyptian leader “Gamal Abdel Nasser” and the late Chinese leader, comrade “Zhou Anlai”).
My academic focus on the content of the work of the “External Department of Political Communication of the ruling Communist Party in China” was a pivotal factor in understanding China’s extended relations during ancient periods, and perhaps my study of that ancient era in which the complex conditions of my study led me to reach some new academic and analytica results, and the most important for me personally, was my ability to (rewrite and review the era of the late Egyptian President “Nasser” and the Free Officers in the history of Egypt and the main contacts of the leader “Gamal Abdel Nasser” with China).
As a researcher and academic concerned with Chinese affairs and the policies of the ruling Communist Party, I was able to understand some ancient eras, due to tracking the work and monitoring of the roles of the “International Liaison Committee of the Communist Party”, especially after looking at an old archive of the “Cold War Project”, which I got close to historically and archivally. As an integrated international academic work, I approached its researchers, to understand how the old leaders of the Communist Party of China think during the (period of international liberation movements from Western colonialism) and compare them with the current communist leaders, and try to understand all Western theories that provided different and varied interpretations to understand the mechanism of thinking and formation of the Communist Party of China.
Perhaps the new and very rare matter in research and analysis, which occupied my mind and analysis for a long time, because there were no serious studies about it in the first place, is (an academic research and analysis on the extent of the aspects of the relationship between the external department of the international communication of the Communist Party of China and the Department of Tourism of the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, during the era of the fifties in introducing China’s policies globally), especially in front of foreigners and visitors, given that the establishment of an independent department for tourism in China within the Chinese Foreign Ministry in the fifties, which made me pause for a long time to understand: the extent of the relationship between the (Department of Tourism and the International Liaison Committees) of the Communist Party of China, given that they basically mean to improve China’s image internationally and to understand, explain and interpret its policies around the world?
In my personal and academic analytical opinion, it’s not possible to understand all those historical epochs and stages of the Communist Party of China, without a (precise analytical understanding of the working mechanism of the Committee for Communication and External Action of the Communist Party of China), which is entrusted with communicating primarily with the outside world and other parties in the world since the history of its establishment and establishment in the early fifties of the last century.
In general, the “International Liaison Committee of the CPC Central Committee” aims to explain and clarify the policies of the Communist Party of China in the first place, define its achievements and clarify its most important roles internally and externally, and most importantly to respond to those American and Western accusations, and the “CPC” leaders always emphasize that “China is not interfere in the internal affairs of other countries to spread a certain style or ideology or to export the Chinese model of the Communist Party globally”. The Committee for “Liaison and Communication with the Outside World” of the Communist Party of China has also succeeded in (supporting many leadership schools in a number of African democratic countries, and providing educational programs created by the Communist Party of China).
The International Liaison Committee of the Central Committee of the ruling Communist Party of China was able to highlight many of China’s global development efforts for leaders of foreign political parties and to remove confusion and ambiguity about policies related to China and its ruling Communist Party with the constant emphasis of the Chinese leadership on the keenness of the Chinese leadership of the Secretary-General of the Communist Party of China, Comrade “Xi Jinping”, to adopt many of the most profitable and beneficial development initiatives for the world, especially for the marginalized, the poor and developing countries, such as: (Belt and Road Initiative, Dialogue among Civilizations, Exchange and Civilized Cooperation among all, the common destiny of humanity, win-win principle, mutual benefits, pursuit of development and cooperation, South-South cooperation, dialogue and narrowing the gap between North and South), and the other Chinese global development initiatives.
It is noted here that (the international or external section of the Communist Party of China), has no reservations about any trend, type, or intellectual or ideological current adopted by any of those foreign political parties that deal with it around the world, given that the leaders of the Communist Party of China can deal with all of the (right-wing parties, left-wing parties, and with all other parties of different orientations and intellectual and ideological currents).
Many of the tasks of the “CPC Foreign Department” have been carried out online during the period of the Coronavirus pandemic or “Covid-19”, with the aim of introducing the world to China’s achievements in eliminating the pandemic, and how to overcome challenges and learn from the Chinese experience, according to the principle of “common destiny for humanity”.
Here, I can present statistics to understand the most important actual activities of the CPC Foreign Committee. We can identify here that (the CPC Foreign Department or Foreign Liaison Department) has succeeded in (communicating with more than 600 political organizations in more than 160 countries in the world), and these external contacts have increased during the same year of appointing the Comrade “Xi Jinping” in reign. The number and percentage of high-level party meetings between (the external department of the Communist Party with all foreign political parties increased by more than 50% between 2012 and 2017, until the total of those meetings reached more than 230 annual meetings).
Some academics in the West have described the activities of the CPC’s Foreign Department as being similar to the “New Comintern”, that is meaning, the formation of an institutionalized communist regime led by China, which is (similar to the old international communist movement), led by the former Soviet Union before its disintegration.
From my analytical and academic point of view, it is noted that (there is a fundamental difference between the communist system of China compared to other political systems such as Western democracy), China does not preach or advocate the adoption of communism, and its only goal is to prove that countries can become richer without being Democracy in the literal sense that some are trying to export to us, and this message is receptive to politicians who see that the checks and balances of democracy in the same Western liberal concept are disturbing, with their call to change regimes according to the dictates and conditions of the West.
The Chinese President, Comrade “Xi Jinping”, played a major role through his presence and activities within the CPC’s external communication and work committees with the world before he took power in the first place, and head of the “Central Institute for the Qualification of Communist Party of China Leaders”, from which he was rehabilitated and nominated to become the country’s president in 2013.
After Comrade “Xi Jinping” assumed power in China in 2013, he was more confident in the ideas of the Communist Party and the consolidation of its ideology among everyone, especially among the youth and training young people on party principles for the advancement of the Chinese nation. Hence, the Communist Party only started working on increasing its influence on private sector companies in a more specific and accurate way in a strategy known as: (the party building strategy that baptizes everyone), meaning: forming party committees in all Chinese companies, including those belonging to the private sector or to individuals, so that it can be considered whether the company’s decisions are in line with the policies of the government and the “CPC” or not?
The late founder of modern Singapore “Lee Kuan Yew”, described, in an interview with American foreign policy experts “Graham Allison & Robert Blackwill”, in 2012, before Comrade “Xi Jinping” took office, saying that:
“Xi Jinping has iron in his soul more than former President “Hu Jintao”, who came to power without going through the trials and tribulations of “Xi Jinping”. In the sense of referring to the long experience of Comrade “Xi”, given his presence and passing through all party positions in the “CPC” and his deep belief in his ideas and spreading the spirit and ideas of the importance of ideological education sound of Chinese youth and children, with the aim of consolidating the ideological ideas of the CPC within them through schools and various Chinese and local media)
The role and spread of many (Party committees within all sectors of Chinese society during the era of Comrade “Xi”, with the aim of collectively uniting with the policies and leaders of the Communist Party of China), and we can understand the request of the Chinese President, Comrade “Xi Jinping” from the private sector to (Unite around the Communist Party, its policies and leaders to jointly advance the Chinese state), and accordingly, “Yi Qing”, as the responsible for China Federation of Industry and Commerce has ordered to open (party committees supervised by the Communist Party to apply the state policies and laws and their interconnection together to defend the interests of the Chinese nation, especially abroad).
Based on the immediately preceding point, we can notify that “Yi Qing”, as a senior official of the China Federation of Industry and Commerce, called on all companies and private sectors to establish (human resources departments led by the Communist Party of China and its internal committees, with the formation of monitoring units that allow the Communist Party committees to scrutinize company managers) and knowing the depth of their (commitment to the collective policies of the party and the state before the world). I can note and analyze that all of these measures have extended and included mainly all large Chinese companies and groups in particular, given the diminished role of smaller companies in positively influencing the dissemination of the policies and ideas of the Communist Party abroad decisively compared to those of their counterpart companies with space, business volume and investments larger than them in general China.
I can observe and analyze one of the main activities of the “CPC” Foreign Department during the era of Comrade “Xi Jinping” in organizing training courses for foreign political parties, especially those in developing countries, with the purpose of (understanding and highlighting mainly the policies of the strong central leadership of the Communist ruler Party in China).
Here we can analyze the statement of the Head of the Foreign Department of the Communist Party of China, whose name is “Song Tao”, in an online briefing to party leaders from 36 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, with the assertion of “Song Tao”, that:
“The achievements of the Communist Party of China in pushing the wheel of comprehensive development has proven the wisdom of the five-year plans adopted and defended by the Communist Party of China to advance the sectors of Chinese society in all fields”
In his capacity as responsible for all the activities of the Party’s foreign committees and effectively communicating with the outside world, we can find out that “Song Tao” has emphasized that:
“The Chinese regime and its Communist Party can be an important reference for its listeners to learn and benefit from its achievements and successes, how to overcome its failures and any negatives or challenges it faces. Because it turns out that collectively believing in the goal in China by sticking to the leadership of the Communist Party and rallying around it, and will put all those plans and measures on the right track”
On this occasion, a general conference was held in Beijing at the end of 2017, which was joined by (leaders and members of political parties from 120 countries around the world, members of the Democratic and Republican parties at the USA has been attended, despite their public criticism of the policies of the Communist Party of China). Chinese President Comrade “Xi Jinping” also delivered the keynote speech, and many participants signed the statement (Beijing Initiative), praising all the policies of the Communist Party of China and Comrade President “Xi Jinping” in the world.
One of the most prominent roles and works of the (Committee for the Outer World of the Communist Party of China) was to explain, publish and review the book of Chinese President Comrade “Xi Jinping”, known internationally as “The Complete Works of President “Xi Jinping”: On Governance and Administration”, which is consists of three parts to explain the view of Chinese President Comrade “Xi” on the methods and arts of government in China and his view of the world through it.
The foreign committee committees of the Communist Party has organized (several training courses and international classes to explain the ideas of the Chinese President Comrade “Xi Jinping’s book” on the methods and systems of Chinese rule). The most remarkable thing to me is the keenness of a number of African leaders and officials from the ruling parties in countries, such as: (Angola, Congo Brazzaville, Ghana, Mozambique, Panama, and Venezuela) to attend classes and training courses organized by the “Foreign Work Committee” of the Communist Party of China to introduce and explain the ideas of Comrade “Xi Jinping” on the (philosophy of governance and administration in China), with the aim of benefiting from the Chinese experience and the experience of Chinese President Comrade “Xi Jinping” in managing the Chinese state’s policies internally and externally around the world, and understanding and explaining the reason for the success of the Chinese experience and its global development initiatives, such as the “Chinese Belt and Road Initiative”, and others.
There are many official websites in China that promote and explain all (the ideas and policies of the Communist Party of China, and how to strengthen these efforts by communicating with the international community and all political parties around the world, including those parties and countries with a different democratic and liberal ideological vision), and that is a clear sign – according to my own analysis and understanding as an Egyptian researcher in Chinese Politics – to open up the Communist Party of China, and its great willingness to cooperate with everyone and all partners and other parties around the world, including those who differ with it ideologically and ideologically.
Here, we can identify that the (External Department of the Foreign Political Communication of the ruling Communist Party of China with the world) also laid the foundation stone for building ideological schools for the ideas and policies of the Communist Party of China, most notably the opening of (The Ideological School of the Communist Party of China in Tanzania in 2018), and this Tanzanian school is funded Completely from China and the CPC Foreign Liaison Committee, the opening ceremony of the Ideological School in Tanzania was attended by “Mr.Song Tao”, in his capacity as an official and main representative of the Communist Party of the Chinese state, and as the official head and representative of the CPC External Liaison Committee, as well as the presence and participation of many Among the African officials in the opening of the communist ideological school in Tanzania, as representatives of a number of African parties ruling several African countries friendly to China, such as: (South Africa, Angola, Mozambique, Namibia, and Zimbabwe).
The new thing that stopped me in studying and analyzing here, is that a number of African countries that are internationally classified as democratic countries, such as: (Ghana, Kkenya and South Africa), the Foreign Department of the Communist Party of China sponsored several visits by delegations from those democratic parties. To China, in the presence of the leaders of African democratic ruling parties, with the aim of (studying the form and construction of parties, governance and all policies related to China and its Communist Party).
Most notably, the “New National Party of Ghana”, which is currently the ruling party in Ghana, asked for many trainings from the Communist Party of China and its Committee and External Communication Department, in order to (enhance skills Ideology of Ghanaian New National Party Members).
We can notify that the (formerly ruling Democratic National Congress of Ghana) sent dozens of its employees to China to receive and learn such training, and the (Ghana Democratic National Congress) also opened a leadership school in the Ghanaian capital that provides educational programs and materials created by the Chinese Communist Party. It aims to spread its ideas and adopt its policies among the members, despite the different and different ideological views of the Ghanaian party.
We conclude through our analysis of the most prominent roles of the International Liaison Committee of the Central Committee of the ruling Communist Party in China, that it is (the eye through which the world and its political parties see China and its ruling Communist Party). Here, the importance of the document issued by the “Propaganda Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China” on August 16, 2021, entitled: “The Chinese Communist Party: Its Mission and Contributions”, comes in emphasizing the importance of the “Chinese people” themselves at the heart of the “people’s government and the people’s army”. In order to achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, which is already confirmed by all the documents of the International Liaison Committee of the ruling Communist Party, on the role of the ruling Communist Party and its main committees in discussing all issues of concern to the Chinese people, such as: (five-year plan, drafting reports submitted by the Secretary-General of the Communist Party of China to the National Congress of the Communist Party of China, and the plenary sessions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China), all of which aim to affirm the advancement of the Chinese nation and the Chinese people before the world, and the role of the ruling Communist Party in achieving this.
The global role of CPC and Xi Jinping in promoting a dialogue among civilizations
The ruling Communist Party of China has hosted a “Dialogue on Exchange and Common Learning among Civilizations” on January 10, 2022, which was held in its second session, was attended by Vice Chairman of the Chinese Parliament “Ji Bingchuan”, Foreign Minister of the Communist Party of China “Song Tao”, and a number of among the senior leaders and officials of the Chinese state, with the participation of many political elites from former heads of government and officials of international and national organizations and bodies concerned with dialogue among civilizations and spreading the culture of coexistence, including the former Director-General of “UNESCO”. The ruling Communist Party of China and Chinese President “Xi Jinping” play a prominent role in promoting dialogue among civilizations in the world with an open Chinese vision to all, in accordance with the principle of “the common future of mankind”.
So, according to my area of expertise and especialising in Chinese political affairs, and my PhD thesis dissertation has already been focused several years ago on all policies related to the comrades of the Communist Party of China and its political elites, the Egyptian researcher will analyze the Chinese vision to the dialogue among the, as follows:
The Communist Party of China “CPC” and President “Xi Jinping’s rapprochement” with all friends around the world: The CPC seeks to open up to more friends around the world. Therefore, the “CPC” maintains regular communications with more than (400 parties and political organizations in more than 160 countries in the world), and its circle of friends is constantly expanding. Looking to the future, the “CPC” is keenly to strengthen communications with all of the parties of the world, share Party-building and state-rule experiences, conduct exchange and dialogue among civilizations, enhance strategic mutual trust, and work with the peoples of the world to advance the “building of a community with a shared future for mankind and the building of a better world hand in hand”.
The Communist Party of China and President “Xi Jinping” set a unique principle for the global vision of learning and benefiting from the civilizational achievements: This vision is based on respecting of peoples and nations, and giving the rights of differences among all, according to the actual conditions of every country and its internal circumstances.
The theory of the Chinese Communist Party known as “civilizational innovations” to open up to the peoples and civilizations of the world and support the policy of difference: The theory of “civilizational innovations” is based on respect for peoples and their differences with openness to all the features of progress achieved by the peoples of the countries of the world, through keenness on dialogue, exchange and cooperation with peoples and parties from all over the world, with the Communist Party of China “CPC”, declaring its full support for those peoples in promoting cultural exchange and people-to-people friendship between them and China.
Develop a plan for the Communist Party of China “CPC” to share its experiences globally with countries and political parties around the world: The leaders and officials of the Communist Party in China affirmed their keenness to support global dialogue between China and all countries and peoples during the next five years, with the Communist Party of China “CPC” pledging to provide an opportunity for 15,000 people from the political parties that are representing all of the different countries of the world to conduct the exchange in China. The most prominent here, is the call of Chinese President “Xi Jinping” for the establishment of a (clear institutional mechanism) aimed at the regular holding of the “High-level Dialogue Conference between the Communist Party of China and World Parties”, so that it becomes a high-level political platform with wide representation and global influence.
All the speeches of the Chinese President, Comrade “Xi Jinping”, affirmed China’s theory of “common global development contributions”: This theory becomes clear after the Corona pandemic, by providing medical and health assistance to all countries and peoples to get rid of the negative effects of the global epidemic, and here China also provided a huge amount of (free aid, preferential loans, technical, human and intellectual support to all developing countries), with the focus of Chinese state leaders and officials within the framework of the “Chinese Belt and Road Initiative” on building a large number of projects in order to advance its economic and social development and improve the livelihood of its people.
The role of Chinese workers and citizens around the world in enhancing China’s image in the civilized dialogue between China and the world, especially in developing and African countries: Perhaps what surprised me personally as a specialist in Chinese affairs specifically is the presence of thousands of Chinese scientists, engineers, businessmen, technicians, doctors, teachers, workers and volunteers who work. Now virtually in a large number of developing countries, working with local people to change their destiny hand in hand and side by side, according to Comrade “Xi Jinping’s clear principle of China’s support for the common destiny of mankind”.
The declaration of the Nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China to implement the “Plan for a Prosperous Society of the Chinese People and All Peoples of the World” by the year 2050: According to the planning issued by the (Nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China), it was affirmed that by 2020, China will achieve building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, by 2035 it will basically achieve socialist modernization, and by 2050, China will achieve the construction of a strong, prosperous, democratic, civilized and harmonious modern socialist country for the well-being of the Chinese people and the rest of the world alike. This was confirmed by the leaders of the Communist Party of China in calling on the parties in the world to participate in China in creating more opportunities for cooperation and working to advance a (joint development and prosperity) among the various countries of the world.
China’s role in maintaining global peace: The Chinese state participates in all international forums to promote global stability and peace, and at the present time, China contributes externally to the (payment of more than 36,000 Chinese peacekeeping forces internationally), China has also become a major contributor of forces and funds in the UN peacekeeping operations globally. We find that China has a major role in “maintaining international peace and security and managing conflicts globally”, through the presence of more than (2,500 Chinese officers and soldiers to maintain peace and security in 8 regions for peacekeeping missions), despite the difficulties and dangers they face.
Chinese President “Xi Jinping’s call” to reform and build the global governance system: Comrade Xi Jinping’s call to advance the development of the international political and economic system in a more justice and rational direction, President “Xi Jinping” emphasized in all his political speeches on “China never seeks hegemony, and does not harm others or expand abroad”, and focusing all China’s efforts on achieving development at the international level among all partners and friends.
The Communist Party of China’s call for all political parties around the world to develop “a new theory and foundations for building world peace and joint contribution to global development and protection of the international order: In confirmation of that call from the comrades in the ruling Communist Party in China, their call came to work with all countries of the world, most notably I have the serious emphasis on “China not importing the foreign style from abroad, and not exporting the Chinese style also abroad”, and thus China’s clarity in not forcing all other countries to copy and imitate the way China works.
Chinese President Comrade “Xi Jinping” and the leaders of the Communist Party of China (CPC) called to “narrow the gap between the North and the South”: The Chinese view is to achieve economic globalization based on (openness, inclusiveness, public benefit, balance and mutual gain), and to create conducive conditions to the common development of all mankind and work together to advance development and prosperity for the countries of the world, and to eradicate poverty and underdevelopment, from which many peoples around the world still suffer.
The speeches of the Chinese President, Comrade “Xi Jinping”, affirmed the application of the principle of “building a community with a shared future for mankind” by introducing the “Chinese Belt and Road” initiative: that is why the Chinese keenness on modernization and construction globally and helping everyone without exception achieve (the Joint Construction of the Belt and the Road), as a global platform for activating cooperation between the countries concerned to achieve common development.
China’s global affirmation to respect the right of countries and peoples to choose and differ and build a common community for humanity: This principle is rooted in all principles and documents advocated by the Communist Party of China and its companions, with their affirmation of respecting differences between different countries of the world, and avoiding any differences, contradictions or frictions. It impedes the civilized dialogue between everyone, and raised the Chinese civilizational principle that “all people are belonging to one family”, as they live under “one sky and one planet on Earth”. Therefore, all the peoples of the world should adhere to the idea of “all under heaven from one family”, and search for common ground while leaving aside differences and making joint efforts for (building a community with a shared future for humanity).
In conclusion, the essence of the idea of Chinese dialogue, which is meaningful to all countries, peoples and civilizations around the world, is the belief of the Chinese communist leaders and Chinese comrade “Xi Jinping”, and the affirmation of the belief of the Chinese nation in the principle of “all under heaven from one family”, by reference to the Chinese civilizational heritage, which calls for “loving of all people and creatures, make all nations live together in peace and a world of greater harmony”. This was translated by the political discourses of the Communist Party of China and its General Secretary, President “Xi Jinping”, and their affirmation of the Chinese nation’s aspiration to live in a better world, and everyone’s pursuit of justice for the public interest.
Japan’s Rohingya Policy: Deviation From Long-held Distinction
The story of Japan long pervasive in Bangladesh even across the world consists of two distinct aspects. One is the horrific nuclear bomb attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 and other is the Japanese people’s modesty, magnanimity and their national standing for the cause of humanity. Disproportionate response to Japan’s pre-war action with nuclear weapons and subsequent death of millions mostly civilian are still recalled with awful astonishment. Even as a testimony of suffering by the millions of ‘Hibakusha’, the post-war irradiated victims, the heart wrenching story of Sadako Sasaki and her arduous efforts to survive still haunts the people across the world. Similarly victimized for varied reasons, Bangali and Bangladeshi people always stood in solidarity with Japan. The legendary Bangali Jurist Radhabinod Pal and his prudential standing in ‘Tokyo Trial’ to defend Japan from wholesale allegation of committing war crime symbolize that solidarity. And Bangladesh is among the forefront countries to set up peace stone in Okinawa Peace Memorial Park.
The story of Japanese people’s modesty, charity and national standing for the just cause of humanity especially at the time of our independence struggle and post-war reconstruction effort is quite prevalent in Bangladesh. Japan was the first country to send delegation to newly independent Bangladesh in a bid to aid economic and infrastructural reconstruction. The name like ‘Shapla Neer’, a well renowned Japanese NGO, or JICA, Japan International Cooperation Agency, resonates Japanese largesse and support to Bangladesh. Half of a century old Bilateral relation between Bangladesh and Japan is characterized with reciprocity and the reverence of Bangladeshi people to Japan. And this relational reverence to Japan is more to do with Japan’s long-standing stance for just and humanitarian cause than its formidable economic position.
But given the Japan’s inertia, in some cases defiance, in response to the one of the greatest injustices in 21st century- Rohingya refugee crisis, it seems that Japan has substantially drifted away over the time from its position of long-held soft power strength- reputation of being benign to humanitarian cause. In the name of policy of non-interference, Japan has constantly defied the brutality unleashed by Myanmar military junta. Even as a blow to the very cause of humanity, in many cases they had cozied up to perpetrators. Let alone rendering any support to global initiatives to the cause, Japan stood in defiance to the collective steps of targeted sanctions or bringing perpetrators to the justice for parochial geopolitical and economical interests. Japan’s parochialism in Myanmar policy regarding Rohingya crisis has brought her to the same footing of It’s geopolitical rival, China. Both countries have been upholding their geostrategic interests above the greater humanitarian conviction even the crisis took the genocidal turn in August, 2017. Constantly blurring policy line between China and Japan questions the very strength of distinct Japanese way to the world.
Japan’s policy of non-interference regarding Rohingya crisis stands on the naive notion that over the time, through the economic development, Myanmar would go through the continuous democratic evolution and eventually embrace the inclusive governance values. But blow to this very notion, the recent coup at nascent stage of democracy has made it clear that the Myanmar military machine is impossible to be extricated from state mechanism. And state-sponsored apartheid policies against the Rohingya minority will surely follow the past precedents if not halted with harsh responses.
Again Japan’s Rohingya policy doesn’t reflect very standing of its own people. Officially Japan never recognise Rohingya people as separate ethnic minority native for long in Myanmar. They use ‘Muslim’, ‘Rakhine Muslim’ even ‘Bangali’, a derogatory term used in Myanmar to indicate Rohingya as illegal Bangladeshi immigrants, in their Official statements. But clear contrast to the official line, Japanese media and civil societies use the term ‘Rohingya’ to denote the ethnic entity. This contrasting line, given the high degree of reflection and integration between Japanese media and people, demonstrates the dearth of democratic principle in Japan’s foreign policy position.
Another deviation in Japan’s foreign policy orientation toward Rohingya crisis is its conspicuous apathy to mobilise its position of strength, economic one in Myanmar and political in global platforms like United Nations, to contribute to the resolution of crisis. Historically Japan has considerable economic footings in Myanmar, given its position of being 6th largest foreign direct investor, 3rd largest importer and 7th largest exporter to Myanmar. But rather than mechanizing the economic might to tame Myanmar’s policy line toward the resolution of crisis, it has been showing clear apathy to that end and has continuously been toeing the line demarcated with geopolitical and geo-economical colour.
Over 1 million Rohingya in Bangladesh along with hundreds of thousands across the world have been lingering to return to their birth land and loitering for Justice to the brutality unleashed to them. Bangladesh with limited resources stood by the them and has been voicing for their justice in international platforms. But if that voice from tiny country like Bangladesh for broader cause of humanity is not heard and responded by powerful ones like Japan, Justice will continue to cry in seclusion. As famous maxim tells us,” Justice delayed is Justice denied”, how much delay does it necessitate to awaken the world to stand for Rohingya cause?
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