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Technology as a Driver of Structural Transformation in the LDCs

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business-technology

At the margins of the second session of the Intergovernmental Preparatory Committee (PrepCom2) of the Fifth United Nations Conference on Least Developed Countries (UN LDC5), the Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF), together with the United Nations Technology Bank for Least Developed Countries (UN Technology Bank) and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), organized a high-level side event focused on the role of technology as a driver of structural transformation in the least developed countries (LDCs).

“Industry 4.0 is a reality, also in LDCs”, said Bernardo Calzadilla-Sarmiento, Managing Director, Directorate of Digitalization, Technology and Agri-Business, and Director, Department of Digitalization, Technology and Innovation. “New technologies are being used in creative ways to drive structural transformation; as such, we have to break the idea of sequential industrial transformation”.

Technologies such as artificial intelligence, big data and drones can help enterprises in LDCs enhance their productivity and competitiveness, and move up the value chain ladder in agriculture, industry, and the services sector. Similarly, digital goods and services trade enhances the opportunity for small‑ and medium enterprises (SMEs) to participate in global trade and enhance their financial inclusion.

“Technology has changed the rules of the game and the possibilities are endless”, said Calzadilla-Sarmiento. “While exploring the opportunities, we need to narrow the digital divide, allow LDCs to benefit from the technologies and reduce inequalities, to leave no one behind. In the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic, industrialization can also contribute to economic recovery and technology is the fuel to the engine”.

The side event is one of UNIDO’s contributions towards the Fifth United Nations Conference on the LDCs (LDC5), which will take place in January 2022, in Doha, Qatar.

“UNIDO is strongly committed to supporting LDCs in their path towards industrialization and technology-enabled structural transformation”, said Manuel Mattiat, Programme Officer in charge of LDCs matters at UNIDO. “We are eager to use our expertise and networks to provide policy advice and build the capacities and partnerships necessary to increase equitable access enabling the fourth industrial revolution among the LDCs”.

UNIDO suggests that the next programme of action for the LDCs envisages achievable and impactful outcomes on structural socio-economic transformation, especially by developing digital and innovation skills for both women and men, especially in start-ups and Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). At the same time, it will be essential to address the potential of new partnership models for resource mobilization from various streams such as innovative financing, cost-sharing contributions, and national and international development finance institutions (DFIs).

“To restart economies smartly, intra-regional and continental avenues are important to follow”, said Mattiat. “There is an opportunity for the next programme of action for LDCs to make use of innovative cooperation corridors which are yet to expand, such as the Africa Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) Agreement or South-South and Triangular Cooperation modalities”.

In the lead-up to the UN LDC5, UNIDO will organize a series of activities in support of LDCs, including the 9th Ministerial Conference of the LDCs to be held in November, at its headquarters, as the last pre-event leading towards the UN LDC5 while also preceding the Organization’s 19th General Conference. Throughout these activities, UNIDO will continue to advocate the need for multilateralism to support structural transformation in LDCs well as the need to foster favorable and conducive environments through policy and infrastructure; innovative ecosystems; private sector development; competencies and digital skills; and strong partnerships.

At the same time, UNIDO believes that it is with a sense of urgency that the LDCs needs to be steered onto an environmentally sustainable and carbon-neutral path. For instance, the next programme of action for LDCs is an opportunity to advocate for a global just transition towards an efficient economy for a more equitable use of resources reversing biodiversity loss, and curbing pollution and waste.

“Beyond appropriate policies, this calls for mobilizing the industrial community to leverage investments helping developing countries’ abilities to respond to national, regional and global challenges, including climate change”, said Mattiat. “Mobilizing finance, technology and capacity-building to  scaling up economies in developing countries can only be achieved through impactful business models and partnerships with cross-sectoral stakeholders, such as the UNIDO Programme for Country Partnership (PCP).

UNIDO will thus continue to upscale its advocacy for LDCs through sharing knowledge, exchanging best practices and showcasing normative outputs.

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First-of-Its-Kind Blueprint for Data Policy Adopted by City of Helsinki

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The World Economic Forum today released Empowered Data Societies: A Human-centric Approach to Data Relationships. The framework put forth in the white paper ensures that data is used in responsible and innovative ways to create progress while respecting, valuing and empowering people and communities.

As part of a year-long partnership with the City of Helsinki, the World Economic Forum convened a global community of technologists, anthropologists and policy and data experts to develop a new way to create data policy oriented around the values, needs and expectations of people.

By leading with the interests of those generating data or most impacted by resulting insights, this approach mitigates the trade-offs between innovation and privacy.

The Forum worked with a dedicated team of data practitioners and policy-makers with the City of Helsinki to apply this new methodology to develop a dedicated anonymization pipeline for complex personal data that will allow for maximal data utilisation anchored in respect for individuals and their privacy. New pathways, processes and tools were also created to document a best practice blueprint for human-centric proactive services, which Helsinki will open-source for future expanded use and improvement.

“Throughout this year-long partnership we were motivated by the principle that human-centricity is neither a ‘nice to have’ nor a ‘deluxe’ approach to data. Human-centricity can and should be the foundation upon which to build empowered data societies. With the release of this paper, we aim to share frameworks, insights and best practices so policy-makers around the world can adopt and build systems that use data in responsible and innovative ways to create progress that legitimately serves people and communities,” said Sheila Warren, Deputy Head of the Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution Network, World Economic Forum.

The City of Helsinki created several tools to enable efficient utilization of extremely sensitive data. The main principle behind the blueprint is that the storage, anonymization and processing of data are separated and that different individuals perform each task.

Forging a way to create entirely new data analytics capabilities for Helsinki has resulted in a new technical environment for treating sensitive personal data with the highest ethical, data protection and cybersecurity standards. This environment will be used as the city continues accelerating its use of data to provide more personalized and timely services for its residents and visitors.

“Helsinki’s commitment to serving its citizens requires going beyond traditional service provision and tapping into the full potential of data to deliver the best quality services in the most efficient way possible. Using data responsibly requires the development and implementation of new practices that are human-centric – those that assure citizens’ interests are respected and prioritized at all times, empower citizens to improve their own lives through data, and increase participation in the overall ecosystem by building trustworthy data relationships,” said Jan Vapaavuori, Urban Activist and Mayor of Helsinki (2017-2021).

Much of the data needed to tackle the world’s most pressing challenges is siloed in public and private sources. Even for social good, the various regulatory, commercial and social risks prevent data sharing. The Shaping the Future of Technology Governance: Data Policy Platform works with partners from all sectors, regions and industries to develop agile and innovative approaches to accelerate the responsible use of data and empower stakeholders across the entire data ecosystem.

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Digital billboards bring real-time air pollution data to Nairobi

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Image source: UN Environment

Digital billboards around the Kenyan capital today started to live stream Nairobi’s real-time air pollution in an effort to increase air quality awareness among the city’s 4.7 million inhabitants.

The initiative – by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), in collaboration with IQAir, a Swiss air quality technology company, Safaricom, a telecommunications provider in Kenya, Alpha and Jam Ltd and Metropolitan Star Lite Ltd,  Out Of Home (OOH) media – provides real-time air quality information for some of the most harmful type of air pollution, fine airborne particles, known as PM2.5. The pilot aims to engage the public by streaming real-time air pollution information to digital billboards at 4 critical locations in the city: Moi Avenue, University Way, Mbagathi Way and Jomo Kenyatta International Airport.

PM2.5causes serious health issues, including asthma, lung cancer, and heart disease. Exposure to PM2.5has also been associated with low birth weight, increased acute respiratory infections, and stroke.

“Real time air quality monitoring will help us with the issuance of health advisories as well as for formulation of smart traffic controls that minimize congestion,” said Lawrence Mwangi, Assistant Director of Environment in charge of pollution control at the Nairobi County Government. “Dynamic advisories demonstrated through this collaboration will help people limit their exposure to harmful pollutants.”

Around 3 billion people cook and heat their homes using open fires and simple stoves burning biomass (wood, animal dung and crop waste) and coal. More than 50% of premature deaths due to pneumonia among children under 5 are caused by the particulate matter (soot) inhaled from household air pollution.  Outdoor air pollution in both cities and rural areas was estimated to cause 3 million premature deaths worldwide in 2012 with 88% of those premature deaths occurring in low- and middle-income countries.

Policies and investments supporting cleaner transport, energy-efficient housing, power generation, industry and better municipal waste management would reduce key sources of urban outdoor air pollution.  Most residents of the city do not have access to real-time air quality data and consequently, are often unaware of the harmful levels of air they breathe.

“Action on air pollution, which is responsible for millions of premature deaths a year, is critical – efforts should focus on high-risk communities, such as people living in informal urban settlements,” said Inger Andersen, Executive Director of UNEP. “Innovations to reach and engage the local community and decision-makers alike, can only elevate the understanding of the impacts of air quality and help create an enabling environment improve human and ecosystem health.”

“We recognize that some of the world’s most vulnerable communities are disproportionately affected by poor air quality,” said IQAir CEO Frank Hammes.  “Through our partnership with UNEP, we are able to leverage real-time air quality monitoring data, machine learning and data visualization to help identify those that are most affected by global air pollution. The real-time visibility of the impact of air pollution on mankind, combined with the outreach and support that the UNEP offers, can help governments and communities around the world take actions that lead to cleaner, healthier air.”

The Nairobi air quality awareness demonstration project is the result of a unique collaboration between the UN, the private sector, academia, non-governmental and local governmental organizations and is expected to accelerate efforts to change how transport, waste management and other services are managed in cities so that air pollution from these activities is significantly reduced, if not eliminated.

“This partnership lies very much at the heart of our sustainability agenda that seeks to address environmental issues such as air pollution which remains a major challenge especially in urban centres. We intend to use our digital platforms and expansive network infrastructure to support the air quality monitoring project to expand across more urban areas in Kenya. We will also foster partnerships with other stakeholders including regulators, relevant ministries and private organizations to help build a compressive and sustainable air quality monitoring system in the long run”, said Peter Ndegwa, CEO, Safaricom.

The demonstration project comes as the world celebrates the 2nd International Day for Clean Air and blue skies on 7 September, this year held under the theme, Healthy Air, Healthy Planet. The Day calls for increased international cooperation at the global, regional and sub-regional levels. It provides a platform for strengthening global solidarity as well as political momentum for action against air pollution and climate change, including the increased collection of air quality data, carrying out joint research, developing new technologies and sharing best practices.

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Artel to strengthen position as a leading innovator in Central Asia

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Artel Electronics LLC (Artel), Central Asia’s leading home appliance and electronics manufacturer and one of Uzbekistan’s largest companies, continues to strengthen its Research and Development (R&D) position to bring new, innovative products to its customers.

Artel’s custom R&D center in Tashkent is one of the most extensive manufacturing research facilities in Central Asia. The center’s designers, engineers and technicians develop new technologies to advance the next generation of contemporary products for the modern home.

The expansion of Artel’s R&D center is at the heart of the company’s forward-looking strategy. In the near future, the company will strengthen its in-house expertise through employing over 100 additional specialists and by attracting leading international talent. The center will also establish a number of departments dedicated to research priorities, including in automation and robotics. Moreover, to capitalize on international trends, Artel is exploring establishing branches of the R&D center overseas, including in Turkey and China, and partnership opportunities with technical universities worldwide.

The R&D center also plays a central role in the identification and training of the next generation of Uzbek technicians, designers and engineers. The R&D center has had long lasting cooperation with the Department of Mechatronics and Robotics at the Islam Karimov Tashkent State Technical University, and a branch of the center focusing on automation and robotization of production operates on site. Since establishment, the Center has provided state-of-the-art training to over 250 young specialists who now work throughout Artel’s operations. By investing in and nurturing homegrown talent, Artel channels expertise, ideas and creativity into its operations.

Rustem Lenurovich, Director of the R&D Center, said: “At Artel, we know that the constant development of new, sophisticated products and processes is fundamental to our business and growth. Through our hard work and innovation, and by investing in energetic young talent, we will continue to deliver the most advanced appliances and electronics to our customers. We look forward to strengthening our R&D position even further in the coming years.”

Artel’s R&D facility was established in 2016, and the main center was opened in 2017. The center’s team of specialists develop technologies to continuously refresh the company’s product portfolio and optimize production processes. The onsite VR laboratory and pilot production facilities are used to create and test prototypes. In the first half of 2021 alone, the center initiated over 30 projects. The center has also recently partnered with Gree company on the development of washing machine and air conditioner technologies.

Artel Electronics LLC manufactures a wide range of household appliances and electronics, and operates in all regions of Uzbekistan. The company currently exports its products to over 20 countries throughout the CIS and the Middle East, and is also the regional partner of Samsung and Viessmann.

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