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26 million jobs lost in Latin America and the Caribbean during a year of the pandemic

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The Latin American and Caribbean region lost 26 million jobs as a result of the pandemic, and started 2021 with a complex employment landscape aggravated by new waves of contagion and slow vaccination processes that make the prospects for recovery in labour markets more uncertain, says a new technical note from the International Labour Organization (ILO).

“The quest for better normality will require ambitious action to recover from setbacks in the world of work”, warned Vinícius Pinheiro, ILO Director for Latin America and the Caribbean, when commenting on the note, which presents the latest data on the impact of COVID-19 over the past year.

“It is now time to rebuild the jobs lost by the pandemic and create new decent work opportunities,” Pinheiro said, noting that despite adversity, action must be taken and consensus reached so that “2021 is the year of vaccination and economic recovery with more and better jobs”.

However, the ILO Regional Director highlighted that “in the pursuit of recovery, addressing pre-existing conditions in the region will be unavoidable and those conditions are key to understanding why the impact of the pandemic on employment was so strong. Many of the challenges we had before the pandemic remain in place, although they are now more urgent”.

“High informality, small fiscal spaces, persistent inequality, low productivity and poor coverage of social protection, coupled with problems that still persist such as child labour and forced labour, are part of the ongoing challenges in the region”, he added.

The ILO regional technical note, “The employment crisis in the pandemic: Towards a human-centred job recovery”, emphasizes that the labour impacts were devastating in the second quarter of 2020 when the employment and participation indicators plummeted, and then partially recovered.

However, by the end of 2020 the region’s average employment rate had fallen from 57.4 per cent to 51.7 per cent, a sharp drop equated to the loss of around 26 million jobs, of which 80 per cent, or more than 20 million people, left the workforce.

This significant exit from the workforce was unprecedented and has been characteristic of 2020. By comparison, the unemployment rate has only partially reflected the magnitude of the difficulties faced by labour markets in the region, increasing by just over 2 percentage points between 2019 and 2020, from 8.3 per cent to 10.6 per cent.

This situation would have begun to change, explained Roxana Maurizio, ILO Regional Labour Economics Specialist and author of the technical note, who commented that in 2021 there could be “a significant increase in the employment rate when millions of people who had ceased to participate in the labour force return to the workforce”.

In addition to lost jobs, the region experienced a sharp contraction in working hours, as well as a reduction in labour incomes, which account for 80 per cent of what people in Latin America and the Caribbean earn. The region has recorded the largest losses in hours worked worldwide.

The ILO’s technical note indicates that during the crisis both formal and informal employment experienced very pronounced contractions, but with greater intensity for the latter and for this reason the informality rate was reduced (temporarily), in the context of the widespread collapse in employment demand, especially in the early months of the pandemic.

But that situation has already started to change.

“There is a high risk of informalization that adds to the already high levels of labour informality that countries had before the pandemic”, said Maurizio.

According to available data from seven countries, employment recovery in the second half of 2020 has been almost entirely contracted by informal employment growth. These occupations account for more than 60 per cent of the total increase in employment.

“The formal work deficit, in turn, is likely to become more apparent to certain types of workers such as young people, women and adults with lower qualifications – groups that traditionally experience greater difficulties in accessing formal employment”, she added.

“The macroeconomic collapse has disproportionately impacted some segments of the population, amplifying labour and social gaps – especially gender gaps – that characterize the region”, she continued.

“The outlook for economic recovery by 2021 is modest and still very uncertain, so expectations about a possible reversal of the critical labour market situation should be very cautious”.

The ILO has proposed developing recovery strategies based on a Policy Framework with four main pillars: stimulating the economy and employment; support businesses, jobs and incomes; protect workers in the workplace; and resort to social dialogue to find solutions.

The technical note highlights that in a scenario as complex as the current one “social dialogue and the building of new consensuses, pacts or agreements are more relevant than ever” to advance the recovery of employment.

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Free bonus from Binance and the amount of Ethereum best crypto signals is growing

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Binance Gives New Users $ 100

Binance, one of the leading cryptocurrency exchanges, is giving out a welcome bonus to its new users who join its platform. Binance offers the option of giving up to $ 100 to new users.

Binance, the world’s largest cryptocurrency exchange by trading volume, is offering a welcome bonus of up to $ 100 to new users who join its system. To benefit from these rewards, users must be members of the Binance exchange and then complete certain tasks – said the analyst of SafeTrading.

Users who are new members of the Binance exchange must complete the tasks set by the platform within 7 days. Users must complete the authentication process before running these tasks. Once this process is complete, you can switch to an interface called Task Center. Binance challenges and awards include:

– A $ 5 bonus cash voucher on your first deposit of at least $ 50 in Fiat or P2P.

– A $ 50 spot cashback coupon on the first purchase of at least $ 100 worth of crypto in spot transactions.

– $ 45 Spot Refund Coupon for your cryptocurrency trading of at least $ 100 on spot trades.

After completing the three tasks mentioned above, you can view the cost and expiration date of your coupons in the Reward Center interface.

Binance will award a premium of $ 1.8 million

Binance, one of the world’s largest cryptocurrency exchanges, has created a $ 1.8 million prize pool for its 4th anniversary. Binance’s largest prize pool by best crypto signals to date will be raised with users at a special event hosted by the giant cryptocurrency exchange by the info of SafeTrading.

To take advantage of this event, you must first be a member of the Binance exchange. Upon completion of membership, tasks are displayed in the Challenge interface. There are prizes defined as 350 CHR, 200 CHZ, 500 DATA, 20 DEXE, 800 TRX, NFT, thanks in the call interface. To take advantage of these rewards, you must complete the quests at the bottom of the event interface. Users who are eligible to spin the wheels with these challenges can take advantage of these rewards by clicking on the ‘GO’ option. However, the user who has completed the quest can go through the same quest again after 24 hours and be eligible to spin the wheel.

The event will run until 14.59, 07/14/2021.

Is Shibaswap Safe? What do the reviews say?

Many people question the transparency and reliability of ShibaSwap and its best crypto signals.

ShibaSwap security check error.

Despite the unexpected success of this decentralized dog exchange, there are warnings that liquidity providers are adding capital via an undefined security protocol. Amid Elon Musk’s annoying dog token trading, on July 7, Shiba developers launched a purported decentralized exchange with attractive perks for users. Within 24 hours of launch, the exchange has raised over $ 1 billion in blocking.

On July 8, a columnist for cryptocurrency exchange DeFi Safety published a report on ShibaSwap, in which the exchange score is only 3%, which is well below the 70% that the site considers successful.

Describing the rating as a “crushing failure,” DeFi Safety reported that ShibaSwap failed on all but two of the 22 review criteria. The exchange received a 30% Credibility rating for the clarity of the information presented in the whitepaper.

ShibaSwap one address.

On July 7, Solidity developer Joseph Schiarizzi warned that ShibaSwap is under the control of only one address for most of the first day of the hosting contract.

Since then, ShibaSwap has upgraded the contract to a multi-signature system that requires six secure accounts to reconcile transactions before they are executed. Schiarzzi warns that each of the addresses can be under the control of one person:

Most of these secure accounts are newly opened accounts with 0 transactions and no ETH, so it is likely that the holders of these accounts are simply people working for the ShibaSwap developers who can easily agree to participate in a betting contract.

DeFi Watch analyst Chris Black shared Sciarizzi’s warnings about ShibaSwap safety risks with his 22,000 followers and drew attention to the DeFi Safety review.

The number of Ethereum users has increased by 5 million in the last 30 days!

Ethereum (ETH), the world’s largest smart contract development platform, continues to gain traction ahead of the planned upgrade, reaching over 5 million new users in just 30 days (Info of the SafeTrading team).

Ethereum Demand Grows Rapidly

On average, this means 173,235 new users are added to the Ethereum network daily. With sob data, the total number of Ethereum addresses in the world has increased to 162,231,196.

Celsius Network CEO Alex Mashinsky recently stated that Ethereum is “converting” bitcoins, which will make cryptocurrencies more widespread. Mashinsky expects wider adoption of Ethereum as he believes tier 2 solutions will solve the problems with ETH in the near future.

ETH 2.0, on the other hand, will be a significant and incremental improvement to tier 2 solutions, but Mashinsky said the two systems will work together in the future. Ethereum developers recently introduced a new bill allowing the London hard fork. This account also includes the highly anticipated Ethereum EIP-1559 update.

A week ago, Ethereum surpassed Bitcoin in terms of the total number of active addresses per day for the first time in the history of cryptocurrency. This event shows that the demand for the second largest cryptocurrency in the world is growing. The fact that Ethereum is significantly ahead of Bitcoin in terms of daily active addresses is a harbinger that it will become a big competitor to Bitcoin in terms of price.

The number of Ethereum users has increased by 5 million in the last 30 days!

For example, the American investment bank Goldman Sachs believes that the Ethereum network is capable of using it as the main storage for cryptocurrencies.

Ethereum is on track to become the most popular smart contract development platform in the crypto community, according to a Business Insider report released on Tuesday.

How will this affect the price of Ethereum?

After the last big drop, Ethereum, which, like all altcoins, was seriously damaged, started the week with a rally. The price is currently hovering around $ 2,230. If the Ethereum price remains above the $ 2,230 support, it could correct higher in the near future. The first resistance is around the $ 2,280 level and the 100-hour SMA. If the first key resistance is $ 2300. The next major resistance is around the $ 2,350 level. The additional gain could push the price towards the $ 2,400 level, and new updates in the coming months suggest that this could push the price higher.

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How To Perform Forensic Delay and Disruption Analysis?

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Forensic delay and disruption analysis refers to the process of investigation that determines the causes and extent of delays in order to resolve disputes related to construction projects. It revolves around identification of the activities or events causing delays to the critical path and quantifying the delay caused by each event.

The analysis requires the help of experts trained in Critical Path Method (CPM) Scheduling methods. These experts are appointed by parties involved in a disputed project who come to an agreement regarding the causes of delay. In this article, we have explained how an expert performs a detailed forensic delay and disruption analysis.

How is a Forensic Delay and Disruption Analysis Performed?

A forensic delay and disruption analysis can be conducted prior to the commencement of the project as a form of risk assessment. Alternatively, it could be done during or after completion of the project to identify the causes as well as the amount of delay.

To perform a forensic delay and disruption analysis, it is essential to enlist the help of an expert. The expert performs the analysis by evaluating the planned and actual results, the type of critical delay incurred, and activities leading to the delay.

The delay analysis is all about finding details – how the actual project progressed, what activities or events had an impact on the time taken for completion, etc. And to figure this out, the expert needs to move beyond taking the project schedule at face value and evaluating its activities.

They have to go through all of the contemporary records related to the project in order to identify the actual causes and effects of the delay events affecting the critical path of the project.

However, not all projects may have the complete set of records that is needed by the expert. In such cases, the experience of the expert allows them to work out a satisfactory analysis using incomplete or inaccurate data.

Forensic Delay Analysis Methodologies

There is no standard method in forensic delay analysis that can be followed for every situation. Before deciding on the most suitable method, an expert needs to consider several aspects. These include:

  • Type of required analysis- retrospective or prospective
  • Requirements of the contract
  • Dispute value
  • Available time
  • Availability of records and program information

On the basis of the above aspects, the expert identifies the most suitable methodology for analysis. In case there are experts appointed separately by both the parties involved in the dispute, the experts need to unanimously decide on a methodology to maintain ease of interpretation and comparison.

Some of the most common methods used in forensic delay and disruption analysis are as follows.

  • Impacted As-Planned Analysis
  • Time Impact Analysis
  • As-Planned vs As-Built
  • Windows Analysis
  • Collapsed As-Built Analysis

Conclusion

To conclude, forensic delay and disruption analysis is a means of negotiating a fair result in case of a dispute related to delays in construction projects. A delay analysis expert needs to go through all the relevant records and identify the most suitable methodology to ensure that they don’t end up with an erroneous conclusion.

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Learn how a traffic violation lawyer in VA can help you

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If you happen to be in a situation where there is a misunderstanding or there is any sort of conflict with the traffic authorities concerning traffic, the best thing you can always do is to hire a traffic violation lawyer. You see, the traffic violation tickets can usually leave you feeling frustrated, especially when you have nothing you can do about them.

You need to get legal advice from a traffic violation attorney because these experts know the required legal matters. Besides, there are good chances that you can resolve some issues when you use a traffic violation attorney. In this article, you will learn how a traffic violation lawyer can help you.

How a traffic violation attorney can help you

In most cases, there are various ways that a traffic violation attorney can assist you when you are facing a traffic violation charge. A traffic violation lawyer in VA is there to listen to all the details of your situation and even analyze your legal position. They can also tell you the advantages and disadvantages that come with alternate courses of action.

There are many attorneys out there who build great relationships with prosecutors. They also know their ways around the court systems and can use their expertise to your benefit.

It’s worth noting that your traffic violation attorney can gather information and facts from you and evaluate all the aspects of the traffic offenses that they are charging you. An experienced traffic violation lawyer can also evaluate the legal defenses that are there in your case.

These may include inaccuracies and mistakes done by the arresting officer as well as other technical defenses that can be useful. For serious charges, you can use the attorney’s experience and skills to assist you to negotiate with the prosecutor.

There are several data derived from the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration suggesting that the combination of at least three field sobriety tests when used together gave the accuracy of 91 percent in all DUI cases. It means that there are good chances that the arresting officer can be wrong in at least 9 for every 100 field sobriety tests.

Technically, to get an accurate administration of these three tests, the arresting officer needs to follow some strict guidelines and these tests must be done under specific conditions. Your traffic violation lawyer can challenge your case based on these tools. Therefore, before you meet a lawyer, it’s important to create a summary of information concerning the case. This can help a traffic violation attorney to understand the intricate details of your case.

Cost of a traffic violation attorney

The fees that traffic violation attorneys can vary depending on the specific circumstances of the offense they are charging you with. You can find some lawyers out there who may charge a flat rate so that they can get a citation dismissed.

As explained earlier, these fees can vary depending on the attorney and how much effort and time that they can spend on your case. The fees for moving and non-moving violations can also vary significantly. Some traffic violation attorneys can find that it’s sometimes quite expensive and time-consuming to deal with a DUI defense, so they avoid handling them.

When you are meeting a traffic violation attorney, they need to be clear with the scope and purpose of the legal representation. They should also say what will be included in the cost of this legal representation to make sure that you are receiving all the services that you expect from your lawyer. Before you retain a traffic violation lawyer, it’s also important to consider asking for a written agreement to ensure that both parties understand and are clear on the terms and conditions.

Remember that lawyer’s fees can quickly increase when contesting a speeding ticket and can even get higher if the case is complex and goes to trial. This is because an attorney can charge a fee for a particular type of case or even an hourly rate. And, you may need to pay an advance fee that is also called a retainer.

You need to understand all these details associated with the fee arrangement for the services before you retain a lawyer. In this way, you can avoid meeting unexpected costs when the representation starts. You should also understand if you are eligible for a refund of this fee when you decide to terminate the lawyer while they start working on the case.

Types of traffic violation lawyers

There are usually two types of traffic violation attorneys that can come in handy in your traffic violation case. Here is what you need to know about these attorneys:

Private practice

Any lawyer who handles traffic offenses knows the stakeholders, and the dynamic laws and processes that these cases are resolved in traffic courts. There are good chances that a prosecutor can dismiss all the charges against you if a traffic violation attorney represents you.

In most cases, prosecutors can sometimes take advantage of people without legal representation. An experienced traffic violation lawyer usually works to get the best outcome for your case. Their aim is to get the citation reduced or dismissed.

If your job needs driving, then you can’t want your driver’s license to be suspended. You need to hire a lawyer so that they can help you avoid this situation. People with commercial driver’s licenses must always hire a traffic violation lawyer before paying a ticket. This is because there are some specific laws that can apply to commercial licenses, leading to a faster license suspension.

Public defenders

If you believe that you cannot afford a private attorney, then you can ask the court to appoint a lawyer who works with the public defender’s office. Remember that court-appointed lawyers can represent only those who cannot afford hiring a lawyer and they are facing a jail sentence.

However, financial problems that can be caused when you hire a lawyer is not a sufficient ground for the appointment of a lawyer. The judge can decide that besides all the fines and court costs, you should also pay certain charges for the legal services after using a court-appointed lawyer.

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