Transition to a new EU farm policy: food security and protecting farmers’ income

Delays in negotiating EU farm policy reforms will not affect farmers’ incomes. The Parliament will vote in December on a proposal to ensure a smooth transition.

On 30 June 2020, the European Parliament, the European Commission and the Council agreed on a proposal that ensures key provisions for farmers are maintained until 2022.

Existing Common Agriculture Policy (CAP) legislation will be replaced with a new framework but delays in the new CAP negotiations mean a transitional period is needed to ensure farmers do not lose their income and that agricultural production in the EU is secured.

Common Agricultural Policy

Launched in 1962, EU farm policy aims to improve agricultural productivity, promote rural development and address environmental and climate challenges, as well as ensuring that farmers have a fair income.

These goals are achieved through:

These regularly updated provisions need funding from the EU’s long-term budget. CAP spending accounts for around 34.5% of the EU’s 2020 budget.

Parliament’s position

Parliament wants this legislation to give farmers predictability, stability and financial continuity, especially in light of the Covid-19 pandemic, which significantly affected the agricultural sector. MEPs recently agreed on their negotiating position for the CAP reform negotiations for 2023-2027, which includes supporting small scale and young farmers, supporting farmers in crises and promoting climate-friendly practices. Parliament wants to distribute the €8 billion in EU recovery aid for farmers, food producers and rural areas to finance their resilient, sustainable and digital recovery in the next two years.