With the demands of school life evolving as years pass by, students indeed have to pick up their productivity. Achieving good grades alone is not enough. Now, extra-curricular activities, student organization, and part-time jobs would be eating away your study time.
So how do you make the most out of the little time you get for actual learning? Of course, academic services such as EssayHelp can be a big boon for completing assignments. However, you need to rely on learning strategies to perform well on exams and retain what you study.
So without any further ado, we will get into the seven best learning strategies that have proven effective time after time.
1. Spaced Learning
Your lack of long periods of time for studying might be a blessing in disguise. The only thing is to not wait until the last minute to cram before the exam. When you do this, you might be memorizing the material. But it will soon vanish from your mind.
Instead, you can split the study sessions into multiple intervals. This way, you will be brushing up on what you learned in the previous session every time. This repetitive training has proved to be tremendously helpful in retaining long-term memory. Ensure that you have set aside small blocks of time every day to review what you studied, and it will help to concrete the concepts in your mind.
2. The Protégé Effect
Scientists have dubbed the protégé effect as a way for students to score higher on tests by teaching other students. This is certainly not a new approach. Students have always sought tutoring from peers to help each other out. The idea is that in order for you to teach, you first need a thorough understanding of the subject.
You think about the subject in your own words and break it down to explain to others. This deconstructing and reconstructing of ideas will reinforce them in your mind. If you do not want one-on-one sessions with another student, you can apply the same concept in group study sessions, too. Even if you do not have a study buddy, imagine that you are teaching the subject to another student and explain it out loud.
3. Retrieval Practice
It is likely that you have already been doing retrieval practice at some level. It is the act of trying to recall the information you studied without referring to it. Once you have tried your best to repeat what you learned, you can cross-check your notes and see if you got them right.
Now, evidently, it is not a new concept. However, studies prove that retrieval practice is more effective than you think. In fact, retrieving information has proven to be more effective than reviewing lectures, study guides, and revising. If you combine recalling with other strategies, you are likely to see better results.
4. The Pomodoro Technique
According to psychologists, an average student’s attention span ranges from 10 to 15 minutes. However, students are used to longer study sessions that eventually take away their focus with time. When students try to replicate the same study intervals later, their attention span diminishes after a certain point. Now, as we all know, when the distraction kicks in, it isn’t easy to control.
Pomodoro technique proposes that you use a timer to break down your sessions. Typically, you can do four 20-minute sessions with five minutes break in between. After four sessions, you take a long break of half an hour or so. But today, most Pomodoro apps also give you the option to set your own timers. Students can plan their study sessions based on their attention spans, and the quick breaks will encourage them to get back to learning as well.
5. Building Connections
Mind-maps and flow charts have been taking a front seat in learning strategies recently. By visually outlining the information, students can process new information faster. They help to build a narrative to connect different aspects of a concept and understand them better.
Flow charts are also an effective way for students to take notes during a lecture. It helps to simplify complex subjects, boost creative thinking, and makes information easier to consume.
6. The Memory Palace Technique
The technique of Memory Palace dates back to the ancient Roman period. In simple words, it is to build your own palace and associate a piece of information with the place’s detail. Consider that you are taking a route through the palace, or any place for that matter. This will help you to recall the items in a specific order.
When you need to recollect what you studied, you will be thinking of these details. Which object or place did you attach it to. The scene will be vivid in your mind. There is no right way to do this. You can pick any place, any route, and any object to relate your thoughts to. Associating locations with mental concepts is one of the most powerful memory combinations that can be highly beneficial to remember them.
7. Trust Your Learning Style
How a student learns depends on their individual cognitive style. Our educational system might not recognize the impact of this individual style on education. How students fare in exams is also influenced by whether the teaching materials cater to the idiosyncrasies.
Consequently, for students to perform to their best, they first need to recognize their learning habits and styles. What works for your classmate might not work for you. Acknowledging and understanding this will help you find a method that works best for you.
We recommend that you note where your strength lies and what your weaknesses are. If time management is an issue, the Pomodoro technique should work in your favor. If you have trouble recalling what you studied, you can try any strategy we mentioned above till you find the right one for you.
World Bank and EU to Help Iraq Strengthen Public Financial Management Oversight
The Government of Iraq, the World Bank Group, and the European Union signed today a grant agreement aimed at strengthening the Government of Iraq’s institutions and mechanisms of fiscal accountability and oversight at federal and sub-national levels.
The project titled “Strengthening Public Financial Management (PFM) Oversight and Accountability Institutions” will benefit from jointly implemented US$12.5 million and is part of a technical assistance grant program signed back in September 2018 with the European Union to strengthen public financial management (PFM) oversight and increase the efficiency of public service delivery.
The program aims at improving PFM systems by strengthening payroll management through an IT platform. It will support transparency and accountability in the oil sector through the Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative. It will foster the anti-corruption agency which can help retrieve stolen assets and the auditor general as well as support the reform of State-Owned Enterprises. Other features will be strengthening procurement systems through e-procurement and supporting integrity in reconstruction programs. The project will also assist in further tackling revenue mobilization and fiscal federalism and can be revisited in one year to align further with government priorities.
This project compliments the ongoing World Bank-financed project titled “Modernization of Public Financial Management Systems” of US$41.5 million, which aims to improve financial information management and transparency, cash management, public investment management and public procurement modernization at selected federal and governorate agencies.
“Now, more than ever, the importance of a strong public financial management system is critical”, said Ramzi Afif Neman, Head of World Bank Iraq Office. “The World Bank is committed to helping equip the Government of Iraq with mechanisms of fiscal accountability that are essential for sustainable reform, creation of a positive economic impact, and the restoration of public trust in the country’s financial institutions.”
“The efficient management of public finances and the delivery of services is critical in the achievement of public policy objectives, as well as for restoring the trust and social contract between Iraqi citizens and the country’s institutions”, said Martin Huth, European Union Ambassador to Iraq.
The project will support economic governance reforms at the federal level and in the Kurdistan region through technical assistance to many fiscal agencies, under the guidance of the Federal Ministry of Finance and the Prime Minister’s office. The project is in line with the economic reform “White Paper” recently published by the Government of Iraq which supports the overall World Bank Group’s development objectives and portfolio in Iraq. The project is also in line with the SDGs and European Union’s development objectives.
Strengthening Indonesia’s Fiscal Resilience to Natural Disasters and Health-Related Shocks
The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors today approved a $500 million loan to strengthen Indonesia’s financial and fiscal resilience. The loan will help the country build and strengthen its financial response to natural disasters, climate risks, and health-related shocks.
Such shocks and disasters have become a constant threat to Indonesia’s development progress. From 2014 to 2018, the central government spent between US$90 million and US$500 million annually on disaster response and recovery, while local governments spent an estimated additional $250 million over the same period.
The cost of disasters is expected to increase further due to climate change and urban growth, adding to the burden on public spending. The needs are particularly acute now, with Indonesia experiencing multiple financial, fiscal, and social impacts due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
“Financial preparedness for disasters, climate shocks, and health crises such as COVID-19 is increasingly important for Indonesia. This support will help the government deliver a more targeted and timely response, reducing the impact of disasters and helping to protect Indonesia’s development progress,” said Sri Mulyani Indrawati, Minister of Finance of the Republic of Indonesia.
Planning an effective financial response after disasters and climate shocks helps to protect the budget and ultimately the population. By reducing the impacts of disasters, such planning can help protect the poor and vulnerable who often bear the brunt of disasters as they tend to live in hazard areas, lack access to basic services, and have limited access to financial resources to cope with the aftermath.
The new project will support the Government’s National Disaster Risk Finance and Insurance Strategy by strengthening Indonesia’s fiscal and financial resilience through a Pooling Fund for Disasters. This fund will become the central mechanism through which post-disaster financing can flow from different sources. The fund will look to leverage domestic and international insurance markets to provide financial capacity to backstop the fund.
The project will also help ensure effective and transparent flow of the funds to relevant government agencies, including budget tracking on disaster-related expenditures, faster social assistance payments for victims of disasters, and improved preparedness planning for health shocks. Central and local government agencies will receive additional, faster, and more effective financial support after a disaster.
“The improved availability and flow of funds will ultimately support the population of Indonesia who will benefit from faster and better targeted response to disaster and health shocks. This will particularly benefit the poorest and most vulnerable, who are most affected by delayed disaster response and often lose their livelihoods and incomes, which keeps them in poverty,” said Satu Kahkonen, World Bank Country Director for Indonesia and Timor-Leste.
The project is supported by a $14 million grant from the Global Risk Financing Facility (GRiF) to assist building technical capacity, environmental and social management systems, bring new technology to the management of the Pooling Fund, and invest in evaluations and learning, including how to best serve the most vulnerable groups. Supported by a Multi-Donor Trust Fund with over $200 million from Germany and the United Kingdom, GRiF provides grants and technical expertise to help developing countries safeguard progress and recover more quickly from the financial impacts of climate shocks, disasters, and crises.
World Bank Helps Bangladesh Provide Education and Skills Training to Poor Children
The government of Bangladesh today signed a $6.5 million financing agreement with the World Bank to enable around 39,000 slum children complete primary education as well as provide pre-vocational training to 8,500 school-dropped out youths in Cox’s Bazar.
This additional financing to the Second Reaching Out of School Children (ROSC II) Project will support poor children aged between 8- to 14-years in eight city corporations to complete primary education cycle. This will also help vulnerable out-of-school local youth and adolescents in Cox’s Bazar to complete three-month courses in pre-vocational and enterprise development training.
“The pandemic has disproportionately impacted the education of children from poorer households,” said Mercy Tembon, World Bank Country Director for Bangladesh and Bhutan. “The additional financing will help the slum children and the vulnerable youths build the foundations for better opportunities.”
“Bangladesh government is committed to ensuring education for all. Today, almost all children in Bangladesh step into a school,” said Fatima Yasmin, Secretary, Economic Relations Division, Government of Bangladesh.
About 690,000 children—almost half of them are girls—studied in the learning centers, known as Ananda Schools. The project has set up around 1,300 Learning Centres in slums of 8 city corporations, including Dhaka, where about 48,000 children are enrolled. At Ananda Schools, a single class teacher teaches the students until they are ready for the Grade 5 examination, allowing the poor children to proceed to the secondary schools.
Since 2019, the ROSC II project expanded its coverage to provide learning opportunities and psycho-social support to about 350,000 Rohingya children in Teknaf and Ukhia Upazilla in Cox’s Bazar. Further, 16,500 Bangladeshi youths have received skills training and job placement support.
The agreement was signed by Fatima Yasmin and Mercy Tembon on behalf of the Government and the World Bank, respectively.
The credit from the World Bank’s International Development Association, has a 30-year term, including a five-year grace period. The World Bank was among the first development partners to support Bangladesh following its independence. Since then, the World Bank has committed more than $33.5 billion in grants, interest-free, and concessional credits to the country.
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