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Development prospects for Latin America and the Caribbean in a post-COVID-19 world

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In May 2020, Latin America and the Caribbean became the epicenter of the global COVID-19 pandemic, and the number of positive cases and deaths related to the SARS-CoV-2 virus continues to grow at a fast pace. The severity of the health crisis is exacerbated by the structural problems that characterize the region in areas such as health, social and economic inequality, political strife, violence and insecurity, as well as environmental degradation. The outbreak of COVID-19 threatens to reverse economic and social progress achieved in the region over the last decade; moreover, it compromises prospects of achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.

In this context, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and the Latin American Network for the study of Learning Systems, Innovation and Skills Construction (LALICS) together organized a webinar titled: “Technological revolutions, changes in lifestyles and sustainable industrial development in Latin America and the Caribbean in a post-COVID-19 world”. The webinar served as platform where more than a hundred researchers, policymakers and practitioners discussed pressing challenges and opportunities, taking into account both the current health and economic crises, and the aforementioned structural problems faced by the region.

In his opening remarks, Diego Masera, Chief and Deputy Director Regional Coordination Division – Latin America and the Caribbean, highlighted the severity of the pandemic. According to the Economic Commission of Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), in 2020, the region’s GDP will fall by 9.1% in annual terms, with a drastic decline in manufacturing production. Masera emphasized the pertinence of identifying alternative development models that would reduce the risk of falling into an even greater crisis due to climate change. He endorsed the UN General Secretary, Antonio Guterres who, in his recent report on the impact of COVID-19 in Latin America and the Caribbean (July 2020), asserts that the crisis calls for a reassessment of the roles of the State, the market and of civil society, in order to improve equality, transparency and democracy in the region.

In the search of long-term solutions, Masera stressed that the promotion of sustainable and inclusive industrial policies, the integration of informal workers into formal and decent work, as well as investment in research and development are crucial factors to consider. SDG9, which promotes inclusive and sustainable industrial development, innovation and resilient infrastructure, should be a central element in the development agenda of countries in the region. He stated that UNIDO, in accordance with its mandate to promote sustainable and inclusive industrial development, is ready to assist member states in the region to achieve a fast recovery from this crisis, and to prepare and build the strengths needed to give local populations a better future. 

Prof. Gabriela Dutrénit, Professor at the Department of Economics and the Postgraduate Programe in Economics and Management of Innovation Policies at the Autonomous Metropolitan University Xochimilco in Mexico City, and President of the Scientific Board of LALICS, described the current events as an historical moment marked by changes in various areas that highlight the challenges of building innovation capacities in order to reduce dependencies on external technologies and knowledge, while also opening new development opportunities. Latin America, in particular, faces new possibilities for closing gaps and contributing to an inclusive and sustainable development. She appealed to the LALICS network to rethink and propose new courses of action driven by innovation policy and productive transformation while, at the same time, building the necessary resilience to confront future crises. 

The main speaker for the webinar was Prof. Carlota Pérez, British-Venezuelan researcher, lecturer and international consultant specializing in technology and socio-economic development. Addressing the question of what influence the COVID-19 pandemic could have on the growth prospects of Latin America and the Caribbean, Pérez noted that, based on historic experience, such influence would depend on how much the pandemic can affect the pace and direction of the ongoing technological revolution in industrialized countries. In her opinion, the present situation is comparable to the post-war era, and we are moving to a situation requiring an active and omnipresent state. The challenge however, is not to replicate the past but to take a leap forward. In a scenario where Asia dominates the manufacturing of products, the opportunity for Latin America is to focus on processing industries and in the valorization of natural resources, targeting increasingly specialized, high-value markets. However, because processing industries tend to be labour-saving, she proposed a dual but integrated strategy, one that realizes potential productivity in every part of the territory, tapping into hyper-segmented markets and capitalizing on new forms of communication, transport and logistics.

According to Pérez, demand for natural resources-driven innovation will continue to grow, as production methods and lifestyles increasingly orientate towards environmental sustainability. She asserted that success in implementing this dual strategy depends on the ability to build private-public consensus framed by appropriate supporting institutions at the two ends of the strategy.

Lastly, during her intervention, Professor Helena Lastres, Associated Professor at the Institute of Economics, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, noted that the pandemic is worsening the already complex political, economic and social situation experienced in Brazil and other countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. In her opinion, the situation is best described in the words of the late Brazilian economist Celso Furtado: “In no other moment in our history is the distance between where we are, and where we expected to be, as great as it is today.”

According to Lastres, addressing the crisis and fostering development in a post-pandemic future for Latin America and the Caribbean requires a strengthening of the role of the State, and a recovery of its development-promoting functions in the region. At the same time, she noted the growing importance of digitalization and the rapid adoption of information and communication technologies (ICT), together with the relevance of building national consensus around the pressing development needs affecting the future of Latin America. Lastres said the pandemic is reinforcing the need to prioritize the development of manufacturing systems oriented towards the provision of goods and services that are essential for the life, well-being and security of people in the region, with a special emphasis on ICTs for health and education.

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Human Rights

UN: Stop evictions in East Jerusalem neighbourhood immediately

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A little boy stands on the remains of his family's demolished home in the West Bank. (file photo) UNRWA/Lara Jonasdottir

The UN’s human rights office (OHCHR), on Friday, called on Israel to immediately halt all forced evictions, including those in the Sheikh Jarrah neighbourhood of East Jerusalem, as well as to exercise maximum restraint in the use of force while ensuring safety and security there.

Eight Palestinian refugee families residing in Sheikh Jarrah are facing forced eviction due to a legal challenge by the Nahalat Shimon settler organization, with the risk “imminent” for four of the families, according to the office.

OHCHR spokesperson Rupert Colville said that the evictions, if ordered and implemented, would violate Israel’s obligations under international law.

“Given the disturbing scenes in Sheikh Jarrah over the past few days, we wish to emphasize that East Jerusalem remains part of the occupied Palestinian territory, in which International Humanitarian Law applies. The occupying Power must respect and cannot confiscate private property in occupied territory, and must respect, unless absolutely prevented, the laws in force in the country.”

He went on to note that Israel cannot impose its own set of laws in occupied territory, including East Jerusalem, to evict Palestinians from their homes.

On Thursday, Tor Wennesland, UN Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process, also urged Israel to stop demolitions and evictions in the neighbourhood, in line with its obligations under international humanitarian law.

Prohibited under international law

“In addition, the Absentee Property Law and the Legal and Administrative Matters Law are applied in an inherently discriminatory manner, based solely on the nationality or origin of the owner”, OHCHR spokesperson Colville said.

“In practice, the implementation of these laws facilitates the transfer by Israel of its population into occupied East Jerusalem. The transfer of parts of an occupying Power’s civilian population into the territory that it occupies is prohibited under international humanitarian law and may amount to a war crime”, he added.

Violation of right to adequate housing

The OHCHR spokesperson also said that forced evictions could violate the rights to adequate housing and to privacy and other human rights of those who are evicted.

“Forced evictions are a key factor in creating a coercive environment that may lead to forcible transfer, which is prohibited by the Fourth Geneva Convention and is a grave breach of the Convention.”

Mr. Colville also called on Israel to respect freedom of expression and assembly, including of those who are protesting against the evictions, and to exercise maximum restraint in the use of force while ensuring safety and security in East Jerusalem.

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Health & Wellness

WHO approves Chinese COVID-19 vaccine for emergency use

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A COVID-19 vaccine produced in China has been given the green light for global rollout, potentially paving the way for its use in underserved countries, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced on Friday. 

The UN agency has approved the Sinopharm vaccine for emergency use, which is a prerequisite for inclusion in the global vaccine solidarity initiative, COVAX.  

The vaccine is easy to store, making it suitable for locations with limited resources, and proved 79 per cent effective in clinical trials. 

“The addition of this vaccine has the potential to rapidly accelerate COVID-19 vaccine access for countries seeking to protect health workers and populations at risk”, said Dr Mariângela Simão, WHO Assistant-Director General for Access to Health Products.  

“We urge the manufacturer to participate in the COVAX Facility and contribute to the goal of more equitable vaccine distribution.” 

A vaccine first 

The Sinopharm vaccine is produced by Beijing Bio-Institute of Biological Products Co Ltd, a subsidiary of China National Biotec Group (CNBG).   

It is the first vaccine to carry a vaccine vial monitor. The vials have a small sticker that changes colour as the vaccine is exposed to heat, so health workers know whether it can be safely used. 

The vaccine is recommended for adults 18 and older, with a two-dose schedule spaced over a period of three to four weeks. 

Although few people over 60 participated in the clinical trials, WHO did not recommend an upper age limit for use as data suggests the vaccine is likely to have a protective effect in older persons.   

Safely expediting vaccines 

WHO emergency use listing (EUL) allows countries to expedite their own regulatory approval to import and administer COVID-19 vaccines. 

The EUL process assesses the suitability of new medicines, vaccines and diagnostics during public health emergencies.  

The goal is to make them available as rapidly as possible, while maintaining strict criteria of safety, efficacy and quality. 

The Sinopharm vaccine is the sixth to receive the EUL approval.  The others are by Pfizer/BioNTech, Astrazeneca-SK Bio, Serum Institute of India, Janssen (Johnson & Johnson) and Moderna.

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Finance

Reasons for Choosing Temporary and Permanent Industrial Buildings

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Professional temporary solution providers have become very innovative in designing industrial buildings. While temporary industrial structures are made of lighter materials such as aluminum and fabric or PVC covers, permanent solutions are made of steel or metal frames and sheets. All of them require good preparation of the ground, pre-fabrication of the frames and sheets, and proper installation to serve their purpose well.

Most beneficiaries of these structures are processing factories, manufacturing plants, sports clubs, schools, and many other organizations and companies. Choosing temporary and permanent industrial buildings from a reputable supplier has many perks.

So, let us dive into the reasons for choosing temporary and permanent industrial buildings to understand this topic better.

Amazing Speed of Constructions

Bye-bye brick and mortar industrial buildings that are time-consuming. Temporary and permanent industrial buildings are the way to go because they are fast and easy to fabricate and install using modern technology.

According to experts, these structures save a lot of time, especially if the frames and panels are already fabricated in the factory. Companies that need to set up new companies or expand the current ones will have everything ready in a matter of a few weeks.

Excellent Cost Saving

The economy is hard enough and the investor needs to save on capital when setting up companies or doing expansions. The good news is that temporary and permanent industrial buildings save costs by up to 30% when done by a professional company.

Smart-Space is not only innovative in their technology but they save you a lot of money when setting up your industrial structures. You can rent these structures if you only need them for a short time to save more money.

Absolute Flexibility and Versatility

If you are looking for structures that can be moved after a few years, then temporary and permanent industrial buildings are the way to go. As mentioned, they are made of frames and panels that are fastened together using bolts. Hence, they are easy to dismantle and move to a different location.

However, this work should be done by professionals to reduce damage and ensure the safety of the structures at all times.

High Level of Customization

If you are looking for functional sizes and unique designs that will maintain the theme of your company or organization, the temporary and permanent industrial buildings done by experts will be best. After a discussion of what will serve your business well, the solution provider will take a few days to do the designs with your preferred sizes and colors.

Customization also applies during the extension of an existing factory where everything is done to your preference or in the best possible way. To achieve a high level of customization, you should consider experienced solution providers.

Surprising Durability

Both temporary and permanent industrial buildings are surprisingly durable. Take steel industrial structures for example. They provide service for many years without the need for complicated maintenance. Since steel does not rust, the structure will withstand harsh weather conditions including moisture.

Structures made of metal frames and fabric are equally durable, especially when used as recommended. They also require low maintenance with no paintwork needed after every few years.

Manufacturer’s Warranty

The buyers of temporary and permanent industrial buildings enjoy different manufacturer’s warranty benefits. This could be the bought structures or the materials used to make them. What’s more is that many reputable service providers also give warranties on the workmanship, which will save cost when there is a problem.

Conclusion

To enjoy all of these benefits, it is good to buy or lease your temporary and permanent industrial buildings from a reliable and trusted supplier. Well, there are even more benefits that you will realize once you start using these structures. So, make the right choice now.

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