Prior to COVID-19, government investment in AI had surpassed billions of dollars in research and development. With a premium now placed on speed to develop vaccines and diagnostics for the coronavirus, there is a renewed emphasis on the role of AI and how governments can ensure it is used in a trusted manner.
The World Economic Forum’s Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning team built and piloted with partners tools for governments to procure artificial intelligence solutions built with ethics in mind. The Procurement in a Box toolkit includes concrete advice for purchasing, risk assessments, proposal drafting and evaluation.
Over the past year, the Forum worked with the United Kingdom’s Office for AI in the Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport, Deloitte, Salesforce and Splunk, as well as 15 other countries and more than 150 members of government, academia, civil society and the private sector. The development process incorporated workshops and interviews with government procurement officials and private sector procurement professionals.
The UK used the guidelines in procurement processes with the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy and the Food Standards Agency. In-depth user testing with workshops in departments such as the Department for Transport or the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory looked at the applicability of guidelines for commercial teams and how to best implement them. User testing helped the government refine the guidance and develop step by step guidance documents now in use across the departments. It was also picked up by organisations such as NHSX as guidance for AI purchases.
“The current pandemic has shown us more needs to be done to speed up the adoption of trusted AI around the world,” said Kay Firth-Butterfield, Head of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning at the World Economic Forum. “We moved from guidelines to practical tools, tested and iterated them – but this is still just a start. Now we will be working to scale them to countries around the world.”
“The UK is a global leader in AI and I am pleased we are working with the World Economic Forum and international partners to develop guidelines to ensure its safe and ethical deployment,” said Caroline Dinenage, Digital Minister, United Kingdom. “By taking a dynamic approach we can boost innovation, create competitive markets and support public trust in artificial intelligence. I urge public sector organisations around the world to adopt these guidelines and consider carefully how they procure and deploy these technologies.”
“As a trusted AI advisor to governments around the world, we were thrilled to collaborate with the World Economic Forum and the government of the UK in the development of procurement guidelines that help the public sector put AI at the service of its constituents in a manner that is both efficient and ethical,” said Shelby Austin, Managing Partner, Growth & Investments and Omnia AI, Deloitte, Canada. “As our societies reorganize and make progress in our fight against COVID-19, the need for multi-stakeholder cooperation has never been more apparent. We believe in these joint efforts, and we believe in the power of data-driven decision-making to help our countries recover and thrive.”
“Splunk has supported the development of these guidelines and worked closely with the World Economic Forum and UK government,” said Lenny Stein, Senior Strategic Advisor, Splunk. “We believe the guidance will help enable governments across the world to transform citizen services and deliver ethically sound and beneficial AI-based solutions. This guidance is even more relevant post COVID-19, given the need to deliver fairer outcomes, more inclusive approaches, and the promise of the data age.”
The guidelines were also tested in the UAE through a collaboration between the Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution UAE and the Dubai Water and Electricity Authority, DEWA. As part of the exercise, DEWA with the help of the Forum and the Centre, developed and reviewed a proposal for a chatbot application, which allows DEWA executives to quickly obtain answers to data-related questions. The application, which is a continuation of a customer-facing chatbot deployed by DEWA, highlights the benefits of using AI in developing more efficient and effective chatbots.
“As the UAE’s shift towards a knowledge-based economy gathers pace, the country has become a reliable testbed and leader in the development and execution of guidelines and frameworks that enable the large-scale deployment of emerging technologies such as Artificial Intelligence,” said Khalfan Belhoul, CEO of the Dubai Future Foundation, the host entity of Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution UAE. “In an era that will continue to be dominated by the transformative technologies emerging from the Fourth Industrial Revolution, integrating AI into the public sector for everyday use will significantly elevate the performance of government departments.”
The Procurement in a Box Workbook provides clear guidelines and use case examples, including learnings from the UAE trial with DEWA, to enable a transition from current public sector procurement processes to methodical steps to acquire and embed AI technologies into existing frameworks. The workbook will become a reference point for specialists and support the next phase of tech utilization across the public sector.
The Forum’s Unlocking Public Sector AI project is bringing together a multistakeholder community to empower government officials to more confidently make responsible purchasing decisions. Over the next six months, governments around the world will test and pilot these guidelines. Further iterations will be published based on feedback learned on the ground.
AutoFlight presents V1500M – an autonomous passenger eVTOL aircraft
Shaping the future of urban air mobility: The tech company AutoFlight shows an autonomous passenger eVTOL aircraft: the V1500M. It will change the face of personal air transportation. AutoFlight debuted its autonomous fixed-wing passenger electric vertical take-off and landing aircraft (“eVTOL”) to the world at the China Airshow in Zhuhai.
With its sleek looks and innovative technology the V1500M doesn’t rely on runways and airports. It can vertically take-off and land anywhere anytime. Virtually any rooftop or flat surface becomes a vertiport. When it reaches a certain altitude, the power system turns on the dual prop pusher, so that V1500M is able to cruise at speeds of a fixed-wing airplane. And in low-altitude airspace, the all-electric design enables the aircraft to operate at a very low noise level.
As the energy consumption in the fixed wing mode is much lower than in the multirotor mode the V1500M can fly much further than any pure multicoptor eVTOL.
Being able to fly without a pilot, the V1500M’s uses eight lifting motors to take off and land vertically like a multi-rotor aircraft, and fly as far as 250 km when carrying up to four passengers. At the moment, a safety pilot is still mandatory. Yet as technology advances and regulations become increasingly refined, that space can later be allocated to another passenger or extra luggage.
“The V1500M is a milestone – not only for AutoFlight but also for the global development of the urban air mobility“, so Tian Yu, founder and CEO of AutoFlight. “Our company is committed to developing safe and reliable passenger eVTOL aircraft and helping to create a better mobility future.”
In terms of safety, AutoFlight with its rich experience in aircraft design, manufacturing and its dedication to make reliable flying cars, following aviation industry’s standards. The lifting rotor’s and prop pusher’s redundant power system guarantees that the aircraft could hover safely when two of the rotors malfunction. In case of one propeller failure, the other still ensures safe flight and landing. The V1500M also has an whole-aircraft parachute, which is designed to act as the last line of safety to protect passengers so they enjoy safe flying.
V1500M will accomplish its first flight in the near future. The goal is to certify the aircraft with the aviation authorities by 2024.
Tian Yu: “AutoFlight will keep contributing to the eVTOL industry. Through building safe, efficient, systematic R&D and AC processes, leveraging domestic and international resources and establishing partnerships across industries, AutoFlight strives to accelerate the practical implementation of eVTOLs in commercial applications and lead us into a better future with UAM.”
With its tradition and the experience, AutoFlight aims to create cost-effective, safe, and reliable eVTOL
AutoFlight is one of the earliest tech companies in China to start making autonomous eVTOL, including large payload logistic and autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Logistic UAVs were introduced first. They have now accumulated over 10,000 hours of flight time and been tested in all kinds of extreme conditions.
AutoFlight owns proprietary intellectual property rights in key technologies such as flight control systems, electrical systems or other core components. They have obtained over 200 domestic and international patents for its self-developed modules including highly efficient electric motors, electronic control systems, and durable lightweight carbon-fiber composite materials.
“Following our cargo-to-passenger-strategy we go ahead step-by-step but very straight forward“, says Tian Yu.
|V1500M’s Key Specifications|
|Aircraft length||10.3 m|
|Fuselage height||3.1 m|
|Maximum take-off weight (MTOW)||1500 kg|
|Typical seating||3 – 4|
|Cruise speed||200 km/h|
|Flight range (fully seated)||250 km|
AutoFlight is a global high-tech startup, born in China, specializing in developing and manufacturing autonomous aerial vehicles. AutoFlight’s mission is to provide safe and reliable aerial logistic systems and urban air mobility solutions for human society. By leveraging new technologies in aviation, new material, artificial intelligence, autonomous driving, and 5G, AutoFlight actively drives development in eVTOL (electric Vertical Takeoff and Landing) industry.
Critical Decarbonization Technologies Need at Least “10x” Investment
Breakthrough technologies such as hydrogen-based fuels, bioenergy and carbon-capture storage solutions are needed to hit the global goal of zero emissions by 2050.
To scale these technologies and take them to market, at least a tenfold increase in investment is needed, according to the How to Finance Industry Net-Zero report.
Released by the World Economic Forum and Oliver Wyman, the report outlines how to address the supply-and-demand-side gap and take these technologies to the next level.
Part of the Forum’s Financing the Transition to a Net-Zero Future Initiative, the report brings together input from over 50 financial institutions and the public sector. Their focus is on how to steer capital to breakthrough technologies and drive a more sustainable future.
· The innovative blending of capital supported by an enabling ecosystem is needed, where different sources of public and private capital are brought together in technology-specific financing blueprints. To do this effectively, mechanisms that activate collaboration among multiple stakeholders are necessary.
· Transformative business models are essential, where industry participants and capital providers work together to establish new contracts and ways of doing business to increase the probability of commercial success.
· Targeted public intervention is critical, focused on the design of incentive schemes rewarding early movers adopting innovative technological solutions and de-risking schemes to mitigate investment risks unique to these innovative solutions.
“The challenge ahead is significant, but not insurmountable,” said Derek Baraldi, Head of Sustainable Finance and Investing, at the World Economic Forum. “If executed thoughtfully, the mobilization of finance to breakthrough technologies presents a tremendous investment opportunity. This study found that there is a real appetite from industry for thoughtful partnership and collaboration between private and public capital providers.”
“Organisations have announced ambitious pledges to finance the transition to net-zero but the progress made to date is not enough,” added Ted Moynihan, Managing Partner and Global Head of Industries, Oliver Wyman. “There is a huge gap in financing of early-stage decarbonization technologies, which will be absolutely critical to achieving our targets from 2030 to 2050. With more research breakthroughs coming, we are now in a vital moment to accelerate the mobilization of capital towards decarbonization technologies in hard-to-abate industries.”
By proposing an initial set of financing approaches and de-risking solutions, the report seeks to initiate an important discussion on how to rapidly accelerate the deployment of capital towards breakthrough technologies.
The report launched at the Mission Possible Partnership event Supercharging Industrial Decarbonisation. It brought together public and private sectors from shipping, aviation, and steel. The Mission Possible Partnership will share learnings across these critical industrial sectors and present sector-specific blueprints for industrial decarbonisation.
Russian MES App Claims Best Free Mobile Study Product
The popular Russian app for education and learning, the MES diary, has reached the finals of the GESS (Global Educational Supplies and Solutions) Edutainment Awards – electronic diary for students and parents. The mobile software from Russia will vie for first place in the Best Free App/Software category.
The MES Diary is already very popular in Russia: a million people use it. With the help of this app, parents receive push-notifications with their child’s grades for the day, homework for all subjects, monitor children’s attendance, monitor the child’s nutrition in the school canteen and their purchases from the cafeteria: study the composition of dishes in the school menu, set up a list of “prohibited” products and daily spending limits. In the near future, on the MES Diary app, there will be the possibility to order hot meals from the cafeteria menu of the educational organization. A voice assistant can be connected to the app, and all information about the child’s timetable, homework and grades can be heard. Users can also chat with teachers if needed, and parents can create an absence notification in the app in just a couple of minutes.
For students, the MES Diary app is more than just a timetable and grades, it is a complete digital learning environment. The e-diary is part of the digital educational platform “Moscow E-School” developed by two Moscow departments – Education and Science and Information Technologies – in 2016. The platform’s users have free access to more than two million items of educational content. This year another 45 thousand educational materials and tools, interactive presentations, project and research tasks, virtual laboratories and tests in different subjects will appear on the platform. Teachers from different regions of Russia, major Russian publishers, and IT companies are involved in completing the MES library. The electronic knowledge base can be accessed 24 hours a day and from anywhere in the world – this played a huge role during the pandemic, when many schools of the world had to switch over to a remote format. Thanks to the MES system, Russian students were able to continue their studies at home without losing access to textbooks, educational materials and communication with teachers.
The number of users of MES services amounts to over 2.8 million people – among them approximately 60 thousand teachers, 1.1 million schoolchildren and over 1.7 million parents. The MES electronic diary in Russia is presented in two versions – a web version and a mobile application available in App Store and Google Play. It was the mobile version that reached the finals of the GESS Edutainment Awards, which awards educational products, resources, services, as well as the best educational institutions and teachers. The international competition involves 59 countries and 800 digital products, educational projects and teachers are up for grabs. Winners will be announced at the GESS Dubai conference in November 2021.
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