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EU for efficient contact tracing apps to support gradual lifting of confinement measures

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EU Members States, supported by the Commission, have developed an EU toolbox for the use of mobile applications for contact tracing and warning in response to the coronavirus pandemic. This is part of a common coordinated approach to support the gradual lifting of confinement measures, as set out in a Commission Recommendation last week.

Since the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic, Member States, backed by the Commission, have been assessing the effectiveness, security, privacy, and data protection aspects of digital solutions to address the crisis. Contact tracing apps, if fully compliant with EU rules and well coordinated, can play a key role in all phases of crisis management, especially when time will be ripe to gradually lift social distancing measures. They can complement existing manual contact tracing and help interrupt the transmission chain of the virus.The toolbox is accompanied by guidance on data protection for such mobile apps, which is also published today.

Welcoming the toolbox, Commissioner for Internal Market Thierry Breton said: “Contact tracing apps to limit the spread of coronavirus can be useful, especially as part of Member States’ exit strategies. However, strong privacy safeguards are a pre-requisite for the uptake of these apps, and therefore their usefulness. While we should be innovative and make the best use of technology in fighting the pandemic, we will not compromise on our values and privacy requirements.”

Commissioner for Health and Food Safety, Stella Kyriakides added: “Digital tools will be crucial to protect our citizens as we gradually lift confinement measures. Mobile apps can warn us of infection risks and support health authorities with contact tracing, which is essential to break transmission chains. We need to be diligent, creative, and flexible in our approaches to opening up our societies again. We need to continue to flatten the curve – and keep it down. Without safe and compliant digital technologies, our approach will not be efficient.”

A common approach for voluntary and privacy-compliant tracing apps

Today’s announcement is the first iteration of a common EU toolbox, developed urgently and collaboratively by the e-Health Network with the support of the European Commission. It provides a practical guide for Member States in the implementation of contact tracing and warning apps. The toolbox sets out the essential requirements for these apps:

  • They should be fully compliant with the EU data protection and privacy rules, as put forward by the guidance presented today following consultation with the European Data Protection Board.
  • They should be implemented in close coordination with, and approved by, public health authorities.
  • They should be installed voluntarily, and dismantled as soon as no longer needed.
  • They should aim to exploit the latest privacy-enhancing technological solutions. Likely to be based on Bluetooth proximity technology, they do not enable tracking of people’s locations.
  • They should be based on anonymised data: They can alert people who have been in proximity for a certain duration to an infected person to get tested or self-isolate, without revealing the identity of the people infected.
  • They should be interoperable across the EU so that citizens are protected even when they cross borders.
  • They should be anchored in accepted epidemiological guidance, and reflect best practice on cybersecurity, and accessibility.
  • They should be secure and effective. 

While allowing for easier, quicker and more efficient tracing than traditional systems based on interviews with infected patients, manual tracing will continue to cover citizens who could be more vulnerable to infection but are less likely to have a smartphone, such as elderly or disabled persons.

A common approach to other functionalities, in particular on information and symptom tracking, may be developed in future iterations of the toolbox.

Next steps

The toolbox reflects the latest best practices in the use of mobile contact tracing and warning apps to tackling the crisis. It is part of an ongoing process where Member States work together to devise and refine in the coming weeks and months the use of this and other practical tools. This first version will be further enriched in light of the experiences of Member States.

By 30 April 2020, public health authorities will assess the effectiveness of the apps at national and cross-border level. Member States should report on their actions by 31 May 2020 and make the measures accessible to other Member States and the Commission for peer review. The Commission will assess the progress made and publish periodic reports starting in June 2020 and throughout the crisis, recommending action or the phasing out of measures that seem no longer necessary.

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Do You Really Need Name-Brand Cartridges?

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Cartridges from printer manufacturers like Hewlett-Packard are notoriously expensive.  Considering the price of their basic equipment, ink may cost almost as much as the machines. This economic model has been raising eyebrows for many years.  Customers are looking for affordable alternatives, and this global demand is met by the generic cartridge industry. Discovered the best ways to buy inkjet cartridges in Canada.

In recent years, the market for alternative replacements has evolved a lot. You can get excellent quality of printing, free shipping and extended warranties from stores like Smart Ink. For example, the HP 950 ink you can buy at this shop costs under $28, while the full pack from the manufacturer costs well over $100. Here is how to choose the best cheaper replacement for your inkjet cartridge whatever the brand.

How to Save Money

Consumers can slash their expenses if they purchase original products from independent brands or recycled OEM cartridges. Both options offer substantial savings, particularly in the long run. The best providers comply with international quality standards, which guarantees trouble-free printing (CE, ISO 9001, ISO 14000, Reach, STMC). Here is how these types of products compare.

1.      Remanufacturing

Original cartridges may be recycled. This process is known as remanufacturing, and it is based on the reuse of the original shell and internal components (with selective replacements if necessary). Essentially, used cartridges are emptied, thoroughly cleaned and filled with fresh ink, so they can be installed again.

This is the most sustainable method, as it reduces waste. Instead of buying a brand-new cartridge every time you need ink, you get a recycled product. Previously, consumers would take their old products to service providers at physical locations. Today, it is much easier to purchase these products online with free shipping, a money-back guarantee, and other benefits.

2.      Compatible Products

Since the first compatible cartridges emerged, printer manufacturers have tried to prohibit them. Fortunately for consumers, their lawsuits have failed. Products from third-party brands are legal, and they are also much more affordable than the OEM supplies. Both the cartridges and the ink come from the same companies. These products are designed for particular models of printers.

The equipment manufacturers may issue firmware updates preventing the machines from recognizing non-original ink. This restriction is easy to circumvent — just turn off the updates and use any supplies you like. When shopping around, pay attention to the following:

  • Certified quality (compliance with standards listed above)
  • Positive reputation of the store
  • A money-back guarantee
  • Updated chips
  • XL volume
  • Free shipping
  • Sustainable production
  • Reliable packaging

Printer Economics

Popular printer manufacturers sell affordable equipment with expensive consumable supplies. This lets them attract new buyers and profit from the ink for years. However, savvy customers know better than to follow their recommendations. Generic cartridges and remanufactured products offer great value for money — just do a bit of research to find trusted stores in your area.

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What Is A Mac Data Recovery Software & How Does It Work

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With the advent of technology, data storage remains a crucial element of business and communication. Whether using a Windows PC, Android, or macOS, you need versatile software to secure your data. If you continuously use MacOS, you need good Mac data recovery software.

Of course, most people still use some of the simplest ways to free up space by finding and deleting files and folders that are no longer needed. Whether these files were downloaded or shared to your MacBook, deleting them to create more space is a straightforward process. However, it is better not to fret, as recovering files that have been accidentally deleted is equally simple and easy.

There are several good data recovery software you can install and use to recover files and folders. You can easily use this software to recover deleted files on Mac, including finding and removing duplicate files, clearing temporary files, and emptying all the trash cans. 

In this article, we focus on explaining more about Mac data recovery software and how they work. The article will help you better understand Mac data recovery software, how they work, and how to choose the best to use with your system.

Mac Data Recovery Software

The best data recovery software for Mac will help you:

  • Recover data from crashed or non-booting Mac
  • Recover deleted documents, emails, videos, audios, and photos
  • Protect macOS Big Sur and lower versions
  • Support data recovery from USB corruption, unrecognized drives, and partition loss

Let’s look at one of the best data recovery software for Mac – Disk Drill for Mac.

Disk Drill For Mac

Disk Drill, developed by Cleverfiles, is the free data software for Mac OS X. in addition to having previewing capabilities for recovered files and folders, Disk Drill Basic contains several other functionalities such as Guaranteed Recovery and Recovery Vault, boot disk maker, lost partition restoration and so on. This makes Disk Drill one of the best Mac data recovery software to use. 

Also, the software works on both internal and external hard drives, SD cards, USB flash drives, and many other external appliances that you can connect to your Mac.

The latest version of the software has an extensive database of file signatures that can be recovered from drives even when your devices are formatted. Besides, the software uses very efficient and quick scanning algorithms.

If you are using macOS and think that this software may become obsolete after some usage time, you are wrong. Disk Drill Data Recovery for Mac is constantly updated and supported by committed teams to cover all the cases of data corruption that may result from the loss of power, improper removal of a device, etc. Below are some of the main features that make Disk Drill a top data recovery software for Mac:

  • Guarantee Recovery is a background service that saves a copy of each file to a user-specific folder. Both the data protection modules significantly reduce the chances of permanently losing critical data. 
  • Recovery Vault provides an extra layer to the Mac trash bin that references the deleted files on Mac. The data recovery feature provides the ability to recover lost data from a byte-to-byte cone version of the device and even partitions without risking the original storage source. 
  • Other available tools for free include Disk Health Monitor, Time Machine Recovery, Emergency Recovery Boot Drive, Duplicate File Finder, and Mac Cleaner.

Disk Drill, therefore successfully manages the balance between essential features for casual users and those advanced features required by professional and enterprise users. 

How Does It work?

1.      Clean Up Your Mac 

The apps help you get rid of temporary files, uninstall unwanted applications, clean up additional languages, delete big files stored in the mail, among other locations. 

Disk Drill has significant features of cleaning applications and will help you get rid of duplicate files too quickly. 

2.      Find And Remove Duplicate Files

Disk Drill helps you by quickly finding and removing duplicate data on your Mac. 

3.      Empty The Trash Cans

Emptying the trash cans is the other way to empty or clean up space on Mac. Usually, when you delete files, they are sent to the trash can for storage so that you can easily recover them. 

4.      Uninstall Applications 

You may have installed several apps in the Mac that you no longer use. Such apps take up much space on your device, and you can remove them with Disk Drill to free up space. 

5.      Clean Out Temporary Files

Many people still retain files they have used in their MacBook. Such files will be taking up your disk space without adding any value. Cleaning the temporary files is an excellent way to free up some space for more important files. 

Other Mac Data Recovery Software To Consider

Apart from Disk Drill, other software that is also considered among the best recovery apps on Mac include:

  1. PhotoRec For Mac
  2. EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard for Mac
  3. MiniTool Power Data Recovery for Mac
  4. Softtote Mac Data Recovery 

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Paperless Travel Pilot Outlines Best Practices for Digital Travel Experience

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The World Economic Forum today releases findings from its digital passport pilot project which indicate that a fully digital travel experience is possible. However, further collaboration is needed to progress towards globally accepted and verifiable digital travel credentials.

The Known Traveller Digital Identity (KTDI)initiative, which was started in 2018, has worked with the governments of Canada and the Netherlands plus private-sector partners to pilot digital travel credentials for paperless travel between two countries. Lessons from this pilot are particularly relevant today as COVID-19 has underscored the need for verifiable digital credentials in cross-border travel.

A new white paper, Accelerating the Transition to Digital Credentials for Travel, is the result of collaboration between the World Economic Forum, Accenture and industry and government partners. It draws on lessons from the KTDI pilot and is intended to serve as a playbook to guide decision making and help assess important considerations in the use of verifiable digital travel credentials across borders.

“Creating digital travel credentials that work across borders is not an issue of technology but an issue of governance,” said Lauren Uppink, Head of Aviation, Travel and Tourism, World Economic Forum. “The learnings from the Forum’s KTDI consortium demonstrates that while the technology for the next stage of digital-first travel is ready, thoughtful collective action is what truly enables the design and effective implementation of global governance structures, ensuring that digital travel credentials are easy to use, trustworthy and verifiable across borders.”

“The pandemic has highlighted the urgency for trusted, widely-accepted, privacy preserving digital travel credentials,” says Christine Leong, Global Lead for Blockchain Identity & Biometrics, Accenture. “Leveraging digital travel credentials would provide a much more secure way of sharing verifiable information, leading to greater assurance for travellers, shorter airport processing time, and greater efficiency for airline and border staff. To achieve this, governments and private sector organisations must collaborate to bring about a seamless, paperless and contactless travel continuum for all. The time to work together is now.”

Lessons from the KTDI pilot

The KTDI project established that two major, often misleadingly polarized, technology approaches to verifiable digital identities can work together. Working with governments and technology partners, the consortium found that public key infrastructure (PKI) and decentralized digital identity can co-exist and address the digitalization of various parts of a travel journey.

Furthermore, the pilot project found that these technologies can and must be integrated within existing systems to accelerate adoption and scale.

Interoperability and collaboration were other key areas for progress identified during the KTDI pilot. For paper passports, interoperability already exists as all participating member states agree to follow the specifications through the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)’s governance and trust frameworks.

Such an agreement for the specifications of digital travel credentials is not as widespread yet, but the adoption of traditional passport specifications shows that the benefits of using digital credentials in travel cannot be realized through isolated or one-off approaches.

The KTDI project

The first cross-border pilot for digital travel identification, the Known Traveller Digital Identity (KTDI) project, has been piloted with government partners from Canada and the Netherlands, along with a consortium of technology, private sector and other partners. The KTDI partners have designed and built the first government-led, public-private ecosystem to test the vision of safe and seamless cross-border travel. This vision aimed to reduce touchpoints by using emerging technologies, including biometrics and decentralized identity, and inform the future development of a globally accepted decentralized identity ecosystem.

Although the COVID-19 pandemic has affected KTDI pilot efforts, it has also created an opportunity to further analyse how decentralized digital identity and PKI-based approaches could work together or work in sync. Although the initial pilot employed a decentralized identity approach to trial trusted digital credentials, KTDI could in the future expand to incorporate additional verifiable credentials such as COVID-19 vaccination certificates, as well as PKI-based digital credentials.

The consortium’s achievements and expertise can serve as a valuable blueprint to inform other similar efforts being pursued globally.

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