We live in a world were change is evident and takes on different forms and representations with the given order of legitimate and elected structures of political spaces. Nothing is immune to this entropy that has in timely phases governed and directed the course of both political and social contours in both chronological as well as chorological perspectives. Different political scientists, philosophers , experts have tried to deconstruct and understand this changing nature of both the individual and collective which we call as ‘state’ these days in modern political lexicon .The name that becomes synonymous to the understanding and exploration of these transitioning and confronting values is Thomas Hobbes. Hobbes dubbed by his critics as “The Monster of Malmesbury”, born in Wiltshire, on April 5, 1588 was one of the four citadels of early modern philosophy along with Galileo, Spinoza, Descartes fashioning and steadying the then festering controversial divide between medieval stagnation and scientific revolution. Hobbes laid the pioneering foundations of modern, secular nationhood appended by the introduction of his ever understood and sometimes misread robust social contract. He had perceptive view on the ‘state of flux’ that happened around us and did a commendable and astute observation of ‘motions’ in the given ‘real space’. For him, our imagination, memory and perception, as well as causation, power, and activity are nothing but motion as beautifully summarised in his remarkable De Corpore (1655).Hobbes political ideas and thought cannot be understood without taking into consideration his views on natural philosophy . To an extent they are distinct realms, but to undermine the relation between them is to miss the veracity of Hobbes’ thought and to reduce the basic philosophical grounds as to why he thought his political theory was viable. He constantly kept himself in the state of expounding the physicalist/mechanistic nature of structures both natural as well as political. While traversing the broad frontiers of knowledge realms he had a well -meaning and enlightening exchanges with his two contemporaries, Descartes(criticized Descartes’ cogito [I think or I am thinking] on the grounds that it needs a subject who thinks) and John Wallis, Oxford’s Professor of Geometry (, particularly his attempt to square the circle ) .While defending the Cartesian and Aristotliean pathways to philosophy , to influencing Leibniz in Physics and translating Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War into English
Current Political Dispositions and Hobbes
Thomas Hobbes has been regarded as the most consistent thinker of early modern period and his most thought revolves around the well contained interaction of ‘sensation’ thus starting his most celebrated and highly powerful compendium of political dispositions, Leviathan(1651,slightly altered Latin version edited in 1668) with just a with same ratiocination of ‘phantasm’ (both in the situational and predictive undercurrents) what he calls it. In the currently changing political climates around the world, the dialectics of interface between individual liberty and collective choice Hobbes alerts us that democracy is the ‘invented’ political order and in this curated exercise of functions political structures have ignored the governed masses. In this praxis of invented legitimacy the language becomes the immediate tool of its manufacturing then which can be gauged from the fact that how nation’s have been deviating away from the real issues and turn to the theatrics of imaginary and sometimes absurd notions of repaying the obligations we serve them . In a way Hobbesian intrinsic ‘state of nature’ and the confounding political representation we are faced with, the dialectics of his ‘phantasm’ becomes imperative as then. Hobbes’s ideas stirred much debate in his time, and they continue to be contentious. While mapping the work he has done in the realm of political order and structures there’s seems a rich and active interplay of nature of individual and the obligations to the existing governance sources. His systematic focus on realizing pursuits has made possible the prosperity and security that those in modern Western nations enjoy, and the perennial question of how absolute a sovereign should be, given the temptations of modern political absolutism around the world .With the paradoxical exclusion in the political realm there seems a de-subjectivization on account of due excessive securitization of modern civil state differing from the ‘state of nature’ thesis of Hobbes .Given the two relevant facets of his political thought sensation and motion still hold the importance of shaping and streamlining the negative entropies created in the political systems around the world with the powerful sense of Hobbesian ‘perception’ Hobbes contribution to the framework of the modern world makes a study of his work important to understanding our political horizons. His endeavours from the optics to metaphysics still hold cogency and continue to be unrivalled to this day.