Geopolitical Attitude to Recent Iran-USA Relations

The United States-Islamic Republic of Iran relationship enters a new chapter by killing Qassem Soleimani with the United States, and according to the prominent role-playing of two actors, these relations will have affect at least a regional scope and even world-wide. If we look at the evolution of the relationship between two actors as a geopolitical expert, we must first express our understanding of geopolitics. Geopolitics is one of the fields of study that has many definitions. But in general, geopolitics is the knowledge of designing and modifying actors’ strategies to achieve their interests and goals. In other words, geopolitical experts are trying to form the best strategy for actors in their relationships based on geographical sources of power. By this definition, if we look at the recent relations between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the United States, what stands out is perhaps the better understanding of the basis of change. As a geopolitical expert, when it comes to debate, there are four conceptions of evolution.

First conception: This conception is based on the analysis of the interests and goals of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the United States in the region in general and in Iraq in particular. Evidence suggests that the two players’ interests and goals have not changed in this regard.

Second conception: In this conception, there has been little change of the actors involved in the relationship between the two countries, namely the two actors and the sub actors.

Third conception: In this concept, the type and form of the relationship between US and Iranian actors seems to be still based on competition-antagonism and has not changed much in recent decades despite various messages and mediation.

Fourth conception: In this conception, we discuss strategies designed by two actors to achieve goals and interests in the region and Iraq. Evidence suggests that what has shaped the relationship between the two actors in the region is based on the fact that the ultimate outcome of this transformation is to assassinate Qassem Soleimani, one of the country’s most prominent military actors that showed in Iran and its region. A strategy that is likely to substantially underpin the current changes in the region and these changes can also create global issues and challenges.

Therefore, as a geopolitical expert, we need to try to focus on the strategies between the two actors as we look at the developments between Iranian and US actors now and in the future, because there are not any changes in other sections and the two actors continue to have their own interests and goals, the types of relationships they have with each other, and the sub actors in the relationship. Trump’s move to kill Qasem Suleimani will spur a wide-ranging shift in the strategy of the two players, which is not in the interest of either party, and in the second step will challenge the region and the world. The present evidence shows that this strategy of Trump, in spite of one of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s power arms, has significantly benefited Iran because it has fostered domestic and regional and even global cohesion against the United States. So in the early estimates, this shift in Trump’s strategy has worked the opposite way.

Mohsen Janparvar
Mohsen Janparvar
Assistant professor of political geography of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad