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Towards More Inclusive Growth in Senegal

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The World Bank Group’s Board of Directors today discussed the Country Partnership Framework (CPF) for Senegal that lays out the World Bank Group program for FY20–FY24 and expressed broad support for the WBG’s engagement in Senegal’s structural reforms to achieve economic transformation and become an emerging economy by 2035.

The WBG will continue and deepen its support to implement Senegal’s ambitious  policy reform agenda. The Board acknowledged the transformational reforms to enable private sector driven growth in the energy sector and the digital economy and welcomes the commitment in the CPF to accelerate poverty reduction and address inequities by investing in human capital and enabling jobs and economic transformation.

According to World Bank Country Director Nathan Belete, “Senegal is approaching the third decade of the 21st century with tremendous promise and opportunities. This new partnership strategy will support the country to take advantage of its attributes and overcome persistent challenges to achieve transformational impact and emergence by 2035.”  

Senegal’s economic expansion has been accelerating and growing consistently above 6 percent per year since 2014. This high growth trajectory places Senegal among best performers in Sub-Saharan Africa and is reflective of incipient structural transformation, supported by reforms aimed at improving the investment climate, governance and investment in infrastructure, energy and agriculture. The growth outlook is favorable and projected to remain solid at about 6.8 percent in 2020, reflecting higher investment and exports. Growth could exceed 7 percent from 2021 onwards if fiscal vulnerabilities are contained and transformational reforms are implemented to crowd-in private sector investments.

“We are confident that the CPF will fully leverage IFC’s strategy, which foresees an ambitious upstream agenda of reforms to catalyze greater private investment in Senegal,” indicated Aliou Maiga, IFC’s Director for West and Central Africa.

“MIGA will focus on encouraging foreign investment through its political risk insurance instruments, including in the energy, water, and transport sectors, while also leveraging the engagement of IDA and IFC. In addition, MIGA will continue to explore opportunities to support public investments in these sectors through its credit-enhancement product,” said Hoda Atia Moustafa, MIGA’s Africa Regional Head based in Dakar.

Guided by the priorities of the government’s Plan Senegal Emergent and its second Priority Action Plan (2019-2023), and the recent Systematic Country Diagnostic of Senegal. The World Bank Group’s three areas of support are to:

Build human capital to enhance productivity: A child born today will achieve only 42 percent of his or her productivity potential if key health and education outcomes do not improve. Building on the gains of the social safety net and education and health projects, the world Bank will accelerate progress in establishing strong literacy and numeracy skills among primary and lower secondary school children; promoting employability for youth; and empowering adolescent girls and women to have more control over their childbearing and productivity.

Boost competitiveness and job creation: Investment climate in Senegal has improved, with Senegal jumping 35 ranks in its Doing Business ranking from 161 in 2015 to 123 in 2020 by improving access to credit information and streamlining tax administration for Small and Medium Enterprises through the eTax platform. The focus will now be on improving digital and physical connectivity at the national and regional levels; lowering energy costs and carbon footprint and optimizing the energy mix; promoting the service economy, including through financial; and boosting the productivity and competitiveness of agriculture and related value chains.

Building resilient institutions and communities: with the rapid urbanization and spatial inequalities in access to water and sanitation, the World Bank will focus on promoting and protecting, ecosystems, and infrastructure in the face of climate change; ensuring access to water and sanitation in marginal rural and peri-urban areas; and improving the efficiency and transparency of governance institutions and social protection systems.

The strategy will also promote digital technology particularly in education, agriculture, social protection, and finance to support Senegal’s leapfrogging into a modern economy. It also puts gender at the center of the strategy by focusing on girls and women’s empowerment and promotes resilience to climate change across   the various areas of focus.

Currently, Senegal the country has 18 projects receiving IDA financing amounting to $1.8 billion, and nine regional IDA projects for $346.5 million. IFC has a portfolio of about $140 million with significant investments in the power sector, financial sector and to local businesses in agro-processing. MIGA’s exposure in Senegal is $306.2 million, its 6th largest in Africa.

Africa Today

Climate Change Could Further Impact Africa’s Recovery

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The World Bank’s new Groundswell Africa reports, released today ahead of the 26th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 26), find that the continent will be hit the hardest by climate change, with up to 86 million Africans migrating within their own countries by 2050.

The data on countries in West Africa and the Lake Victoria Basin show that climate migration hot spots could emerge as early as 2030, and highlight that without concrete climate and development action, West Africa could see as many as 32 million people forced to move within their own countries by 2050. In Lake Victoria Basin countries, the number could reach a high of 38.5 million.

From pastoralists travelling the Sahel to fishermen braving the seas, the story of West Africa is a story of climate migrants. As countries are experiencing rises in temperatures, erratic rainfall, flooding, and coastal erosion, Africans will face unprecedented challenges in the coming years,” says Ousmane Diagana, World Bank Vice President for Western and Central Africa. “This series of reports identifies priorities for climate action that can help countries move towards a green, resilient and inclusive development and generate opportunities for all African people.”

Slow-onset climate change impacts, like water scarcity, lower crop and ecosystem productivity, sea level rise, and storm surge will increasingly cause people to migrate. Some places will become less livable because of heat stress, extreme events, and land loss while other areas may become more attractive as consequence of climate-induced changes, like increased rainfall. Unattended, these shifts will not only lead to climate-induced migration, potentially deepening existing vulnerabilities and leading to increased poverty, fragility, conflict, and violence

The authors highlight that people’s mobility will be influenced by how slow onset of climate impacts will interact with population dynamics and the socio-economic contexts within countries. However, efforts to support green, inclusive, and resilient development, could reduce the scale of climate migration by 30% in the Lake Victoria region and as much as 60% in West Africa.

Investments in resilience and adaptation can promote green industries, and when paired with investments in health, education, the digital economy, innovation, and sustainable infrastructure, they also have tremendous potential to create climate-smart jobs and boost economic growth,” asserts Hafez Ghanem, World Bank Vice President for Eastern and Southern Africa. As part of this, a focus on women’s empowerment is critical to improve human capital and to reap the demographic dividend—significant aspects of building climate resilience in the years to come.”

The scale and trajectory of climate-induced migration across Africa will require countries to take bold, transformative actions:

Net-zero targets: the global community has the responsibility to cut greenhouse gas emissions to reduce the scale and reach of climate impacts.

Locality and context matter: countries will need to embed internal climate migration in far-sighted green, resilient, and inclusive development planning across Africa.

Data: investing in research and diagnostic tools is key to better understand the drivers of internal climate migration for well-targeted policies.

Focus on people: invest in human capital to engage people in productive and sustainable climate smart jobs.

The Groundswell Africa series is a sequel to the 2018 Groundswell report and complements the recently released Groundswell II report, providing in-depth analysis on potential scale and spread of internal climate migration in West African and the Lake Victoria Basin, with country level analysis from Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, and Uganda to better inform policy dialogue and action.

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Africa Today

World Bank to support reconstruction plan for Cabo Delgado in Mozambique

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Image source: Wikipedia

The World Bank will provide US$100 million (€86 million) to support the Mozambican government in the reconstruction plan for Cabo Delgado, a province affected by incursions by armed groups since 2017, an official source announced Monday.

“With the recently reconquered areas, we have realised that there are many people who want to return to their areas of origin. But they cannot return without the basic conditions being in place. As a result, we have an additional 100 million dollars for support,” said Idah Pswarayi-Riddihough, World Bank Country Director for Mozambique.

She was speaking to the media, moments after a meeting between the Mozambican prime minister, Carlos Agostinho do Rosário, and heads of diplomatic missions to discuss the Cabo Delgado Reconstruction Plan.

According to her, the new World Bank support comes on top of a first donation (also totalling US$100 million), announced in April and which was earmarked for the Northern Integrated Development Agency (ADIN), which is promoting social and economic projects for youth inclusion across northern Mozambique.

In the new donation, which is expected to be disbursed in January, the World Bank wants the money to be invested in the reconquered areas in the north of the province, and psychosocial support, reconstruction of public buildings and restoration of basic services are among the priorities.

“The idea is to give the affected people a decent place to live after the traumas they have suffered,” she said.

The Reconstruction Plan for Cabo Delgado, approved in September by the Mozambican government, is budgeted at US$300 million (258 million euros), of which almost US$200 million (172 million euros) is earmarked for the implementation of short-term actions, which include restoring public administration, health units, schools, energy, water supply, amongst other aspects.

According to the deputy minister of Industry and Trade, Ludovina Bernardo, the priority of the executive is to ensure a gradual and safe return of the inhabitants to the reconquered areas, at the same time as basic conditions are created.

“We want to make interventions on the ground, but safeguarding security. Our forces are on the ground and as soon as they ensure that the return of families to their areas of origin is possible, the process will begin”, he said, pointing, as an example, to the return of families from Palma, which has already begun.

The United Nations resident representative in Mozambique, Myrta Kaulard, also gave assurances that the organisation would continue to support the Mozambican government in the process, highlighting the importance of the “classic interventions” of the entity in cases of humanitarian crises.

“I would like to remind you that on the humanitarian side, international partners have contributed, in the year 2021 alone, a total of 160 million dollars (137 million euros). It is important to continue with this humanitarian support, while promoting reconstruction,” she stressed and highlighted the importance of creating a working group among international partners to combine actions and broaden appeals in the face of the humanitarian crisis in Northern Mozambique.

Cabo Delgado province is rich in natural gas but has been terrorised since 2017 by armed rebels, with some attacks claimed by the extremist group Islamic State.

The conflict has led to more than 3,100 deaths, according to the ACLED conflict registration project, and more than 824,000 displaced people, according to updates from Mozambican authorities.

Since July, an offensive by government troops with support from Rwanda, later joined by the Southern African Development Community (SADC), allowed for an increase in security, recovering several areas where there was rebel presence, including the town of Mocímboa da Praia, which had been occupied since August 2020.

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Tech News

Millions of Moscow residents manage their everyday lives through their smartphones

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The creators of My Moscow, a mobile application of the Russian capital’s urban services, have analysed how and why Muscovites use it. It turned out that, more often than not, the city’s residents prefer to pay bills and submit water and electricity meter readings via their smartphone.

The mobile app appeared in the Russian capital at the beginning of 2019, and its first functions allowed to solve the simplest housing and utility services: to enter meter readings and pay bills. Since its launch, the app has already been downloaded more than three million times. Now it can be used to make an appointment with a doctor or for a COVID-19 test, get a referral for an antibody test and coronavirus vaccination, get information on children’s school performance and even check the history of a car in Moscow before buying it. Muscovites appreciated the convenience of paying bills through the app service – in August 2021, the number of payments made online using a smartphone doubled. People pay utility bills, car fines, children’s extracurricular activities – payment takes only a couple of minutes, and the Russian payment system allows making these transfers without commission. In addition, the My Moscow app has recently introduced a charity service, through which every user can donate money to verified foundations. Muscovites do not ignore the opportunity to help: since the launch of the function in the app, users have transferred 245,000 rubles to charity.

The city services app is constantly being updated: not only does it change the design or add new functions, but also integrates new technologies. In the near future, a voice assistant will be added to the My Moscow service. It is currently available to 40% of users in test mode, but by the end of the year, it will work in smartphones of all app owners. Voice assistant knows how to show homework and children’s school schedule, dates of scheduled hot water outages, helps cancel a doctor’s appointment, and answers popular questions, such as how to transfer a child to another school or get an international passport. The assistant is being actively trained, and by the end of the year it will help Muscovites to view electronic medical records, look at children’s school grades, pay fines, receive data on utility and educational bills.

In October 2020, My Moscow mobile app won the silver prize in the Smart Sustainable City Awards of the World Organisation for Smart Sustainable Cities (WeGO) in the Government Efficiency category. In Russia, people actively use digital services to resolve everyday issues, and the experience of using the My Moscow app showed that 60% of city residents prefer to use these features specifically from a smartphone. Every month, app users access the digital city services more than 500,000 times, which is efficient and saves time in managing everyday life in the rhythm of the megacity.

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