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Understanding Turkey’s tryst for Kashmir, but not for Kurdistan

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The political tensions between Turkey and India have soared quickly in last 8 months. Turkey is slamming India at every International Forums, including the UNGA for violating Human Rights of Kashmiri people. The day-to-day intervention of the Erdogan’s chauvinist government into the internal affairs of India has raised many questions about the diplomatic approach of Turkey in South East Asia. The unnecessary intervention of Turkey in the internal affairs of India is something which is turning down the soul of international diplomacy. Indeed, Turkey has a poor background of human rights in its soil. Also, India has advised the Turkish regime not to intervene in its internal affairs without learning the facts. So, why the country like Turkey which is over 2600 miles away from India and has the least regional interests in South-East Asia is continuously spitting venom over and over? To comprehend the whole politics of Turkey in south-east Asia, we have to look first at the ambitions of the Erdogan’s regime. According to several political pundits, his overarching dream of establishing himself as an alternative Muslim leader prompts him to do so. Whereas, the intensity of the thirst for helping his Muslim brothers can be seen by the statements made by him on the Citizenship Amendment Act which hardly has any relations with the Indian Muslims.

On the other hand, the Turkish army is setting up landmarks in performing war crimes. Violating human rights in the south-east region of Turkey has now become Erdogan’s avocation.

Journalism under this regime is facing its hard time as opposing Erdogan’s decision mean a lot for them. The voice of media has been hurled many times since Mr Erdogan led the Justice and Development Party won the election.  

The media is facing the poorer it could have faced in the history of Turkey under the far-right Islamist Erdogan regime. As reported by the Human Rights Organization of the UN, about 119 Journalists are in pretrial detention or serving detention for writing against the line of Erdogan’s decisions. They have been booked under the law of terrorist activities for being eloquent against the atrocities by the Ankara’s army in the south-east region of the country. Also, Turkey is standing far behind India in the 2019 world press freedom index. The quelling approach of the Erdogan’s Islamist regime towards its opponents is not a good sign for the region.

They aggravate this intervention to the Judicial system of the country, which also signalled the putrid intentions of the fascist regime. Also, there has been a dramatic rise in the numbers of prosecutions & convictions of charges of ‘insulting the president’ since Erdogan’s first election as president in 2014. The hypocrisy of Erdogan’s tears on the world platform has waterboarded the soul of human rights many times on various international forums.

As regarding India, many times he outcries on the abuses of primitive human rights of the Kashmiri people and raised his voice for the independence of the Kashmir. However, his approach on PKK, a separatist group in the south-east region of Turkey is in contrast as what he spoke on Kashmir. JDP has no tolerance policy on the voices which can dismantle the sovereignty of its country. Also, the Ankara’s army is being accused of many war crimes in the south-east region of Turkey and the Northeast region of Syria, while supporting Pakistan for sponsoring state terrorism. Turkey with its Syrian rebel allies who allegedly want to make a safe zone in Syria is now committing mass rapes, tortures and killings, rather making it a miserable zone for the civilians. As per the reports of the Amnesty International, the Turkish army has conducted several war crimes against civilians in the Syrian territory. According to them, there is enough evidence of indiscriminate attacks of the Ankara’s army in residential areas, including many schools. The result of this report costs them with the detention of their Turkish Chairman, Mr Taner Kilic.

Many reports disclosed that since Turkey invades Syria over 300 civilians including children have been killed in various attacks. So, why a country like Turkey who has a tainted track record of human rights is showing its solidarity for the Kashmiri people who have been feeling safe since the abrogation of article 370?

As per the reports of an independent organization, the militancy has been reduced significantly after the Modi government revoked article 370. Also, there is a fall of around 70% in the casualties of the army personnel in the valley. This all can not be heard in the voices of the western media.

Moreover, Turkey also stands behind India to give internet independence. New Turkish law on media regulations over internet and news broadcasters prompts various debates on the freedom of expressions.

Also, Wikipedia remains blocked in Turkey since April 2017 and over 100,000 websites were reportedly blocked in 2017. From the persecution of rights groups like Amnesty International to the internet censorship, Erdogan trying to quell every voice which he seems a danger to his political legacy. According to the report on Internet freedom by Freedom House, Turkey’s performance is one of the worst in giving rights to Internet users. They scaled Turkey in the ‘not free’ zone which was the worst category labelled by the organization. Whereas, India stands in the ‘partly free’ section.

Also, Mr Erdogan ambitions to paint himself as the rising leader of the Muslim world is the reason to squabble a diplomatic tussle with India. Erdogan’s tarnished image in OIC and GCC is also prompting Turkey to wage a war against apostate Muslim leaders of the middle east. He is going far ahead of the Turkish secular values to question India to show himself as the messiah of the new Muslim world.

While the sole atomic-powered Muslim country, Pakistan is also the reason behind its trivial tryst over Kashmir. The improbable dream of Erdogan to turn into the commander of the Muslim world by worsening the relations with other states is not a smart work. Although, the retaliation of the Indian PM by visiting Cyprus and highlighting the Armenian genocide is the sign which India is trying to give Turkey very clearly.

Turkey’s ambitions of creating a new block are also getting cement by the organization of the event like Kuala Lumpur summit which many dubbed a ‘mini Islamic summit’. The intensity of the desperate attempts for winning the hearts of Muslims can be traced by the recent ongoing culture of Turkey, where they raised the questions over the CAA. Meanwhile, without knowing the facts that CAA is not for the Indian Muslims, Erdogan made his statement over Indian Muslims that this law can make Indian Muslims stateless. The dual standards of the Erdogan regime in his own country and outside the world is very perilous for the region and also for the world. Erdogan has to concentrate more on prevailing human rights in its south-east region of the country rather than hobbling to teach the chapter of humanity which they are passing up each time they shot a bullet in the safe zone and the south-east region of Turkey.

Shubham Sharma is an author at Asia Times. He is a Delhi based journalist mostly reports on foreign affairs and international relations. He has also been worked for the Courrier International and Foreign Policy Times. Follow him on twitter @ShubhamSharm11

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Middle East

Will Oman Succeed In What The UN And US Envoys Failed In Yemen?

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Since taking office on January 20, US President Joe Biden has made a priority for Yemen and appointed Tim Linderking as the US special envoy to Yemen to seek an end of the war that has been going on for more than six years, which made Yemen live “the worst humanitarian crisis in the world”, as described by the United Nations.

Nearly four months after his appointment as a special envoy to Yemen, and after several visits to the region, and several meetings through Omani coordination with representatives of the Houthi movement in Muscat, Linderking returned to the United States empty-handed, announcing that the Houthis are responsible for the failure of the ceasefire to take hold in Yemen. The US State Department said “While there are numerous problematic actors inside of Yemen, the Houthis bear major responsibility for refusing to engage meaningfully on a ceasefire and to take steps to resolve a nearly seven-year conflict that has brought unimaginable suffering to the Yemeni people”.

Two days only after the US State Department statement, which blamed the Houthis for the failure of the peace process in Yemen, an Omani delegation from the Royal Office arrives in Sana’a. What are the goals behind their visit to Sana’a, and will the Omani efforts be crowned with success?

Houthi spokesman Muhammad Abdul Salam said that “the visit of a delegation from the Omani Royal Office to Sanaa is to discuss the situation in Yemen, arrange the humanitarian situation, and advancing the peace process”. However, observers considered that the delegation carried an American message to the Houthi leader as a last attempt to pressure the Houthis to accept a ceasefire, and to continue the peace efforts being made to end the war and achieve peace, especially after the failure of all intensive efforts in the past days by the United Nations and the United States of America to reach a ceasefire as a minimum requirement for peace.

Oman was the only country in the Gulf Cooperation Council that decided not to participate in what was called “Operation Decisive Storm”, led by Saudi Arabia following its consistent policy of non-interference. Due to its positive role since the beginning of the crisis and its standing at the same distance from all the conflicting local and regional parties in Yemen, it has become the only qualified and trusted party by all the conflicting parties, who view it as a neutral side that has no interest in further fighting and fragmentation.

On the local level, Oman enjoys the respect and trust of the Houthis, who have embraced them and their negotiators for years and provided them with a political platform and a point of contact with the international parties concerned with solving the Yemeni problem, as well as embracing other political parties loyal to the legitimate government, especially those who had a different position to the Saudi-Emirati agenda during the last period.

At the regional level, Oman maintains strong historical relations with the Iran, and it is a member of the Gulf Cooperation Council, and this feature enables it to bring the views between the two sides closer to reach a ceasefire and ending the Yemeni crisis that has raved the region for several years as a proxy war between the regional rivalries Saudi Arabia and Iran.

Oman now possesses the trust and respect of all local, regional and international parties, who resorted to it recently and they are all pushing to reach a ceasefire and ending the crisis, after they have reached a conviction that it is useless. So the Omani delegation’s public visit to Sana’a has great connotations and an important indication of the determination of all parties to reach breakthrough in the Yemeni crisis.

The international community, led by the United States, is now looking forward to stop the war in Yemen. Saudi Arabia also is looking for an end to the war that cost the kingdom a lot and it is already presented an initiative to end the Yemeni crisis, as well as Iran’s preoccupation with its nuclear program and lifting of sanctions.

Likewise, the conflicting local parties reached a firm conviction that military resolution is futile, especially after the Houthis’ failed attempt for several months to control Marib Governorate the rich of oil and gas and the last strongholds of the government in the north, which would have changed the balance of power in the region as a whole.

Despite the ambiguity that is still surrounding the results of the Omani delegation’s visit to Sana’a so far, there is great optimism to reach a cease-fire and alleviate the humanitarian crisis and other measures that pave the way for entering into the political track to solve the Yemeni crisis.

The situation in Yemen is very complicated and the final solution is still far away, but reaching a ceasefire and the start of negotiations may be a sign of hope and a point of light in the dark tunnel of Yemenis who have suffered for years from the curse of this war and its devastating effects.

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Saudi Arabia steps up effort to replace UAE and Qatar as go-to regional hub

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Saudi Arabia has stepped up efforts to outflank the United Arab Emirates and Qatar as the Gulf’s commercial, cultural, and/or geostrategic hub.

The kingdom has recently expanded its challenge to the smaller Gulf states by seeking to position Saudi Arabia as the region’s foremost sport destination once Qatar has had its moment in the sun with the 2022 World Cup as well as secure a stake in the management of regional ports and terminals dominated so far by the UAE and to a lesser extent Qatar.

Saudi Arabia kicked off its effort to cement its position as the region’s behemoth with an announcement in February that it would cease doing business by 2024 with international companies whose regional headquarters were not based in the kingdom. 

With the UAE ranking 16 on the World Bank’s 2020 Ease of Doing Business Index as opposed to Saudi Arabia at number 62, freewheeling Dubai has long been international business’s preferred regional headquarters.

The Saudi move “clearly targets the UAE” and “challenges the status of Dubai,” said a UAE-based banker.

A latecomer to the port control game which is dominated by Dubai’s DP World that operates 82 marine and inland terminals in more than 40 countries, including Djibouti, Somaliland, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Turkey and Cyprus, the kingdom’s expansion into port and terminal management appears to be less driven by geostrategic considerations.

Instead, Saudi Arabia’s Red Sea Gateway Terminal (RSGT), backed by the Public Investment Fund (PIF), the kingdom’s sovereign wealth fund, said it was targeting ports that would service vital Saudi imports such as those related to food security.

PIF and China’s Cosco Shipping Ports each bought a 20 per cent stake in RSGT in January.

The Chinese investment fits into China’s larger Belt and Road-strategy that involves the acquisition regionally of stakes in ports and terminals in Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Oman, and Djibouti, where China has a military base.

RSGT Chief Executive Officer Jens Floe said the company planned to invest in at least three international ports in the next five years. He said each investment would be up to US$500 million.

“We have a focus on ports in Sudan and Egypt. They weren’t picked for that reason, but they happen to be significant countries for Saudi Arabia’s food security strategy,” Mr. Floe said.

Saudi Arabia’s increased focus on sports, including a potential bid for the hosting of the 2030 World Cup serves multiple goals: It offers Saudi youth who account for more than half of the kingdom’s population a leisure and entertainment opportunity, it boosts Crown Prince Mohamed bin Salman’s burgeoning development of a leisure and entertainment industry, potentially allows Saudi Arabia to polish its image tarnished by human rights abuse, including the 2018 killing of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, and challenges Qatar’s position as the face of Middle Eastern sports.

A recent report by Grant Liberty, a London-based human rights group that focuses on Saudi Arabia and China, estimated that the kingdom has so far invested in US$1.5 billion in the hosting of multiple sporting events, including the final matches of Italy and Spain’s top soccer leagues; Formula One; boxing, wrestling and snooker matches; and golf tournaments. Qatar is so far the Middle East’s leader in the hosting of sporting events followed by the UAE.

Grant Liberty said that further bids for sporting events worth US$800 million had failed. This did not include an unsuccessful US$600 million offer to replace Qatar’s beIN tv sports network as the Middle Eastern broadcaster of European soccer body UEFA’s Champions League.

Saudi Arabia reportedly continues to ban beIN from broadcasting in the kingdom despite the lifting in January of 3.5 year-long Saudi-UAE-led diplomatic and economic boycott of Qatar.

Prince Mohammed’s Vision 2030 plan to diversify and streamline the Saudi economy and ween it off dependency on oil exports “has set the creation of professional sports and a sports industry as one of its goals… The kingdom is proud to host and support various athletic and sporting events which not only introduce Saudis to new sports and renowned international athletes but also showcase the kingdom’s landmarks and the welcoming nature of its people to the world,” said Fahad Nazer, spokesperson for the Saudi Arabian embassy in Washington.

The increased focus on sports comes as the kingdom appears to be backing away from its intention to reduce the centrality of energy exports for its economy.

Energy minister Prince Abdulaziz bin Salman, Prince Mohammed’s brother, recently ridiculed an International Energy Agency (IEA) report that “there is no need for investment in new fossil fuel supply” as “the sequel of the La La Land movie.” The minister went on to ask, “Why should I take (the report) seriously?”

Putting its money where its mouth is, Saudi Arabia intends to increase its oil production capacity from 12 million to more than 13 million barrels a day on the assumption that global efforts to replace fossil fuel with cleaner energy sources will spark sharp reductions in US and Russian production.

The kingdom’s operating assumption is that demand in Asia for fossil fuels will continue to rise even if it drops in the West. Other Gulf producers, including the UAE and Qatar, are following a similar strategy.

“Saudi Arabia is no longer an oil country, it’s an energy-producing country … a very competitive energy country. We are low cost in producing oil, low cost in producing gas, and low cost in producing renewables and will definitely be the least-cost producer of hydrogen,” Prince Abdulaziz said.

He appeared to be suggesting that the kingdom’s doubling down on oil was part of strategy that aims to ensure that Saudi Arabia is a player in all conventional and non-conventional aspects of energy. By implication, Prince Abdulaziz was saying that diversification was likely to broaden the kingdom’s energy offering rather than significantly reduce its dependence on energy exports.

“Sports, entertainment, tourism and mining alongside other industries envisioned in Vision 2030 are valuable expansions of the Saudi economy that serve multiple economic and non-economic purposes,” “ said a Saudi analyst. “It’s becoming evident, however, that energy is likely to remain the real name of the game.”

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Middle East

Iranians Will Boycott Iran Election Farce

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Iran and elections have not been two synonymous terms. A regime whose constitution is based on absolute rule of someone who is considered to be God’s representative on earth, highest religious authority, morality guide, absolute ruler, and in one word Big Brother (or Vali Faqih), would hardly qualify for a democracy or a place where free or fair elections are held. But when you are God’s rep on earth you are free to invent your own meanings for words such as democracy, elections, justice, and human rights. It comes with the title. And everyone knows the fallacy of “presidential elections” in Iran. Most of all, the Iranian public know it as they have come to call for an almost unanimous boycott of the sham elections.

The boycott movement in Iran is widespread, encompassing almost all social and political strata of Iranian society, even some factions of the regime who have now decided it is time to jump ship. Most notably, remnants of what was euphemistically called the Reformist camp in Iran, have now decided to stay away from the phony polls. Even “hardline” former president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad realizes the extent of the regime’s woes and has promised that he will not be voting after being duly disqualified again from participating by supreme leader’s Guardian Council.

So after 42 years of launching a reformist-hardliner charade to play on the West’s naivety, Khamenei’s regime is now forced to present its one and true face to the world: Ebrahim Raisi, son of the Khomeinist ideology, prosecutor, interrogator, torturer, death commission judge, perpetrator of the 1988 massacre of political prisoners, chief inquisitionist, and favorite of Ali Khamenei.

What is historic and different about this presidential “election” in Iran is precisely what is not different about it. It took the world 42 years to cajole Iran’s medieval regime to step into modernity, change its behavior, embrace universal human rights and democratic governance, and treat its people and its neighbors with respect. What is shocking is that this whole process is now back at square one with Ebrahim Raisi, a proven mass murderer who boasts of his murder spree in 1988, potentially being appointed as president.

With Iran’s regime pushing the envelope in launching proxy wars on the United States in Iraq, on Saudi Arabia in Yemen, and on Israel in Gaza and Lebanon, and with a horrendous human rights record that is increasingly getting worse domestically, what is the international community, especially the West, going to do? What is Norway’s role in dealing with this crisis and simmering crises to come out of this situation?

Europe has for decades based its foreign policy on international cooperation and the peaceful settlement of disputes, and the promotion of human rights and democratic principles. The International community must take the lead in bringing Ebrahim Raisi to an international court to account for the massacre he so boastfully participated in 1988 and all his other crimes he has committed to this day.

There are many Iranian refugees who have escaped the hell that the mullahs have created in their beautiful homeland and who yearn to one day remake Iran in the image of a democratic country that honors human rights. These members of the millions-strong Iranian Diaspora overwhelmingly support the boycott of the sham election in Iran, and support ordinary Iranians who today post on social media platforms videos of the Mothers of Aban (mothers of protesters killed by regime security forces during the November 2019 uprising) saying, “Our vote is for this regime’s overthrow.” Finally, after 42 years, the forbidden word of overthrow is ubiquitous on Iranian streets with slogans adorning walls calling for a new era and the fall of this regime.

Europe should stand with the Iranian Resistance and people to call for democracy and human rights in Iran and it should lead calls for accountability for all regime leaders, including Ebrahim Raisi, and an end to a culture of impunity for Iran’s criminal rulers.

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