“It is better to debate a question without settling it than to settle a question without debating it.”~ Joseph Joubert, French moralist and essayist, 1896
The idea that critical thinking is ‘dead’ is not a new one. The basis for defining and explaining how this problem emerged has varied. Some have firmly placed blame at the feet of formal higher education, where instead of profound thinking and evaluation educators are focused more on indoctrination which leads to the consuming of “fake news” and the embracing of conspiracy theories. Some feel bad journalism is at the heart of the problem, where editorial control has almost disappeared, fluff pieces get top billing as ‘must reads,’ and the emerging preference for something called ‘iterative reporting,’ which is a far cry from legitimate journalistic professionalism. Some have waded into the waters of modern-day entertainment, claiming the oversaturation of spoon-fed media platforms has created the unanticipated consequence of de facto eliminating the human need to read, think, and imagine. In essence, Netflix killed critical thinking. Still others have taken a gendered approach to explaining the problem, wondering if the problem in the dearth of deep philosophical musing is not because philosophy is dead as much as people are tired of the same old cisgendered white males being the bulwark for such study. That if the modern-age globalized liberated community could only get more globalized and liberated voices to study, they would. Finally, others worry about how this death is not accidental but caused by ‘predatory’ pseudo-intellectual efforts, whether that is the endorsement of ‘alternative facts,’ ‘post-truth,’ the ‘assault on reason,’ or the emergence of purposefully fake ‘scholarly journals’ aimed at spreading misinformation and debunked science.
While all of these issues matter, all of them contribute to the problem, I am not sure any of them hit the nail where it most needs to be hit: namely, right on the heads of regular people in the modern-day and how they willfully wish to acquire information. The saturation of information across the internet combined with the ever-decreasing amount of time we spend as human beings in actual engaged, civil, face-to-face debate and discussion means people have succeeded, almost unconsciously, in creating their own sycophantic echo chambers. Wrapping cloaks of self-affirmation around themselves, the reality is too many people today seem to be ‘assessing and evaluating’ the veracity of information simply by how well it synchronizes with their own predetermined beliefs. It is indeed depressingly fascinating to note that this approach is the literal antithesis of what is required to produce actual critical thinking. The foundation of enlightenment and the acquisition of wisdom has always been predicated upon the testing of ideas. The goal was never about how effectively we could safeguard personal biases and preconceived ideas from intellectual challenges. Rather, the only real test for truth was the willingness to offer all ideas up for the arena of debate, discussion, and pointed critique. “Falsifiability,” that ancient and critical scientific standard where all initial theories must be structured so as to allow for their ultimate disproof, thereby avoiding the cancer of self-fulfilling prophecies and tautologies, is so far removed from the minds of modern people that most could not even tell you what the term means, let alone explain why it should be crucial to the thinking of all.
It is one thing to lament the lack of formal educational training and believe it plays a fundamental role in the overall absence of high-quality critical thinking. But even this is deflecting what should be the real accusation and laying of blame: the unavoidable evidence that shows people do not want to have their ideas challenged and do not enjoy the intellectual ‘discomfort’ that comes with mental, emotional, and spiritual growth. Worse still, the modern-age of constant informational access and saturation has allowed a self-rationalization to emerge that justifies this inculcation of willful ignorance. As a species, human beings today gleefully but exclusively seek only the ‘evidence’ that supports where they already sit. If it exists, is online, and affirms their position, these three traits end up acting as proof of truth instead of being recognized as the common perversion of truth they really are. They seek out audiences that are only going to increase their ‘followers,’ not their knowledge. Dissenting voices, counterarguments, challenges for civil discussion need not apply. Engagement is replaced by adulation.
A cursory glance across all such available social media platforms sees this cycle play out again and again and again. This self-propelled ignorant echo chamber goes beyond partisanship: it runs rampant across the Left and Right. No one is immune. Since each side has become convinced of the illogic, irrationality, and vulgarity of the other, the common declaration rings across the Web: no need to suffer fools. But in this case, ‘fools’ are defined literally as simply anyone who does not cater to the whims of your own side. And so, we avoid. We cower. We deflect and demean and belittle. We do this believing it is righteous and just, because we have defined our enemies as those lacking even a single iota of wisdom. Thus, their removal and permanent banning from the stage is both justified and necessary. Again, this happens on both the Right and the Left. Cancel Culture is the only thing today truly non-partisan. Consequently, the real stage of engagement, of enlightenment, of the search for growth and evolution, remains woefully empty.
So here we sit as a society. A society of strident, partisan, rhetoric that is constantly adorned with the Emperor’s false clothes of arrogance, hubris, and willful delusion. What Joubert tried to warn us about well over a century ago has actually become the preferred method of societal engagement. His warning falls on deaf ears. The concept of respectfully agreeing to disagree after engaging in a meaningful, open, and transparent process of intellectual exchange is rejected. What we do today is ‘respectfully’ agree to disagree before ever engaging. It is our justification for why we will not engage. We only want like-minds around us. All others: ostracized. What all of this means is that we should not be talking about the death of critical thinking. It isn’t a death. Unfortunately, it’s a suicide.
Coronavirus is Trump’s most important electoral rival
The Earth is intertwined with space in various group, ethnic, religious, national, and other forms. National spaces within countries are the most important phenomena shaping the geographic space of the Earth. These spaces have been divided into more than 200 countries in the form of different democratic and non-democratic political systems as dominant spaces in different forms. Citizens in each of these countries, especially in democratic countries, are struggling to elect people to serve as political directors of the President and Prime Minister and representatives of the political space in order to organize the best program for ordering the country. Although sometimes in the specific geographical environment and the shortcomings of how people vote, they have a profound effect on the way of some candidates vote, but with the transition to calm and a return to calm, the geography and timing of citizens’ responsibilities and duties expects the President-elect, Prime Minister, etc, not only to work well in that constituency-based environment, such as economic problems, but also in all areas able to manage and advance geographic space as an active and powerful actor. As a matter of fact, any lack of planning in various areas, especially in security issues, would be a disadvantage not only for citizens but also as an impediment to sending political leaders to space.
In the meantime, the current conditions on the global space caused by the coronavirus in various ways have targeted the security of geographical spaces and citizens. Citizens expect their managers to have the best strategy and plan to control and cope with the crisis. There are two types of clashes between politicians. There are a group of real politicians who, with their systematic and scientific minds, understand the situation and try to enter the country with the least challenge and cross the geographical space of their country with the least difficulty, the least social and cultural harm. Among them is the German Prime Minister Angela Merkel, who, as a real politician based on understanding the situation, responded quickly, removing the country’s geographical space from a passive confrontation with coronavirus and preventing strategy, to a large extent control these issues and problems within the country.
On the other hand, some politicians who are not real and have been able to enter into the political management of space in various forms of bargaining, surfing, etc. in the face of coronavirus, have taken the most passive plan and strategy in the form of denial, failure and seriousness. And so they have taken their geographic space to crisis. In the meantime, it is worth mentioning the US president Trump who dealt with cronavirus unintentionally and led the country into a crisis. With this kind of confrontation with Trump, coronavirus (of course, among other things) no longer seems to have any hope of an upcoming election.
Overall, we hope that citizens in different countries will opt for real politicians, because the wrong choices based on looks, decorations, fleeting needs, etc. will not only regulate the geographical space of their lives, but also will cause widespread mismanagement and even shaping, it will provide them with a life of insecurity. In today’s complex global conditions we need real politicians not politician players in the local, national, regional and even global arena. In this way, this vast interconnected can be organized and provided security and peace for its citizens.
Covid-19: Why the US is hit so hard?
Negative approach, delayed actions, and wrong policies resulted in making the US the most hard-hit country in the world. With confirmed cases 104,256, the US has surpassed the rest of the world. The second highest cases were reported 86,498 in Italy and third 81,394 in China. Italy is a country with the highest number of deaths 9,134, Spain5, 138, and China 3,295.
Globally, the confirmed Coronavirus cases have reached 597,501, and deaths 27,371. The figure kept on increasing rapidly over time. This figure is not close to facts, as the number of tests conducted are very much limited. Even it is beyond the capacity of the Developed World to test each suspect individually, no way to talk about the developing world and underdeveloped countries. It has already entered into a horrible threat to humankind.
Although the Trump Administration has taken good initiative now, but the delay has caused enormous damage already. In time decisions and right policies might have saved a lot. 2 Trillion Dollars package is a very positive step, and other measures are Encouraging. The US is one of the largest economies, the wealthiest nation, and most developed and advanced in Science & Technology. The US can overcome the epidemic. Just have to bear a high cost only.
The Chinese government and Chinese people have been brave as they took on this formidable task. Since the beginning, they fought against the outbreak, put people’s life and health first. They acted according to the overall principle of shoring up confidence, strengthening unity, ensuring science-based control and treatment, and imposed targeted measures. China mobilized the whole nation, set up collective control and treatment mechanisms, and acted with openness and transparency. China has put up a strenuous struggle and made tremendous sacrifices. Now the situation in China is moving steadily in a positive direction with very few new cases and deaths.
Last two months, China was struggling to overcome epidemic and focused only on its goal to save human lives and eliminate the virus. China ignore all criticism, pressures, and bashing from the outside world and concentrated all energies to fight against Covid-19. China mobilized all national resources, supported by the public, and finally won over the epidemic.
When China was over-engaged in its war against Coronavirus, the US administration was engaged, blaming China, bashing China, criticizing China, and trying to undermine China. Using the derogatory remarks and media was publishing anti-China sentiments in the form of articles or cartoons. Humiliating Chinese nationals in the western world were witnessed. But could not harm China at all. President US administration wasted time unintentionally.
The Trump Administration also failed to help out its allies at the most challenging moment, when Italy, France, UK, Spain were at a very initial stage. If, since the beginning, the US has helped its allies, it might not spread so widely and may not reach the US.
It is true, no single country was prepared for such an awkward situation, and no single country trounce the outbreak. But collectively, it should have been suppressed in Wuhan only. There is a shortage of Masks, Testing Kits, Ventilators, and Sanitizers, etc. If the whole world pooled all possible resources and helped China, the situation must be different today. I think the evacuation of foreigners from China has caused a lot of damage too. The hostility, selfishness, and casual attitude toward China proved wrong.
China is helping many countries, especially the hard-hit countries like Italy, Spain, Iran, etc. China is donating medical supplies, and dispatching medical teams to support the respective government to fight against the epidemic. Chinese proved-experience can be used as guidelines. China is sharing its experience publically with everyone.
Virus is not bias, do not recognize boundaries, race, religion, or ethnicity. Why we discriminate against each other, I believe it is time to think seriously and unite to defeat any epidemic.
I believe, if the US administration keeps politics aside, and think for humanity, realign its approach and correct its policies, still can recover. Late, but better than never.
The recommendations put forward by the virtual G-20 Summit held on 26 March 2020, are pertinent and can be implemented immediately. I am sure the US congress is full of wise people, either from the opposition or ruling side, may ensure the right steps toward defeating the epidemic globally.
Covid-19 Exposes the Good and the Indifferent
The coronavirus crisis has brought out the worst … and the best in people. Hoarding, panic buying is one result — but who can blame anyone in a country where the president awash in platitudes, has essentially left people to fend for themselves.
There is now a fairer $2 trillion package, with help for individuals and not mostly for businesses, that required the hand of Congress. With people forced to sit at home, many are not getting paid and need the help.
Amid the chaos and insensitivity of billionaire presidents, there is hope in man’s natural inclination for sacrifice in extremis. Father Giuseppe Berardelli, 72, died in Lovere, Bergamo, (in the epicenter of the epidemic) early this month. His parishioners had bought a respirator for him when he was afflicted by the virus, but Father Berardelli, instead of using is for himself, instructed the hospital staff to give it to a younger person. He was the main priest in the nearby town of Casnigo, where his parishioners applauded from balconies and windows as his coffin was taken for burial.
Italy is now the worst affected country in the world. As of Thursday night, it has had 80,589 cases and 8215 deaths, the latter more than double anywhere else — China, where the epidemic began, has reported 81,782 cases but far fewer deaths. Measures taken to stop the spread including gradually strung out lockdown measures taken from February 23 on have not been as effective as hoped. If the virus is that infectious, is the answer complete lockdown with police patrols to ensure it?
At the other end of the scale from Father Berardelli is the supposed ‘leader of the free world’. It would have to be a most irresponsible, reprehensible, shamelessly disgraceful and indifferent plutocrat who did not educate himself on an affliction endangering his people.
At his press conferences we see a host of officials huddled close to him, not just to dilute his responsibility, but also violating the social distancing precept being advocated.
Since the early days, Donald Trump has called the virus first a “hoax”, then in control, the epidemic itself “pretty much shut down”, and always adding the platitudinous “it’s going to be fine”.
He has said the cases were “going substantially down,” and then that the virus “would disappear”. When the virus had spread widely enough to be named a pandemic by the World Health Organization, he claimed he had “always known” about the severity of the threat. He now says it will be over by Easter.
In times of crisis, the American people rally behind their president. For example, after the 9/11 attack, President George W. Bush’s ratings were hitting the high 80s to over 90 percent, as the country awaited a response to overcome the crisis. Yet even then the country did not come to a standstill as it is in many parts at present. Trump’s approval ratings are at his highs — 49 percent (Gallup), 46 percent (Monmouth University) the best in three years.
The stunning information on coronavirus infections from the John Hopkins University dashboard shows the US now leading the world with more than 86,000 cases. Then there is Donald Trump. We cannot go on like this, he said, “We’ve got to open up,” so the economy can get back on track … meaning business wins hands down over people’s lives in his calculus.
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