The Fourth Industrial Revolution is transforming the way airlines and airports do business. The advancement of technologies such as artificial intelligence and internet of things is increasing operational efficiency, but the digital nature of these technologies makes them intrinsically vulnerable to cyberattacks.
Cyberattacks on critical infrastructure have become the new normal across sectors such as transportation. Globally, their potential cost could be up to $90 trillion in net economic impact by 2030, if cybersecurity efforts do not keep pace with growing interconnectedness, according to the Atlantic Council and the Zurich Insurance Group, among others.
In Advancing Cyber Resilience in Aviation: An Industry Analysis, the World Economic Forum initiative on Building Cyber Resilience in the Aviation Industry aims to define and address some of the salient systemic challenges confronting this industry by:
Increasing awareness and understanding of cyber risks related to the adoption of emerging technologies, and the impact on critical systems
Fostering collaboration across the aviation industry to define a common understanding and approach to risk management that is holistic, risk-based and aligned across the various entities of the aviation industry ecosystem
Helping aviation stakeholders to make informed – hence better – decisions related to cyber risks
Developing an industry-wide approach to cyber resilience with a multistakeholder community in alignment and collaboration with the ICAO Secretariat Study Group on Cybersecurity (SSGC), industry associations and national authorities
Creating market incentives to prioritize capital investment for cybersecurity and resilience
To advance and help build cyber resilience in the aviation industry, the Forum has mobilized a community of experts and key stakeholders from international organizations (International Civil Aviation Organization, Eurocontrol), government entities (European Union Aviation Safety Agency, UK Civil Aviation Authority, Israel National Cyber Directorate), private-sector organizations (aviation, ICT and insurance sectors) and trade associations (International Air Transport Association, Airport Council International and the Industrial Internet Consortium) to identify challenges and initiatives spearheaded by government and industry entities to enable the development of an aligned global approach.
“The Forum offers a unique platform to bridge and strengthen industry and government collaboration globally to define a joint approach to informing key stakeholders, addressing the most salient challenges and creating a more secure and cyber-resilient ecosystem,” said Georges De Moura, Head of Industry Solutions, Centre for Cybersecurity at the World Economic Forum.
“Abundant broadly-accepted government and industry standards for cybersecurity fall short of what is required to ensure effective defence against cyberattacks in aviation: a common understanding of systemic risks and synchronized consistent quantitative methods for cyber-risk management,” said Karime Kuri Tiscareno, Project Lead, IoT, Robotics and Smart Cities, at the World Economic Forum.
“Our ongoing strategic partnership with the World Economic Forum ensures that we can support the aviation sector to mitigate any potential harm and foster a stronger cyber resilience culture across the sector. The launch of this report is the first phase in developing a common approach with the aviation industry to develop effective cyber risk management, and to impart this knowledge across other sectors,” said Adam Garrard, Global Head of Corporate Risk and Broking, Willis Towers Watson.
A number of requirements, standards and approaches are currently being implemented to assess, manage and mitigate cyber risk, but action and practical solutions must be accelerated to ensure a prosperous, digitalized and cyber-resilient aviation industry.
Millions of Moscow residents manage their everyday lives through their smartphones
The creators of My Moscow, a mobile application of the Russian capital’s urban services, have analysed how and why Muscovites use it. It turned out that, more often than not, the city’s residents prefer to pay bills and submit water and electricity meter readings via their smartphone.
The mobile app appeared in the Russian capital at the beginning of 2019, and its first functions allowed to solve the simplest housing and utility services: to enter meter readings and pay bills. Since its launch, the app has already been downloaded more than three million times. Now it can be used to make an appointment with a doctor or for a COVID-19 test, get a referral for an antibody test and coronavirus vaccination, get information on children’s school performance and even check the history of a car in Moscow before buying it. Muscovites appreciated the convenience of paying bills through the app service – in August 2021, the number of payments made online using a smartphone doubled. People pay utility bills, car fines, children’s extracurricular activities – payment takes only a couple of minutes, and the Russian payment system allows making these transfers without commission. In addition, the My Moscow app has recently introduced a charity service, through which every user can donate money to verified foundations. Muscovites do not ignore the opportunity to help: since the launch of the function in the app, users have transferred 245,000 rubles to charity.
The city services app is constantly being updated: not only does it change the design or add new functions, but also integrates new technologies. In the near future, a voice assistant will be added to the My Moscow service. It is currently available to 40% of users in test mode, but by the end of the year, it will work in smartphones of all app owners. Voice assistant knows how to show homework and children’s school schedule, dates of scheduled hot water outages, helps cancel a doctor’s appointment, and answers popular questions, such as how to transfer a child to another school or get an international passport. The assistant is being actively trained, and by the end of the year it will help Muscovites to view electronic medical records, look at children’s school grades, pay fines, receive data on utility and educational bills.
In October 2020, My Moscow mobile app won the silver prize in the Smart Sustainable City Awards of the World Organisation for Smart Sustainable Cities (WeGO) in the Government Efficiency category. In Russia, people actively use digital services to resolve everyday issues, and the experience of using the My Moscow app showed that 60% of city residents prefer to use these features specifically from a smartphone. Every month, app users access the digital city services more than 500,000 times, which is efficient and saves time in managing everyday life in the rhythm of the megacity.
Do You Really Need Name-Brand Cartridges?
Cartridges from printer manufacturers like Hewlett-Packard are notoriously expensive. Considering the price of their basic equipment, ink may cost almost as much as the machines. This economic model has been raising eyebrows for many years. Customers are looking for affordable alternatives, and this global demand is met by the generic cartridge industry. Discovered the best ways to buy inkjet cartridges in Canada.
In recent years, the market for alternative replacements has evolved a lot. You can get excellent quality of printing, free shipping and extended warranties from stores like Smart Ink. For example, the HP 950 ink you can buy at this shop costs under $28, while the full pack from the manufacturer costs well over $100. Here is how to choose the best cheaper replacement for your inkjet cartridge whatever the brand.
Consumers can slash their expenses if they purchase original products from independent brands or recycled OEM cartridges. Both options offer substantial savings, particularly in the long run. The best providers comply with international quality standards, which guarantees trouble-free printing (CE, ISO 9001, ISO 14000, Reach, STMC). Here is how these types of products compare.
Original cartridges may be recycled. This process is known as remanufacturing, and it is based on the reuse of the original shell and internal components (with selective replacements if necessary). Essentially, used cartridges are emptied, thoroughly cleaned and filled with fresh ink, so they can be installed again.
This is the most sustainable method, as it reduces waste. Instead of buying a brand-new cartridge every time you need ink, you get a recycled product. Previously, consumers would take their old products to service providers at physical locations. Today, it is much easier to purchase these products online with free shipping, a money-back guarantee, and other benefits.
Since the first compatible cartridges emerged, printer manufacturers have tried to prohibit them. Fortunately for consumers, their lawsuits have failed. Products from third-party brands are legal, and they are also much more affordable than the OEM supplies. Both the cartridges and the ink come from the same companies. These products are designed for particular models of printers.
The equipment manufacturers may issue firmware updates preventing the machines from recognizing non-original ink. This restriction is easy to circumvent — just turn off the updates and use any supplies you like. When shopping around, pay attention to the following:
- Certified quality (compliance with standards listed above)
- Positive reputation of the store
- A money-back guarantee
- Updated chips
- XL volume
- Free shipping
- Sustainable production
- Reliable packaging
Popular printer manufacturers sell affordable equipment with expensive consumable supplies. This lets them attract new buyers and profit from the ink for years. However, savvy customers know better than to follow their recommendations. Generic cartridges and remanufactured products offer great value for money — just do a bit of research to find trusted stores in your area.
What Is A Mac Data Recovery Software & How Does It Work
With the advent of technology, data storage remains a crucial element of business and communication. Whether using a Windows PC, Android, or macOS, you need versatile software to secure your data. If you continuously use MacOS, you need good Mac data recovery software.
Of course, most people still use some of the simplest ways to free up space by finding and deleting files and folders that are no longer needed. Whether these files were downloaded or shared to your MacBook, deleting them to create more space is a straightforward process. However, it is better not to fret, as recovering files that have been accidentally deleted is equally simple and easy.
There are several good data recovery software you can install and use to recover files and folders. You can easily use this software to recover deleted files on Mac, including finding and removing duplicate files, clearing temporary files, and emptying all the trash cans.
In this article, we focus on explaining more about Mac data recovery software and how they work. The article will help you better understand Mac data recovery software, how they work, and how to choose the best to use with your system.
Mac Data Recovery Software
The best data recovery software for Mac will help you:
- Recover data from crashed or non-booting Mac
- Recover deleted documents, emails, videos, audios, and photos
- Protect macOS Big Sur and lower versions
- Support data recovery from USB corruption, unrecognized drives, and partition loss
Let’s look at one of the best data recovery software for Mac – Disk Drill for Mac.
Disk Drill For Mac
Disk Drill, developed by Cleverfiles, is the free data software for Mac OS X. in addition to having previewing capabilities for recovered files and folders, Disk Drill Basic contains several other functionalities such as Guaranteed Recovery and Recovery Vault, boot disk maker, lost partition restoration and so on. This makes Disk Drill one of the best Mac data recovery software to use.
The latest version of the software has an extensive database of file signatures that can be recovered from drives even when your devices are formatted. Besides, the software uses very efficient and quick scanning algorithms.
If you are using macOS and think that this software may become obsolete after some usage time, you are wrong. Disk Drill Data Recovery for Mac is constantly updated and supported by committed teams to cover all the cases of data corruption that may result from the loss of power, improper removal of a device, etc. Below are some of the main features that make Disk Drill a top data recovery software for Mac:
- Guarantee Recovery is a background service that saves a copy of each file to a user-specific folder. Both the data protection modules significantly reduce the chances of permanently losing critical data.
- Recovery Vault provides an extra layer to the Mac trash bin that references the deleted files on Mac. The data recovery feature provides the ability to recover lost data from a byte-to-byte cone version of the device and even partitions without risking the original storage source.
- Other available tools for free include Disk Health Monitor, Time Machine Recovery, Emergency Recovery Boot Drive, Duplicate File Finder, and Mac Cleaner.
Disk Drill, therefore successfully manages the balance between essential features for casual users and those advanced features required by professional and enterprise users.
How Does It work?
1. Clean Up Your Mac
The apps help you get rid of temporary files, uninstall unwanted applications, clean up additional languages, delete big files stored in the mail, among other locations.
Disk Drill has significant features of cleaning applications and will help you get rid of duplicate files too quickly.
2. Find And Remove Duplicate Files
Disk Drill helps you by quickly finding and removing duplicate data on your Mac.
3. Empty The Trash Cans
Emptying the trash cans is the other way to empty or clean up space on Mac. Usually, when you delete files, they are sent to the trash can for storage so that you can easily recover them.
4. Uninstall Applications
You may have installed several apps in the Mac that you no longer use. Such apps take up much space on your device, and you can remove them with Disk Drill to free up space.
5. Clean Out Temporary Files
Many people still retain files they have used in their MacBook. Such files will be taking up your disk space without adding any value. Cleaning the temporary files is an excellent way to free up some space for more important files.
Other Mac Data Recovery Software To Consider
Apart from Disk Drill, other software that is also considered among the best recovery apps on Mac include:
- PhotoRec For Mac
- EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard for Mac
- MiniTool Power Data Recovery for Mac
- Softtote Mac Data Recovery
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