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Four Ways to Accelerate Social Mobility in Emerging Markets with the Internet of Things

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Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are critical to the global economy but are losing ground in the Fourth Industrial Revolution. SME contribution to United States GDP fell nearly five percentage points from 1990 to 2014, the latest year. This trend should alarm policy-makers, particularly in emerging markets where smaller companies are the primary drivers of economic opportunity and social mobility, creating 90% of new jobs, according to the International Trade Centre.

To help SMEs keep up with the pace of technological change in the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the World Economic Forum today launched a new policy protocol: Accelerating the Impact of Industrial IoT in Small and Medium‑Sized Enterprises: A Protocol for Action. It details how policy-makers can deliver on a more inclusive Fourth Industrial Revolution and ensure that SMEs are not left behind.

The policy protocol identifies four areas that policy-makers can focus on and 14 “policy interventions” that can be implemented to boost the competitiveness of SMEs. The four main areas are knowledge creation, mentorship, space for collaboration and financial incentives. By focusing on these four main areas, businesses should be able to improve productivity while supporting job creation and social mobility.

More than 130 SMEs are piloting the framework across São Paulo’s automotive and aerospace manufacturing industries. The aim is to increase this number to 2,000 companies across the country by 2021. For six months, the World Economic Forum, Ministry of Economy of Brazil and the Brazilian State of São Paulo partnered to develop this potential solution.

“The Fourth Industrial Revolution is racing past the SME engine that drives over half the global economy, but if we act now it is not too late to bring them up to speed,” said Geoffrey Wylde, Lead for IoT, Robotics and Smart Cities at the World Economic Forum. “Countries in Africa, Asia and the Americas have expressed interest in this protocol and we believe this represents a turning point. Hopefully, the work by the Forum and our Brazilian partners will help policy-makers worldwide deliver on the promise of a more inclusive Fourth Industrial Revolution.”

“Developing countries can accelerate their growth by creating the appropriate business environment to foster the adoption of new technologies,” said Carlos Alexandre Da Costa, Deputy Minister of Productivity, Employment and Competitiveness of the Ministry of the Economy of Brazil. “The Fourth Industrial Revolution is one of these leapfrogging moments for our countries, and for SMEs in particular, that represents a clear challenge for our governments. One of our key priorities is to develop positive, replicable, adoption experiences for SMEs, through pilots, test labs and testbeds. This is a key factor for widespread modernization of our businesses, fast growth and productivity enhancement.”

The findings and recommendations in the policy protocol are applicable well beyond Brazil’s borders, so the tools from the pilot programme will be available to the Forum’s global community. The World Economic Forum encourages policy-makers and industry stakeholders to experiment with the policy protocol and share their findings with the Forum’s network. By working together, this global community can empower SMEs to lead the way on more economic productivity and inclusivity.

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Industrial innovation to accelerate transitions towards greener and digital economies

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In the context of the 8th European Conference on Corporate R&D and Innovation (CONCORDI), 2021 – Industrial innovation for competitive sustainability, held online between 22-25 November 2021, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) convened two plenary sessions to discuss the greening of the economy and digitalization as two megatrends shaping the future of industrialization. These megatrends will influence developing countries’ efforts towards the achievement of inclusive and sustainable industrial development and the global sustainability agenda. The ongoing pandemic introduces resilience as an additional driver for policy, capacity development and strengthened coordination and collaboration around industrial innovation and industrial policy issues at different levels.

By leveraging its vast field experiences, technical cooperation activities and research work, UNIDO introduced developing country and sustainability perspectives to inform policy recommendations stemming from CONCORDI 2021, while also proposing novel policy- and action-orientated research agendas.

During his remarks at the plenary session titled: “The future of industrialization in a post pandemic world: Focus on developing countries”, Hiroshi Kuniyoshi, UNIDO’s Deputy to the Director General, advocated novel approaches to industrial policies as crucial for seizing the windows of opportunities stemming from digitalization and the greening of manufacturing. The threat of growing divides, he said,  implies that industrialization requires commitment to foster industrial innovation as the basis for catching up and leapfrogging in a post-pandemic world.

Kuniyoshi suggested that successful endorsement of the fourth industrial revolution would depend on each country’s responses and readiness, including through industrial capability building, domestic market size and upgrading in global value chains. He said policymakers need to pay attention to both framework conditions and specific policies to support development of production capabilities by firms.

The plenary session titled: “Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Recovery through Digital Transformation”, addressed different factors that can determine success in endorsing the twin transition towards the green and the digital economy. These include digital planning and innovation strategies, focusing on trade facilitation, investing in infrastructure and enhancing policy coherence as well as addressing issues of finance from both public and private sources.

Speakers said capacity building, particularly for women and youth, remains a fundamental challenge, including the promotion of digital and green skills, and science, technology engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. Addressing cultural biases preventing gender inclusivity, and solving skills gaps between men and women, should supplement efforts to facilitate access of women to better jobs.

There was agreement that in all these processes, priority setting would help focus on fewer challenges, while partnership building between governments, private sector, research organizations and multilateral organizations will be fundamental to securing an enabling environment for developing countries to leverage on the digital and the green economy towards meeting the sustainability targets associated with the 2030 and 2050 agendas. UNIDO stands ready to broker collaboration between its Members States and development partners in ways that reduce fragmentation of development assistance, and by bringing development assistance with impact to the field level.

The Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (EC-JRC) convenes the CONCORDI biannually. For this year’s edition, UNIDO, the European Association for Research and Technology Organisations (EARTO), and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) joined the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre  (JRC) as co-organizers.

UNIDO’s contribution to CONCORDI2021 marks a progressive strengthening of the collaboration with the JRC on science, technology and innovation (STI) matters, beyond ongoing work in context of the UN Inter-Agency Task Team on STI for the SDGs.

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193 countries adopt the first global agreement on the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence

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All the nations members of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) adopted on Thursday a historical text that defines the common values and principles needed to ensure the healthy development of AI.

Artificial intelligence is present in everyday life, from booking flights and applying for loans to steering driverless cars. It is also used in specialized fields such as cancer screening or to help create inclusive environments for the disabled.

According to UNESCO, AI is also supporting the decision-making of governments and the private sector, as well as helping combat global problems such as climate change and world hunger.

However, the agency warns that the technology ‘is bringing unprecedented challenges’.

We see increased gender and ethnic bias, significant threats to privacy, dignity and agency, dangers of mass surveillance, and increased use of unreliable AI technologies in law enforcement, to name a few. Until now, there were no universal standards to provide an answer to these issues”, UNESCO explained in a statement.

Considering this, the adopted text aims to guide the construction of the necessary legal infrastructure to ensure the ethical development of this technology.

“The world needs rules for artificial intelligence to benefit humanity. The Recommendation on the ethics of AI is a major answer. It sets the first global normative framework while giving States the responsibility to apply it at their level. UNESCO will support its 193 Member States in its implementation and ask them to report regularly on their progress and practices”, said Audrey Azoulay, UNESCO chief.

AI as a positive contribution to humanity

The text aims to highlight the advantages of AI, while reducing the risks it also entails. According to the agency, it provides a guide to ensure that digital transformations promote human rights and contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals, addressing issues around transparency, accountability and privacy, with action-oriented policy chapters on data governance, education, culture, labour, healthcare and the economy.

One of its main calls is to protect data, going beyond what tech firms and governments are doing to guarantee individuals more protection by ensuring transparency, agency and control over their personal data. The Recommendation also explicitly bans the use of AI systems for social scoring and mass surveillance.

The text also emphasises that AI actors should favour data, energy and resource-efficient methods that will help ensure that AI becomes a more prominent tool in the fight against climate change and in tackling environmental issues.

“Decisions impacting millions of people should be fair, transparent and contestable. These new technologies must help us address the major challenges in our world today, such as increased inequalities and the environmental crisis, and not deepening them.” said Gabriela Ramos, UNESCO’s Assistant Director General for Social and Human Sciences.

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Do you really need a Mac Data Recovery Software?

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It is a well-known fact that the volume of data generated is growing exponentially. Of course, some of this data is completely absurd, but most of the data is precious to the users generating it, and they want to keep it safe and secure. However, data loss is not an alien scenario for any user and happens more frequently than you can imagine.

Apple Inc. has ensured that, there is minimum chance of data loss on Mac, but that needs a highly alert user. Although, as we know, ‘To err is human’ and thus, we face data loss even with multiple options to secure our data on Mac.  Data recovery solutions for Mac systems are complex. Therefore, to answer the question ‘Yes, you need a Mac Data Recovery Software’.

How we lose data on Mac?

If you have lost data on your Mac system, it is no big deal. The data loss on a Mac system may occur for multiple reasons, some known and some unknown. The most common reasons for data loss on Mac are listed below:

  • Accidental deletion of data.
  • Crashing of the startup drive (Macintosh HD).
  • Crashing of the volume on the Mac drive.
  • Corruption of data.
  • Bad sectors on the HDD/SSD of Mac.
  • Virus or Malware attack.

Inbuilt Solutions to prevent data loss on Mac

It is important to understand that not each data loss scenario needs a third-party data recovery software until you are facing a situation where you have not created a backup of your data. Most of the data loss scenarios could be avoided or rectified only with preparedness. You can prevent data loss or recover lost data by taking the following actions:

Role of TRIM in Data Recovery on SSDs

Despite all the benefits, there was a challenge with the first Gen SSDs. Unlike traditional HDDs, where data can be overwritten on the existing data, SSDs need to erase the data prior to writing new data. The erasing is a slower process as compared to writing data, and thus it requires a longer time. Due to this drawback, the first-generation SSDs used to get slower with prolonged usage. Moreover, these SSDs had a communication gap with the OS.

Even if the OS deleted a file, the concerned space was identified as occupied by the SSD, thus creating a build-up of unknown and unavailable spaces. A new feature called TRIM was introduced to overcome this issue and create better communication between Mac’s SSD and macOS. This feature significantly improved the performance and usage of SSD.

Enabling TRIM on Mac reduces the possibilities of data recovery even by professional data recovery software. If the TRIM feature is enabled on your Mac, then deleting a file would result in the deletion of the index of the file, thus making it inaccessible. Most of the data recovery software are not capable of retrieving data lost on SSD, even if the TRIM feature is disabled, as the new generation Mac laptops are more secure and hard to be accessed for data recovery software.

Disable TRIM on your Mac

To disable the TRIM feature, you first need to ensure that it is actually enabled. Follow the steps below to check and disable TRIM on your Mac:

Step 1: Press Option key then click Apple Menu and select System Information.

Step 2: In the System Information window locate the SATA tab in the sidebar and click on it.

Step 3: Check the status in front of TRIM Support column.

Step 4: If the option in front of TRIM Support is Yes, then TRIM is enabled on your Mac.

Step 5: Launch Terminal on your Mac.

Step 6: Insert the command sudo trimforce disable in the Terminal and hit Return.

Now, the data recovery software will be able to identify all the data deleted from your Mac SSD.

How can a Data Recovery Software help?

Now that the TRIM has been disabled, you would like to know which data recovery software you should use to recover your deleted data securely. There are a plethora of Freeware and Freemium software claiming assured data recovery from Mac SSD, but only a handful of trusted professional software are capable of actually recover data securely and in a foolproof manner from Mac SSDs.

If you want to have hassle-free secure data recovery, you can choose Stellar Data Recovery Free Edition for Mac. This globally recognized DIY software recovers up to 1 GB of data free of cost. Other features that make it a favorite worldwide are as  under:

  1. It can recover files that have been removed by emptying the Trash.
  2. You can use it to recover data from the Mac USB drive.
  3. Lost data from formatted partition can be retrieved.
  4. You can preview the files before saving them for recovery.
  5. It recovers almost any file type and format related to Mac.
  6. You can retrieve photos, Pages, Mail Files, MS Office Docs and much more with this software.
  7. Being a DIY software you don’t need any technical expertise to recover your data.

To Conclude

With all the discussions and analysis of technical facts, we can now easily answer the question ‘Do you really need a Mac Data Recovery Software?’ and the verdict is, Yes, you do need it. Not every data loss scenario can be addressed by the inbuilt features of Mac. Some require specialized professional assistance through data recovery software. However, you need to ensure that the data recovery software you are choosing fits your specific need.

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