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New Social Compact

Evils of black magic

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In today’s dynamic world, everyone is occupied in their own matters whether it’s their family life or career. Basically, we all are in a consistent race to achieve our goals and to fulfill our desires. In our daily lives, we often face different problems which are either related to ourselves or the environment around us but sometimes we fail to sort out a satisfactory solution and the problems became quite intense. Black Magic is one of those worst problems that has been terribly disseminated in our society.When one possess the ability to communicate with demons, supernatural beings and through these hidden things we try to hurt other human beings by destroying their lives or punishing them for anything that we dislike or which is opposed to our views, it comes under black magic, It is basically done by the magicians who have the power to influence negative souls for deadly purposes.

This is not a new phenomenon but now people are becoming more aware, whether in a positive or negative sense, it’s another debate  but there are certain arguments about this; it is the  21stcentury , people have reached to the moon and we still possess such dogmatic views, thisis just a myth of old times, there is no authenticity in it ,it’s just a demented man-made thing that lacks reality, People with less knowledge are mainly the believers .We can say that all these arguments are valid but we cannot deny its existence.

If we talk about religion, particularly Islam, then we can get the proof that black magic actually exists as some incidents took place in the initial Islamic era, even the last Prophet, Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W.W) P.B.U.H was also targeted by this. He was the most pious and closer to Allah but still he was affected by it. So, how such ordinary people like us claim that there is no authenticity in it. Even the holy book of Muslims, Quran has also mentioned about this animosityin some surah’s. Today, we are living in a modernized world where technology has empowered people and we are equipped with latest trends, information and infrastructure but have we ever thought that in the recent times we have witnessed some dramas and movies that have been produced on this “not so popular” topic. Obviously, it shows that this problems actually exists in our society and people want to highlight this for the sake of awareness. Obviously, the media shows us those things that the audience wants to watch and mostly the shortcomings of our society are specified through media industry.

So, now the question arises that, why people opt for this insensate method. There are various reasons behind opting for this radical method. The biggest reason behind opting for black magic is jealousy, that how people became jealous of others happiness, luxurious lifestyles, successful life and careers and want to demolish other’s life because one is deprived of all these things and have their own grievances and are unable to achieve all this that’s why just for the sake of their own satisfaction and contentment, these wicked people go for this. Another reason is to take revenge, for instance, if someone has ever done anything wrong with you and you just kept that in your mind and developed a grudge against him or her and did not forgive them, then you will harm that person by negatively influencing them and ruining their life. There are many other factors too, such as, In a joint family, there might be some clashes between people’s opinion and even you might have a disagreement on anything, So, just on this minor thing people often damage other’s life by doing black magic on each other, If anyone else got an admission in a medical college and you someone else could not pass the test than the latter would want that the former person should be unable to continue his/her studies or either die. Same is the case if someone finds a good partner and you couldn’t manage to have a prosperous life than the only option to calm down your anger and jealousy is to make their happily married life a hell by sending some evil demons in their life who will definitely worsen their lives and even some evil things might enters the body of their target, possess them and physically harm them and their loved ones.

There have been many cases when people suffered through black magic like they started seeing supernatural things who used to frighten them and harm them mentally as well as physically, observing unusual horrifying changes in one’s home, having blood stains on their clothes or even in their homes without any reason or finding any dead animal or bird inside their house. These were some cases and many others like this happened. The individuals who are usually involved in this inhumane act are mostly those who have very less knowledge about religion, Islam and its implications on those involved in such activities, Due to their poor connectivity with Islam and weak faith, they often involved with bad people like magicians who tackle them in a way that this will end all their difficulties and they will become powerful and will be able to do whatever they want to. These sort of people also have some negative and wrong beliefs and also read some bad things to control evil souls, who act upon their orders by teasing and harming people.

Another thing that has become very popular now a days is that, there are many people who claim to be exorcists and want to help those who are under an evil or negative influence. Though, some of these people are or might be true healers but most of these people are actually greedy and they just grasp money from the people who are actually suffering from negativities. These sort of people just pretend to be healers but actually they just want money even by playing with the sentiments of people. We can analyze that now a days,  this has become a proper business , way of earning to make people fool by saying that you are a healer , exorcist and will help people to live a normal life but actually these people further increase the problems. Even while travelling in a car, u might see a person who is distributing cards among people and also throwing in the cars. These cards are actually the advertisements of such people who are either magicians or just pretend to be healers and assure people that they will resolve their complexities and basically they play with their grievances.

These sort of fake people should be arrested and as this problem is increasing day by day , So people should be given awareness regarding this worst sin and directed towards the right path , they must be told about the dangers associated with it and how by having strong faith in Allah they can be secure through all this mess, These lessons must be given by certified religious clergy and the fake scholars must be arrested who are spreading wrong deeds in the society and as we see that in various programs such as Sar e Aam , the team raids these sort of places where fake healers are running their businesses and get them arrest, So, this thing should be promoted and the government and the NGO’s must play their effective role in spreading awareness among people and make our society free from fake and fraud healers. So, we got the point that black magic prevails in our society but we can bring the people on the right path by correcting their beliefs and assure equality in the society so that no one should feel left out and involve in such activities to take revenge of their grievances and deprivations.

Student of defense and diplomatic studies, Fatima Jinnah Women University

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New Social Compact

Happiness Is Around You

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Happiness is a beautiful combination of joy and pleasure, that gives the way to peace. Happiness is a subjective feeling but today’s world gives it an objective meaning. We have associated our happiness with wealth, bank balance, property, gold, and other materialistic things. But the basic formula of happiness lies in the forgotten pleasures. The pleasures once cherished by our elders are still the true sources of happiness, but unfortunately, we forget these ones.

Health, food, sleep, children, books, smiles, music, prayers, Quran, charity, timely help,
forgiveness, honesty, appreciation, support, outdoor games, socializing,…….all these components have lost their effects in our lives. We have forgotten to enjoy the pleasure of our good health because we do not care about that. Whereas, to have a healthy body, a healthy physique gives the ultimate pleasure of being fit in life and free from diseases.

Everyone is hurrying and running away. We are unable to give proper time to sleep, to children, to elders, and most importantly to ourselves. Elders do not realize that their children need them. They consider it enough, to give all the material things to their kids. But they are mistaken. Children want their real-time. They have so many problems to share with their parents. It is their first and foremost right to have quality time with their elders. On the other side of the picture, kids are themselves now so busy in useless activities, that they almost do not bother to spend time with family. They have made their own corners,  which is making them a more introvert and un-socialized.

It is said that “A smile is not just a way to exhibit your happiness and well-being, it is also a way to make people good about themselves. “But we are misers and cowards to share our smile with others so that it may not spread like a wave of pleasure. We have become selfish almost at everything.

Similarly, forgiveness enables you to decide about your relationship with others based on happiness. In this state, you are tolerating others and in a long way, you feel closer to other persons.
But we the so-called “good human beings” like to take revenge, We like people hurting back in a more hard way. We do not forgive. We are egoistic. We like seeing others in pain. We enjoy to see them in a more miserable condition and in more hardships. We do not like to forgive others easily. We do not like to help others. We are harsh. We cannot see others’ happiness.

Life is wonderful and worth living, but we have made it very unhappy by creating ethnic, provincial, national and international conflicts. We live in a continuous race state of the race, running for our desires and positions. I do not condom this living style as I understand for such people, happiness is all about getting things. But to neglect many other things that are the true sources of bringing happiness in life is not a good idea. Do find some positive ways to find happiness in life. Happiness that would last forever. The happiness that is collective, constructive and subjective. 

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New Social Compact

New lives, new freedoms: How labour migration empowers Nepali women

Neha Choudhary

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When I first met Ram Kumari Chaudhary, she was an extremely shy, but solemn, 19-year-old. She told me she wanted to go to work in Jordan to support her parents, adding that there were few opportunities to find a decent job in Nepal. Soon afterwards, in 2017, I learned that she had found a job in Jordan’s booming garment industry, earning, on average, around US$350 a month. Every three or four months she faithfully sent back about three-quarters of her salary to her parents in Nepal.

After about 18 months, her father’s poor health forced her to resign and return home. She brought with her a refund of her social security contributions worth about US$500, as well as some other savings. Her employer in Jordan also gave her a free airfare home as a welfare gesture. When we met again she had metamorphosed into a confident young lady, emboldened by her worldly experience and proud of her achievements. “I was able to make a support building a small home for my parents in the village,” she told me. “I have been supporting my father’s treatment. I brought back a flat screen TV when I came back. I have a modest saving if I want to do something. And, I have already been offered a job in a factory here. Given my international experience, the salary package is also good. Had I stayed in Nepal, I would not have earned that much.”

Chaudhary’s household is one of the 57 per cent in Nepal receiving remittances from migrant workers. So important are these financial flows to the Nepali economy that they are equivalent to 26 per cent of the country’s GDP. And, they are growing. In the financial year 2018/19 alone the country received migrants’ remittances of NPR 879.26 billion (US$ 7.76 billion), up from NPR 231.72 billion (US$ 2.05 billion) in the fiscal year 2009/10[1].

25-year-old Maya Chepang Praja, from Chitwan, south-west of the Nepali capital, Kathmandu, opted to work abroad to support the upbringing of her son, then aged three, after her husband abandoned them. Despite very little education, in Jordan she earned an average of USD275 per month – more than double the USD130 she was paid working at a factory in Nepal – and she was able to save most of this to send back to Nepal for her son.

Unfortunately, she was forced to return to Nepal after less than nine months of working in Jordan when her son, who was being cared for by his grandmother, had his leg crushed in an accident. “If the accident didn’t occur and if I had stayed back [in Jordan], I would have earned enough to give my son a good life, a good education. However, whatever I earned in the nine months helped me at least get his leg back. I will always be grateful for that,” she told me. She is now looking for another job abroad.

The importance of migration and remittances will continue to grow in Nepal, because approximately 500,000 individuals are entering the labour market annually but only one in 10 are finding jobs. In these circumstances, it seems close to impossible to lead a quality life, with access to health, education and decent housing, without going for foreign employment. Furthermore, as these young women’s stories show, opportunities to work overseas in decent jobs have also made an important contribution to the empowerment of Nepali women in a broader sense of the term. This is seldom taken into consideration in larger studies on the socio-political impact of remittances and foreign employment.

ILO

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New Social Compact

The drive for quality education worldwide, faces ‘mammoth challenges’

MD Staff

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Young women return home after classes in the town of Bol in Chad. UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe

Aligning inclusive, quality education with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) was centre-stage on Friday, as the President of the UN General Assembly held a high-level interactive meeting for the International Day of Education.       

“The education sector is wrestling with mammoth challenges worldwide”, said Tijjani Muhammad-Bande, in his message for the day.

Listing them, he said there was a “precipitate decline” in the quality and standards of education; a widening knowledge gap between students in technically advanced societies and those in developing countries; a crisis of learning in conflict zones; growing school bullying, and “the declining esteem of the teaching profession” overall.

Mr. Muhammad-Bande maintained that today’s education must “bridge the yawning gap” between the modern employment needs for specialized skills, and actual learning opportunities.

“School curricula have yet to anticipate and respond to workplace needs for hands-on, vocational, ICT applications, and sundry technical skills, while still advancing the traditional scholastic pursuits”, he stated.

Moreover, he highlighted, “the significance of the deficits in education outcome becomes obvious when viewed alongside the spiralling population crisis”. 

Education in a crisis

The fate of school children trapped in conflict zones deserves even more urgent attention.

According to UNICEF, in 2017, 500 attacks were staged on schools in 20 countries worldwide. In 15 of those 20, troops and rebel forces turned classrooms into military posts.

Thousands of children were recruited to fight, sometimes made to serve as suicide bombers, or forced to endure direct attacks.

“The learning environment may also be rendered unsafe by gun-toting, machete-wielding, gangs and unruly youths, and by sexual predators on school premises”, Mr. Muhammad-Bande said.

And natural disasters pose additional threats to the learning environment.

Cyclones, hurricanes and storms are among the climatic conditions that periodically wreak havoc on school buildings and facilities, making learning difficult, if not impossible.

“The choices that education stakeholders make have direct impact on various social groups, particularly, disadvantaged groups like rural communities, the urban poor, persons with disabilities, and women”, upheld the PGA, noting that nearly two-thirds of the world’s illiterate adults are female, mostly in under-developed countries.

Choice also becomes critical in the struggle to elevate the status of the teaching profession, recruit competent and motivated teachers, and expose teachers to innovative techniques.

But there are bright spots he said: “Forward-looking education policies have contributed to the attainment of SDG targets in some countries”, asserted Mr. Muhammad-Bande.

And participants at this year’s International Day of Education are given the opportunity “to share international good practices in inclusive quality education”.

Partnerships are key

Education enhances the “analytical, inventive and critical thinking capacities of human beings”, the Assembly President said, adding that in the process, it accelerates each nation’s technological attainments and economic growth.

“When a society remains perpetually under-developed, it must among other things re-evaluate its education system”, said Mr. Muhammad-Bande. “If the system is dysfunctional or does not facilitate the acquisition of pertinent knowledge and skills, the economy will, at best, stagnate, and at worst, collapse”. 

Bearing in mind the “tremendous amount of work” that lies ahead, he shared his belief that partnerships can play an important role in implementing and attaining the SDGs, which is why his office “has placed strong emphasis on engendering partnerships across key priority areas”, including education.

In conclusion, Mr. Muhammad-Bande urged Member States and other key partners to examine the feasibility and value-added support in establishing a network of key existing education networks to exchange information and ideas, “including sources of support, relating to all aspects of education”.

Power of education

“Education has the power to shape the world”, Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed spelled out at the podium.

“Education protects men and women from exploitation in the labour market” and “empowers women and gives them opportunities to make choices”, she said. 

Moreover, it can help change behaviour and perceptions, thereby fighting climate change and unsustainable practices. A quality experience in the classroom helps promote mutual respect and understanding between people; combat misperceptions, prejudice and hate speech; and prevent violent extremism. 

“Without education, we cannot achieve any of the SDGs”, Ms. Mohammed flagged.

And yet, with 2030 looming on the horizon, the world is lagging behind, prompting the Secretary-General to issue a global call for a Decade of Action, to accelerate the implementation of the SDGs.

“The situation in education is alarming…because of the crisis in the number of children, young people and adults who are not in education”, as well as because many who are, are not learning. 

And refugees and migrants face additional challenges. 

According to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the proportion of refugees enrolled in secondary education is 24 per cent, only three per cent of whom have access to higher education.

“We have the power to shape education, but only if we work together and really bring the partnerships that are necessary to provide quality education”, she concluded. “We have a duty to step up our efforts, so that quality education for all is no longer a goal for tomorrow, but a reality”. 

Invest in education

Action for “the four Ps on which our future depends”, namely people, prosperity, the planet and peace, is imperative, according to the head of the UN Educational, Scientific and CulturalOrganization, UNESCO in her Friday message.

Although education is “a valuable resource for humanity”, Director-General Audrey Azoulay pointed out that it is “all too scarce for millions of people around the world”.

A global learning crisis, confirmed by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, is a major cause for concern as it is also a crisis for prosperity, for the planet, for peace and for people”, she said, urging everyone to take action for education “because education is the best investment for the future”.

UNESCO has been charged with coordinating the international community’s efforts to achieve SDG 4, quality education for all.

“First and foremost”, the UNESCO chief said, “our Organization takes action for people, by making education an instrument of inclusion and, therefore, of empowerment”.

Changing lives, transforming communities

For her part, Mona Juul, President of the UN Economic and Social Council, ECOSOC, maintained that education is “the most powerful means to escape poverty”.

“It changes lives, transforms communities and paves the way towards productive, sustainable and resilient societies in which children – girls and boys – can reach their full potential”, she expanded, urging everyone to strengthen their efforts to manifest a world in which every child receives a quality education that allows growth, prosperity, empowerment and so they can “make meaningful contributions to communities big and small, everywhere”. 

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