The Kashmir lockdown enters the Third Month but Modi is undeterred from Lifting Curfew in Indian Occupied Kashmir ever since he took the unilateral move to change disputed Status of Jammu and Kashmir by Scrapping Articles 370 & 35-A of Indian Constitution.
The Maiden Speech of PM Imran Khan in UNGA was curtain-raiser since he advocated the case of Kashmir aggressively and strongly along with raising Key points of Islamophobia and Blasphemy. On the contrary, Modi even did not mention Kashmir dispute.
Imran Khan’s UNGA Speech was very impressive and represented the spirit of Statesman. The world was apprised that Indian unilateral move has put Kashmir at stake and over 90 days lockdown has brought the State into Turmoil and severe Economic Crisis since the Shops and Businesses are closed. Services of Telephone, Cell phone and Internet services are suspended.
There is a complete ban on Electronic and Print Media. Even Indian Opposition leaders were returned from the Airport by Indian Forces to hide the draconian laws that are aimed at ethnic cleansing by Killing innocent Kashmiris with pelt Guns and the banned Cluster Bombs.
Pakistan has urged the world Community especially UN to send independent observers to review the law order situation and the grave human rights violation and the misery caused by unjust and inhuman 90 days lockdown that has created serious Food and Medicine shortage and 12 Million People are restricted to House arrest and all the leadership is detained.
Pakistan has highlighted the issue and the Issue went Global that has baffled India to follow up PM Imran Speech by levelling biased and baseless allegations that had nothing to do with the PM’s Speech or Kashmir Dispute.
Even the Trump administration realized that the lockdown or 90 Days curfew has played havoc with the lives of the innocent Kashmiris making the situation miserable and abysmal for living. On the contrary, the Ceasefire violations on part of India on LOC are very intense that escalated the already tense Situation owing to Modi’s unilateral move. The Recent LOC Shelling by Indian armed forces is targeting Civilian settlements that are tantamount to Human rights.
Pakistan Army invited a great number of Diplomats belonging to various countries to visit sites affected by the Indian Army Shelling along the LoC. They all opined that India has deliberately targeted civilian Population since they did not find any sign of Terrorist Camps since the area is residential and categorically rejected Indian claims. They also declared the people as peaceful citizens.
According to Indian claims that they hit the terrorist camps and destroyed their hideouts but so far it has failed to provide any solid evidence.
Even, the Indian High Commissioner was invited to visit the site but he did not bother to visit the site owing to Modi’ extensive Pressure to serve Indian interests. India has been playing with fire to drag Pakistan in the conventional war that would be disastrous for the two arch-rival neighbours and the whole region. since China has already expressed its concerns regarding Kashmir conflict. Indian doesn’t miss any opportunity to blame Pakistan if any adverse thing happens in India or IOK.
The point behind these war tactics of India may be that it wanted to divert the attention of the world community from J&K atrocities, Genocide and ethnic cleansing towards escalating LOC situation by exchange firing to target civilians.
The world stands mum over the grave situation in J&K after Modi’s move of forcible annexation of August 5, 2019, making J&K and Ladakh as Union Territories and allowing Indian citizens to buy properties and getting citizenship so that the bloody plan of converting Muslim majority into a minority could be perpetrated.
Despite recording protest on the international platforms of UN and UNSC, Pakistan has not been able to win much support from the world powers except China and Russia since fair-weather friend the US has left Pakistan and especially Kashmir people echoing in the desert where the world sleeps but Kashmir bleeds.
Pakistani Premier also raised his strong voice against Islamophobia and advocated the case of Blasphemy against Sacred beliefs and Personalities and specially presented the case of Kashmir in a strong manner that was seconded by China, Malaysia, Turkey and Iran
The presence of 8 lac armed forces in Jammu and Kashmir heralds the actual scenario and the gravity of imbroglio and conflict further aggravated after the 90 Days continuous curfew that has made over 12 million Kashmiris as hostages -a grave human rights violations goes unnoticed by UN and World powers having a stake in New World Order.
Over 90 Days curfew has restricted Kashmiris in houses resulting acute shortage of Food Items, Medicines and other utilities. There has been complete Media Blackout, Internet and Telecommunication has been suspended and people are plunged into darkness.
The Schools, Colleges and Universities are closed calling for immediate UN intervention to put pressure on India to lift the illegal and inhuman curfew lasting for over three months that has paralyzed the paradise-like valley.
The People of Kashmiris are denied fundamental rights that have thrown these innocent souls in the well of Disappointment and deprivation since these unarmed souls are helpless before the cruel armed forces who are there to loot, plunder and torture the youth and take them to detention centres in order suppress the demand and dismantle freedom movement.
Calling itself a secular state but coward inside to extent that it has unscrupulous plans to have Kashmir sans Kashmiris and to give vent to his ambitious plan through, the turmoil, genocide, chaos and bloodshed and causing bloodbath will never be fulfilled.
Despite the passage of 3 months, there is no respite for innocent Kashmiri People. The situation has been so tense that our PM apprised the world that Kashmir has become the nuclear flashpoint and if two nuclear efficient neighbours got engaged in a conventional war, the repercussions would be very gruesome and will expand to the whole region.
Though Pakistan has globalized the Kashmir dispute, the world response has been quite dismal as UNGA has not called a session to discuss the issue to prevent nuclear war between India and Pakistan over the core issue of Kashmir as both the neighbours are claiming to hold the control of the valley but the plebiscite is the only solution in light of UN resolutions to determine the future course of action that whether Kashmiris want to be annexed with Pakistan, India or just want to retain their Independent status .
Pakistan has shown the real face of Modi at every world platform so that the world should come forward to exert pressure on India to lift illegal Curfew and release the Kashmiri leadership inclusive of those who were pro India.
It is the right of Kashmiris to decide about their future regardless of any pressure or force since violence has aggravated the situation and added fuel to fire in an already grave situation in IOK.
Pakistan has done a tremendous job in highlighting the Kashmir and taken into confidence UK, US, Iran, China Malaysia, Russia and Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) pleading to raise the voice against serious human rights violations and atrocities committed by 8,00,000 lac forces who are ransacking houses, killing innocent Kashmiris in order to establish their Nazi-type writ in IOK .
The issue should be discussed in the UN and the Kashmiris be given right of self-determination by holding a plebiscite under the UN in Jammu and Kashmir. The state should be restored to previous disputed status so that Indian claims may be quashed as per partition plan of 1947.
In a recent move to escalate the situation and integrate the disputed state, Delhi has formally repealed the disputed state of Jammu and Kashmir’s constitutional autonomy and divided it into two federal territories in an attempt aimed integrating it in entirety with India instigating yet another reason for escalation on Loc and protests in IOK.
The midnight move of cowardice has further worsened the situation when the state of J&K was formally taken under direct federal control and divided into the territories of Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh that ended decade’s long semi-autonomous rule owing to the disputed status of IOK guaranteed by articles 370 and 35-A of Indian constitution.
The unilateral and hegemonies move by Indian Premier Modi calls for immediate UN intervention to prevent war since after the Wednesday’ move to divide IOK into two states and giving them in direct Federal control has irked the sentiments of Kashmiris and Pakistanis altogether having established strong reasons for escalation that may lead to full scale war between Pakistan and India given the grave circumstances .
India has crossed all the limits of atrocities and the innocent Kashmiris are looking towards Pakistan and the World powers especially UN to play their active and strong role to put pressure on India to backtrack from its aggressive policy and settle the dispute through dialogue and in light of UN resolutions.
Pakistan has always played the role of peacemaker and has been the frontrunner in War on terror and brought the Taliban on Negotiation table to sign a peace deal with the US so that US Troops withdrawal may be possible.
Even PM Imran’s visit to Iran and Saudi Arab is aimed at diffusing tensions between Two Islamic countries to avert economic crisis likely to emerge if Oil prices go up due to conflict between two major oil-producing countries.
Finally, the Azadi march led by Moulana Fazal and other opposition parties likely to benefit India in their move to annex IOK and their control over the State.
One might be wondering that what prompted Moulana for Azadi March, demanding resignation from PM after 13 Months, is still unclear but some analysts are of the view that there must be some hidden hands involved behind this Azad March or some figures of power corridors that are supporting and financing the marchers in background. These characters may appear on the big screen as the time goes by and as Moulana unfolds his agenda of March or so-called dharna.
Being an analyst, I predict conspiracy against PTI government to put pressure on Government to get unethical demands accepted made by opposition or there would be anarchy if any skirmishes emerge between the marchers and The Government.
This was not the perfect time to march or stage dharna since Pakistan is in state of unannounced war with India and the Poor Kashmiris are looking towards Pakistan to express solidarity with their indigenous freedom movement and extending support.
Moulana Fazal Rahman is a senior Politician and a very sensible person, will not commit any blunder revolting against the state but to some extent, the march could be vindicated given the inflation and sudden increase in the prices of Commodities.
Let’s hope that Opposition’s rehbar Committee and Government’s Committee will resolve the issues peacefully and the marchers will return safely to their home if both committees agree on the legitimate demands except PM’s resignation since it would be unjust to topple the Government.
Let PTI Government complete their 5-year Term so that opposition may have the valid reason to criticize the Policies that put the economy on risk or become responsible for isolation owing to weak or ineffective diplomacy.
At the moment Both Government and Opposition should come on the same page so that our enemies may not take benefits of internal differences; all attention should be directed towards national interests rather than personal interests.
The man who saved the world from Pakistan
But for a few brave souls like Frits Veerman, Pakistan would have become the world’s most frightening nightmare. Not that it is not today but it could have been worse: we could have been facing a nuclear Armageddon now.
Veerman, a professional photographer in Amsterdam, was one of the first to ring warning bells about Pakistan’s skullduggery in stealing nuclear documents, materials and technology to build its own nuclear bomb. His warnings were brushed aside, he was forced to keep quiet, sacked and harassed to no end for speaking the truth. In a just world, he should have been hailed as an icon of courage. He died in relative obscurity recently.
His story will, however, continue to live, a story of courage to speak out in a world where truth often falls to realpolitik. When Pakistan was running a big nuclear smuggling ring from its diplomatic missions and other agencies, governments and security officials in different parts of the world chose to look the other way. In fact, many connived in the colossal thievery. They knew what Khan and his associates were doing but business and political interests trumped over reason.
Veermen was the only one to say that `the emperor was naked`. He could have easily succumbed to pressure or greed but he did not, and even at a great cost to his life, he chose to speak out, rather than keep quiet.
Veerman discovered the Pakistani game when he was a young professional photographer in Amsterdam. He used to work at a consultancy firm, FDO (Fysisch-Dynamisch Onderzoek), as a technical photographer. An important client of FDO was Ultra Centrifuge Netherlands which was part of a top secret project run by a consortium of Dutch, British and German scientists at a nuclear plant in Almelo. In May 1972, a young and charming Pakistani scientist, Abdul Qadeer Khan joined the team as a translator of technical documents. He soon became friends with Frits Veerman. He took pictures of centrifuges for him. The two shared an office and met at dinners in the evening. Veermen was introduced to Khan’s wife and two daughters and often went to their house for dinner.
Khan quickly expanded his circle of friends and he would freely access areas at the nuclear plant which were hitherto prohibited. It was sometime in 1973, a year after the Pakistani joined the consultancy firm, that Veermen had his first doubts. He thought there was something fishy about the manner in which the Pakistani was charming his way through the rank and file of the establishment.
It was two years later that Veermen’s suspicions became stronger. He realised that the young Pakistani was in fact a thug–he was stealing classified papers from the plant. This happened one day when he went to Khan’s house near Schiphol airport for dinner.
What he saw took his breath away. He saw top secret centrifuge drawings lying around in Pakistani scientist’s house. They were supposed to be at the plant and locked up in vaults. As Veerman later recalled in an interview with BBC, “That was my biggest worry, what was he doing with those drawings? All the little pieces of the jig-saw put together made me come to the conclusion that Abdul was spying.“ Khan asked him to photograph the documents for him but Veermen refused. He also happened to overhear a telephonic conversation between the Pakistani and his old professor in Leuven about sensitive centrifuge matters. Veerman lost no time in reporting the matter to his superiors. His seniors heard him out and told him to keep quiet. He was asked not to speak about what he saw and found to anyone.
In late 1975, when AQ Khan realised that he was coming under greater scrutiny from a multitude of agencies, he took leave from the office, and along with his family flew back to Pakistan. He never returned. What many did not realise for some time was that Khan had smuggled out precious drawings and a no less useful rolodex of key suppliers of nuclear material and technology in Europe and elsewhere.
But Veerman had not heard the last of Khan. From Pakistan, his former friend wrote to him frequently seeking answers to technical questions about nuclear technology. When he showed one such letter to his superiors, he was asked to burn it. Less than a year after Khan fled Amsterday, FDO held a meeting on the issue where Veerman repeated his assertion that Khan was a spy. Veerman later gave a statement about Khan to Dutch police. But, as Veerman were to find out later, his blunt accusations did not endear him his superiors or others in the government. In fact, the nuclear consortium and consultancy firm, FDO, were delighted when Khan sent his emissaries with a long list of items and work he wanted to contract to European firms. Soon after, Khan’s technicians began arriving at FDO to take a “ “a course in ‘how to build an ultracentrifuge’’, Veerman commented.
In 1978, Veerman lost his job. No reasons were given but he knew he was being sacrificed for speaking out against Khan’s smuggling ring and the complicity of the nuclear plant officials as well as government authorities. The powerful nuclear industry lobby did not want any investigation because it would have exposed its laxity and complicity. The government too was not keen on any probe because it would have been embarrassing and would have impacted diplomatic relations with some countries. So they all kept quiet. The one man who spoke was asked to shut up.
In 1983, during a meeting with FDO officials, when he realised that his only crime was his outspokenness, Veerman was furious and decided to tell the story to a Dutch newspaper. But nothing came out of his expose and he quietly retreated to a lowly paid job and into obscurity. The state, however, chose to punish him further–he was put on an international watch list and for many years questioned by police whenever he travelled abroad. He was stalked by the police. In one such instance, his family in a car was stopped by armed police.
It was only in 2016 that his role in breaking the world’s most dangerous nuclear smuggling network was acknowledged by the authorities. The Whistleblowers Authority, a Dutch institution created in 2016, came to the conclusion that Veerman was unfairly treated at the time, as it considered it likely that whistleblowing was the reason for firing him in 1978. A recent report of the Huis voor Klokkenluiders, the Dutch Whistleblowers Authority, showed that the agency had finally absolved Veerman of any charges and in fact pointed out hy he, and not Khan, was punished.
In many ways, Veerman’s honesty and tenacity saved the world from even a more dangerous Pakistan. His act of courage deserves international recognition.
Pakistan and Germany are keen to Sustain Multifaceted and Mutually beneficial Cooperation
Pakistan has varied history of relationship and cooperation with other countries in international arena. Despite of proactive foreign policy Pakistan has been struggling to acquire global or regional status as a major power. Now in the age of globalization, the foreign relations between states have become more significant than before. Global and regional organizations, societies, economic zones and countries have network to attract and develop relationship among them. A major goal of Pakistan’s foreign policy is to develop good relations with international community and to handle global and regional issues. Activism of Pakistan‘s foreign policy reflects on the domestic socio-economic development. The national interest of Pakistan also support to regulate inputs from the external atmosphere into internal situation and to strive security and territorial integrity in the region and glob which always remained top concern of Pakistan. As bearing geo-strategic position, Pakistan seeks good relations with regional and global powers like America, China and European Union. Within European Union Germany has emergence as the developed economy in Europe. It is not only playing vital role within European Union but at the global level. Pakistan is also enjoying cordial relations with Germany on the base of common interest and perception on all international issues. Germany is also very keen to see sustainable development in Pakistan and acknowledges that the Pakistan is playing constructive role for regional peace. Germany greatly values Pakistan intense to strengthen multifaceted and mutual beneficial cooperation. Both the countries have been engaged on political, economic and socio-cultural partnership.
In past, East and West Germany had tilted towards forming alliance with India in 1950s but in 1960s, President Ayob Khan‘s visit to West Germany established economic relation between both the countries. Post Pak-India war 1971, East Germany was the first country of the Europe who recognized Bangladesh. During 1990s, Pakistan and Germany established Pakistan German Business Forum and Germany had become the fourth largest trade partner of Pakistan in 2000. Germany also was ally of Pakistan in the war against terrorism in the north-west part of the country. Since the last few years, both the countries developed trade relations as well as Germany invested in the field of science and technology in Pakistan. On August 24, 2014, Germany built Pakistan Gate in Berlin to provide business and trade facilities to the businessmen of both the countries.
In November 2018, Pakistan offered Germany to join CPEC and to invest in the Special Economic Zone (SEZs). The mutual trade between both the countries enhanced to 3.0 billion euro in 2019.In 2021, Both Pakistan and Germany are celebrating 70th anniversary of establishment of bilateral relationship. Both the countries are planning to undertake several activities in this regard. Last month German Ambassador visited Karachi Chamber of Commerce and industries to call German companies, entrepreneurs and investors to earn from the potential and opportunities which are available in Pakistan and to bring business communities of both the countries more closer as well. Foreign minister of Pakistan has visited to Germany and meeting with business and members of Pakistani community. The foreign Minister held meetings with the leadership of Germany and repeated the desire of expansion of bilateral economic activities and exchange of technology. Both sides also discussed rapidly changing situation of Afghanistan and South Asian region. During the discussion, Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi and Foreign Minister of Germany Heiko Mass, Pakistan and Germany agreed to review the entire gamut of Pakistan-Germany relationship and tools of further deep bilateral cooperation in the field of trade, investment security and defense, health, education, tourism. The mass of both the countries want to utilize the potential of good relationship but it is observed that both sides have lack of political hierarchy, dedication and sincerity in past. The development and expansion of bilateral relationship lies on the path of peaceful coexistence and serious changes in the socio-economic structure is needed. Peace process with the neighboring countries like Afghanistan and India may attract Germany to invest in CPEC projects and other local project of education, vocational training, dam construction, tourism and economic activities in Pakistan. There is a need to organize a forum for the students and scholars of both the countries could interact and exchange their expertise for academic, economic and technology growth. There is potential of people to people interaction and development of cooperation between Pakistan and Germany. Pakistan may be more benefit from the relationship with Germany if the serious efforts be made on government level.
Modi’s Illiberal Majoritarian Democracy: a Question Mark on the Future of Indian Minorities
The word majoritarian is an adjective which relates to or constitutes a majority, majoritarian politics, or majoritarian democracy. It can be defined as a traditional political idea, philosophy or a practice according to which any decision whether political, social, or economic of an organized society should be made by a numerical majority of that society or it can be defined as a traditional political philosophy that stresses that a majority usually branded by religious, language, social class that also includes other recognizing factors of individuals in a society are subject to a level of superiority in a society because of which they have a say in every affair of a society. The concept of majoritarian dispensation in India under Narendra Modi has deep links with four other political philosophies i.e. Populism, Nationalism, Authoritarianism, and Sultanism. Before exploring Narendra Modi’s majoritarian policy of governance in India and its effects on the future of Indian minorities, I will first uncover the link of majoritarianism to political philosophies as mentioned.
A majoritarian leader is actually a populist leader who works hard for the concerns of people that who thinks are being ignored by the established elite groups in a society, and who always present himself as a new man mostly of a modest and plebeian background against old political establishment, in spite of the fact that who is a seasoned political figure, but usually not centre stage. This is exactly what Narendra Modi is, because in his 2014 election campaign, he presented himself as a new man against the Ghandi’s family’s old political system despite the fact he was CM Gujrat at that time. He also presented himself as someone who belongs to a very plebeian background that he had to work in his father’s tea shop when he was a child. Whereas, nationalism is a political idea or a philosophy that promotes and protects the interests of a particular nation, nationalism is the bedrock of most of the populists and NarendraModi is no exception. NarendraModi is a majoritarian national-populist leader who since his childhood has been the member of RSS, and now is a full time pracharak of RSS ideology that stresses that Hindu are the true and only sons of this Indian soil.
Majoritarian national- populist leaders like Narendra Modi are basically authoritarian leaders who reject political pluralism, and this is exactly what Modi is doing in India.Modi and the BJP has made it clear that no other party should compete with it, or is even needed, as indicative from its slogan of a ‘Congress Mukt Bharat’ (a Congress-free India).Whereas, Sultanism is a form of authoritarian government and according to Max Weber NarendraModi is a new sultan of India who is pushing India towards illiberal democracy by rejecting all kind of civil liberties particularly of Indian Muslim minority.
Modi’s majoritarian policy of governance in India is basically the promotion of majoritarian democracy that asserts Hindus a special and superior status in India because they constitute 80.5% of total Indian population and that this majoritarian policy protests Hindutva ideology that stresses that Hindus are the only sons of this soil and that strengthen the Hindu community. This majoritarian democracy is a big question mark on India as the world biggest liberal democracy because continuous violence, rejection of civil liberties, and crimes against the minorities that are Muslims, Sikhs, and Christians have been on the increase. About 1.8 million people who are minority communities are tortured in police custody every year. The word murder of minorities has been replaced by the term encounter killings. Torture have increased to such a huge extent that it questions the credibility of the rule of law and criminal justice. Hindu nationalists are revolting all around India especially against Muslims because they are the largest minority in India constituting 13.4% of total population and because Hindus have resentment toward their religion, Christians and Sikhs are no exception to their violence because they too constitute 2.3% and 1.9% of total Indian population.
Unfortunately, India under Narendra Modi is crawling from the world’s biggest liberal democracy to illiberal majoritarian democracy which is promoting and safeguarding only Hindu’s civil rights and liberties and that which is negating minority’s civil liberties and civil rights especially rights and liberties of Muslims of India. One such example of this is the Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB).Under the act, for the first time in India, religion is a basis for granting citizenship. According to some this citizenship amendment bill by BJP is an intentional act in order to marginalize Muslims from mainstream politics. In addition to this, Muslims are not only being tortured at their religious places for their religious affiliations, but they are also being tortured at their educational institutions which is evident from a video of 15 December 2020, where Delhi police brutally tortured Muslims students of Jamia Millia Islamia university.
Keeping in mind Narendra Modi’s illiberal majoritarian democracy, the future of liberal democracy or pluralistic India appears to be gloomy, where the future of Indian minorities especially Muslims is a big question mark.
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