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Kashmir Lockdown, UNGA & Thereafter

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The Kashmir lockdown enters the Third Month but Modi is undeterred from Lifting Curfew in Indian Occupied Kashmir ever since he took the unilateral move to change disputed Status of Jammu and Kashmir by Scrapping Articles 370 & 35-A of Indian Constitution.

The Maiden Speech of PM Imran Khan in UNGA was curtain-raiser since he advocated the case of  Kashmir aggressively and strongly along with raising Key points of Islamophobia and Blasphemy. On the contrary, Modi even did not mention Kashmir dispute.

Imran Khan’s UNGA Speech was very impressive and represented the spirit of Statesman. The world was apprised that Indian unilateral move has put Kashmir at stake and over 90 days lockdown has brought the State into Turmoil and severe Economic Crisis since the Shops and Businesses are closed. Services of Telephone, Cell phone and Internet services are suspended.

 There is a complete ban on Electronic and Print Media. Even Indian Opposition leaders were returned from the Airport by Indian Forces to hide the draconian laws that are aimed at ethnic cleansing by Killing innocent Kashmiris with pelt Guns and the banned Cluster Bombs.

Pakistan has urged the world Community especially UN to send independent observers to review the law order situation and the grave human rights violation and the misery caused by unjust and inhuman 90 days lockdown that has created serious Food and Medicine shortage and 12 Million People are restricted to House arrest and all the leadership is detained.

 Pakistan has highlighted the issue and the Issue went Global that has baffled India to follow up PM Imran Speech by levelling biased and baseless allegations that had nothing to do with the PM’s Speech or Kashmir Dispute.

Even the Trump administration realized that the lockdown or 90 Days curfew has played havoc with the lives of the innocent Kashmiris making the situation miserable and abysmal for living. On the contrary, the Ceasefire violations on part of India on LOC are very intense that escalated the already tense Situation owing to Modi’s unilateral move. The Recent LOC Shelling by Indian armed forces is targeting Civilian settlements that are tantamount to Human rights.

Pakistan Army invited a great number of Diplomats belonging to various countries to visit sites affected by the Indian Army Shelling along the LoC. They all opined that India has deliberately targeted civilian Population since they did not find any sign of Terrorist Camps since the area is residential and categorically rejected Indian claims. They also declared the people as peaceful citizens.

According to Indian claims that they hit the terrorist camps and destroyed their hideouts but so far it has failed to provide any solid evidence.

Even, the Indian High Commissioner was invited to visit the site but he did not bother to visit the site owing to Modi’ extensive Pressure to serve Indian interests. India has been playing with fire to drag Pakistan in the conventional war that would be disastrous for the two arch-rival neighbours and the whole region. since China has already expressed its concerns regarding Kashmir conflict. Indian doesn’t miss any opportunity to blame Pakistan if any adverse thing happens in India or IOK.

The point behind these war tactics of India may be that it wanted to divert the attention of the world community from J&K atrocities, Genocide and ethnic cleansing towards escalating  LOC situation by exchange firing to target civilians.

The world stands mum over the grave situation in J&K after Modi’s move of forcible annexation of August 5, 2019, making J&K and Ladakh as Union Territories and allowing  Indian citizens to buy properties and getting citizenship so that the bloody plan of converting Muslim majority into a minority could be perpetrated. 

Despite recording protest on the international platforms of UN and UNSC, Pakistan has not been able to win much support from the world powers except China and Russia since fair-weather friend the US has left Pakistan and especially Kashmir people echoing in the desert where the world sleeps but Kashmir bleeds.

Pakistani Premier also raised his strong voice against  Islamophobia and  advocated the case  of  Blasphemy against  Sacred beliefs and Personalities and specially  presented the case of Kashmir in a strong manner  that was seconded by China, Malaysia, Turkey and Iran

The presence of 8 lac armed forces in Jammu and Kashmir heralds the actual scenario and the gravity of imbroglio and conflict further aggravated after the 90 Days continuous curfew that has made over 12 million Kashmiris as hostages -a grave human rights violations goes unnoticed by UN and World powers having a stake in New World Order.

Over 90 Days curfew has restricted  Kashmiris in houses resulting acute shortage of Food Items, Medicines and other utilities. There has been complete Media Blackout, Internet and Telecommunication has been suspended and people are plunged into darkness.

The Schools, Colleges and Universities are closed calling for immediate UN intervention to put pressure on India to lift the illegal and inhuman curfew lasting for over three months that has paralyzed the paradise-like valley.

The People of Kashmiris are denied fundamental rights that have thrown these innocent souls in the well of Disappointment and deprivation since these unarmed souls are helpless before the cruel armed forces who are there to loot, plunder and torture the youth and take them to detention centres in order suppress the demand and dismantle freedom movement.

Calling itself a secular state but coward inside to extent that it has unscrupulous plans to have Kashmir sans Kashmiris and to give vent to his ambitious plan through, the turmoil, genocide, chaos and bloodshed and causing bloodbath will never be fulfilled.

Despite the passage of 3 months, there is no respite for innocent Kashmiri People. The situation has been so tense that our PM apprised the world that Kashmir has become the nuclear flashpoint and if two nuclear efficient neighbours got engaged in a conventional war, the repercussions would be very gruesome and will expand to the whole region.

Though Pakistan has globalized  the Kashmir dispute, the world response has been quite dismal as UNGA has not called a session to discuss   the issue  to prevent nuclear war between India and Pakistan over the core issue of Kashmir  as both the neighbours are claiming to hold the control of  the valley but the plebiscite is the only solution in light of  UN resolutions to determine the future course of action  that whether Kashmiris want to be annexed with Pakistan, India or just want to retain their  Independent status . 

Pakistan has shown the real face of Modi at every world platform so that the world should come forward to exert pressure on  India to lift illegal Curfew and release the Kashmiri leadership inclusive of those who were pro India.

It is the right of Kashmiris to decide about their future regardless of any pressure or force since violence has aggravated the situation and added fuel to fire in an already grave situation in IOK.

Pakistan has done a tremendous job in highlighting the  Kashmir and taken into confidence UK, US, Iran, China Malaysia, Russia and Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) pleading to raise the voice against serious human rights violations and atrocities committed by 8,00,000 lac  forces who are ransacking  houses, killing innocent Kashmiris in order to establish their Nazi-type  writ  in IOK .

The issue should be discussed in the UN and the Kashmiris be given right of self-determination by holding a plebiscite under the UN in Jammu and Kashmir. The state should be restored to previous disputed status so that Indian claims may be quashed as per partition plan of 1947.

In a recent move to escalate the situation and integrate the disputed state, Delhi has formally repealed the disputed state of Jammu and Kashmir’s constitutional autonomy and divided it into two federal territories in an attempt aimed integrating it in entirety with India instigating yet another reason for escalation on Loc and protests in IOK. 

 The midnight move of cowardice has further worsened the situation when the state of J&K was formally taken under direct federal control and divided into the territories of Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh that ended decade’s long semi-autonomous rule owing to the disputed status of IOK guaranteed by articles 370 and 35-A of Indian constitution.

The unilateral and hegemonies move  by Indian Premier  Modi calls  for immediate  UN intervention to prevent war  since  after the Wednesday’ move  to divide  IOK into two states and giving them in direct Federal control has irked  the sentiments of  Kashmiris and  Pakistanis altogether  having established strong reasons for escalation that may lead to full scale war between Pakistan and India given the grave circumstances .

India has crossed all the limits of atrocities and the innocent Kashmiris are looking towards Pakistan and the World powers especially UN to play their active and strong role to put pressure on India to backtrack from its aggressive policy and settle the dispute through dialogue and in light of UN resolutions. 

Pakistan has always played the role of peacemaker and has been the frontrunner in War on terror and brought the Taliban on Negotiation table to sign a peace deal with the US so that US Troops withdrawal may be possible.

Even PM Imran’s visit to Iran and Saudi Arab is aimed at diffusing tensions between Two Islamic countries to avert economic crisis likely to emerge if Oil prices go up due to conflict between two major oil-producing countries.

Finally, the Azadi march led by Moulana Fazal and other opposition parties likely to benefit India in their move to annex IOK and their control over the State.

One might be wondering that what prompted Moulana for Azadi March, demanding resignation from PM after 13 Months, is still unclear but some analysts are of the view that there must be some hidden hands involved behind this Azad March or some figures of power corridors that are supporting and financing the marchers in background. These characters may appear on the big screen as the time goes by and as Moulana unfolds his agenda of March or so-called dharna.

Being an analyst, I predict conspiracy against PTI government to put pressure on Government to get unethical demands accepted made by opposition or there would be anarchy if any skirmishes emerge between the marchers and The Government. 

This was not the perfect time to march or stage dharna since Pakistan is in state of unannounced war with India and the Poor Kashmiris are looking towards Pakistan to express solidarity with their indigenous freedom movement and extending support.

Moulana Fazal Rahman is a senior Politician and a very sensible person, will not commit any blunder revolting against the state but to some extent, the march could be vindicated given the inflation and sudden increase in the prices of Commodities.

Let’s hope that Opposition’s rehbar Committee and Government’s Committee will resolve the issues peacefully and the marchers will return safely to their home if both committees agree on the legitimate demands except PM’s resignation since it would be unjust to topple the Government.

 Let PTI Government complete their 5-year Term so that opposition may have the valid reason to criticize the Policies that put the economy on risk or become responsible for isolation owing to weak or ineffective diplomacy.

At the moment Both Government and Opposition should come on the same page so that our enemies may not take benefits of internal differences; all attention should be directed towards national interests rather than personal interests. 

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South Asia

COVID-19 in India: The bright and the dark sides

Amrita Dhillon

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photo: interaffairs.ru

Many fortresses have collapsed and the invisible enemy has entered everywhere. Indians are at the doorsteps of one of the biggest threats looming. Indian government along with the state governments have announced a 21-days lockdown and requested all the citizens to stay at home, however, few of the essential services like groceries, pharmacies are open. 

It’s not easy for any country to let its economy stand-still and bear losses every single minute but India took that decision ultimately to protect hundreds of thousands of lives. A stand-still economy has bought days of despair and paralysed commerce across various key sectors throughout the nation but ultimately it will be protecting the bread-earners of the society.

Listening to Prime Minister Modi’s speech about the lockdown, he rightly said when countries like Italy which ranks next to none in health facilities cannot manage with the Pandemic, Indian infrastructure and population will have a great fall of the time. 

What will Lockdown do?

It is for the first time in history that such a huge mass of 1.3 Billion has been asked to self-quarantine themselves. This may not completely stop the virus from spreading but slows down the rate it was expected to create havoc. It will help flatten the curve and break the chain which is most important at this stage and that is what all other countries which have lockdown are trying to do. 

If we look at the figures, of the first 100 to 1,000 cases in Italy and the United States then we will find it took seven days in Italy to reach 1,000 cases with a rate of increase between 37%-90%, and Ten days in the United States to reach the first 1,000 cases with a rate of increase between 31%-58%. Whereas in India, it took 16 days to reach 1,000 cases with a rate of increase between 10%-29%. 

Moreover, after this big disaster, a country with a massive economy like the United States didn’t ask for a complete lockdown in their second-largest state New York till 25,000 positive cases and 250 deaths. By a lockdown, India still a step ahead of the first world countries.

What Indian government is doing other than lockdown?

Meanwhile trying to set up isolation wards to increase their capacity, Indian railway has turned its train coaches into hospitals and have asked their manufacturing units to make beds etc. to fight the problem.

India has also started private testing for this which will reduce the pressure on government hospital where testing is free for the public. Private testing cost (4,500 Rupees/$60) may seem very high to people but currently, the testing kits are exported and thus costing heavily. But by approving Indian companies to prepare locally which is estimated to be in the market from two to three weeks the cost will be reduced. 

However, The cost is still low if we compare the cost of private testing labs with the UK which costs 375 pounds and the United States labs which costs anywhere between $900-$3700.

India even brought its people back and providing hotel etc. to people where they could not. These cases would have been less if people took government advice of home quarantine seriously.

The Ugly Side

It will be wrong to compare India with First world nations which have the advance infrastructure and abilities. As per the healthcare capacity, India till now has dealt with the crisis pretty well.

Despite being one of the major economies, India still struggling with third world issues, for instance, 70% of Indian lives in rural areas or slums where they do not have options to self-isolate themselves into a pristine environment. Rather, they live amidst the fear of contamination by their neighbour or the people they’re sharing public toilets with.

Another issue is the healthcare facilities, which is not same in both urban and rural India, in small villages, or small cities far away from the commercial hustle may barely have a hi-tech hospital with isolation facilities. Which is another migraine for the government and local administration, as recently after the lockdown was announced many of the labourers and migrant workers moved back to their villages amidst chaos and panic to starve in big cities due to lack of their daily wages.

Governments on both the state and central level announced free food and requested house-owners to waive the rents for migrant workers. However, in a tech-haven like India, an ugly reality shows that a section of people and government are still not on the same digital-virtual-page.

Another similar story popped-out from the heart of the nation – New Delhi, where police found a group of around 2,000 people were hiding inside a mausoleum, out of them, many tested positive with COVID19. Moreover, many of the same group have travelled to different states and few of them have been tested positive. It is said, many non-Indians are found inside the group who may be one of the potential carriers of the deadly virus. Though it’s all about time which will tell where these migrations will take the toll of Coronavirus impact in India

Indeed the bigger problem is not the rural working labour population of India, a bigger threat came out of the incoming overseas crowd. Many Indians have found hiding their overseas travel information, including celebrities who tested positive later and met many people after their arrival. It is an arrogance, where NOT the government but so-called ‘educated and ignorant Indians’ to be blamed for.

How to fight this Pandemic

First of all, it is not only the government’s fight all the Indians are the foot soldier to this war against Corona. As the Prime Minister said, it’s a 21-day war and the best medicine is self-isolation.

Government is doing its part. But if we are comparing the response with the American or European governments, then its fault on our side, globalisation comes with a price and an open democracy like India are always at the receiving end of such prices. Indians need to drop their obsession with the Western media certifications. Media is one of the most responsible pillars for this fight against the pandemic and it need to act accordingly.

It’s a global problem and we all need to step up to fight this, religious organisations and corporations should come in front and equip the foot soldiers at the time of the pandemic. Those volunteers inside the non-government organisation who are distributing food owe us applauses.

 From our partner International Affairs

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South Asia

Coronavirus, Critical Geographies and Geospatial Revolution: Redefining Epidemiology

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The subject of Geography has often been understood and considered as the Gazetteer with names of countries and information about them but this stream of knowledge has turned out to be the most important addition to our meaning and metaphors of our daily life from driving a car to identifying the critical hotspots/clusters of any disaster . ‘Space’ forms the kernel and core of geographical knowledge thus encompassing the phenomenon of body politic and social fabric in its entirety.  In contemporary times  with emerging  paradigms of ‘space episteme’, this intersection and contestation of topos with  the active political space  in the public discourse   has been righty  epitomized by Edward Soja as “spatial turn” of  this century. World has changed drastically in the spheres of climate, production, consumption and behavioural patterns with the imbalances and negative feedbacks being observed in the environment which prompted some scientists to propose  present epoch as “Anthropocene”Geography studies this changing  interaction of environment with the human responses in its comprehensive theoretical and scientific mechanism and subsequently modelling the impacts and patterns of this dynamic trend .Diffusion of diseases and the related outbreaks have also been modelled and the pathways tracked thus helping the world and regional health agencies framing policies an strategies  for mitigating the impact and spread of diseases. As currently world has been in the grip of deadly and sporadic pandemic disease named by WHO as COVID-19 and the virus as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) by International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses,geographical knowledge coupled with temporality of the incidence and spatial prevalence of this global health threat has proved to be the guiding light amidst the dark frontiers of  novel epidemiological characters of this outbreak

Geospatial Science and Public Knowledge

In this age of big data, the need of “Big Geospatial Data” becomes equally important given the complexities and dynamic nature of bio-physical and social interfaces. In the same vein geospatial knowledge has helped in the real time information delivery and public understanding of Coronavirus spread around the world. Most of the geospatial data platforms have been in the forefront currently for the data visualization, monitoring and concurrently its reach to the common people at any place of world and any time. WHO has provided the situational dashboard updated every 15 minutes providing a real time perspective for officials and users with easy-to-view visual interface using Geographical Information System  (GIS Science)  on region and case wise spread.

(WHO Novel COVID-19 Situation Visualization)

The enhanced and sophisticated real time information can be viewed through Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) . ESRI Disaster Response Program and ESRI’S ArcGIS Hub including the in-depth information from various operational dashboards with interactive data view providing key understanding and monitoring of global and feature datasets related of the virus and public knowledge.

ESRI ArcGIS Hub

The another platform were the expert epidemiological analysis of COVID-19 hyphenated with the public health analytics has been maintained by Center for Systems Science and Engineering at Johns Hopkins University (JHU) with its own GIS operational setup mapping the similar trajectory in real time. Below is the snapshot of the site

Center for Systems Science and Engineering at Johns Hopkins University (JHU)

In India MapmyIndia Maps and Move app enabling users to locate, view and reach testing labs nearby and subsequent isolation and treatment facilities. Users can have the first-hand account of the facilities and can add reviews of the centres there and helping other users with updated and critical knowledge regarding the conditions and status of quarantine and isolation facilities MapmyIndia resources are designed for early detection and isolation of infected persons which are crucial in respect of spread of this disease

With the use of this metadata and imagery creating a robust GIS and comprehensive geo-databases in an analysis-ready format thus opening a new path for redefining epidemiological studies in concert with the pathways and vector based differentiations across the world. With the use of data mining and machine learning algorithms like Python and Anaconda  with the integration of geographical knowledge, it can help us in the accurate and reliable prediction of threats and stresses whether related to health or environment. Google Earth Engine uses this algorithm based geographical and environmental variables for predicting and subsequently providing the effective management strategies for the better and sustainable bio-physical and social environment.

Critical Geographies and Coronavirus

There has been an overarching ‘complexity turn’ within the geographical studies and it forms the essential pivot when it comes to the health landscape of any region as put forward by Anthony Gatrell .This has turned out to be the potential paradigm for social sciences having transformed much of physical and biological sciences with dissolution of binary divides whether media/socio-cultural, structure/agency, institutional/individual, environment/social etc..There is an immediate need to move beyond the traditional epistemes of geographical analysis and to explore further the added value of critical geographies for our research in health inequalities, disease ecology, and spatial diffusion. Many examples of critical geographies can be cited from the fact that institutions, organisation and governments have undermined the character and configurations of ‘geography’ when it comes to health infrastructure and individual healthcare facilities thus coronavirus has laid bare the response and system of approach of countries around the world. There are widespread inequalities when it comes to the healthcare geographies around the world, thus arising a need for global and uniform approach of healthcare governance in consonance with the changing contours of political and economic landscapes around the world. Critical geographies deconstructs the hegemonic geographies of the world in the lens of radical perspective and the consequent geo-economic and geopolitical undercurrents which is needed for the current disarrayed healthcare system of the world .At last keep resisting the virus and the injustices around your geographies.

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South Asia

The Myth and Reality of Social Distancing in India: Challenges to fight COVID 19

Dr. Manasi Sinha

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“Social distancing”—The Way out :A nasty and deadliest Spanish flu that started spreading around the world infecting and killing over 50 million of world’s population during world war I, was contained to a large extent by following measures now known as “social distancing”. This social distancing may be understood as creating a safety net by maintaining physical distance between two or more people so as to prevent or control or ‘flatten the curve’ of the transmission process of virus/flu. In the wake of uncertainty looming over safe and effective measures to eliminate pandemic COVID 19 which is the biggest, trickiest and deadliest war on humanity ever, many countries across the world are now implementing measures like “social distancing” in form of prohibiting mass gatherings, restricting entry to public spaces, shutting down schools, colleges and in some places a total lockdown is enforced by keeping people stay indoors.

India’s Strategy against COVID: However, in an unequal social system that thrives on stratification of class and communities, differentiation of labour, status and capital, social distancing may not be a successful strategy to get by. In an unequal stratified system like India, social distancing turns out to be a ‘privilege’ available only to the upper-class well-off Indians. For people at the lower strata, social distancing stands unbearable, as more than fighting a disease, they fight against hunger, wage and shelter in their daily lives. This may magnify their miseries and distress substantially. In the midst of21 days nation-wide lockdown in the largest democracy of the world, India has just witnessed how it has been tumbling not only in executing its strategy of social distancing to fight the growing coronavirus pandemic, it also has failed larger chunk of its mass–around 85% of this constitutes the informal workers— mostly migrated ones, who are the worst hit in absence of  a contingency plan to fight and survive this situation.

In line with following global strategy of enforcing strict lock downs, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 24th March 2020 had announced a 21 days lockdown to contain the spread of COVID 19. A ‘Janta Curfew’ was initiated two days before on 22nd March to prepare Indians to fight the long battle against coronavirus outbreak. As the lock down continues, a total of 1251 COVID-19 cases  (including 49 foreign nationals) have been reported in 27 states/union territories  in India as on  30th March 2020(Source: Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW).

The Ground Reality: While the infected numbers do not project a grim picture compared to other countries that are struggling to contain the virus, concerns growing in India, as nearly 85% of India’s population (roughly 120 million) appears to be stranded without basic security of food, wage and shelter. Migrant workers forms majority of this population, who work in construction sites, drive taxis, work in restaurants, staff factories, work in saloon, houses etc. thus often employed in low paid hazardous jobs. This informal workforce is also deprived of any social security benefits including paid leave etc. and they thrive on low wages. As such, they succumb to inevitable cycle of poverty, hunger and death as the city shuts down. COVID 19 pandemic is setting up similar ground for these people. In absence of availability of basic needs walking home for hundred miles  remains an only option left for them. They prefer to leave the city, they have lived for all their lives as it no longer shelters them and feeds them; itno longer brings hope of surviving poverty, hunger and their daily mundane needs—the city of dreams turns hostile and deeply inhospitable. As they set forth, many of them are stranded in big cities or stuck midway and are struggling to keep themselves safe and healthy. On 28th March, Saturday tens of thousands of workers flocked at various city-bus stations in efforts to reach home. In Anand ViharInter-state bus terminal, New Delhi, several migrant workers including women stood in a long 3 km queue for hours carrying their baggage with kids in hope of returning to their relatives and families in different parts of the country. “For two days the ration guys were not giving us any food, we were hungry for two days. So, we decided, ‘let us go to our parents’,” said Raju, a 24-year old migrant worker walking from Noida, a satellite town of Delhi, to Agra, nearly 200 km away. As such, this mass exodus becomes a potential blow to India’s coronavirus containment strategy as it presents a miserable scenario awaited in coming days. As on 30th March 2020 the situation got worsened further killing around 20 lives.

As other countries across the world havei nitiated measures to support their citizens, voices from civil society in India already mounting up pressure on the government to provide immediate cover of social security measures including cash transfers for daily wagers, informal sectors and migrant labourers particularly women who have little social and community support and therefore remain most vulnerable.

Existing Measures:

As ground reality remains challenging, diverse measures are taken by the Central and state governments to control the mass exodus of daily-waged workers. To fight against this deadliest pandemic, Indian government extended its support to protect the poor people hit by this lock down, by unveiling $22.6bn stimulus plan. The plan seeks to provide direct cash transfers and food security measures, thus offering relief to millions of people at this critical juncture. Further, the centre decided to provide three meals a day to more than 100,000 people living in 1500 shelter homes for the urban homeless across the country. There are directives given to all the states and union territories to use State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF)to make arrangements for temporary accommodation, food distribution, clothing and medical facilities to the downtrodden ones particularly the migrant labourers. Some Indian states like Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Delhi have speeded up their initiatives to meet the basic needs of migrant workers by scaling up monetary assistance and providing ration facilities to the homeless.

However, panic continues and migrant workers still on their way back home because of two more reasons: First: the lock down triggered a wave of panic making hundred thousand of homeless workers frightened and terrified in absence of any administrative assistance and coordination from  government machinery. Second: with the expensive private healthcare and insufficient and unavailability of public health care facilities, the fear psychosis persists amongst these migrant workers making them non-complicit of ‘social distancing’.

The Anticipated Calamity and Lessons: Considering the gamut of India’s population and its diverse nature including these migrant population, immediate steps are required to provide a contingency plan for the migrant workers—who form the backbone of India’s economy. Failing to respond quickly to address this problem may lead to a worst situation that may further claim deaths of millions. As tens of thousands of migrants are in limbo and are not distancing themselves from others–they are prone to get infected quickly and in large numbers. After days of journey and returning to their villages, they may carry the symptoms of corona virus and may spread it among other communities, resulting into the dangerous III phase in which the pandemic advances towards community transmission across the country. Although the number of COVID 19 cases are still low in India as compared to other countries, experts have already warned against community spread as they think this may result into increased need for health facilities and India is yet to be equipped to facilitate and strengthen its health care sector. The existing measures like ‘Janata Curfew’, ‘Social distancing’ ‘21 days lock-down’ that India has opted for, may possibly protect its upper class people who could afford to stay inside home, however, the same is a fallacy for people at the lower strata because of the precarious life they live in. A calamity like COVID 19 may be taken as an experience to introspect upon a combination of development agenda, a contingency plan and management of strategies that India should keep as a stand by formula to mitigate any future crisis like this.

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