Following the victory of the Islamic Revolution, and especially in the last two decades, given the successes of Iran in domestic and foreign fields, a concerted effort by Western countries and the US to impede the success of the Islamic Republic began. As their initial plans to overthrow the regime failed, Westerners embarked on a sanctions policy to weaken Iran’s standing and authority. Most of the sanctions were also defined in the economic sphere, while failing to implement national plans and disrupting trade relations between Iran and other countries, providing grounds for social discontent in Iranian society.
On the other hand, it is one of the ways of gaining national economic authority. Once a country can claim political independence, it is highly capable in various economic fields. In the last few years to counter this cruel confrontation, the Islamic Republic of Iran has come up with a new term, the Resistance Economy. The supreme leader of the Islamic Revolution, in 2009, met with entrepreneurs for the first time, using the word as a factor in countering the economic pressure of enemies and determining the growth and prosperity of the country.
It was clear that attention to such an aspect of knowledge, labor and production was completely in opposition to the dependent economy, and that the existing economic structures had to be changed and localized to realize it. Also, if implemented, this approach will limit the use of proceeds from the sale of petroleum products. This will not be possible unless the authorities and the public come to a common belief, and with the participation of the public and rational management practices, and with the intention of managing the existing economic inefficiencies.
Paying attention to the early manufacturing industries was one of the IRGC’s actions in this area. Given that small industries play an important role in creating employment at the community level and are recognized as the engine of productive production and economic development, the IRGC considers the support of this type of economic activity to realize a resilient economy and to support national production. Supported.
Given the importance of the role of small industries in economic development, it can be considered as the engine of production and economic development, and mobilization in the form of mobilization of labor and mobilization of workers has been able to assist in accomplishing this important task of these small companies. Most of the development work is in support of national production and in line with policies promulgated by the supreme leader in the resilient economy of small-scale development. Small industries in Iran are important in that they are profitable early and require less capital, and more importantly, they are more flexible than larger corporations in the face of changing business environments.
One of the things that has been the focus of the small industry’s focus on promoting the economy and domestic production is the employment of these small industrial companies that, with the least skill and ability, can play a significant role in the country’s economy. To play. The dynamics of the economy, the creation of employment opportunities and the avoidance of problems caused by the lack of work, skills and capital for society are among the issues that can be achieved in a resilient economy.
The IRGC is an institution that is attached to the body of the people and therefore considers public participation and the exploitation of all national capacities as one of the key factors in the realization of a resisting economy. Thus, the IRGC can provide an important part of the requirements of this participatory and participatory people’s economy with this approach, while it will not narrow down elsewhere.
Another move has been to provide loans and enter the production arena, assist producers and work with entrepreneurs. Of course, such a move was not in any way caused by a sense of monetization, and it essentially did not generate any revenue. Also, attention to the promotion of small and conversion industries, deprivation and jihadist camps were some of the sectors that the IRGC has been active in achieving in the resistance economy. The IRGC has played a key role in the realization of the key to a resilient economy and support for national production. This revolutionary institution has been able to play an important role in advancing the Supreme Leader’s guidance by making a good impact among all sections of society, in cultural, socio-economic debate, and so on.
The IRGC believes that if the local capacities of each region are used well, the country’s economic foundation will be organized in such a way that global economic crises will not be affected. Also, if the economy of the country relies on indigenous knowledge, domestic investment and domestic production, the sanctions will have no effect on our country.
In the current situation, the Corps, along with its experiences and skills derived from practical participation, has the necessary scientific backing, and on the other hand, the revolutionary impulses of the institution have added to its effectiveness. The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps deems the existing national capacities sufficient if they are used properly to realize and implement a resilient economy and believes that unfortunately some marginal and factional views have prevented the country from deploying all these capacities. . The performance of the IRGC has so far shown that it has put the interests of the system and national interests and the extra-national perspective at the forefront of its attention and that it has always been ready to cooperate and support all governments as the chief executive and broker in the field. Implementation and action for efficiency and responsiveness to the livelihood needs of the community. Therefore, it seems necessary for the government to utilize the capabilities and successful experience of the mobilization and the Corps as well as the high capacity and strengthening of the grassroots in different areas of resistance economics, keeping in mind that the Corps’ economic capabilities, not a rival to the government or The private sector, which is assisting the country in areas that do not have the capacity to do projects internally.
India’s Sprouting Counterforce Posture
In recent years, the technological advancements by India in the domain of counterforce military capabilities have increased the vulnerability of the South Asian region. While trying to disturb the strategic stability in South Asia, India through its adventuresome counterforce posture against Pakistan is on the verge of becoming a rogue state. Notwithstanding the repercussions, India is voyaging towards destabilization in the South Asian Region.
India’s enhanced strategic nuclear capabilities which includes-the development of Multiple Independent Reentry Vehicles (MIRVs), Ballistic Missile Defence System (BMD), Inter-Continental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs), supersonic and hypersonic cruise missiles, and acquisition of nuclear-capable submarines- indicate that India is moving away from its declared policy of ‘No First Use’ (NFU) towards a more aggressive, counterforce posture against Pakistan. The BMD and MIRV technology along with the provision of an advanced navigation system under BECA would embolden India to go for the first strike against Pakistan. While having reliance on BMD, as to be sheltered in return. These technological advancements made by India are sprouting a new era of counterforce posture, which would further make the South Asian region volatile and vulnerable to conflicts.
India’s urge to acquire counterforce capability is strongly associated with its doctrinal shift. As the stated posture requires flexibility in the use of nuclear weapons, which fortifies the first strike capability, and thus a deviation in India’s declared policy of ‘No First Use’ (NFU) has become more significant, particularly concerning its impact on regional stability. India’s declared policy of NFU, set out in Draft Nuclear Doctrine in 1999, followed by its first amendment in January 2003 has since then been into hot debates. Pakistan has long doubted the Indian policy of NFU, as the actions and statements by the officials of the latter have always been aggressive and protruding towards the former. India, now, is drifting away from its policy of NFU with the acquisition of counterforce capabilities, particularly against Pakistan. This is further evident from the statement issued by India’s Defense Minister Mr. Rajnath Singh, back in August 2019. It stated “Till today, our nuclear policy is ‘no-first-use’ (NFU). What happens in the future depends on the circumstances.” A change at the doctrinal level is evident in the Indian strategic enclave. Notwithstanding the challenges and repercussions caused by the counterforce strategy and with an attempt to destabilize the nuclear deterrence in the region, India would go unjustifiably low to attain such measures.
In the same vein, India has been enhancing its nuclear capabilities for strategic flexibility against its regional rivals. By the same token, it wants to attain nuclear dominance, which would ultimately result in chaos in the region. The counterforce capability by India would compel its adversaries to heed towards the preemptive strike, in case of a crisis, out of the fear of the use of Nuclear weapons first by the patent enemy. Moreover, the counterforce capability pushes the enemy to put the nuclear weapons on hair-trigger mode, which is directly linked with the crisis escalation. The acquisition of counterforce capability by India would likely provoke a new arms race in the region. This would further destabilize the already volatile South Asian region. The far-reaching destabilization which India is trying to create, just to have an edge on the nuclear adversary, would be back on India’s face, faster than she knew it.
On the contrary, Pakistan has been maintaining a posture of Credible Minimum Deterrence (CMD) and does not claim to have a No-First Use (NFU) policy. Moreover, Pakistan’s nuclear capability is defensive in principle and a tool for deterrence. Given the Indian evolved notions of counterforce preemption, even now Pakistan would be left with no choice but to leave room for carrying out a ‘first strike’ as a feasible deterrent against India. Nevertheless, with the advent of technological innovations, its countermeasure arrives soon, too. Presently, there are two aspects that Pakistan should take into consideration; the growing Indo-US nexus and India’s concealed innovations in the nuclear posture. Though India is far from achieving counterforce strikes against Pakistan’s nuclear targets, concrete steps are required for maintaining future deterrence stability. With that intention, Pakistan might need to look towards its allies for getting hands-on the modern capabilities which includes- advanced communication and navigation systems, sensors, and advancements in artificial intelligence and otherwise, is essential for strengthening its deterrent capability. Pakistan should heed towards the development of absolute second-strike capability; as, what is survivable today, could be vulnerable tomorrow. Therefore, advancements in technology should be made for preserving nuclear deterrence in the future as well.
Summarizing it all, the existence of Pakistan’s nuclear deterrence has created a stable environment in the region, by deterring full-scale wars on multiple occasions that might have resulted in a nuclear exchange. With the revolution in nuclear technology, the threat of nuclear war has emerged again. Instead of going towards the attainment of peace and stability in the region, India has been enhancing its counterforce capabilities. This would likely remain a significant threat to the deterrence stability in the region. Moreover, any kind of failure to maintain nuclear deterrence in South Asia could result in an all-out war, without any escalation control. India, in its lust for power and hegemonic designs, has been destabilizing the region. Both the nuclear states in South Asia need to engage in arms restraint and escalation control measures. This seems to be a concrete and more plausible way out; else the new era of destabilization could be more disastrous.
A pig in a poke of Lithuanian Armed Forces
The proverb “a chain is only as strong as its weakest link” perfectly reflects the situation in the Lithuanian armed forces. It is it unclear how the army will carry out its tasks, if everything that happens there runs counter to common sense.
The conscription took place in Lithuania. The recruits once again were revealed by an electronic lottery on January 7, 2021. 3,828 recruits were selected from the list of 38 thousand conscripts aged 18 to 23.
The idea of using electronic lottery in such a serious procedure arises a lot of questions among Lithuanians. Young people are suspicious of this method and fully admit the possibility of corruption. Nobody could check the results and so nobody could be blamed for random selection. The more so, the armed forces could get weaker recruits than in case of using usual ways of choosing among candidates. So, the army buys a pig in a poke.
This approach to recruitment in Lithuania results in presence of those with criminal intents and inclinations. Сases of crimes committed by Lithuanian military personnel have increased. Incidents with the involvement of military regularly occurred in Lithuania in 2020.
Thus, a soldier of the Lithuanian army was detained in Jurbarkas in October. He was driving under the influence of alcohol. A Lithuanian soldier suspected of drunk driving was detained also in Siauliai in December. Panevėžys County Chief Police Commissariat was looking for a soldier who deserted from the Lithuanian Armed Forces and so forth.
Such behaviour poses serious risks to public safety and leads to loss of confidence in the Lithuanian army in society.
Lithuanian military officials have chosen a new way to discourage young people from serving in the army, which is already not popular.
“The road to hell is paved with good intentions.” The ministry of defence decided to run a photo contest that would reflect service in the country’s armed forces. It is doubtful that such pictures will attract to the army, but the real situation is provided.
Usually, popularization is the act of making something attractive to the general public. This contest served the opposite goal. Look at the pictures and make conclusions.
Fatah-1: A New Security and Technological Development About Pakistan’s Indigenous GMLRS
Islamabad: It seems like 2021 has been a good start for Pakistan specifically with regard to stepping up its missile testing. On the 7th of January, the Pakistan military has successfully conducted a purely indigenously developed missile test flight known to be Fatah-1. As stated by various reports, Fatah-1 is an extended-range Guided Multi-Launch Rocket System (GMLRS) which itself is a developed variant of the guided MLRS family.
According to the recent statement given by the Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) about the newly developed rocket, it was stated: “The weapon system will give Pakistan Army capability of a precision target deep in the enemy territory.” Director-General of Pakistan Army, Media Wing, major general Babar Iftikhar on 7th January tweeted: “Pakistan today conducted a successful; test flight of indigenously developed Fatah-1, Guided Multi Launch Rocket System, capable of delivering a conventional Warhead up to a range of 140 km.”
Defense analyst Mr. Syed Muhammad Ali also stated in his capacity: “the new system was very fast, accurate, survivable, and difficult to intercept”. A video was also shared by ISPR on their official website, in which the missile launch can be seen while being fired from the launcher however, the details on when and where the test flight has taken place, along with the specification of the rocket system are yet to be announced.
Currently, Pakistan Army owns a wide range of Short-Range Ballistic Missiles (SRBM), Medium-Range Ballistic Missiles (MRBM), Battlefield Ballistic Missiles (BBM), Rocket Artillery, and Surface to Surface Cruise Missile (SSCM). In the previous year, Pakistan had also maintained prime success in conducting the Ra’ad-II cruise missile and Ghaznavi surface-to-surface ballistic missile (SSBM). Besides, Pakistan Air Force (PAF) on 30thDecember made apt progress when it comes to the national air defense arsenal as it was announced that PAF is beginning the production of the State-of-the-art JF-17 Thunder Block 3 fighter jets, at the same time acquiring the 14 dual-seat Jf-17 aircraft.
According to various reports, the JF-17 Thunder Block 3 will be said to have a new radar operational capability which will be far better in the practical domain as compared to the Raphael aircraft acquired by India. Whereas, the exchange of 14 dual-seat aircraft, manufactured with Pak-China cooperation were also given to the PAF which will be used for extensive training.
The recent successful testing of Fatah-1 has been considered to be another milestone for Pakistan as it tends to be a fitting response to the recent developments in the conventional capabilities carried out by India and also to India’s Cold Start Doctrine.
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