The Modi-Xi meeting on 11-13 October 2019


Chinese President Xi Jin Ping expected to meet Indian Prime Minister Modi on 11-13 October 2019. But no official confirmation is seen yet. Indian Prime Minister Modi extended an invitation to President Xi during SCO Summit in Bishkek Kyrgyzstan in June 2019. The invitation was in response to the Modi-Xi meeting in Wuhan in April 2018.

China is perusing its policy of “Peace, Stability, and Development” and wanted to keep good relations with all nations and cooperate in development on a mutual benefit basis. China keeps all differences aside and wanted to want to move forward on common grounds for developments. China peruses its policy with all nations, especially with its neighboring nations.

Although there exist severe disputes between China-India, and China still wanted to improve its ties with India. Fundamental issues are border disputes, Tibet issue, Kashmir issue, and Indian anti-China policies. India openly opposes the Chinese mega initiative of BRI, which got recognition of around 150 countries worldwide and keeps on growing its influence rapidly. While opposing Chinese initiatives, yet beneficiary of Asia International Infrastructure Development Bank (AIIB), an initiative of China under BRI. Contrarily, India has joined the Indo-Pacific Alliance of America, Japan, and Australia to counter China and contain China. Indian media is over-engaged in anti-China propaganda and generating fake news and spreading hate.

India skipped a September 10 meeting of the Eurasian Economic Forum organized by the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) in Xian. It might have serious impact on India-China cooperation under the platform of SCO.

Doklam stand-off in 2017 is still not forgotten by both sides and may exits irritation on both sides.

India has planned joint Military exercises with America, where American troops and modern weaponry systems will be demonstrated just on the border with Tibet-China. It will be a show of power and direct threat to China, where Americans will demonstrate their military muscles to China. There are unconfirmed reports that India will establish a permanent military base (Air Base) with American troops and weapons, just on the Chinese border with Tibet. However, India has signed “Major Defense Partner” agreement with and according the agreements both countries can use each other military bases whenever there is a need.

The recent Indian move of accession on Kashmir, which violated UN resolutions, Simla Agreement and all norms of the civilized world. India has imposed curfew in Kashmir since the 5th of August, with the deployment of almost one million troops to suppress 8 million Kashmiris. It is the largest curfew, where 8 million people are confined to their homes for more than two months. People are facing a severe shortage of food, fuel, medicines, drinking water, electricity, and basic necessities of life. Indian troops enter their houses under the excuse of search and crackdown and draconian laws allow them to shoot anyone without giving any reason, arrest, detain or damage their assets property. Rape has been used as a weapon to humiliate them. Human rights violations have been crossed all records of known-history of human beings.

Kashmir is a disputed territory between India, Pakistan, and China. UN resolutions are there since 1948 and still not implemented by India. India cannot take any action unilaterally in a recognized disputed territory. China has serious observations on the Indian accession of Kashmir unilaterally.

Chinese Foreign Minister have to cancel his scheduled visit to Indian at the beginning of September due to the emerging situation in Kashmir. It is a silent protest and displeasure on Indian action in Kashmir. As a matter of fact, the whole world is condemning India on its Kashmir accession. And it is a real threat to world peace, as the region may face severe consequences in case of any conflict among the nuclear states, which may harm much more beyond borders.

Keeping in view the whole scenario, and silence of officials on the expected visit of President Xi to India on 11-13 October 2019, many question marks are appearing in the minds. Official resources are reluctant to confirm this visit and also not denying, more confusion! Even, the visit may happen, will it produce any positive impact? Will it be fruitful? Will it improve the situation in Kashmir? Will it help in normalizing the Sino-Indian relations? And many more question needs to be answered. Let’s wait a couple of days more and things will be very much clear. Being an optimist, I believe the ball is in the Indian court and if India takes corrective measures, things may improve greatly. It may also give relief to 8 million Kashmiris under siege for more than two months. We pray for peace and stability for Kashmir, this region and beyond.

Prof. Engr. Zamir Ahmed Awan
Prof. Engr. Zamir Ahmed Awan
Prof. Engr. Zamir Ahmed Awan, Sinologist (ex-Diplomat), Non-Resident Fellow of CCG (Center for China and Globalization), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Islamabad, Pakistan.


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