Around 250,000 Urdu-speaking refugees are living in 116 deferent camps in Bangladesh. Those who were called ‘Bihari’. They came here to save their lives when the horrific communal carnage of 1946-47. Moreover, Bangladesh gives shelter to nearly 1.1million Myanmar’s Rohingya refugees. Who flee from Myanmar for targeted violence by its troops, backed by local Buddhist mobs, responded by burning their villages and attacking and killing civilians. The United Nations described the military offensive in Rakhine state, which provoked the exodus, as a “textbook example of ethnic cleansing”. Mostly women and children– to flee their homes. This exodus has become one of the fastest growing refugee crises in the world.
After world war I, refugee Takes shelter widespread from one state to another. They are mostly Armenian, more than 1 million people. Later, Subsequent riots broke out in Germany, Italy and Spain, with large numbers of refugees seeking refuge in other states. They do not want to go to their country for harassment. The concerned countries face many problems with refugees. How Refugees get their Identity, travel documents, how the property was acquired and occupied and dispossessed, how to get that property or home back. To resolve these fundamental issues, various states reach a consensus through international agreements. Because of the agreement refugees got their Identity and travel documents. After World War II, the refugee problem became more widespread. After that, a legal framework was made for the refugee crisis. So that the rights of the refugees are protected.
As per Article 14 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Bangladesh has provided shelter to Rohingya refugees whom fleeing Myanmar. Because in Article 25 of Bangladeshi Constitutions says, the state will respect international law and the United Nations Charter in relation to determining its international relations.
But surprisingly, Bangladesh has no any specific refugee law to regulate and manage these refugees. So its shelter them under the UNHCR 1951 refugee convention and 1967 protocol to the refugee convention. Although Bangladesh has not signed any of these two. So, there is a lack of legal framework. It has become difficult to control and protect these large numbers of people. Bangladesh need immediately a legal framework for control and protection a large number of refugee populations.
As refugee crisis is beginning in Europe, so at first refugee rules, regulation and law ware made there. Although it effective in Europe but in Bangladesh even Asia, it’s atmosphere are deferent from Europe. Therefore, it’s urgent for Bangladesh to create a separate refugee law for the protection of Rohingya populations. Because Bangladesh does not have separate refugee laws, the Rohingya follow their own rules. Their judges name is “head majhi”in Bangla. Who Penalties them according to the type of crime. Although, there is no legal standard.
The estimated population of Bangladesh is about 163.05 million. It’s a huge population Compared to its surface. Moreover 1.1million Rohingya people are extra burden. They live in Cox bazar at Kutupalong Refugee Camp which is hilly area. Diodiversity of hilly area is different from the other. In the meantime, Rohingyas are cutting hills for living, using hills for food production, Cutting trees for fuel. Its destroying the natural balance. Bangladesh has already 60 million Climate Immigrant. By 2050 it may be more than doubled; Which may threaten the food security of the country. So I would like to say in the basis of region Separate legislation is now Demand of time. I argue all international body to help Bangladesh to create a refugee regulation and Rohingya repatriation.