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UNIDO explores enhanced cooperation with Russian counterparts

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photo: UNIDO

A delegation from the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) led by its Director General LI Yong held fruitful bilateral meetings in Moscow to discuss achievements and challenges related to ongoing technical cooperation projects and potential areas for new joint activities.

During his meeting with Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation Gulnaz Kadyrova, DG Li highlighted the productive partnership between UNIDO and the Ministry, and referred to the Joint Declaration on Cooperation signed in 2018. “UNIDO and the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation have been already working on a vast portfolio of projects, and we are confident that there are many more new initiatives to come with such an active engagement of our partner and friend, Ms. Gulnaz Kadyrova,” Li said

“The Joint Declaration provides a solid foundation for joint initiatives with UNIDO in various areas, including the promotion and development of creative industries as well as the women’s economic empowerment agenda”, Kadyrova said. “We are glad to have UNIDO as our long-standing counterpart and look forward to further strengthening our collaborative ties”. The parties also discussed the ongoing preparations for the Global Manufacturing and Industrialisation Summit 2019, jointly organized by the Russian Federation, the United Arab Emirates and UNIDO in Yekaterinburg from 9 to 11 July 2019.

The UNIDO delegation was then welcomed in the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation by Deputy Chairperson of the Federation Council Galina Karelova. “We highly value our partnership with UNIDO, as it creates a unique networking, knowledge-sharing and capacity-building platform for women, who are willing to develop their economic independence and contribute to the global economic growth and prosperity,” Karelova emphasized.

“In recent years, the Federation Council, and the Council of the Eurasian Women’s Forum established under the Federation Council, headed by Ms. Karelova, have become one of the UNIDO’s key counterparts in the Russian Federation, especially when it comes to the promotion of women’s economic empowerment, entrepreneurship and leadership,” DG Li noted.

To mark the advanced state of bilateral relations, DG LI Yong on behalf of UNIDO and Chairperson Galina Karelova on behalf of the Council of the Eurasian Women’s Forum signed a Joint Declaration, reaffirming the intention to upscale the mutually-reinforcing collaboration.

“The Joint Declaration is a true testimony to a spirit of strategic partnership between UNIDO and the Council of the Eurasian Women’s Forum. As we celebrate today a new chapter of our cooperation, I am confident that it will continue to thrive and develop in the future,” DG Li emphasized.

The Director General also held a productive meeting with Sergey Vershinin, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.

“The Russian Federation fully supports cooperation in multilateral formats and remains committed to further enhancing activities aimed at promoting inclusive and sustainable industrial development on national, regional and international level”, Vershinin reaffirmed.

“We are extremely grateful for the continuous institutional and financial support that the Russian Government has been providing to UNIDO in the realization of various projects and global forum events. We look forward to strengthening our cooperation, going beyond currently implemented programmes”, DG Li said.  

During the meeting with Timur Maksimov, Deputy Minister of Economic Development, DG LI Yong highlighted the role of the Russian Federation as one of the UNIDO’s principal technical cooperation partners and major donors.

“The Government of the Russian Federation is glad to support UNIDO in its ongoing efforts to promote sustainable economic development and industrial growth in the Russian Federation and the region”, Maksimov stated. “We valued UNIDO’s multi-stakeholder approach and look forward to further strengthening our bilateral ties.”

Modalities of the UNIDO’s engagement with multilateral international financial institutions were discussed during the meeting with Sergey Storchak, Deputy Minister of Finance of the Russian Federation.

“UNIDO has developed a targeted approach of engaging with international financial institutions to mobilize resources required for the realization of various industrial development programmes” marked the Director General.

“The Russian Federation is ready to further support UNIDO in its technical assistance activities, as it also actively contributes to a number of international development assistance funds,” Deputy Minister Storchak noted.

Potential avenues for enhanced cooperation were also discussed with Sergey Katyrin, President of the Board of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation. DG LI Yong underscored the importance of close cooperation with the private sector to support inclusive and sustainable industrial development and the Sustainable Development Goals.

“The Russian business sector is rapidly growing, and it is vital for the Chamber of Commerce and Industry to support enhanced international public-private networking and cooperation,” noted Katyrin. “We welcome UNIDO’s readiness to engage private actors in the sustainable development agenda.”

The bilateral meetings paved the way for an intensified cooperation in key development areas between UNIDO and the Russian Federation.

During his visit to Moscow, the Director General also visited the tecknopark “Kalibr”, where he was introduced to small- and medium-sized enterprises producing creative and innovative goods and services.

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EU Politics

Rwanda: EU provides €10.3 million for life-saving refugee support measures

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During his visit to Rwanda, Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development Neven Mimica has announced a €10.3 million support package to the UNHCR’s Emergency Transit Mechanism (ETM) in Rwanda, which provides a life-saving avenue out of Libya for people in need of international protection, with a view to their further resettlement. The funding is provided through the Emergency Trust Fund for Africa. This initiative builds on the example of the ETM Niger, through which more than 2,900 refugees and asylum seekers have been evacuated out of Libya since 2017.

High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini said: “The Emergency Transit Mechanism in Rwanda is a vital life-saving measure to bring people in need of international protection out of Libya. It is an important sign of African solidarity and of partnership with the European Union. It broadens the support to the most vulnerable people held in Libyan detention centres that need to be closed urgently.”

Commissioner Mimica said: “This project will support efforts of the Government of Rwanda to receive and provide protection to about 1,500 refugees and asylum-seekers who are currently being held in detention centres in Libya. Such a remarkable and powerful proof of African solidarity should be further encouraged, replicated and supported.”

Background 

The UNHCR has evacuated more than 4,250 refugees and asylum-seekers out of Libya to other countries since 2017.

However, around 4,700 people are currently estimated to be held in dire conditions inside detention centres in the country. They urgently need to be moved to safety and to be provided with protection, lifesaving assistance, and durable solutions.

Following the escalation in and around Tripoli, namely the July air strike on a migrant detention centre, the EU continues to support the vital work of the Gathering and Departure Facility on location.

The EU is also supporting the UNHCR’s increased efforts to transfer to Tripoli the most vulnerable people in need of international protection from conflict areas where they are at risk, pending their evacuation outside of Libya.

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ADB Program to Help Improve Education and Health in Armenia

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The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has approved a $10 million policy-based loan (in euro equivalent) to assist the Government of Armenia’s efforts to improve the quality and accessibility of education and health services.

Armenia is experiencing a demographic shift with the share of children under the age of 18 declining from 37% of the national population in 1990 to 25% now, signaling an impending decline of the country’s labor force. Access to and funding for quality education and health services are poor, resulting in many people not having the skills to meet employers’ needs and avoidable ill health having a detrimental effect on the population.

In 2017, for instance, public expenditure on education was about 2.2% of gross domestic product (GDP), which is lower than the 5% recommended by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Government health spending was at 1.3% of GDP, below the 5% threshold observed by the World Health Organization as expenditure of countries with low shares of out-of-pocket payments.

To address this, the Government of Armenia has implemented reforms since 2010 to improve education and health services, with a focus on helping women and girls. A preschool law was endorsed to the National Assembly with the aim of boosting the number of children in elementary schools to 70% in 2023, from around 30% in 2017. Teachers have also been receiving training and skills development. A new set of guidelines and protocols, meanwhile, have been implemented in most of the country’s hospitals and health centers, covering topics ranging from preventing hospital-acquired infections to methods in continuing medical education.

“A well-educated and healthy population is essential for the growth and development of a country like Armenia, where human capital is significantly unrealized,” said ADB Senior Health Specialist for Central and West Asia Ms. Rouselle Lavado. “ADB’s assistance will support the government’s ongoing efforts to ensure that citizens are educated, healthy, and productive.

The main focus of the Human Development Enhancement Program is children and youth, starting from the preschool age. As well as improving the accessibility and enhancing the quality of education and health services in the country, the program will also increase financing for these efforts.

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Human Rights

ICC gives greenlight for probe into violent crimes against Rohingya

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Judges of the International Criminal Court (ICC) on Thursday authorized an investigation into alleged crimes against humanity, namely deportation, which have forced between 600,000 and one million Rohingya refugees out of Myanmar, into neighboring Bangladesh since 2016.  

The pre-trial judges “accepted that there exists a reasonable basis to believe widespread and/or systematic acts of violence may have been committed that could qualify as crimes against humanity of deportation across the Myanmar-Bangladesh border” the Court said in a press statement, in addition to “persecution on grounds of ethnicity and/or religion against the Rohingya population.” 

After a reported military-led crackdown, widespread killings, rape and village burnings, nearly three-quarters of a million Rohingya fled Myanmar’s Rakhine state in August 2017 to settle in crowded refugee camps in neighboring Bangladesh. 

This is the second strike against the alleged crimes this week, as the tribunal’s decision follows a Monday submission by Gambia to the UN’s principal judicial organ, the International Court of Justice (ICJ), accusing Myanmar of “mass murder, rape, and genocidal acts” which violate its obligations under the Genocide Convention, in addition to destruction of villages, arbitrary detention, and torture.  

As a member to the Genocide prevention treaty, Gambia “refused to stay silent”, and as a member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), the small African nation has taken legal action to assist the persecuted majority-Muslim Rohingya, with support by other Muslim countries.  

In July, the ICC’s top Prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda, requested an investigation be open into the alleged crimes committed since October of 2016, concerning Myanmar and Bangladesh.  

At that time, her Office’s preliminary examination found “a reasonable basis” to believe that at least 700,00 Rohingya were deported from Myanmar to Bangladesh “through a range of coercive acts causing suffering and serious injury.” 

Under the Rome Statute that created the ICC, which highlights crimes against humanity as one of its four crucial international crimes, the top Prosecutor concluded sufficient legal conditions had been met to open an investigation.  

While Myanmar is not a State party to the treaty, Bangladesh ratified the Statute in 2010, meaning authorization to investigate does not extend to all crimes potentially committed in Myanmar, but will focus on violations committed in part on Bangladeshi territory, the ICC said in July.  

‘Only justice and accountability’ can stop the violence 

Judges forming the pre-trial chamber, Judge Olga Herrera Carbuccia, Judge Robert Fremr, and Judge Geofreey Henderson received views on this request by or on behalf of hundreds of thousands of alleged victims.  

According to the ICC Registry, victims insist they want an investigation by the Court, and many “believe that only justice and accountability can ensure that the perceived circle of violence and abuse comes to an end.” 

“Noting the scale of the alleged crimes and the number of victims allegedly involved, the Chamber considered that the situation clearly reaches the gravity threshold,” the Court said.    

The pre-trial Chamber in addition authorized the commencement of the investigation in relation to any crime, including future crime, so long as it is within the jurisdiction of the Court, and is allegedly committed at least in part in the Rome Statute State Party, Bangladesh, or any other territory accepting the jurisdiction.  

The alleged crime must also be sufficiently linked to the present situation, and must have been committed on or after the date of the Statute’s entry into force for Bangladesh or the relevant State Party.  

Judges from the ICC have given the greenlight for prosecutors to commence collection of necessary evidence, which could result in the judge’s issuance of summonses to appear in court or warrants of arrest. Parties to the Statute have a legal obligation to cooperate fully with the ICC, nonmembers invited to cooperate may decide to do so voluntarily. 

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