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UNIDO further engages with the Belt and Road Initiative

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The Director General of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), LI Yong, reiterated the Organization’s willingness to further engage with the Belt and Road Initiative as an important means to promote and accelerate inclusive and sustainable industrial development.

“The Belt and Road Initiative has immense potential to contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals and accelerate countries’ implementation of the 2030 Agenda. From generating economic growth to contributing to social progress and environmental benefits, it can help leverage public and private resources to fill the funding gap for the SDGs”, said Li, who moderated the Thematic Forum on “Policy Connectivity” at the Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, which is currently taking place in Beijing. “In order to reinforce the collaborative and mutually-beneficial nature of this initiative, we need to move towards coordinated strategies and policies, ensuring compatibility with BRI implementation in the participating countries and regions.”

The UNIDO Director General also delivered a speech at the Thematic Forum on the “Green Silk Road” and participated in the launching of the International Coalition on Green Development for the Belt and Road, to which UNIDO is a partner. Li highlighted the Organization’s rich experience in supporting countries to mitigate the environmental impacts of industrial development and economic growth through the promotion of eco-industrial parks, energy efficiency, and renewable energy solutions, among others.

On the sidelines of the Thematic Forum on the “Green Silk Road”, the Director General met with the Minister of Ecology and Environment (MEE) of China LI Ganjie to discuss the further strengthening of cooperation between UNIDO and MEE, particularly on the implementation of multilateral environmental agreements.

Since the signing of a number of key agreements between UNIDO and the Government of China at the occasion of the first Belt and Road Forum in 2017, cooperation between UNIDO and China has further expanded through concrete projects and activities, ranging from joint research on global value chains development to international guidelines on industrial parks, and other activities within the framework of South-South and triangular industrial cooperation.

Furthermore, UNIDO signed several new agreements with Chinese entities to jointly promote inclusive and sustainable industrial development in BRI participating countries. A memorandum of understanding was signed with the General Administration of Customs of China (GACC) to further cooperate on trade facilitation and within UNIDO’s flagship Programmes for Country Partnership (PCP), among others. A second agreement was signed with the Ministry of Water Resources of China (MWR) and the Standardization Administration of China (SAC), under which the three Parties will work together to develop a series of technical guidelines in the area of small hydroelectric power plants.

During his visit, the Director General attended the launching ceremony of the Belt and Road Green Cooling Initiative and Green Lighting Initiative, co-proposed by the National Development and Reform Commission of China, UNIDO and a number of additional partners. Under the two initiatives, UNIDO will work together with other members to promote energy-efficient lighting and appliances and refrigeration technologies, leveraging its existing activities and expertise in this area.  

The Director General was invited to deliver a keynote speech at an event titled “Re-Imagining Global Education: Leading the Future”, organized by the Belt of Road Institute of the Peking University. Reflecting UNIDO’s work in supporting the advancement of technical, policy and normative knowledge base, strengthening knowledge and institutions was introduced as one of the four strategic priorities in UNIDO’s Medium-Term Programme Framework 2018 – 2021.

“Knowledge and technology will be at the heart of most of tomorrow’s jobs,” said Li, “we need to act now and prepare global leaders who will further continue to create jobs and spread awareness on the importance of education.”

On the sidelines of the Forum, the Director General also met with Yannick Glemarec, the Executive Director of the Green Climate Fund, to discuss strengthening the partnership between the two entities.

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EU Politics

Libya: €2 million in humanitarian assistance to cover basic needs

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As many continue to suffer from the ongoing conflict in Libya, the European Commission has announced today €2 million in additional humanitarian aid to help those most in need. The assistance will cover emergency health care services, food, livelihood support and protection services.

“The EU is committed to supporting the most vulnerable in Libya who have now suffered years of conflict. This additional funding will help our humanitarian partners to continue to deliver aid in hard-to-reach areas. It is crucial that parties to the conflict respect International Humanitarian Law, and allow humanitarian workers full access to help those in need and save lives,” said Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, Christos Stylianides.

EU humanitarian aid supports access to essential healthcare for victims of the conflict, including emergency war surgery, physical rehabilitation, provision of essential medicines as well as prosthesis and psychosocial support. This assistance helps to restore primary healthcare services in conflict-affected areas, as well as providing education for children.

The EU funding will be closely monitored and channelled through international non-governmental organizations and the International Committee of the Red Cross.

Background

Since 2014, the European Union has allocated more than €46 million in humanitarian aid to respond to the most pressing needs in Libya. EU humanitarian funding amounted to €9 million in 2018 and €8 million in 2019.  Humanitarian aid is part of the EU’s broader support for Libya to address the ongoing crisis in the country. The EU has also allocated around € 367.7 million under the North of Africa window of the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa and bilateral assistance for protection and assistance of migrants, refuges and internally displaced people.

Through its partners, the EU also provides protection services, emergency food and other supplies to support conflict affected populations. We also provide education in emergencies to crisis-affected children. The EU provides aid to all vulnerable people, including forcibly displaced and vulnerable host populations, migrants, refugees and asylum seekers, regardless of their status and solely based on needs. The EU is providing assistance across all geographic areas in Libya, including in the Southern and Eastern part of the country.

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UNIDO supports Budapest Appeal to prevent and manage looming water crises

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LI Yong, the Director General of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) acted as a panelist during the opening session of Budapest Water Summit 2019, which was convened under the motto ‘Preventing Water Crises’ and which aimed at promoting solutions to tackle the emerging water crises.

“Industries can be instrumental to prevent any kind of water crisis: in situations where water is scarce, the application of resource efficient and cleaner production allows industries to drastically reduce their own water consumption”, said LI Yong. “In situations where water is too polluted, green industries can offer solutions for the cost and energy effective treatment of municipal, agricultural and industrial waste water. Even in situations where abundant water results in floods, industries can engage as water stewards and drive the collaborative process of restoring water regulating eco-system services”.

The UNIDO Director General further emphasized the need for pro-active cooperation, dedicated and well-concerted efforts as well as considerable resources. At the same time, and given the importance of water for sustainable development, Li urged not to underestimate the importance of these efforts.

“The United Nations Industrial Development Organization will continue its efforts to support industries to become environmentally friendly”, said LI Yong. “In this way, industries will play an active role to prevent water crises, in terms of water becoming too little, too much or too polluted”.

During the closing session of the Summit, the Budapest Appeal was presented that formulates messages and guidelines for the international community to prevent and manage the looming water crises. In addition, the Appeal provides a comprehensive summary of findings and recommendations from the Summit and introduces the preliminary online consultation process.

The Summit gathered over 2,200 participants from 117 countries in Budapest, including Hungarian President János Áder and Cambodian Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen as well as numerous ministers, secretaries of state, representatives of United Nations organizations and heads of multilateral financial institutions.

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OECD and European Commission join forces to further support structural reforms in European countries

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The OECD and the European Commission’s Structural Reform Support Service (SRSS) sealed a new agreement today in Paris that will see the OECD provide wide-ranging policy support to advance structural reforms in European countries.

OECD Chief of Staff, Gabriela Ramos, and Director General of the SRSS, Maarten Verwey, concluded an agreement on 34 reform projects, to be conducted over the next 12 to 18 months, in 18 EU countries under the umbrella of the Structural Reform Support Programme of the European Commission.

The OECD SRSS agreement comes at a time of a slowdown in global growth, rising inequalities and  higher environmental degradation, which threaten people’s well-being. The OECD, with its extensive knowledge base and expertise, is supporting governments to tackle these issues head on and considers the cooperation with the SRSS to be an excellent opportunity to further leverage its expertise to deliver better policies for better lives.    

The action will see the OECD working closely with the SRSS to provide policy advice and working directly with governments to advance structural reform in various policy areas, including education, labour markets, tax, governance, environment and transport infrastructure. These projects respond to the reform priorities identified by the respective EU Member States and will for example help governments develop sustainable development strategies, establish frameworks for circular economies, improve housing affordability in cities, or improve the provision of labour market services. The OECD will capitalize on the digital transformation and also deliver on skills strategies. In a nutshell, it will redouble efforts to support European countries, Members and Partners, in their goal to build strong, inclusive and sustainable economies.

The Structural Reform Support Service offers tailor-made support to all EU Member States for the preparation, design and implementation of growth-enhancing reforms. The support is provided on the request of EU Member States, requires no co-financing and mobilises experts from all over Europe and beyond, from both the public and the private sector.

The new OECD – SRSS agreement allows the SRSS to leverage OECD’s expertise on best policy practices and structural reforms in the EU Member States. Such co-operation will deliver value added impact, carried out with efficiency, for the benefit of all countries.

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